PubMed Journals Articles About "Skin Microbiological Sampling Wash With Chlorhexidine Gluconate Skin" RSS

15:03 EST 11th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Skin microbiological sampling wash with Chlorhexidine Gluconate Skin" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 5,500+

Comparison of hydroalcoholic rubbing and conventional chlorhexidine scrubbing for aseptic skin preparation in dogs.

To compare preparation time, ease of application, and elimination of skin contamination of 3 skin preparation methods for asepsis.

The Skin Reservoir Model: A Tool for Evaluating Microdialysis Sampling of Large Biomarkers from Human Skin.

Microdialysis is a well-established technique for sampling of small molecules from the human skin, but larger molecules are more difficult to recover. Consequently, sampling feasibility must be evaluated before microdialysis is used in vivo. This report presents a tool for estimating the recovery of large biomarkers from human skin by microdialysis, using previously frozen human skin specimens as reservoirs for biomarker reference solutions. Recovery of the following 17 biomarkers was assessed: CCL27/CTACK,...

Revealing the secret life of skin With the microbiome you never walk alone.

The human skin microbiome has recently become a focus for both the dermatological and cosmetic fields. Understanding the skin microbiota, i.e. the collection of vital microorganisms living on our skin, and how to maintain its delicate balance is an essential step to gain insight into the mechanisms responsible for healthy skin and its appearance. Imbalances in the skin microbiota composition (dysbiosis) are associated with several skin conditions, either pathological such as eczema, acne, allergies or dandr...

Inflammatory skin is associated with changes in the skin microbiota composition on the back of severe acne patients.

Acne is the most common inflammatory skin disease, affecting up to 85% of the 11-30 years old world population. Skin microbiota appears as a key player involved in several skin dermatoses physiopathology. Here, we show that inflammatory skin is associated with changes in the skin microbiota composition on the back of severe acne patients but also on the face of patients where acne was scored as mild to moderate, comparing with healthy controls. Changes were observed particularly on skin commensals Propionib...

Side-by-side Comparison of Skin Biopsies and Skin Tape Stripping Highlights Abnormal Stratum Corneum in Atopic Dermatitis.

Skin biopsies are commonly used for the assessment of skin pathology in various skin diseases including atopic dermatitis (AD). However, due to the invasive nature of skin biopsies, many patients, particularly children, decline participation. This can lead to potential subject sampling bias as data could be skewed toward more severe, older patients willing to give biopsies. Recently, researchers have began studying the skin with a minimal, non-invasive technique using skin tape strips (STS) to profile the e...

In vivo determination of the skin surface topography and biophysical properties of human hands: Effects of sex and hand dominance.

The effect of hand dominance on the skin topography and parameters associated with skin health and aging is unknown.

The Impact of Herbal Products in the Prevention, Regeneration and Delay of Skin Aging.

Skin aging is a complex process induced by intrinsic and extrinsic factors and causes alterations to the structural and functional aspects of the skin. Skin aging affects patients physically and physiologically. Understanding the process of skin aging can provide new knowledge on how to attenuate or reduce skin disorder symptoms. Herbs have been used for ages to prevent and treat skin aging, yet there are growing interests by researchers in this field globally. Various strategies have been developed for imp...

Electronic Skin for Closed-Loop Systems.

Electronic skin (e-skin) uses advanced electronics and sensor arrays to manufacture human-skin-like robotics skin. The creation of e-skin has been made possible due to various physics effects/mechanisms, innovative materials, structural designs, and advanced fabrication techniques. In this Perspective, we describe the current advances in and emerging uses of e-skin for closed-loop systems, with a view toward applications in smart robotics, Internet of Things, and human-machine interfaces.

Classification and influencing factors analysis of facial skin color in Chinese population.

Subjective evaluation and quantitative analysis of skin color are very important both in dermatology and in cosmetology, but results of existing objective classifications tend to be incompatible to visual perception of skin color among females and males in China.

The influence of MC1R dermal morphological features of photoexposed skin in women revealed by reflectance confocal microscopy and optical coherence tomography.

The melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) gene is one of the major determinants of skin pigmentation. It is a highly polymorphic gene and some of its polymorphisms, have been related to specific skin phenotypes, increased risk of skin cancers and skin photoaging. Currently, its contribution to changes in dermal features in photo-exposed skin is unknown.

Oral collagen supplementation for skin aging: A fad or the future?

In recent years, oral collagen supplements have become a popular and trendy treatment in the world of skin health. It has been widely marketed to consumers for purported benefits in wrinkle reduction, skin-rejuvenation, skin-aging reversal, and skin plumping. However, there are currently limited data available in the literature and much regarding its possible effects on the skin has yet to be fully elucidated and understood. Here, we summarize some of the prominent studies in the literature and offer an eva...

Assessment of Predictors of Sun Sensitivity as Defined by Fitzpatrick Skin Phototype in an Ecuadorian Population and Its Correlation with Skin Damage.

The Fitzpatrick skin phototype scale (FSPTS) is a widely used instrument to assess skin type.

Skin tears: prevention and management.

