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PubMed Journals Articles About "Soliton Rapid Acoustic Pulse Cellulite" RSS

00:54 EST 18th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Soliton Rapid Acoustic Pulse Cellulite" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 5,800+

Real-time access to the coexistence of soliton singlets and molecules in an all-fiber laser.

Recent progress in time-stretch spectroscopy accelerates the exploration of ultrafast dynamics in mode-locked lasers through mapping the spectral information into time domain. Here, we report on real-time access to the coexistence of soliton singlets and molecules in an all-fiber laser mode-locked by a 45° tilted fiber grating. By virtue of the dispersive Fourier transform process, spectral information of the pulse trains under multi-pulse states can be resolved. It is identified that soliton singlets and ...


High-frequency vector harmonic mode locking driven by acoustic resonances.

A controllable passive harmonic mode locking (HML) in an erbium-doped fiber laser with a soliton pulse shaping using a single-wall carbon nanotube has been experimentally demonstrated. By increasing the pump power and adjusting the in-cavity polarization controller, we reached the 51st-order harmonic (902 MHz) having the output power of 37 mW. We attribute the observed high-frequency HML to the electrostriction effect caused by periodic pulses and leading to excitation of the radial and torsional-radial a...

Increased Tattoo Fading in a Single Laser Tattoo Removal Session Enabled by a Rapid Acoustic Pulse Device: A Prospective Clinical Trial.

The ability to provide improved tattoo fading using multiple laser passes in a single office laser tattoo removal session is limited. In part, this is due to the loss of laser effectiveness caused by epidermal and dermal vacuole "whitening" generated during the initial laser pass at the tattoo site. The Rapid Acoustic Pulse (RAP) device generates acoustic shock wave pulses that clear epidermal and dermal vacuoles to enable multiple laser passes in a single office laser tattoo removal session. The objective...


Bidirectional dark-soliton fiber lasers for high-sensitivity gyroscopic application.

Bidirectional mode-locked lasers are very useful in laser sensing and optical communications. Here we report a bidirectional domain wall soliton (DWS) fiber laser with an anomalous dispersion cavity. Two mode-locked dark pulse trains propagating in the opposite directions have been generated. Moreover, the specific application as a gyroscopic effect has been demonstrated by mounting this DWS laser on a rotating platform. The beat frequency of the two dark pulse DWS beams is measured as a linear function of ...

Acoustic distortion ratio enhancement using multiple pulse-echo method (MPEM) for evaluation of B/A nonlinear parameter.

In this paper, we report on the analysis of the extended acoustic signature obtained from the pulse-echo method to evaluate the B/A nonlinear parameter in fluids. In the known form of the method, the first acoustic tone burst from the reflector is used for the parameter measurement. The Multiple Pulse-Echo Method (MPEM) makes use of several tone bursts coming from the reflector back wall. The distortion ratio can be increased when the source frequency is tuned to a reflector resonance. The repercussion of t...

Validated Assessment Scales for Cellulite Dimples on the Buttocks and Thighs in Female Patients.

New treatment methods for cellulite require globally accepted scales for aesthetic research and patient evaluation.

Pulsating soliton with broadened Kelly sidebands in an ultrafast fiber laser.

We experimentally observed a novel pulsating soliton state with broadened Kelly sidebands in an ultrafast laser. Through simulations, we found that the synchronized and unsynchronized resonant dispersive waves coexisted in the laser. The incoherent interaction between the unsynchronized dispersive waves and soliton resulted in oscillation of the intensity and central wavelength of the soliton. The frequencies of the Kelly sidebands oscillated with the soliton, resulting in their spectral broadening when mea...

Three-dimensional acoustic impedance mapping of cultured biological cells.

The acoustic microscope is a powerful tool for the observation of biological matters. Non-invasive in-situ observation can be performed without any staining process. Acoustic microscopy is contrasted by elastic parameters like sound speed and acoustic impedance. We have proposed an acoustic microscope that can acquire three-dimensional acoustic impedance profile. The technique was applied to cell-size observation. Glial cells were cultured on a 70 μm-thick polypropylene film substrate. A highly focused u...

Evaluation of magnetic resonance imaging acoustic noise reduction technology by magnetic gradient waveform control.

