PubMed Journals Articles About "Tolterodine Oxybutynin Memory" RSS

12:24 EDT 24th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Tolterodine Oxybutynin Memory" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,200+

Simultaneous determination of tolterodine and its two metabolites, 5-hydroxymethyltolterodine and N-dealkyltolterodine in human plasma using LC-MS/MS and its application to a pharmacokinetic study.

Tolterodine is a nonselective muscarinic antagonist that is indicated for the overactive urinary bladder and other urinary difficulties. We developed and validated a simple, rapid and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography analytical method utilizing tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for the quantitation of tolterodine and its major metabolites, 5-hydroxymethyltolterodine (5-HMT) and N-dealkyltolterodine (NDT), in human plasma. After liquid-liquid extraction with methyl t-butyl ether, chromatogr...

Combination of topical agents and oxybutynin as a therapeutic modality for patients with both osmidrosis and hyperhidrosis.

The association of osmidrosis and hyperhidrosis often causes emotional and social problems that may impair the patients' quality of life. The purpose of our study was to analyze the therapeutic results of oxybutynin and topical agents in 89 patients with both osmidrosis and hyperhidrosis.

Oxybutynin 3% gel for the treatment of primary focal hyperhidrosis in adolescents and young adults.

There are no reliably effective, well-tolerated topical agents for the treatment of hyperhidrosis. We sought to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of oxybutynin 3% gel in adolescents and young adults with primary focal hyperhidrosis.

'It is nothing more than a senior moment': the moderating role of subjective age in the effect of change in memory on self-rated memory.

The association between memory performance and self-rated memory is yet to be understood. More specifically, little is known about the factors that lie at the base of self-evaluations of memory in relation to actual changes in memory. In this study, we suggest that subjective age modifies the effect of objective change in memory on self-rated memory.

Oxybutynin for Hot Flashes Due to Androgen Deprivation in Men.

Atypical aquagenic keratoderma treated with oxybutynin chloride.

Improving everyday memory performance after acquired brain injury: An RCT on recollection and working memory training.

To show the effectiveness of a combined recognition and working memory training on everyday memory performance in patients suffering from organic memory disorders.

The effect of tablet containing Boswellia serrata and Melisa officinalis extract on older adults' memory: A randomized controlled trial.

Memory deficits and age-related memory loss are currently two significant concerns in older adults. In Iranian herbal medicine, there are some prescriptions for memory improvement.

Understanding Subset Diversity in T Cell Memory.

Considerable advances have been made in recent years in understanding the generation and function of memory T cells. Memory T cells are typically parsed into discreet subsets based on phenotypic definitions that connote distinct roles in immunity. Here we consider new developments in the field and focus on how emerging differences between memory cells with respect to their trafficking, metabolism, epigenetic regulation, and longevity may fail to fit into small groups of "memory subsets." Rather, the prope...

Attentional influences on memory formation: A tale of a not-so-simple story.

Is there a learning mechanism triggered by mere expectation violation? Is there some form of memory enhancement inherent to an event mismatching our predictions? Across seven experiments, we explore this issue by means of a validity paradigm. Although our manipulation clearly succeeded in generating an expectation and breaking it, the memory consequences of that expectation mismatch are not so obvious. We report here evidence of a null effect of expectation on memory formation. Our results (1) show that enh...

Development and Psychometric Validation of a Question naire Assessing the Impact of Memory Changes in Older Adults.

Many healthy older adults experience age-related memory changes that can impact their day-to-day functioning. Qualitative interviews have been useful in gaining insight into the experience of older adults who are facing memory difficulties. To enhance this insight, there is a need for a reliable and valid measure that quantifies the impact of normal memory changes on daily living. The primary objective of this study was to develop and validate a new instrument, the Memory Impact Questionnaire (MIQ).

Rapid effects on memory consolidation and spine morphology by estradiol in female and male rodents.

Rapid, neurosteroid-like effects of estrogens on memory consolidation during recognition memory tasks in both male and female rodents are described. We discuss how these mnemonic changes are related to rapid estrogenic effects on dendritic spine density, the distribution of spine types and the expression of PSD95 and GluA2 within spines in the hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex, two areas critical for learning and memory. Overall, these data lead to the conclusion that estrogens are capable of exertin...

Strong homeostatic TCR signals induce formation of self-tolerant virtual memory CD8 T cells.

Virtual memory T cells are foreign antigen-inexperienced T cells that have acquired memory-like phenotype and constitute 10-20% of all peripheral CD8 T cells in mice. Their origin, biological roles, and relationship to naïve and foreign antigen-experienced memory T cells are incompletely understood. By analyzing T-cell receptor repertoires and using retrogenic monoclonal T-cell populations, we demonstrate that the virtual memory T-cell formation is a so far unappreciated cell fate decision checkpoint. We d...

Coaching positively influences the effects of working memory training on visual working memory as well as mathematical ability.

