PubMed Journals Articles About "Standard Treatment Thyroid Neoplasms" RSS

10:34 EST 17th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Standard Treatment Thyroid Neoplasms PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Standard Treatment Thyroid Neoplasms articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Standard treatment Thyroid Neoplasms" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 34,000+

The effectiveness of parathyroid gland autotransplantation in preserving parathyroid function during thyroid surgery for thyroid neoplasms: A meta-analysis.

We conducted this meta-analysis to assess the effectiveness of parathyroid gland autotransplantation in preserving parathyroid function during thyroid surgery for thyroid neoplasms.

New aspects in thyroid cancer treatment : Highlights of the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting.

The majority of patients with thyroid cancer have a remarkably good chance of cure in the context of surgical treatment, due to their mostly local tumor spread. However, a small proportion of patients with advanced and metastatic thyroid tumors usually require multimodality treatment. Abstracts from the 2019 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting are summarized in this review, to provide insights into current aspects of thyroid carcinoma treatment. In addition to innovations in the tr...

Authors' response to the letter "Temozolomide-Capecitabine (TemCap) chemotherapy for Neuroendocrine Neoplasms (NENs): the dilemma of treatment duration" by Lamarca et al. regarding the original manuscript "Activity and Safety of Standard and Prolonged Capecitabine/Temozolomide Administration in Patients with Advanced Neuroendocrine Neoplasms."

n/a, this is a response to a letter to the editor.

Incidence of thyroid dysfunctions during treatment with nivolumab for non-small cell lung cancer: Retrospective study of 105 patients.

Immunotherapy is a standard not only in second line but also in first line treatment in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and other tumors. Thyroid dysfunctions are the most common endocrine toxicities.

Time-to-onset analysis of amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction.

Amiodarone (AMD) treatment is associated with a number of significant adverse effects including thyroid dysfunction. However, the relationship between the development of thyroid dysfunction and the dosage and treatment duration of AMD remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the onset profiles of amiodarone-associated thyroid dysfunction using a spontaneous adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting database.

Thyroid dysfunction in preterm infants born before 32 gestational weeks.

Thyroid hormones are critical for growth and brain development during the newborn period and infancy. Because of delayed maturation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis in preterm infants, thyroid dysfunction is common, and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) elevation is often delayed in preterm infants. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of thyroid dysfunction requiring levothyroxine treatment and to identify its risk factors in preterm infants.

Variations in radioiodine ablation: decision-making after total thyroidectomy.

The role of radioiodine treatment following total thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid cancer is changing. The last major revision of the American Thyroid Association (ATA) Management Guidelines for Patients with Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer in 2015 changed treatment recommendations dramatically in comparison with the European Association of Nuclear Medicine (EANM) 2008 guidelines. We hypothesised that there is marked variability between the different treatment regimens used today.

Unraveling the Molecular Basis for Successful Thyroid Hormone Replacement Therapy: The Need for New Thyroid Tissue- and Pathway-Specific Biomarkers.

Thyroid function is conventionally assessed by measurement of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and free circulating thyroid hormones, which is in most cases sufficient for correct diagnosis and monitoring of treatment efficiency. However, several conditions exist, in which these parameters may be insufficient or even misleading. For instance, both, a TSH-secreting pituitary adenoma and a mutation of thyroid hormone receptor β present with high levels of TSH and circulating hormones, but the optimal treatm...

Lobectomy Compared to Total Thyroidectomy for Low-Risk Papillary Thyroid Cancer: A Systematic Review.

The 2015 American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines called for consideration of thyroid lobectomy (TL) as an acceptable surgical treatment for small and less aggressive papillary thyroid cancers (PTC) with no clinical evidence of metastasis or extrathyroidal extension. Optimal extent of surgery, however, remains controversial.

Neonatal Thyroid Function and Disorders.

Thyroid hormone is essential for normal fetal brain development in utero and for the first 2 years of life. The developing fetus is initially reliant upon maternal thyroid hormones that cross the placenta, until the fetal thyroid begins to supply thyroid hormone for the fetus. Maternal thyroid status affects fetal thyroid function and maternal thyroid dysfunction can have a significant impact on the fetus and neonate. There are also several neonatal factors that can influence thyroid function. Here, we desc...

Targeting PLKs as a therapeutic approach to well-differentiated thyroid cancer.

Polo-like kinases (PLKs) are pivotal regulators of cell proliferation and cell survival; therefore, PLKs may be potential targets in the treatment of malignancy. The therapeutic effects of volasertib, a PLKs inhibitor for papillary and follicular thyroid cancer (known as well-differentiated thyroid cancer) were evaluated in this study. Volasertib inhibited cell proliferation in two papillary and two follicular thyroid cancer cell lines in a dose-dependent manner. Volasertib treatment reduced cells in S phas...

Efficacy and toxicity of sorafenib in the treatment of advanced medullary thyroid carcinoma: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

The aim of this study is to investigate and summarize the treatment efficacy and adverse effects (AEs) of sorafenib in the treatment of metastatic medullary thyroid carcinomas (MTCs).

Radioactive Iodine-Induced Hyposalivation: Case Report.

Radioactive iodine (I) is used in the treatment of differentiated thyroid cancers. Collateral damage to the salivary glands (SGs) can be anticipated. Standard therapeutic doses of I often cause SG obstructive symptomatology and hyposalivation can develop with the higher I doses used for aggressive thyroid malignancies with or without metastases.


