PubMed Journals Articles About "Sterile Water" RSS

06:08 EDT 19th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Sterile Water PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Sterile Water articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Sterile Water" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 8,400+

Knowledge and use of sterile water injections amongst midwives in the United Kingdom: A cross-sectional study.

The use of sterile water injections (SWI) for the relief of pain in labour is popular amongst midwives in countries such as Sweden and Australia. Anecdotal reports suggest the procedure is used less commonly in the United Kingdom (UK) and that a number of barriers to introducing the practice may exist.

In vitro effect of 20% N-acetylcysteine on the viscosity of normal canine bile.

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the in vitro effect of 20% N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on the viscosity of normal canine bile. ANIMALS Bile samples obtained from 10 adult dogs euthanized for reasons unrelated to biliary disease. PROCEDURES Each sample was centrifuged to remove particulates, then divided into 3 aliquots. One aliquot remained untreated (control). Each of the other aliquots was diluted 1:4 with 20% NAC or sterile water. The viscosity of all samples was measured with a rotational viscometer at 25°C. Viscosit...

The work of sterile processing departments: An exploratory study using qualitative interviews and a quantitative process database.

The sterile processing of surgical instruments and equipment is an essential part of surgical operations. Although clean instruments prevent infections, little is known about the departments that conduct this work. We sought to describe sterile processing departments (SPDs) and to identify factors impacting them.

Factors associated with obtaining sterile syringes from pharmacies among persons who inject drugs in 20 US cities.

Increased access to sterile syringes has been shown to reduce HIV risk among people who inject drugs (PWID). Where syringe services programs (SSPs) are limited, pharmacies are an important sterile syringe source. We assessed factors associated with using pharmacies as the primary source of syringes among PWID from 20 US cities.

Outcomes of Infected versus Symptomatic Sterile Walled-Off Pancreatic Necrosis Treated with a Minimally Invasive Therapy.

Acute pancreatitis complicated by walled-off necrosis (WON) is associated with high morbidity and mortality, and if infected, this condition typically necessitates intervention. Clinical outcomes of infected WON have been described as poorer than those of symptomatic sterile WON in surgical series. With the evolution of minimally invasive therapy, we sought to compare outcomes of infected and symptomatic sterile WON.

Fine mapping of the male-sterile genes (MS1, MS2, MS3, and MS4) and development of SNP markers for marker-assisted selection in Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica D. Don).

Pollinosis caused by Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) is a widespread social problem in Japan. To date, 23 male-sterile C. japonica trees have been selected in Japan to address pollinosis, from which four male-sterility loci (MS1, MS2, MS3, and MS4) have been identified from test crossing results. For efficient breeding of male-sterile C. japonica trees, more male-sterile individuals and individuals heterozygous for male-sterile genes are required. Therefore, we aimed to develop DNA markers for marker-...

Reducing levels of medical device contamination through package redesign and opening technique.

The goal of this research was to evaluate how material curl, package structure and handling of pouches containing medical devices affect rates of contact between non-sterile surfaces and sterile devices during aseptic transfer.

Removal of phenols-like substances in pharmaceutical wastewater with fungal bioreactors by adding Trametes versicolor.

Fungi are known to be more resistant to toxic compounds and more effective in removing recalcitrant organics such as phenols than bacteria. Here we examined the removal of phenols (as a component of Zopliclone drugs), added to non-sterile pharmaceutical wastewater with continuous treatment fungal bioreactor by its augmentation with mono-species of white-rot fungi (WRF) Trametes versicolor. Results showed that WRF in a sterile reactor (a batch mode) were moderately effective for removal of phenols (40% in se...

Canine sterile steroid-responsive lymphadenitis in 49 dogs.

To report clinical and laboratory features, treatment responses and outcome in dogs diagnosed with sterile steroid-responsive lymphadenitis in the United Kingdom.

Basics of Sterile Compounding. Quality Assurance and Quality Control: Being Prepared for U.S. Food and Drug Administration Inspections and Staying in Compliance with United States Pharmacopeia Chapter <797>: Part 2.

Compounders engaged in making sterile preparations need to employ a quality-assurance system of documented policies and procedures to attempt to reduce the possibility of contamination. The quality-assurance program will be monitored through the facility's quality-control system. Compounders should be aware of the requirements of each state they are licensed in as well as the inspection observations commonly noted in 483s issued by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Part 1 of this 2-part article discuss...

The microbiome of the "sterile" pustules in palmoplantar pustulosis.

The skin microbiome influences skin pathophysiology. Palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) is a chronic skin disease characterized by infectious-like pustules on the palms and soles. These pustules are thought to be sterile because bacterial cultures obtained from the pustules are negative. However, culture methods are limited in their ability to identify all bacteria on the skin. We hypothesized that the "sterile" pustules of PPP do not lack bacteria, but rather contain a microbiome. To test this hypothesis, we id...

Outcomes of Prophylactic Negative Pressure Wound Therapy in Knee Arthroplasty.

Negative pressure wound therapy is becoming more commonly used to prevent wound complications in joint arthroplasty, although few studies have assessed its outcomes compared with those of a traditional dry sterile dressing. This retrospective study assessed complications that required return to the operating room in a cohort of patients who received a dry sterile dressing (n=159) vs negative pressure wound therapy (n=32). There were significantly more overall complications (P=.0293) in the dry sterile dress...

