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Thorax Traumas PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Thorax Traumas articles that have been published worldwide.
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Deep learning techniques have been increasingly used to provide more accurate and more accessible diagnosis of thorax diseases on chest radiographs. However, due to the lack of dense annotation of large-scale chest radiograph data, this computer-aided diagnosis task is intrinsically a weakly supervised learning problem and remains challenging. In this paper, we propose an attention regularized deep convolutional neural network called Thorax-Net to diagnose 14 thorax diseases using chest radiography. Thorax-...
In this cross-sectional study, childhood traumas, attachment security and alexithymia in adolescents with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) were compared with those of adolescents without any psychiatric disorder using both semi-structured clinical interviews and self-report scales.
Bilateral proximal humerus fractures are rather rare and occur due to high energetic traumas in young patients and even low energetic traumas in older patients having osteoporosis. Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is the most popular treatment for this type of fracture while other types of treatment such as arthroplasty or conservative treatment are also, but less commonly used.
Robotic repair of the ventricular septal defect was performed mainly for perimembranous type via right thorax approach. Minimally invasive strategies for doubly committed juxta-arterial ventricular septal defect were limited. Here, for the first time, we successfully repaired a doubly committed juxta-arterial ventricular septal defect with Da Vinci robotic system via left thorax approach. The technique could provide excellent exposure of surgical field and accurate repair, with the advantage of reducing tra...
Diseased lungs generate adventitious sounds that propagate through the thorax, reaching the surface where they may be heard or recorded. The attenuation imposed to the lung sounds by the thorax depends on the physical characteristics of each patient, hampering the analysis of quantitative indexes measured to assist the diagnosis of cardiorespiratory disorders. This work proposes the application of a blind equalizer (eigenvector algorithm - EVA) to reduce the effects of thorax attenuation on indexes measured...
Accurate photon attenuation assessment from MR data remains an unmet challenge in the thorax due to tissue heterogeneity and the difficulty of MR lung imaging. As thoracic tissues encompass the whole physiologic range of photon absorption, large errors can occur when using, for example, a uniform, water-equivalent or a soft-tissue-only approximation. The purpose of this study is to introduce a method for voxelwise thoracic synthetic CT (sCT) generation from MR data attenuation correction (AC) for PET/MR or ...
Pneumothorax is a rarely seen condition during pregnancy, when changes in the respiratory physiology can sensitize the mother and fetus to the signs of hypoxia. Symptoms of pneumothorax, such as dyspnea, tachypnea, and chest pain, can also be attributed to pregnancy and complications with pregnancy and this can lead to misdiagnoses. The limitations in the use of diagnostic tests, such as chest X-ray and computed tomography, make treatment more difficult. Here, we report of two cases admitted to our hospital...
We investigated comparisons between patient dose and noise in pelvic, abdominal, thoracic and head CT images using an automatic method. 113 patient images (37 pelvis, 34 abdominal, 25 thoracic, and 17 head examinations) were retrospectively and automatically examined in this study. Water-equivalent diameter (Dw), size-specific dose estimates (SSDE) and noise were automatically calculated from the center slice for every patient image. The Dw was calculated based on auto-contouring of the patients' edges, and...
Traumatic events experienced in childhood, particularly those that are perpetrated by someone whom the child trusts or depends upon (i.e., high betrayal traumas [HBTs], such as abuse by a parent) can lead to long-term negative consequences, including a tendency to see oneself in a negative light, low self-compassion, and posttraumatic stress disorder. Although negative psychological consequences of HBTs are well-documented in the literature, little is known surrounding the protective factors that may reduce...
The World Association for Infant Mental Health (WAIMH) decided to compose a position paper on infants' rights in wartime, as there is still a general lack of attention paid to the impact of war-related traumas on infants' development and psychological health. Though there are numerous areas of violent conflicts around the globe, there have been few published studies that relate specifically to infants. Consequently, humanitarian aid programs tend to overlook infants' psychological needs and to pay more atte...
This paper discusses the main features of Siberian identity formed throughout the historical development of Siberia under the influence of social, economic, geographical, climatic, and other factors. Siberian cultural identity is closely connected with the mythology and ancient religion of the indigenous peoples of Siberia - shamanism, whose rituals, images, symbols, and motifs are often manifested in the clients' dreams. Following an in-depth study of Siberian history and culture, I formulate a complex of ...
Vibrational behavior of psyllids was first documented more than six decades ago. Over the years, workers have postulated as to what the exact signal producing mechanisms of psyllids might be but the exact mechanism has remained elusive. The aim of this study is to determine the specific signal producing structures and mechanisms of the psyllids. Here we examine six hypotheses of signal producing mechanisms from both previous and current studies that include: wingbeat, wing-wing friction, wing-thorax frictio...
While some sexual traumas are anecdotal, others are more serious and require specific and urgent medical care. This article reviews the main problems that can arise during sexual acts and reminds the importance of detecting and treating sexually transmitted diseases.
Central nervous system trauma is often related to tissue loss, leading to partial or complete disruption of spinal cord function due to neuronal death. Although generally irreversible, traditional therapeutic efforts, such as physical therapy exercises, are generally recommended, but with a poor or reduced improvement of the microenvironment, which in turn stimulates neuroplasticity and neuroregeneration. Mesenchymal stem cells have paracrine, immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects. Here we use stem...
Chainsaw and circular-saw injuries represent a rare condition within the maxillofacial region. The purpose of this clinical report is to describe the injuries and the clinical and surgical management of these rare traumas.
Maxillofacial injuries in children are rarer in proportion in comparison to adult facial injuries, and they constitute 1% to 15% of all facial bone fractures. The causes and incidence of maxillofacial injuries in children differ based on social, cultural, and environmental factors.
Estimation of the clinical probability of malignancy in patients with pulmonary nodules will facilitate early diagnosis, determine optimum patient management strategies and reduce overall costs.
Changes over the last 5 years (2013-18) in the serotypes implicated in adult pneumococcal pneumonia and the patient groups associated with vaccine-type disease are largely unknown.
Intracranial penetrating traumas (IPTs) are rarely encountered in neurosurgery practice. Here, we report the case of a patient with orbital and cranial trauma caused by an unexpected object.
Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is one of the most common brain traumas, and inflammation caused by ICH seriously affects the quality of life and prognosis of patients. Eupatilin has been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects in various diseases. However, only one paper has reported that Eupatilin has a therapeutic effect on the inflammatory response caused by ICH and the underlying mechanism needs to be studied.
Although the eye is a well-protected organ, it is frequently affected by trauma. The timely detection of ocular injuries is extremely important. In this study, the authors evaluated the consistency between findings in computed tomography (CT) examination for orbital fractures and globe integrity and clinical findings in patients presenting to the emergency department due to orbital trauma.
While detection rates in adults, adolescents and older children with cystic fibrosis (CF) have increased, the risk of acquiring this fungal pathogen in young children is unknown.