ComforTone is a noise reduction technology used in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems; it suppresses acoustic noise by modifying pulse sequences, which appropriately changes the magnetic field gradient waveforms. Although ComforTone can be used to solve the acoustic noise problems that affect patients who are exposed to acoustic noise from MRI, to the best of our knowledge, the associated technical details have not been published and its effects on acoustic noise reduction remain unclear.

Behavioral similarity of dissipative solitons in an ultrafast fiber laser.

We unveil a new type of dissipative soliton behavior in a net-normal-dispersion bidirectional ultrafast fiber laser. That is, the bidirectional dissipative solitons will always reveal similar spectral and temporal characteristics through common gain and loss modulation, even if the transient instability is involved. The behavioral similarity enables us to accurately design the soliton patterns by introducing seed pulses through loss modulation. As a proof-of-concept application, the precise and flexible man...

Ferromagnetic insulator CrGeTe as a modulator for generating near-infrared bright-dark soliton pairs.

Novel two-dimensional (2D)-materials-based ultra-fast modulators exhibit significance in extending the fundamental investigations and practical applications of mode-locked fiber lasers. In our work, employing the liquid-phase exfoliation method, a ${{\rm Cr}_2}{{\rm Ge}_2}{{\rm Te}_6}$CrGeTe (CGT) optical modulator with a modulation depth and a saturable intensity of 1.64% and ${6.31}\,\,{{\rm MW/cm}^2}$6.31MW/cm was fabricated. Due to its suitable modulation properties and high nonlinear coefficient, a sta...

Theoretically Estimating the Acoustic Intensity of High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) Using Infrared Thermography.

High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) has been used successfully in clinics for the treatment of a variety of cancerous and benign tumors. Characterization of the focused acoustic field is of importance in the planning of ablation procedure and further development of HIFU technology. Quantitative estimation of acoustic intensity is feasible using the infrared thermography on an absorber. However, the current approach is limited to low power output. In this study, a theoretical model was established to de...

Real-time characterization of spectral instabilities in a mode-locked fibre laser exhibiting soliton-similariton dynamics.

The study of dissipative solitons in mode-locked lasers reveals a rich landscape of interaction dynamics resulting from the interplay of nonlinearity, dispersion and dissipation. Here, we characterize a range of instabilities in a dissipative soliton fibre laser in a regime where both conventional soliton and similariton propagation play significant roles in the intracavity pulse shaping. Specifically, we use the Dispersive Fourier Transform technique to perform real-time spectral measurements of buildup dy...

Soliton supermode transitions and total red shift suppression in multi-core fibers.

Soliton propagation in seven-core fibers is studied numerically with the frequency dependence of linear coupling taken into account. It is shown that under certain conditions, solitons can undergo spontaneous supermode transitions upon abrupt red shift, analogous to the recently discovered phenomenon of soliton self-mode conversion in step-index multi-mode fibers. When the core separation is increased, the dynamics change drastically, leading to total suppression of soliton self-frequency shift and the emer...

The effect of transcranial focused ultrasound target location on the acoustic feedback control performance during blood-brain barrier opening with nanobubbles.

Real-time acoustic feedback control based on harmonic emissions of stimulated microbubbles may be important for facilitating the clinical adoption of focused ultrasound (FUS)-induced blood-brain barrier (BBB) opening, both to ensure safe acoustic exposures, and to achieve repeatable and consistent opening. Previously our group demonstrated that successful BBB opening was achievable with both commercially available microbubbles and custom-made nanobubbles under acoustic feedback control. In a recent study, w...

Binary-phase acoustic passive logic gates.

The recent rapid development of acoustic logic devices has opened up the possibilities of sound computing and information processing. However, simultaneous realization of acoustic logic devices with subwavelength size, broad bandwidth and passive structure still poses a great challenge. To overcome it, we propose a subwavelength acoustic logic gate which consists of binary-phase passive unit cells placed into a multi-port waveguide. Based on the phase manipulations of the unit cells, we experimentally and n...

Acoustic Sensing as a Novel Wearable Approach for Cardiac Monitoring at the Wrist.

This paper introduces the concept of using acoustic sensing over the radial artery to extract cardiac parameters for continuous vital sign monitoring. It proposes a novel measurement principle that allows detection of the heart sounds together with the pulse wave, an attribute not possible with existing photoplethysmography (PPG)-based methods for monitoring at the wrist. The validity of the proposed principle is demonstrated using a new miniature, battery-operated wearable device to sense the acoustic sig...

