PubMed Journals Articles About "Tolterodine Oxybutynin Memory" RSS

00:58 EST 25th November 2017 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Tolterodine Oxybutynin Memory" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,200+

Association between different anticholinergic drugs and subsequent dementia risk in patients with diabetes mellitus.

The effects of oxybutynin, solifenacin and tolterodine on dementia risk in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) remain unknown. We investigated the effects of oxybutynin, solifenacin and tolterodine on dementia risk in patients with DM.

Simultaneous determination of tolterodine and its two metabolites, 5-hydroxymethyltolterodine and N-dealkyltolterodine in human plasma using LC-MS/MS and its application to a pharmacokinetic study.

Tolterodine is a nonselective muscarinic antagonist that is indicated for the overactive urinary bladder and other urinary difficulties. We developed and validated a simple, rapid and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography analytical method utilizing tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for the quantitation of tolterodine and its major metabolites, 5-hydroxymethyltolterodine (5-HMT) and N-dealkyltolterodine (NDT), in human plasma. After liquid-liquid extraction with methyl t-butyl ether, chromatogr...

Comparing anticholinergic persistence and adherence profiles in overactive bladder patients based on gender, obesity, and major anticholinergic agents.

Overactive bladder (OAB) is highly prevalent particularly among obese patients and significantly impacts quality of life. Anticholinergics are the first-line treatment. The effect of obesity on medication compliance has not been studied. Our study evaluated gender- and obesity-specific adherence and persistence of anticholinergic medications in OAB. We also compared adherence and persistence on solifenacin to oxybutynin, tolterodine, and all anticholinergics combined.

Tolterodine ER reduced increased bladder wall thickness in women with overactive bladder. A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, parallel group study.

We evaluated the effect of Tolterodine extended release (TER) versus placebo on bladder wall thickness (BWT) using transvaginal ultrasound in women with overactive bladder (OAB).

'It is nothing more than a senior moment': the moderating role of subjective age in the effect of change in memory on self-rated memory.

The association between memory performance and self-rated memory is yet to be understood. More specifically, little is known about the factors that lie at the base of self-evaluations of memory in relation to actual changes in memory. In this study, we suggest that subjective age modifies the effect of objective change in memory on self-rated memory.

Human Memory: Brain-State-Dependent Effects of Stimulation.

A new study shows that direct stimulation of memory-relevant brain areas can enhance memory performance, but only when stimulation is applied during brain states associated with poor memory outcome - stimulation during optimal states results in a decrease in memory.

Patterns of False Memory in Patients with Huntington's Disease.

Increased false memory recognition in patients with Huntington's disease (HD) has been widely reported; however, the underlying memory constructive processes remain unclear. The present study explored gist memory, item-specific memory, and monitoring ability in patients with HD.

Social memory engram in the hippocampus.

Social memory is one of the crucial components of episodic memories. Gregarious animals living in societies utilize social memory to exhibit the appropriate social behaviors such as aggression, avoidance, cooperative behavior, and even mating behavior. However, the neural mechanisms underlying social memory in the hippocampus remains mysterious. Here, I review some evidence from work done in rodents and primates on the brain region(s) and circuits encoding and/or retrieving social memory, as well as a stora...

Visual memory uniquely predicts anhedonia in schizophrenia but not bipolar disorder.

Deficits in memory have been suggested as an influential mechanism of anhedonia, because while pleasant experiences may be enjoyed in-the-moment, the cognitive processes involved in reporting anticipated or remembered enjoyable experiences is thought to be impaired. This study will determine whether any aspects of memory, including visual memory, verbal memory or working memory, are significantly predictive of anhedonia in a sample of schizophrenia, psychotic bipolar disorder and healthy controls.

miR-150 Regulates Memory CD8 T Cell Differentiation via c-Myb.

MicroRNAs play an important role in T cell responses. However, how microRNAs regulate CD8 T cell memory remains poorly defined. Here, we found that miR-150 negatively regulates CD8 T cell memory in vivo. Genetic deletion of miR-150 disrupted the balance between memory precursor and terminal effector CD8 T cells following acute viral infection. Moreover, miR-150-deficient memory CD8 T cells were more protective upon rechallenge. A key circuit whereby miR-150 repressed memory CD8 T cell development thr...

Subjective Memory in a National Sample: Predicting Psychological Well-Being.

Individual perception of memory performance (i.e., subjective memory) is assessed using a variety of approaches. This article focuses on 2 such approaches: (1) self-comparison assessments that attempt to capture changes in memory ability over a period of time and (2) age-anchored comparisons that assess how an individual perceives their memory in relation to others their age. These different types of assessment may relate to psychological well-being differently due to the underlying mechanisms of assessment...

Pathophysiology and Treatment of Memory Dysfunction After Traumatic Brain Injury.

Memory is fundamental to everyday life, and cognitive impairments resulting from traumatic brain injury (TBI) have devastating effects on TBI survivors. A contributing component to memory impairments caused by TBI is alteration in the neural circuits associated with memory function. In this review, we aim to bring together experimental findings that characterize behavioral memory deficits and the underlying pathophysiology of memory-involved circuits after TBI. While there is little doubt that TBI causes me...

