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PubMed Journals Articles About "Tamoxifen Breast Neoplasms" RSS

20:53 EST 22nd January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Tamoxifen Breast Neoplasms PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Tamoxifen Breast Neoplasms articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Tamoxifen Breast Neoplasms" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,600+

CYP2D6 genotype and endoxifen plasma concentration do not predict hot flash severity during tamoxifen therapy.

Tamoxifen is frequently prescribed to prevent breast cancer recurrence. Tamoxifen is a prodrug and requires bioactivation by CYP2D6. Tamoxifen use is often limited by adverse effects including severe hot flashes. There is paucity of prospectively collected data in terms of CYP2D6 genotype and measured tamoxifen, 4-hydroxytamoxifen and endoxifen concentrations in relation to hot flash severity during tamoxifen therapy.


Expression and clinicopathological significance of DNA methyltransferase 1, 3A and 3B in tamoxifen-treated breast cancer patients.

Progression of tamoxifen resistance remained as a crucial obstacle to treatment of estrogen receptor positive breast carcinoma patients. Recent studies demonstrated the importance of DNA methylation pattern on tamoxifen refractory. This study aimed to investigate the protein expression pattern and clinicopathological significance of DNA methyltransferase 1, 3A and 3B, as leading factors in regulation of DNA methylation process, in breast carcinoma patients with adjuvant tamoxifen therapy. Seventy two Formal...

Cost-effectiveness of monitoring endoxifen levels in breast cancer patients adjuvantly treated with tamoxifen.

Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women worldwide. Recurrence rates in breast cancer are considered to be dependent on the serum concentration of endoxifen, the active metabolite of tamoxifen. The goal of this study is to investigate the cost-effectiveness of periodically monitoring serum concentrations of endoxifen in adjuvant estrogen receptor alfa (ERα) positive breast cancer patients treated with tamoxifen in the Netherlands.


Oestrogen receptor-regulated glutathione S-transferase mu 3 expression attenuates hydrogen peroxide-induced cytotoxicity, which confers tamoxifen resistance on breast cancer cells.

Glutathione S-transferase mu 3 (GSTM3) is an enzyme involving in the detoxification of electrophilic compounds by conjugation with glutathione. Higher GSTM3 mRNA levels were reported in patients with ERα-positive breast cancer who received only tamoxifen therapy after surgery. Thus, this study aimed to clarify the oncogenic characteristics of GSTM3 in breast cancer and the mechanism of tamoxifen resistance.

Genetic polymorphisms of 3'-untranslated region of SULT1A1 and their impact on tamoxifen metabolism and efficacy.

Tamoxifen has a wide inter-variability. Recently, two SNPs in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of the SULT1A1 gene, rs6839 and rs1042157, have been associated with decreased SULT1A1 activity. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of the rs6839 and rs1042157 on tamoxifen metabolism and relapse-free survival (RFS) in women diagnosed with early-breast cancer receiving tamoxifen.

Therapeutic Drug Monitoring of endoxifen as an alternative for CYP2D6 genotyping in individualizing tamoxifen therapy.

Different strategies have been proposed to individualize tamoxifen treatment in order to improve recurrence-free survival in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. To date, the debate remains on which strategy should be used. The objective of this viewpoint is to highlight Therapeutic Drug Monitoring of endoxifen, the active tamoxifen metabolite, as the preferred methodology compared to CYP2D6 genotyping for individualizing tamoxifen therapy for ER-positive breast cancer patients treated in the adju...

Downregulation of lncRNA GAS5 confers tamoxifen resistance by activating miR-222 in breast cancer.

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) work as oncogenes or tumor suppressors that play important roles in tumorigenesis and chemotherapeutic drug resistance. This study investigates the role of lncRNA growth arrest-specific transcript 5 (GAS5) in tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer. A microarray of lncRNAs was screened in tamoxifen-resistant MCF-7R cells and the parental, non-resistant MCF-7 cells. Downregulation of lncRNA GAS5 was found in MCF-7R cells. Besides, decreased expression of GAS5 was found in breast c...

miR-449a Suppresses Tamoxifen Resistance in Human Breast Cancer Cells by Targeting ADAM22.

