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PubMed Journals Articles About "Tamoxifen Breast Neoplasms" RSS

20:06 EDT 21st October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Tamoxifen Breast Neoplasms PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Tamoxifen Breast Neoplasms articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Tamoxifen Breast Neoplasms" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,700+

CYP2D6 genotype and endoxifen plasma concentration do not predict hot flash severity during tamoxifen therapy.

Tamoxifen is frequently prescribed to prevent breast cancer recurrence. Tamoxifen is a prodrug and requires bioactivation by CYP2D6. Tamoxifen use is often limited by adverse effects including severe hot flashes. There is paucity of prospectively collected data in terms of CYP2D6 genotype and measured tamoxifen, 4-hydroxytamoxifen and endoxifen concentrations in relation to hot flash severity during tamoxifen therapy.


Use of Raloxifene and Tamoxifen by Breast Cancer Risk Level in a Medicare-eligible Cohort.

Raloxifene and tamoxifen are FDA approved for breast cancer risk reduction; in 2013, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended these drugs for breast cancer risk reduction in high-risk women. Information on use of raloxifene and tamoxifen for breast cancer risk reduction in the general population is believed low; however, there is little literature on this.

Cost-effectiveness of monitoring endoxifen levels in breast cancer patients adjuvantly treated with tamoxifen.

Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women worldwide. Recurrence rates in breast cancer are considered to be dependent on the serum concentration of endoxifen, the active metabolite of tamoxifen. The goal of this study is to investigate the cost-effectiveness of periodically monitoring serum concentrations of endoxifen in adjuvant estrogen receptor alfa (ERα) positive breast cancer patients treated with tamoxifen in the Netherlands.


Oestrogen receptor-regulated glutathione S-transferase mu 3 expression attenuates hydrogen peroxide-induced cytotoxicity, which confers tamoxifen resistance on breast cancer cells.

Glutathione S-transferase mu 3 (GSTM3) is an enzyme involving in the detoxification of electrophilic compounds by conjugation with glutathione. Higher GSTM3 mRNA levels were reported in patients with ERα-positive breast cancer who received only tamoxifen therapy after surgery. Thus, this study aimed to clarify the oncogenic characteristics of GSTM3 in breast cancer and the mechanism of tamoxifen resistance.

Mammographic density changes following discontinuation of tamoxifen in premenopausal women with oestrogen receptor-positive breast cancer.

To evaluate the changes in mammographic density after tamoxifen discontinuation in premenopausal women with oestrogen receptor-positive breast cancers and the underlying factors METHODS: A total of 213 consecutive premenopausal women with breast cancer who received tamoxifen treatment after curative surgery and underwent three mammograms (baseline, after tamoxifen treatment, after tamoxifen discontinuation) were included. Changes in mammographic density after tamoxifen discontinuation were assessed qualitat...

Genetic polymorphisms of 3'-untranslated region of SULT1A1 and their impact on tamoxifen metabolism and efficacy.

Tamoxifen has a wide inter-variability. Recently, two SNPs in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of the SULT1A1 gene, rs6839 and rs1042157, have been associated with decreased SULT1A1 activity. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of the rs6839 and rs1042157 on tamoxifen metabolism and relapse-free survival (RFS) in women diagnosed with early-breast cancer receiving tamoxifen.

Therapeutic Drug Monitoring of endoxifen as an alternative for CYP2D6 genotyping in individualizing tamoxifen therapy.

Different strategies have been proposed to individualize tamoxifen treatment in order to improve recurrence-free survival in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. To date, the debate remains on which strategy should be used. The objective of this viewpoint is to highlight Therapeutic Drug Monitoring of endoxifen, the active tamoxifen metabolite, as the preferred methodology compared to CYP2D6 genotyping for individualizing tamoxifen therapy for ER-positive breast cancer patients treated in the adju...

Downregulation of lncRNA GAS5 confers tamoxifen resistance by activating miR-222 in breast cancer.

