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Showing "Tobacco Tactics Based Intervention Smoking" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 36,000+

Effectiveness of a complex intervention on smoking in adolescents: A cluster-randomized controlled trial.

Tobacco smoking is a major preventable cause of death, and a significant public health problem worldwide. Most smokers begin in adolescence, age at which they are more susceptible to nicotine addiction. The prevalence of smoking in adolescence is considerable. Therefore, it would be convenient to incorporate smoking prevention programs in the school environment. It is necessary to provide evidence of its effectiveness. The primary objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a teacher-deliver...

Integrating smoking cessation care into routine service delivery in a medically supervised injecting facility: An acceptability study.

Among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) the prevalence of tobacco smoking exceeds 80%; making smoking cessation intervention a priority for this population. This study aims to examine staff and client perspectives from a supervised injecting facility regarding: i) whether an organizational change intervention increased rates of smoking cessation care delivery (pre- to post-intervention); and ii) acceptability of the intervention.

Evaluation of a randomized clinical trial comparing the effectiveness of a culturally targeted and non-targeted smoking cessation intervention for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) smokers.

To examine the benefits of a culturally targeted compared to a non-targeted smoking cessation intervention on smoking cessation outcomes among LGBT smokers.

Smoking-related stigma: a public health tool or a damaging force?

Tobacco control policies and other denormalization strategies may reduce tobacco use by stigmatizing smoking. This raises an important question: Does perceived smoking-related stigma contribute to a smoker's decision to quit? The aim of this study was to evaluate if perceived smoking-related stigma was associated with smoking cessation outcomes among smokers in Mexico and Uruguay.

Setting the stage to quit smoking in Bipolar Disorder patients: brief advice in clinical practice.

Tobacco consumption is the main preventable factor of mortality in smokers with bipolar disorder (BD), and any possible solutions are often blocked by prejudices over desire, and the possibilities and risks for these patients in giving up tobacco consumption. Adults with BD were recruited at 8 Mental Health Centres. Smokers were evaluated before and after a brief intervention based on the 3 A's and classified into a 'Stage of Change' (SOC) and their 'Readiness to Change' (RTC). A multiple linear regression ...

Role of smoking intention in tobacco use reduction: A mediation analysis of an effective classroom-based prevention/cessation intervention for adolescents.

Although some school-based tobacco cessation and prevention programs have been proven to be effective, there remains a lack of understanding of how these programs succeed.

Longitudinal and Reciprocal Relationships Between Psychological Well-Being and Smoking.

Smoking cessation treatments currently succeed at a rate of approximately 20-30%, underscoring the importance of exploring factors that might increase intervention effectiveness. While negative affect has been studied extensively in relation to smoking cessation, psychological well-being (PWB; e.g., life satisfaction, optimism, positive affect, purpose in life) has received little attention. This study tested longitudinal and reciprocal relationships between PWB and smoking status in older adults.

Tobacco control policies to promote awareness and smoke-free environments in residence and workplace to reduce passive tobacco smoking in Bangladesh and its correlates.

Bangladesh is one of the highest tobacco consuming countries in the world, with reported 21.2% of the population as daily smokers, 24.3% as smokeless tobacco users, and 36.3% as adult passive smoker. Given the high prevalence and established harmful effects of passive tobacco smoking, this study aimed to estimate of pattern of smoking policies in residential and work place, and to identify the associated socio-economic and demographic correlates in Bangladesh.

Tobacco use in Nigerian youth: A systematic review.

Tobacco use is the most important preventable cause of premature death and major risk factor for non-communicable diseases. Due to strict tobacco legislation in the western hemisphere, many African nations like Nigeria have shifted from being a tobacco-producing nation to a tobacco-consuming one. The purpose of this study was to systematically review existing literature on tobacco use among Nigerian adolescents and young people and identify the prevalence, distribution and factors influencing of tobacco smo...

Denormalization, smoke-free air policy, and tobacco use among young adults.

Smoke-free air laws and the denormalization of smoking are important contributors to reductions in smoking during the 21st century. Yet, tobacco policy and denormalization may intersect in numerous ways to affect smoking. We merge data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997, Tobacco Use Supplement of the Current Population Survey, American Nonsmokers' Right Foundation, and Census to produce a unique examination of the intersection of smoking bans and denormalization and their influence on any s...

Web-Based Contingency Management for Adolescent Tobacco Smokers: A Clinical Trial.

Adolescence is a critical time when the majority of tobacco users initiate smoking. Contingency management for adolescent smoking cessation has shown promise in previous studies, but efficacy following removal of contingencies is not well understood. The current study examined a remote form of contingency management among non-treatment seeking adolescent smokers.

Smoking Cessation After Hospital Discharge: Factors Associated With Abstinence.

Hospitalization offers tobacco smokers an opportunity to quit smoking, but factors associated with abstinence from tobacco after hospital discharge are poorly understood. We analyzed data from a multisite, randomized controlled trial testin a smoking cessation intervention for 1,357 hospitalized cigaretts smokers who planned to quit. Using multiple logistic regression, we assessed factors identifiable in the hospital that were independently associated with biochemically confirmed tobacco abstinence 6 months...

Is smoking cessation in young adults associated with tobacco retailer availability in their activity space?