Most of estrogen receptor positive breast cancer patients respond well initially to endocrine therapies, but often develop resistance during treatment with selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) such as tamoxifen. Altered expression and functions of microRNAs (miRNAs) have been reportedly associated with tamoxifen resistance. Thus, it is necessary to further elucidate the function and mechanism of miRNAs in tamoxifen resistance.

The tamoxifen paradox-influence of adjuvant tamoxifen on fracture risk in pre- and postmenopausal women with breast cancer.

Our data demonstrate that tamoxifen does not reduce fracture risk. Close surveillance is necessary to prevent bone loss in premenopausal women with breast cancer upon treatment initiation.

AhR ligand aminoflavone suppresses α6-integrin-Src-Akt signaling to attenuate tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer cells.

More than 40% of patients with luminal breast cancer treated with endocrine therapy agent tamoxifen demonstrate resistance. Emerging evidence suggests tumor initiating cells (TICs) and aberrant activation of Src and Akt signaling drive tamoxifen resistance and relapse. We previously demonstrated that aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligand aminoflavone (AF) inhibits the expression of TIC gene α6-integrin and disrupts mammospheres derived from tamoxifen-sensitive breast cancer cells. In the current study, we hypot...

Aromatase inhibitor and tamoxifen use and the risk of venous thromboembolism in breast cancer survivors.

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is the second most common cause of death in hospitalized patients with cancer, and cancer treatments may exacerbate VTE risk. Patients with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer usually receive adjuvant endocrine therapy for 5 years or longer. The aim of this study is to examine VTE risk following long-term use of aromatase inhibitor (AI) compared with tamoxifen use among breast cancer survivors.

A genome-wide association study identifies three novel genetic markers for response to tamoxifen: A prospective multicenter study.

Although association studies of genetic variations with the clinical outcomes of breast cancer patients treated with tamoxifen have been reported, genetic factors which could determine individual response to tamoxifen are not fully clarified. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) to identify novel genetic markers for response to tamoxifen.

The benefits of adding metformin to tamoxifen to protect the endometrium- a randomized placebo-controlled trial.

We investigated whether metformin prevents tamoxifen-induced endometrial changes and insulin resistance (IR) after a diagnosis of breast cancer.

DSCAM-AS1 up-regulation in invasive ductal carcinoma of breast and assessment of its potential as a diagnostic biomarker.

The long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) DSCAM-AS1 has been demonstrated to participate in the pathogenesis of breast cancer and tamoxifen resistance.

Development of Hot Melt Extruded Solid Dispersion of Tamoxifen Citrate and Resveratrol for Synergistic Effects on Breast Cancer Cells.

Primary standard therapy for ER-positive breast cancer being tamoxifen, newer delivery approach for enhancement of dissolution and therapeutic efficiency of tamoxifen through oral route could be a possible solution. In the present study, we investigated combination of tamoxifen (TAM) with resveratrol (RES) and observed that the combination is effective on MCF-7 breast cancer cells. To ensure co-delivery of the drugs, we explored the hot melt extrusion technique for simultaneously extruding two drugs togethe...

Insights into how phosphorylation of estrogen receptor at serine 305 modulates tamoxifen activity in breast cancer.

Estrogen receptor (ER) is the most important factor in the pathophysiology of breast cancer. Consequently, modulation of ER activity has been exploited to develop drugs against ER + breast cancer, such as tamoxifen, referred to as endocrine therapies. With deeper understanding of ER mechanism of action, posttranslational modifications (PTMs) are increasingly recognized as important in mediating ER activity. Some ER PTMs such as phosphorylation, are studied in the context of ligand-independent ER activity....

Tamoxifen therapy benefit predictive signature combining with prognostic signature in surgical-only ER-positive breast cancer.

Tamoxifen treatment is important assistant for estrogen-receptor-positive breast cancer (BRCA) after resection. This study aimed to identify signatures for predicting the prognosis of patients with BRCA after tamoxifen treatment. Data of gene-specific DNA methylation (DM), as well as the corresponding clinical data for the patients with BRCA, were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas and followed by systematic bioinformatics analyses. After mapping these DM CPG sites onto genes, we finally obtained 352 rel...