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) work as oncogenes or tumor suppressors that play important roles in tumorigenesis and chemotherapeutic drug resistance. This study investigates the role of lncRNA growth arrest-specific transcript 5 (GAS5) in tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer. A microarray of lncRNAs was screened in tamoxifen-resistant MCF-7R cells and the parental, non-resistant MCF-7 cells. Downregulation of lncRNA GAS5 was found in MCF-7R cells. Besides, decreased expression of GAS5 was found in breast c...

miR-449a Suppresses Tamoxifen Resistance in Human Breast Cancer Cells by Targeting ADAM22.

Most of estrogen receptor positive breast cancer patients respond well initially to endocrine therapies, but often develop resistance during treatment with selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) such as tamoxifen. Altered expression and functions of microRNAs (miRNAs) have been reportedly associated with tamoxifen resistance. Thus, it is necessary to further elucidate the function and mechanism of miRNAs in tamoxifen resistance.

The tamoxifen paradox-influence of adjuvant tamoxifen on fracture risk in pre- and postmenopausal women with breast cancer.

Our data demonstrate that tamoxifen does not reduce fracture risk. Close surveillance is necessary to prevent bone loss in premenopausal women with breast cancer upon treatment initiation.

Elevated CRB3 expression suppresses breast cancer stemness by inhibiting β-catenin signalling to restore tamoxifen sensitivity.

Tamoxifen is a first-line drug for hormone therapy (HT) in oestrogen receptor-positive breast cancer patients. However, 20% to 30% of those patients are resistant to tamoxifen treatment. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been implicated as one of the mechanisms responsible for tamoxifen resistance. Our previous study indicated that decreased expression of the CRB3 gene confers stem cell characteristics to breast cancer cells. In the current investigation, we found that most of the breast cancer patient tissues ...

AhR ligand aminoflavone suppresses α6-integrin-Src-Akt signaling to attenuate tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer cells.

More than 40% of patients with luminal breast cancer treated with endocrine therapy agent tamoxifen demonstrate resistance. Emerging evidence suggests tumor initiating cells (TICs) and aberrant activation of Src and Akt signaling drive tamoxifen resistance and relapse. We previously demonstrated that aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligand aminoflavone (AF) inhibits the expression of TIC gene α6-integrin and disrupts mammospheres derived from tamoxifen-sensitive breast cancer cells. In the current study, we hypot...

"Relationship Between Tamoxifen And The Absorption Of Subfascial Autologous Fat Grafts".

In the lipofilling procedures used in breast reconstruction, there is an unpredictability in the rate of reabsorption of the grafted fat. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of Tamoxifen, a medication commonly prescribed for patients with breast cancer, as a possible alternative to reduce the rate of autologous fat graft resorption.

Dosage-dependent reduction of macular pigment optical density in female breast cancer patients receiving tamoxifen adjuvant therapy.

It is now increasingly common for breast cancer patients to receive adjuvant tamoxifen therapy for a period of up to 10 years. As survival rate increases, managing tamoxifen ocular toxicities is important for patients' quality of life. Macular pigments in photoreceptor cells protect against free radical damage, which can cause macular degeneration. By reducing macular pigment concentration, tamoxifen may increase the risk of macular degeneration. Here, we compared macular pigment optical density (MPOD) and ...

Reprogramming of the estrogen responsive transcriptome contributes to tamoxifen-dependent protection against tumorigenesis in the p53 null mammary epithelial cells.

The tumor suppressor gene p53 is frequently mutated in human breast cancer and is a marker for poor prognosis and resistance to chemotherapy. Transplantation of p53 null mouse mammary epithelium into syngeneic wild-type mice leads to normal mammary gland development followed by spontaneous mammary tumors that recapitulate many of the phenotypic, molecular and genetic features of human breast cancer. Transient exposure of p53 null mice to the anti-estrogen, tamoxifen leads to sustained and robust protection ...

Differential microRNA profiles between fulvestrant-resistant and tamoxifen-resistant human breast cancer cells.

Increasing evidence has shown that the dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) is associated with drug resistance. Fulvestrant and tamoxifen represent the major endocrine drugs for the treatment of breast cancer patients, and yet little is known about the biological mechanisms of acquiring resistance to fulvestrant and tamoxifen, let alone the differences between cell lines resistant to these two drugs. Exploration of the differential miRNA profiles between these two cell lines is a useful way to further clarif...