The presence of tobacco retailers in residential neighbourhoods has been inversely associated with residents' likelihood of quitting smoking. Few studies have yet explored whether this association holds when accounting for tobacco retailers found in the multiple environments where people conduct their daily activities, i.e., their activity space.

Association of pleasant sensations at cigarette smoking initiation with subsequent tobacco product use among U.S. adolescents.

Approximately 20% of high school students and 7% of middle school students in the United States used tobacco products in 2016. One factor that may contribute to tobacco use is pleasant sensations - typically characterized as physiological reinforcement such as a dopamine response, or as social reinforcement such as social acceptance. In the present study, the Wave 1 (2013-2014) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study was analyzed to examine the influence of pleasant sensations at cig...

Implementation of a Smoking Cessation Education Program in the Emergency Department.

Tobacco use is a major threat to public health. Current guidelines suggest that healthcare professionals in the emergency department provide routine smoking cessation screening and interventions. Evidence suggests that an educational intervention among registered nurses in the emergency department may increase education and referral for smoking cessation of patients who use tobacco products. An educational module regarding smoking cessation counseling was provided to registered nurses in the emergency depar...

Relationships of Long-term Smoking and Moist Snuff Consumption with a DNA Methylation Age Relevant Smoking Index: An Analysis in Buccal Cells.

Currently, there is no widely-accepted, non-self-report measure that simultaneously reflects smoking behaviors and is molecularly informative of general disease processes. Recently, researchers developed a smoking index (SI) using nucleated blood cells and a multi-tissue DNA methylation-based predictor of chronological age and disease (DNAm-age). To better understand the utility of this novel SI in readily accessible cell types, we used buccal cell DNA methylation to examine SI relationships with long-term ...

Cigarette and smokeless tobacco company smartphone applications.

Two previous studies indicate that prosmoking apps might encourage smoking behaviour via smoking cues. The current paper seeks to build on these studies and provide an updated overview of the characteristics of tobacco industry-sponsored apps.

FDA Regulation of Tobacco Products: Time for a Course Correction.

The 2009 Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act gave the U.S. Food and Drug Administration the authority to regulate all tobacco products and to adopt evidence-based tobacco product standards appropriate for the protection of the public health. Although the FDA acknowledges the importance of protecting young people from tobacco and nicotine and has taken some initial steps to do so, there is much that the FDA is charged with doing but has not done yet. This article describes the rationale and evi...

Impact of smoking cessation on periodontitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective longitudinal observational and interventional studies.

This systematic review aimed to estimate the effect of tobacco smoking cessation on the risk for periodontitis compared to the risk among never-smokers and to evaluate the effect of tobacco smoking cessation on the clinical outcomes of non-surgical periodontal treatment.

Tobacco use in cardiac patients: Perceptions, use, and changes after a recent myocardial infarction among US adults in the PATH study (2013-2015).

Smoking status following cardiac events strongly predicts future morbidity and mortality. Using a nationally representative sample of United States adults, aims of this study were (1) to estimate use of, and attitudes towards, tobacco products as a function of level of cardiac risk, and (2) to explore changes in attitudes and tobacco use among adults experiencing a recent myocardial infarction (MI). Data were obtained from the first and second waves of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) ...

Current Tobacco Smoking, Quit Attempts, and Knowledge About Smoking Risks Among Persons Aged ≥15 Years - Global Adult Tobacco Survey, 28 Countries, 2008-2016.

Each year, tobacco use causes approximately 7 million deaths worldwide, including approximately 6 million among tobacco users and an estimated 890,000 among nonsmokers exposed to secondhand smoke (1). Tobacco use is a leading preventable cause of disease globally and has been determined to cause adverse health outcomes such as coronary heart disease, stroke, and multiple types of cancer, including lung cancer (2-4). Approximately 80% of the world's 1.1 billion tobacco smokers reside in low- and middle-incom...

Tobacco smoking and survival after a prostate cancer diagnosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

While a number of studies indicate tobacco smoking has a detrimental impact on survival and recurrence after a prostate cancer diagnosis, there has been no quantitative review of this literature and it is unclear whether tobacco smoking affects clinical populations differentially. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the associations between tobacco smoking and overall (OM) and prostate cancer-specific (PSM) mortality and recurrence after a prostate cancer diagnosis.

Smoking and HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa: A 25 Country Analysis of the Demographic Health Surveys.

Having HIV/AIDS has been associated with a higher prevalence of smoking. Moreover, evidence suggests that people with HIV/AIDS who smoke have poorer treatment and survival outcomes. The HIV-smoking relationship is understudied in sub-Saharan Africa, where tobacco use patterns and HIV prevalence differ greatly from other world regions.

The effects of tobacco smoking, and prenatal tobacco smoke exposure, on risk of schizophrenia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

The association between cigarette smoking and schizophrenia is well established. However, up to 90% of people with schizophrenia begin smoking before the onset of their illness, thus smoking could be an independent risk factor for schizophrenia. Prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoke is also associated with psychiatric problems in adolescence. Therefore, our aim was to undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the effect of smoking, and prenatal smoke exposure, on risk of schizophren...

Impact of removing point-of-sale tobacco displays on smoking behaviour among adolescents in Europe: a quasi-experimental study.

An increasing number of European countries implemented a point-of-sale (PoS) display ban on tobacco products. This study assessed the association between PoS display bans in Europe and adolescent smoking and perceived accessibility of tobacco, 2-6 years after PoS display ban implementation.

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