Bioinformatics-based interaction analysis of miR-92a-3p and key genes in tamoxifen-resistant breast cancer cells.

The abnormal expression of miR-92a-3p was detected in multiple cancers. However, the biological role and underlying mechanism of miR-92a-3p in tamoxifen-resistant cells are still unknown. The main objective of our study was to find potential miR-92a-3p regulating pathways involved in tamoxifen resistance and to construct their regulatory network using bioinformatics. Four gene expression profiles were retrieved from GEO database and the GEO2R tool was used for analysis. GSE41922 and GSE42072 were applied to...

Tamoxifen inhibits the proliferation of non‑melanoma skin cancer cells by increasing intracellular calcium concentration.

Tamoxifen is an estrogen receptor (ER) antagonist used as first-line chemotherapy in breast cancer. Recent studies suggest that tamoxifen may be effective not only for ER‑positive but also for ER‑negative cancer cases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the antiproliferative effect of tamoxifen against human non‑melanoma skin cancer cells. Tamoxifen inhibited the proliferation of the skin squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cell lines A431, DJM‑1 and HSC‑1. A431 cells did not express ER‑...

Recurrence prediction using microRNA expression in hormone receptor positive breast cancer during tamoxifen treatment.

To identify miRNAs associated with distant recurrence during tamoxifen treatment and build a recurrence prediction model.

Fine-needle Aspiration Cytology to Identify a Rare Mimicker of Breast Cancer: Plasma Cell Mastitis.

There are rare benign diseases that can mimic malignant breast neoplasms in the clinical exam and in mammography. We evaluated the contribution of an accessible procedure to most clinicians, the fine-needle aspiration cytology, to identify a rare mimicker of malignant breast neoplasms. A type 2 diabetic 85-year-old female presented with a 6-month history of a left breast lump. The physical exam and mammography were compatible with breast cancer. Nevertheless, after fine-needle aspiration cytology, the diagn...

Tamoxifen inhibits the biosynthesis of inositolphosphorylceramide in Leishmania.

Previous work from our group showed that tamoxifen, an oral drug that has been in use for the treatment of breast cancer for over 40 years, is active both in vitro and in vivo against several species of Leishmania, the etiological agent of leishmaniasis. Using a combination of metabolic labeling with [H]-sphingosine and myo-[H]-inositol, alkaline hydrolysis, HPTLC fractionations and mass spectrometry analyses, we observed a perturbation in the metabolism of inositolphosphorylceramides (IPCs) and phosphatidy...

Expression signature of ten genes predicts the survival of patients with estrogen receptor positive-breast cancer that were treated with tamoxifen.

Although tamoxifen is the most frequently used drug for the treatment of estrogen receptor positive (ER)-breast cancer (BRCA), its efficacy varies between patients. In the present study, Cox multivariate regression of the relative mRNA expression levels in two microarray-based datasets (GSE17005 and GSE26971) was employed to develop a risk score model to evaluate the outcome of patients with BRCA in the GSE17005 dataset. A total of ten genes were used to develop the prediction model for the survival of tamo...

Phyllodes tumor of the breast with nipple discharge: A case report.

Phyllodes tumors (PTs) of the breast are rare biphasic fibroepithelial neoplasms which usually present with unilateral palpable breast lumps. Here we reported a case of borderline PTs with multifocal intraductal lesions whose primary clinical manifestation was nipple discharge.

Metastatic breast Cancer simulating well-differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasms of visceral organs.

A series of metastatic breast carcinoma (MBC) mimicking visceral well-differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasms has not previously been reported. We identified five consultation cases originally submitted as neuroendocrine neoplasms in females but which were found to be MBC on subsequent review. All 5 neoplasms demonstrated nested architecture and relatively uniform nuclei. Four patients had a known history of breast cancer (remote in 3 and concurrent in 1), but the metastases (3 liver, 1 lung) labeled for ch...


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