A genome-wide association study identifies three novel genetic markers for response to tamoxifen: A prospective multicenter study.

Although association studies of genetic variations with the clinical outcomes of breast cancer patients treated with tamoxifen have been reported, genetic factors which could determine individual response to tamoxifen are not fully clarified. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) to identify novel genetic markers for response to tamoxifen.

The benefits of adding metformin to tamoxifen to protect the endometrium- a randomized placebo-controlled trial.

We investigated whether metformin prevents tamoxifen-induced endometrial changes and insulin resistance (IR) after a diagnosis of breast cancer.

The Underrated Risks of Tamoxifen Drug Interactions.

Tamoxifen is a prodrug, and most of the therapeutic effect in treating breast cancer stems from its metabolite, endoxifen. Since cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 is the most important enzyme in the production of endoxifen, drugs that inhibit CYP2D6 would be expected to reduce tamoxifen efficacy. In addition to drug-drug interactions (DDI) involving CYP2D6, there is growing evidence that enzyme inducers can substantially alter the disposition of endoxifen, reducing tamoxifen efficacy. Although the clinical evidenc...

Development of Hot Melt Extruded Solid Dispersion of Tamoxifen Citrate and Resveratrol for Synergistic Effects on Breast Cancer Cells.

Primary standard therapy for ER-positive breast cancer being tamoxifen, newer delivery approach for enhancement of dissolution and therapeutic efficiency of tamoxifen through oral route could be a possible solution. In the present study, we investigated combination of tamoxifen (TAM) with resveratrol (RES) and observed that the combination is effective on MCF-7 breast cancer cells. To ensure co-delivery of the drugs, we explored the hot melt extrusion technique for simultaneously extruding two drugs togethe...

Bioinformatics-based interaction analysis of miR-92a-3p and key genes in tamoxifen-resistant breast cancer cells.

The abnormal expression of miR-92a-3p was detected in multiple cancers. However, the biological role and underlying mechanism of miR-92a-3p in tamoxifen-resistant cells are still unknown. The main objective of our study was to find potential miR-92a-3p regulating pathways involved in tamoxifen resistance and to construct their regulatory network using bioinformatics. Four gene expression profiles were retrieved from GEO database and the GEO2R tool was used for analysis. GSE41922 and GSE42072 were applied to...

Tamoxifen inhibits the proliferation of non‑melanoma skin cancer cells by increasing intracellular calcium concentration.

Tamoxifen is an estrogen receptor (ER) antagonist used as first-line chemotherapy in breast cancer. Recent studies suggest that tamoxifen may be effective not only for ER‑positive but also for ER‑negative cancer cases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the antiproliferative effect of tamoxifen against human non‑melanoma skin cancer cells. Tamoxifen inhibited the proliferation of the skin squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cell lines A431, DJM‑1 and HSC‑1. A431 cells did not express ER‑...

Recurrence prediction using microRNA expression in hormone receptor positive breast cancer during tamoxifen treatment.

To identify miRNAs associated with distant recurrence during tamoxifen treatment and build a recurrence prediction model.

Polycomb complex protein BMI1 confers resistance to tamoxifen in estrogen receptor positive breast cancer.

We report that BMI1 promotes tamoxifen resistance in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer (BC). BMI1 overexpression conferred MCF7 and TD47 cells resistance to tamoxifen; BMI1 knockdown sensitized the process. In MCF7-derived tamoxifen resistant cells, BMI1 expression was upregulated and BMI1 knockdown reduced the resistance. BMI1 is an oncogene; its oncogenic activity is attributed to BMI1-stimulated E3 ubiquitin ligase activity, a process that requires BMI1's ring finger (RF) domain. However, a B...

Current Status of Extended Adjuvant Endocrine Therapy in Early Stage Breast Cancer.

In the past decade, several endocrine treatment regimens have been developed for the adjuvant treatment of postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive early breast cancer, including tamoxifen, aromatase inhibitors (AI), or a combination of these. The standard duration of adjuvant endocrine treatment has been 5 years for a long time. Nevertheless, the high number of recurrences occurring after 5 years suggested that extended endocrine therapy could further improve outcome, which led to the start of...


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