Feasibility study on direct fermentation of soybean meal by Bacillus stearothermophilus under non-sterile conditions.

To evaluate the feasibility of high-temperature solid-state fermentation using soybean meal (SBM) during the non-sterile process, Bacillus stearothermophilus was employed to assess the nutritional quality and bioactivity of SBM after fermentation.

Sterile particle-induced inflammation is mediated by macrophages releasing IL-33 through a Bruton's tyrosine kinase-dependent pathway.

Initiation of the innate sterile inflammatory response that can develop in response to microparticle exposure is little understood. Here, we report that a potent type 2 immune response associated with the accumulation of neutrophils, eosinophils and alternatively activated (M2) macrophages was observed in response to sterile microparticles similar in size to wear debris associated with prosthetic implants. Although elevations in interleukin-33 (IL-33) and type 2 cytokines occurred independently of caspa...

Late-Onset Sterile Peripheral Ulcerative Keratitis Post-Corneal Collagen Crosslinking.

To report the incidence, characteristics, clinical presentations, risk factors, and the available treatment modalities of sterile peripheral ulcerative keratitis (PUK) post-corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL).

Water use for shale gas extraction in the Sichuan Basin, China.

This study investigates the use of water for extracting shale gas in the Sichuan Basin of China. Both net water use and water intensity (i.e., water use per unit of gas produced) of shale wells are estimated by applying a process-based life cycle inventory (LCI) model. The results show that the net water use and water intensity are around 24500 m/well and 1.9 m water/10 m gas respectively, and that the fracturing and completion stage of shale gas extraction accounts for the largest share in net water ...

A comparison of infection rates during skin cancer excisions using nonsterile vs sterile gloves: A prospective randomized pilot study.

Standard surgical skin excision is a routine outpatient procedure commonly performed in Dermatology practice to treat nonmelanoma and melanoma skin cancer. Use of sterile gloves during this procedure has been the standard of care in most Dermatology offices.

Quality Control and Basics of Sterile Compounding: Attempting to Avoid Out-of-Specification Results and Patient Harm in Sterile Compounding.

What do you do when something goes wrong in your cleanroom? What do you do when a sterility test fails and what are the implications of such a failure? What should you do when your environmental monitoring or personnel monitoring provides results that exceed your action levels? A root cause analysis is needed in any situation where action levels are exceeded or tests are out of specification. However, should the questions be what can be done to prevent these occurrences, and how can the development be notic...

Evaluating urban surface water quality in Luton.

Using a single numerical value to indicate the quality of water, a so-called Water Quality Index (WQI) is a well-established way of rating the overall water quality status of a given water body. During the last few years, researchers in the water sector have developed different such indices to address their specific needs. In this study, we attempt to obtain a WQI formula suited for evaluating the water quality of the River Lea. We have selected four different sites on the River Lea and explore the possibil...

Urinary Calprotectin loses specificity as tumour marker due to sterile leukocyturia associated with bladder cancer.

Urinary Calprotectin, a mediator of the innate immune system, has been identified as a biomarker in bladder cancer. Our aim was to investigate the association between sterile leukocyturia and urinary Calprotectin in low-grade and high-grade bladder cancer.

Foliar water uptake: processes, pathways, and integration into plant water budgets.

Nearly all plant families, represented across most major biomes, absorb water directly through their leaves. This phenomenon is commonly referred to as foliar water uptake. Recent studies have suggested that foliar water uptake provides a significant water subsidy that can influence both plant water and carbon balance across multiple spatial and temporal scales. Despite this, our mechanistic understanding of when, where, how, and to what end water is absorbed through leaf surfaces remains limited. We first ...

Sterile Neutrino Constraints from the STEREO Experiment with 66 Days of Reactor-On Data.

The reactor antineutrino anomaly might be explained by the oscillation of reactor antineutrinos toward a sterile neutrino of eV mass. In order to explore this hypothesis, the STEREO experiment measures the antineutrino energy spectrum in six different detector cells covering baselines between 9 and 11 m from the compact core of the ILL research reactor. In this Letter, results from 66 days of reactor turned on and 138 days of reactor turned off are reported. A novel method to extract the antineutrino rat...


Rice is a major cereal crop for China. The development of the "three-line" hybrid rice system based on cytoplasmic male sterility in the 1970s (first-generation) and the "two-line" hybrid rice system based on photoperiod- and thermo-sensitive genic male-sterile lines (second-generation) in the 1980s has contributed significantly to rice yield increase and food security in China. Here we describe the development and implementation of the "third-generation" hybrid rice breeding system that is based on a trans...

Incidence and Outcomes of Sterile Multifocal Inflammatory Keratitis and Diffuse Lamellar Keratitis After SMILE.

To report the incidence outcomes of sterile multifocal inflammatory keratitis and diffuse lamellar keratitis (DLK) after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) in a large population.

Cellular and molecular mechanisms of sterile inflammation in ischemic stroke.

Cerebral inflammation is a promising therapeutic target for ischemic stroke. After ischemic stroke, inflammatogenic self molecules, which originate from damaged brain tissue due to ischemia, activate infiltrating immune cells (neutrophils, macrophages, and lymphocytes) and thereby trigger sterile inflammation. Innate immunity plays the central role in sterile inflammation at the acute phase of brain ischemia, although immune response by T lymphocytes (innate or acquired immunity) is also implicated in infla...

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