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Showing "Time trends between 2002 2017 correlates self reported" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 36,000+

Time trends between 2002 and 2017 in correlates of self-reported sitting time in European adults.

This study explores trends in the prevalence of high sitting time and its correlates among "high sitting" and "high sitting-least active" European adults from 2002 to 2017. Both groups have merit for future public health interventions to prevent development of a range of prevalent non-communicable diseases.

Correlates of Sedentary Time in Young Children: A Systematic Review.

Young children appear to spend large portions of their waking time being sedentary. Understanding the correlates of sedentary time would assist in developing effective interventions among young children. The purpose of this systematic review was to summarise the current literature on the correlates of objectively measured sedentary time in young children aged 1-5.99y.This review was registered with PROSPERO (registration no. CRD42017081374) and aligned with the PRISMA Statement for systematic reviews. Five ...

Time trends in the prevalence of breastfeeding among schoolchildren from public and private schools in Florianópolis, Southern Brazil: From 2002 to 2013.

To describe breastfeeding trends from 2002 to 2012/2013, and to investigate whether breastfeeding practices differ between mothers of children in public and private schools.

Alcohol use and binge drinking among U.S. men, pregnant and non-pregnant women ages 18-44: 2002-2017.

Drinking during pregnancy dropped sharply in the U.S. in the 1980s. More recent time trends in adult drinking and binge drinking in men, non-pregnant and pregnant women have not been directly compared.

Trends in Total Binge Drinks per Adult Who Reported Binge Drinking - United States, 2011-2017.

Each year, excessive drinking accounts for one in 10 deaths among U.S. adults aged 20-64 years (1), and approximately 90% of adults who report excessive drinking* binge drink (i.e., consume five or more drinks for men or four or more drinks for women on a single occasion) (2). In 2015, 17.1% of U.S. adults aged ≥18 years reported binge drinking approximately once a week and consumed an average of seven drinks per binge drinking episode, resulting in 17.5 billion total binge drinks, or 467 total binge drin...

Incidence and relative risk of renal replacement therapy in people with and without diabetes between 2002 and 2016 in a German region.

Data on trends of end-stage renal disease among people with diabetes are lacking. We analysed the incidence of end-stage renal disease, defined as renal replacement therapy, among people with and without diabetes, and the corresponding relative risk. Moreover, we investigated time trends for the period 2002-2016.

Models for public health policy analysis reported in scientific publications.

To summarize public health policy models reported in studies published between 2002-2017.

From carbohydrates to fat: Trends in food intake among Swedish nutrition students from 2002 to 2017.

Earlier studies have implied a change in dietary habits of the Swedish population towards a low carbohydrate, high fat diet. Questions have been raised about the development in recent years and potential health effects. We have investigated the dietary intake of Swedish female students enrolled in a university nutrition course between 2002 and 2017. The students carried out self-reporting of all food and drink intake over one weekday and one weekend day. Intake of macronutrients (E%) and micronutrients were...

Estimates of aid for reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health: findings from application of the Muskoka2 method, 2002-17.

Four methods have previously been used to track aid for reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH). At a meeting of donors and stakeholders in May, 2018, a single, agreed method was requested to produce accurate, predictable, transparent, and up-to-date estimates that could be used for analyses from both donor and recipient perspectives. Muskoka2 was developed to meet these needs. We describe Muskoka2 and present estimates of levels and trends in aid for RMNCH in 2002-17, with a focus on the ...

Characteristics of and Trends in HIV Diagnoses in the Deep South Region of the United States, 2012-2017.

HIV prevention goals in the United States include reducing new HIV infections among people in the South Census region (commonly referred as the South). Using data reported to the National HIV Surveillance System, we examined trends in HIV diagnoses in the South, including the Deep South and Other South, during 2012-2017. Although diagnosis rates declined in all regions during the time period, declines were greater in all other regions compared to the Deep South, with the exception of the West region. Moreov...

The influence of screening, misclassification, and reporting biases on reported chlamydia case rates among young women in the US, 2000 through 2017.

National chlamydia case rate trends are difficult to interpret due to biases from partial screening coverage, imperfect diagnostic tests, and under-reporting. We examined the extent to which these time-varying biases could influence reported annual chlamydia case rates.

Trends in social norms towards smoking between 2002 and 2015 among daily smokers: Findings from the International Tobacco Control Four Country Survey (ITC 4C).

To assess trends in daily smokers' social norms and opinions of smoking between 2002 and 2015 in Canada, US, UK and Australia.

Temporal trends and outcomes of patients waiting on LVAD and inotropes for heart transplantation.

We sought to evaluate the trends and outcomes of patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) and inotropes at the time of listing for heart transplantation. Adults with an LVAD implanted and listed with 1A status were identified in the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) registry between 2010 and 2017. Patients were grouped according to the presence or absence of inotropes at the time of listing and transplantation. A total of 2,714 patients were included in the study including 664 patients on...