The goal of the present study was to test whether the amount of coaching influenced the results of working memory training on both visual and verbal working memory. Additionally, the effects of the working memory training on the amount of progress after specific training in mathematics were evaluated. In this study, 23 children between 9 and 12 years of age with both attentional and mathematical difficulties participated in a working memory training program with a high amount of coaching, while another 25 c...

Memory Retrieval: Taking the Route via Subiculum.

An episodic memory goes through three different stages: acquisition, consolidation and recall. A new study suggests that distinct microcircuits in the hippocampus underlie the process of memory acquisition and recall.

mTORC1 controls long-term memory retrieval.

Understanding how stored information emerges is a main question in the neurobiology of memory that is now increasingly gaining attention. However, molecular events underlying this memory stage, including involvement of protein synthesis, are not well defined. Mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1), a central regulator of protein synthesis, has been implicated in synaptic plasticity and is required for memory formation. Using inhibitory avoidance (IA), we evaluated the role of mTORC1 in memory retr...

Not explicit but implicit memory is influenced by individual perception style.

Not only explicit but also implicit memory has considerable influence on our daily life. However, it is still unclear whether explicit and implicit memories are sensitive to individual differences. Here, we investigated how individual perception style (global or local) correlates with implicit and explicit memory. As a result, we found that not explicit but implicit memory was affected by the perception style: local perception style people more greatly used implicit memory than global perception style peopl...

Peripheral endocannabinoid concentrations are not associated with verbal memory impairment during MDMA intoxication.

Preclinical data have suggested involvement of the endocannabinoid (eCB) system in MDMA-induced memory impairment. Clinical research has shown that blockade of the 5-HT2 receptor nulls memory impairment during MDMA intoxication. Interestingly, studies have demonstrated that the eCB and the 5-HT system interact. It was hypothesized that MDMA would cause an increase in eCB concentrations together with a decrease in memory performance, and that combining MDMA with a 5-HT2 receptor blocker ketanserin would lead...

Calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase II and memory destabilization: a new role in memorymaintenance.

In this review, we discuss the poorly explored role of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) in memory maintenance, and its influence on memory destabilization. After a brief review on CaMKII and memory destabilization, we present critical pieces of evidence suggesting that CaMKII activity increases retrieval-induced memory destabilization. We then proceed to propose two potential molecular pathways to explain the association between CaMKII activation and increased memory destabilization. ...

Preferential consolidation of emotionally salient information during a nap is preserved in middle age.

Sleep preferentially preserves aspects of memory that are most salient and valuable to remember at the expense of memory for less relevant details. Daytime naps and nocturnal sleep enhance this emotional memory trade-off effect, with memory for emotional components correlated with slow-wave sleep during the day and rapid eye movement sleep overnight. However, these studies have primarily sampled from young adult populations. Sleep and memory are altered by middle age, and the aim of the present study was to...

Failure of self-consistency in the discrete resource model of visual working memory.

The discrete resource model of working memory proposes that each individual has a fixed upper limit on the number of items they can store at one time,due to division of memory into a few independent "slots". According to this model, responses on short-term memory tasks consist of a mixture of noisy recall (when the tested item is in memory) and random guessing (when the item is not in memory). This provides two opportunities to estimate capacity for each observer: first, based on their frequency of random g...

Intraoperative Identification and Preservation of Verbal Memory in Diffuse Gliomas: A Matched-Pair Cohort Study.

Recent glioma surgery series with intraoperative electrical stimulation (IES) language mapping have demonstrated high rates of postoperative memory impairment, raising a question regarding the efficacy of this approach to preserve memory.

Retrospective attention in short-term memory has a lasting effect on long-term memory across age.

Declines in both short- and long-term memory are typical of healthy aging. Recent findings suggest that retrodictive attentional cues ("retro-cues") that indicate the location of to-be-probed items in short-term memory (STM) have a lasting impact on long-term memory (LTM) performance in young adults. Whether older adults can also use retro-cues to facilitate both STM and LTM is unknown.

Compression in Working Memory and Its Relationship With Fluid Intelligence.

Working memory has been shown to be strongly related to fluid intelligence; however, our goal is to shed further light on the process of information compression in working memory as a determining factor of fluid intelligence. Our main hypothesis was that compression in working memory is an excellent indicator for studying the relationship between working-memory capacity and fluid intelligence because both depend on the optimization of storage capacity. Compressibility of memoranda was estimated using an alg...

Female verbal memory advantage in temporal, but not frontal lobe epilepsy.

Women show better performance than men on a range of episodic memory tasks. Evidence regarding a neuroanatomical localization of this effect remains ambiguous. It has been suggested that anterior temporal lobe structures are responsible for sex differences in verbal memory, yet temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and TLE surgery do not affect women's verbal memory advantage. Instead, frontal lobe regions may be relevant for female verbal memory superiority, i.e. by enabling more efficient encoding and retrieval st...

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