To characterize anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) induced thyroid immune related adverse events (irAEs) in metastatic melanoma patients treated at our institution and to identify risk factors associated with their development. We reviewed the files of 154 patients with metastatic melanoma treated with PD-1 inhibitors at a single institution from November 1, 2011 to February 28, 2017. The association of thyroid irAEs within 120 days post-treatment initiation with age, gender, melanoma characteristics, tre...

Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma diagnosed after treatment of lenvatinib for papillary thyroid carcinoma.

Anaplastic transformation of a primary thyroid tumor whose process can be followed is rare. The objective this study is to report a case of anaplastic transformation of locally advanced papillary thyroid carcinoma after treatment with lenvatinib. A 74-year-old woman consulted a local physician because of cough and bloody sputum. Thyroid cancer with tracheal invasion was suspected on computed tomography (CT) imaging, and she visited our hospital for treatment. We suspected anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) and...

The 2015 American Thyroid Association guidelines are associated with an increasing rate of hemithyroidectomy for thyroid cancer.

In an attempt to prevent overly aggressive treatment of low-risk thyroid cancers, the American Thyroid Association changed guideline recommendations in late 2015 to state that either hemithyroidectomy or total thyroidectomy are acceptable operations for these patients. We hypothesized that surgeons would increasingly perform hemithyroidectomy after the release of these guidelines.

A Rare Coexistence of Medullary Thyroid Cancer with Graves Disease: A Case Report and Systematic Review of the Literature.

BACKGROUND Graves disease is occasionally associated with thyroid cancer. The most common histological type of thyroid cancer in patients with Graves disease is papillary followed by follicular. Medullary thyroid cancer and Graves disease have been reported simultaneously only in a few cases in the literature. CASE REPORT A case of coexistence of Graves disease and medullary thyroid cancer is described in this report. The patient was diagnosed with Graves disease 8 years ago. Although he had an initial succ...

Identifying gene modules of thyroid cancer associated with pathological stage by weighted gene co-expression network analysis.

Thyroid cancer is the most common type of endocrine tumor. The TNM classification remains a standard for treatment determination and predicting prognosis in thyroid cancer. The genes modules associated with the progression of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) were not clear. We applied a weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) and differential expression analysis to systematically identified co-expressed gene modules and hub genes associated with PTC progression based on The Cancer Genome Atlas...

Does the ATA Risk Stratification Apply to Patients with Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinoma?

The incidence of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) has increased over the past decade. The American Thyroid Association (ATA) suggests that these patients may undergo either thyroid lobectomy or active surveillance. It remains unclear whether there exists a subgroup of PTMC patients who may benefit from more aggressive treatment due to increased risk of recurrence.

Major imbalance of thyroid function after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.

In patients with substituted hypothyroidism, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy may interfere with thyroid balance by varying body weight or by altering the absorption of hormone therapy. A 58-year-old female patient presented with a major thyroid imbalance after sleeve gastrectomy, manifesting itself in large-scale changes in thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels. The transition from a tablet treatment to a liquid form alleviated burden of treatment, unfortunately without normalising TSH. Our case emphasis...

Impact of non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasms with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) on risk of malignancy in patients undergoing lobectomy/thyroidectomy for suspicious for malignancy or malignant fine-needle aspiration cytology findings: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

The second version of the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology endorsed the introduction of non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasms with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) as a distinct entity with low malignant potential into clinical practice. Consequently, the risk of malignancy (ROM) of cytological diagnoses has changed, but the magnitude of the change remains uncertain. The present systematic review was undertaken to obtain more robust information about the true impact of NIFTP on...

Thyroid hemiagenesis is combined with a variety of thyroid disorders.

Thyroid hemiagenesis (TH) is a rare congenital anomaly in which one thyroid lobe fails to develop. We describe our experience with at least 13 patients presenting with TH at our department.

Benign Neoplasms of the Orbit.

Benign orbital neoplasms comprise a wide spectrum of different entities. The origin of the tumours can be epithelial or mesenchymal. Epithelial neoplasms of the orbit originate from the lacrimal gland. The most important tumour is the pleomorphic adenoma, which should not be biopsied but resected in toto. The most common intraconal neoplasm in adults is the cavernous hemangioma. Symptomatic cavernous hemangiomas should be treated. The treatment of choice for most symptomatic benign neoplasms of the orbit is...

Monitoring of Thyroid Malfunction and Therapies in Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period: A Systematic Up-Dated Critical Review of the Literature.

From the very beginning of pregnancy, the maternal thyroid has to adapt to increased thyroid hormone secretion of up to 50 %. This is paralleled by changes in thyroid-stimulating-hormone (TSH) secretion and by the thyroid-topic action of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). Thus, hypothyroidism as well as hyperthyroidism may occur. Many women exhibit pre-existing thyroid diseases. This review tries to add the most recently published approaches to diagnosing thyroid malfunction in pregnancy to existing guidel...

Association of Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution With Thyroid Function During Pregnancy.

Air pollutants interact with estrogen nuclear receptors, but their effect on thyroid signaling is less clear. Thyroid function is of particular importance for pregnant women because of the thyroid's role in fetal brain development.

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