Recent trends in cooperativeness among participants in the national survey of drug use and health 2002-2015.

An important issue in alcohol and drug use research is the degree to which study participants cooperate with survey interviewers and provide accurate information. We examine the year-by-year trends in the perceived cooperativeness of participants in a large national survey focused on alcohol and drug use in the United States between 2002 and 2015.

Examining trends in non-fatal strangulation among sexual assault survivors seeking Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner care from 2002-2017.

Non-fatal strangulation (NFS) is a global public health and human rights issue.[1] Prevalence estimates of NFS in sexual assault (SA) range from 7.4% to 12%.[2-3] Strangulation associated with SA poses a lethality risk, both at the time of assault and through risk for future strangulation. If the assailant is an intimate partner, a heightened risk exists for future attempted and completed homicide.[4].

Trends in the Incidence of Activities of Daily Living Disability Among Chinese Elderly from 2002-2014.

Evidence of the trend of the incidence of activities of daily living (ADL) disability among Chinese older people is limited. We aimed to investigate the time trends and potential risk factors for the incidence of ADL disability among Chinese elderly (65+ years).

Resurgent Methamphetamine Use at Treatment Admission in the United States, 2008-2017.

To evaluate trends and correlates of methamphetamine use in the United States. Data are from 15 747 334 drug-related treatment admissions among persons aged 12 years or older in the 2008-2017 Treatment Episode Data Set. We analyzed trends and used multivariable logistic regression. Methamphetamine-related admissions increased from 15.1% of drug-related treatment admissions in 2008 to 23.6% in 2017. Increases occurred among nearly all demographic groups. Methamphetamine injection increased from 17.5% of ...

Temporal trends in the mortality rate of Alzheimer's disease and other dementias attributable to smoking, 1990-2017.

Smoking is a well-defined modifiable risk factor for dementia. Understanding national temporal trends of dementia deaths due to smoking is critical for prioritizing action for the global prevention of dementia, as well as smoking prevention. We aimed to estimate the patterns and temporal trends of smoking-attributable dementia-related deaths for 195 countries from 1990 to 2017.

National Trends in Incidence and Outcomes of Patients With Heart Failure Requiring Respiratory Support.

Despite increasing medical complexity in patients with heart failure (HF), there are limited data on incidence and outcomes for patients with HF needing respiratory support. This study sought to examine contemporary trends of respiratory support strategies among patients with HF. Using the National Inpatient Sample, we identified adults aged greater than 18 years hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of HF. We assessed for trends in the use of invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) and noninvasive ventilatio...

How Do Highly Sensitized Patients Get Kidney Transplants in the United States? Trends Over The Last Decade.

Prioritization of highly sensitized (HS) candidates under the Kidney Allocation System (KAS) and growth of large, multi-center kidney-paired donation (KPD) clearinghouses have broadened the transplant modalities available to HS candidates. To quantify temporal trends in utilization of these modalities, we used SRTR data from 2009-2017 to study 39,907 adult HS (cPRA≥80%) waitlisted candidates and 19,003 recipients. We used competing risks regression to quantify temporal trends in likelihood of DDKT, KPD, a...

Trends in smoking prevalence in all Brazilian capitals between 2006 and 2017.

To evaluate the trends in smoking prevalence in all Brazilian capitals between 2006 and 2017.

Trends in the incidence of fetal macrosomia and its phenotypes in the United States, 1971-2017.

Studies have reported a surge in the prevalence of obesity among various demographic groups including pregnant women in the U.S. Given the association between maternal obesity and risk of fetal macrosomia, we hypothesized that the incidence of fetal macrosomia will be on the rise in the U.S. We examined trends in fetal macrosomia and macrosomia phenotypes in the U.S. among singleton live births within the gestational age of 28-42 weeks inclusive.

Trends and mental health correlates of discrimination among Latin American and Asian immigrants in the United States.

To examine the national trends and mental health correlates of discrimination among Latin American and Asian immigrants in the United States.

Are Trends in Alcohol Consumption and Cause-Specific Mortality in Russia Between 1990 and 2017 the Result of Alcohol Policy Measures?

The purpose of this study was to analyze trends in alcohol consumption and mortality and their association with alcohol control measures in Russia between 1990 and 2017.

Temporal trends of suspect- and target-per/polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), extractable organic fluorine (EOF) and total fluorine (TF) in pooled serum from first-time mothers in Uppsala, Sweden, 1996-2017.

A combined method for quantitative analysis, along with suspect and non-target screening of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) was developed using ultra-high pressure liquid chromatography-ultra-high resolution (Orbitrap) mass spectrometry. The method was applied together with measurements of total- and extractable organofluorine (TF and EOF, respectively), to pooled serum samples from 1996-2017 from first-time mothers living in the county of Uppsala, Sweden, some of which (i.e. 148 of 472 women sam...

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