Memory assessment in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy to predict memory impairment after surgery: A systematic review.

Given that surgical treatment of refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy may cause memory impairment, determining which patients are eligible for surgery is essential. However, there is little agreement on which presurgical memory assessment methods are best able to predict memory outcome after surgery and identify those patients with a greater risk of surgery-induced memory decline.

Deciphering Neural Codes of Memory during Sleep.

Memories of experiences are stored in the cerebral cortex. Sleep is critical for the consolidation of hippocampal memory of wake experiences into the neocortex. Understanding representations of neural codes of hippocampal-neocortical networks during sleep would reveal important circuit mechanisms in memory consolidation and provide novel insights into memory and dreams. Although sleep-associated ensemble spike activity has been investigated, identifying the content of memory in sleep remains challenging. He...

Memory B cells: total recall.

Immunological memory is a cornerstone of adaptive immune responses in higher vertebrates. The remarkable ability to generate memory cells following Ag exposure, in the context of natural infection or immunization, provides long-lived protection against infectious diseases, often for the hosts' lifetime. Indeed, the generation of memory B cells and long-lived plasma cells underpins the success of most vaccines. The concept of immunological memory is not new-it was first proposed nearly 2500 years ago. While ...

Neuroimaging Markers Associated with Maintenance of Optimal Memory Performance in Late-Life.

Age-related memory decline has been well-documented; however, some individuals reach their 8(th) -10(th) decade while maintaining strong memory performance.

Transdermal delivery of tolterodine tartrate for overactive bladder treatment: In vitro and in vivo evaluation.

The purpose of the study was to develop a transdermal tolterodine tartrate (TT) patch and to analyse its efficacy for overactive bladder (OAB) treatment. Patches were prepared using various polymers and plasticizers via the solvent casting method. The patches were characterized for tensile strength, thickness, moisture content, modulus of elasticity and water absorption capacity. Differential scanning calorimetry and Fourier transform infrared analyses were also performed. To determine patch effectiveness, ...

Neuropeptide Y prolongs non-social memory and differentially affects acquisition, consolidation, and retrieval of non-social and social memory in male mice.

Neuropeptide Y (NPY) and its receptors (especially Y1, Y2, and Y5) are highly expressed in brain regions involved in learning and memory processes. Accordingly, NPY was shown to modulate cognitive functions in rodents. Here, we investigated possible memory-enhancing effects of NPY and determined the role of the NPY system in the acquisition, consolidation, and retrieval of non-social and social memory in mice, using the object and social discrimination tests, respectively. Intracerebroventricular (icv) infu...

Memory Retrieval: Taking the Route via Subiculum.

An episodic memory goes through three different stages: acquisition, consolidation and recall. A new study suggests that distinct microcircuits in the hippocampus underlie the process of memory acquisition and recall.

Working Memory Mediates the Effects of Gestational Age at Birth on Expressive Language Development in Children.

This study tested the role of temporary memory, measured by phonological short-term memory (pSTM) and verbal working memory (vWM), as a mediator of the effect of 3 putative risk factors (i.e., socioeconomic status, home literacy environment, birth gestational age) upon expressive and receptive language.

Investigating patterns of memory impairment in ischemic stroke in an iranian population.

Up until the date of this research, studies have examined poststroke cognitive impairments in attention, memory, and executive functions. In this study, we investigated the occurrence of memory problems in various patterns of memory in ischemic stroke patients in an attempt to determine specific memory profiles of the patients. The goal was to determine the severity and patterns of memory impairments in ischemic stroke patients and to identify specific profiles of memory impairments in stroke patients, in o...

Sleep quality and duration in relation to memory in the elderly: initial results from the Hellenic Longitudinal Investigation of Ageing and Diet.

Sleep is crucial for cognition, particularly for memory, given its complex association with neurodegenerative processes. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between sleep quality as well as sleep duration and memory performance in a Greek elderly population.

Binge-eating disorder may be distinguished by visuospatial memory deficits.

Binge eating disorder (BED), characterized by recurrent episodes of loss of control overeating, is highly comorbid with overweight and obesity. Both loss of control eating and higher body mass index have been associated with poor memory. The current study sought to clarify the relationships between BED, weight and memory. Specifically, visual memory was examined, given evidence of impaired visuospatial abilities in overweight individuals and little research on visual memory in BED.

Effects of Delay Duration on the WMS Logical Memory Performance of Older Adults with Probable Alzheimer's Disease, Probable Vascular Dementia, and Normal Cognition.

To examine how the duration of time delay between Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS) Logical Memory I and Logical Memory II (LM) affected participants' recall performance.

Multiple Types of Memory and Everyday Functional Assessment in Older Adults.

Current proxy measures for assessing everyday functioning (e.g., questionnaires, performance-based measures, and direct observation) show discrepancies in their rating of functional status. The present study investigated the relationship between multiple proxy measures of functional status and content memory (i.e., memory for information), temporal order memory, and prospective memory in an older adult sample.

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