Skin tears commonly occur at the extremes of age and are associated with skin changes in ageing skin. They are considered to be acute wounds caused by mechanical forces, such as blunt trauma. While the true prevalence and incidence of skin tears is unknown, the available evidence suggests that these wounds occur in all healthcare settings. Importantly, skin tears are preventable with the implementation of a risk-reduction programme, which includes twice-daily skin moisturisation. Where these injuries do occ...

Feasibility of AWHONN's Immediate and Continuous Skin-to-Skin Nursing Care Quality Measures.

Use of skin-to-skin contact after birth supports a newborn's physiologic transition from intra- to extrauterine life, mother-infant bonding, and the initiation of breastfeeding. Nursing Care Quality Measures 3 and 4 (Skin-to-Skin is Initiated Immediately Following Birth and Duration of Uninterrupted Skin-to-Skin Contact) from the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN) were developed to support quality improvement efforts to increase skin-to-skin contact. AWHONN's nursing care ...

Helium Plasma Skin Regeneration: Evaluation of Skin Tissue Effects in a Porcine Model and Comparison to Nitrogen Plasma Skin Regeneration.

Helium plasma skin regeneration (PSR) is a novel skin rejuvenation technology with significant differences compared with nitrogen PSR technology but that may exert similar skin tissue effects. Study objectives included a comparison of acute and chronic skin tissue changes among the two plasmas in a porcine animal model.

Treating skin graft donor sites: a comparative study between remnant skin use and polyurethane foam.

Excess remnant skin is retained for use in additional grafting in case of split-thickness skin graft (STSG) failure. We hypothesise that regrafting with remnant skin offers greater efficacy and advantages in wound healing and donor site appearance.

Comparison of Skin Biomechanics and Skin Color in Puerto Rican and Non-Puerto Rican Women.

Skin biomechanics are physical properties that protect the body from injury. Little is known about differences in skin biomechanics in racial/ethnic groups and the role of skin color in these differences. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between skin biomechanics (viscoelasticity, hydration) and skin color, when controlling for demographic and health-related variables in a sample of Puerto Rican and non-Puerto Rican women.

Number of skin biopsies needed per malignancy: comparing the utilization of skin biopsies among dermatologists and non-dermatologist clinicians.

There are too few board-certified dermatologists to manage all patients with skin disease. Primary care physicians often serve at the frontline of skin cancer screening.

Improved skin lesion edge detection method using Ant Colony Optimization.

Skin lesion edge detection is a significant step in developing an automatized diagnostic system. The efficient diagnostic system leads to correct identification and detection of skin lesion diseases. In this paper, ant colony optimization (ACO) technique is used to improve the edge contour of skin lesion images.

Understanding rates of genital-anal injury: Role of skin color and skin biomechanics.

A series of studies suggest that non-Hispanic White women have significantly more injuries than non-Hispanic Black women after sexual assault and consensual sexual intercourse. One explanation for this difference is that the degree of skin protection may vary as skin mechanics and skin pigmentation vary. The aim of the study was to determine the association among genital-anal injury, skin color, skin viscoelasticity and skin hydration in women following consensual sexual intercourse when controlling for age...

Architecture of antimicrobial skin defense.

The skin is the largest and the most exposed organ in the body and its defense is regulated at several anatomical levels. Here, we explore how skin layers, including the epidermis, dermis, adipose tissue, and skin appendages, as well as cutaneous microbiota, contribute to the function of skin antimicrobial defense. We highlight recent studies that reveal the differential and complementary responses of skin layers to bacterial, viral, and fungal infection. In particular, we focus on key soluble mediators in ...

Caveolin-1 in Skin Aging From Innocent Bystander to Major Contributor.

Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) appears to be both a pathophysiological contributor and a target in different inflammatory and hyperproliferative skin conditions as well as in skin aging. Skin fibroblasts demonstrate an up-regulation of Cav-1 expression both in chronological and UV-induced aging, and such an up-regulation was observed both in vitro and in vivo. Typical alterations in aging skin involve a reduction of the dermis thickness, a significant expansion of the dermal white adipose tissue as well as modification...

Skin Graft Storage in Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP).

Storage of skin grafts for later use is one of the standard applications in surgery. It is the most preferred method to maintain at +4 ºC in refrigeration after wrapping the surplus grafts into sterile gauze pad moistened with saline. Although there are many studies on the storage of skin grafts, less is known about storing skin grafts with PRP.

Wound Irrigation with Chlorhexidine Gluconate Reduces Surgical Site Infection in Pilonidal Disease: Single-Blind Prospective Study.

The aim of this study was to determine whether incision irrigation with chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) reduces surgical site infections (SSIs) in pilonidal disease surgery. Between 2013 and 2018, patients who underwent wide excision with primary closure for pilonidal disease were enrolled in this prospective observational multi-institutional cohort. The incision was irrigated with either saline or 0.05% CHG before skin closure. The infection risk of each patient was determined by the National Nosocomial Inf...

Controlled mechanical vibration and impacts on skin biology.

Different biological models have shown how mechanical stimulation may induce physiological responses from solicited cells, tissues, or organs. In models of cultured skin cells, the frequency of the mechanical stress appears to be a paramount parameter, generating a biological response in some cells, particularly from dermal fibroblasts. Our objective was to explore in ex vivo human skin explants the effects of mechanical stimulation.

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