Experimental study on eliminating fire smokes using acoustic agglomeration technology.

Acoustic agglomeration is a process in which an intense sound field is applied to promote relative motion and rapid agglomeration among aerosol particles. This technology is able to improve significantly and rapidly the visibility of the smoke in a fire situation, and therefore assists the quick evacuation of evacuees. In this paper, the elimination effect of polystyrene smoke using acoustic agglomeration technology is experimentally investigated. The results show that the smoke transmittance will be increa...

Sonoprinting of nanoparticle-loaded microbubbles: Unraveling the multi-timescale mechanism.

Ultrasound-triggered microbubble-assisted drug delivery is a promising tool for localized therapy. Several studies have shown the potential of nanoparticle-loaded microbubbles to effectively enhance the delivery of therapeutic agents to target tissue. We recently discovered that nanoparticle-carrying microbubbles can deposit the nanoparticles in patches onto cell membranes, a process which we termed 'sonoprinting'. However, the biophysical mechanisms behind sonoprinting are not entirely clear. In addition, ...

All-fiber passively mode-locked ultrafast laser based on a femtosecond-laser-inscribed in-fiber Brewster device.

We report on an in-fiber Brewster device with a 45° tilted fiber grating (TFG) directly written by a plane-by-plane femtosecond laser inscription method. Up to 10 dB polarization-dependent loss was achieved, proving effective polarizing functionality. Furthermore, we employ it as an in-line polarizer to successfully mode lock a fiber laser through the nonlinear polarization rotation technique. A stable soliton pulse train has been generated at 1563.64 nm with a pulse width of 624 fs and pulse energy of ...

Variability in the use of pulse oximeters with children in Kenyan hospitals: A mixed-methods analysis.

Pulse oximetry, a relatively inexpensive technology, has the potential to improve health outcomes by reducing incorrect diagnoses and supporting appropriate treatment decisions. There is evidence that in low- and middle-income countries, even when available, widespread uptake of pulse oximeters has not occurred, and little research has examined why. We sought to determine when and with which children pulse oximeters are used in Kenyan hospitals, how pulse oximeter use impacts treatment provision, and the ba...

The effects of phase modulated excitation on the focused acoustic field.

Various modulation approaches, such as amplitude and frequency modulation, have been applied widely to modify the acoustic field and improve the performance of ultrasound imaging and therapy. However, phase modulation has not been investigated extensively in the ultrasound applications, especially at long pulse duration. In this study, the effects of phase modulation on the acoustic field were investigated. The radiated acoustic pressure waveforms produced using different phase modulation strategies (i.e., ...

All-fiber widely tunable ultrafast laser source for multimodal imaging in nonlinear microscopy.

In this Letter, we present an all-fiber, easy-to-use, wavelength-tunable, ultrafast laser, based on soliton self-frequency shifting in an Er-doped polarization-maintaining very large mode area fiber. The system is tunable over 370 nm, starting at 1620 nm, with an average power of up to 1.5 W that emits 120 fs short laser pulses directly out of the fusion-spliced fiber without using bulky pulse compression optics. The output is subsequently frequency doubled to a wavelength range covering 810 nm up to a...

A rapid In-Process Control (IPC) test to monitor the functionality of taste masking polymer coatings using Broadband Acoustic Resonance Dissolution Spectroscopy (BARDS).

Monitoring of the coating end-point of functional coatings during the coating application process is desirable. Since currently available PAT methods require expensive test equipment, there is a need for a rapid test that can easily be applied without major investment. BARDS is a novel technique that has the potential to economise the production process of these kinds of pellet and tablet formulations. The thickness of a controlled release coating is a key factor that determines the release rate of the drug...

Acoustic Holographic Cell Patterning in a Biocompatible Hydrogel.

Acoustophoresis is promising as a rapid, biocompatible, noncontact cell manipulation method, where cells are arranged along the nodes or antinodes of the acoustic field. Typically, the acoustic field is formed in a resonator, which results in highly symmetric regular patterns. However, arbitrary, nonsymmetrically shaped cell assemblies are necessary to obtain the irregular cellular arrangements found in biological tissues. It is shown that arbitrarily shaped cell patterns can be obtained from the complex ac...


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