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Showing "Training physicians behavioural change counseling systematic review" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 29,000+

Training physicians in behavioural change counseling: A systematic review.

Poor health behaviours (e.g., smoking, physical inactivity) represent major underlying causes of non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs). Prescriptive behaviour change interventions employed by physicians show limited effectiveness. Physician training in evidence-based behaviour change counselling (BCC) may improve behavioural risk factor management, but the efficacy and feasibility of current programs remains unclear.

Interventions to improve resilience in physicians who have completed training: A systematic review.

Resilience is a contextual phenomenon where a complex and dynamic interplay exists between individual, environmental, and socio-cultural factors. With growing interest in enhancing resilience in physicians, given their high risk for experiencing prolonged or intense stress, effective strategies are necessary to improve resilience and reduce negative outcomes including burnout. The objective of this review was to identify effective interventions to improve resilience in physicians who have completed training...

Contraceptive Counseling in Clinical Settings: An Updated Systematic Review.

The objective of this systematic review was to update a prior review and summarize the evidence (newly identified and cumulative) on the impact of contraceptive counseling provided in clinical settings.

Factors influencing U.S. physicians' decision to provide behavioral counseling.

Prevention and treatment of non-communicable diseases is critical due to high costs of healthcare and increasing prevalence. Historical trends suggest physicians underperform in behavioral counseling (including exercise, diet/nutrition, or weight management). This study investigated physicians' decision-making by examining non-clinical sociological factors that influence ordering and provision of behavioral counseling. This was a retrospective multi-year cross-sectional study. Using the Eisenberg model of p...

Physicians' intention to provide exercise counseling to patients in Taiwan: an examination based on the Theory of Planned Behavior.

Increasingly more clinical guidelines have recommended that physicians provide exercise counseling (EC) to patients to help improve their lifestyle and enhance treatment effects. However, little is known about physicians' EC intention and associated factors. This study aimed to systematically examine physicians' EC intention using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Using the TPB as a theoretical and structural framework, 27 TPB items were developed and factor-analyzed to form five factors (i.e., attitude...

Client Preferences for Contraceptive Counseling: ASystematic Review.

Providers can help clients achieve their personal reproductive goals by providing high-quality, client-centered contraceptive counseling. Given the individualized nature of contraceptive decision making, provider attention to clients' preferences for counseling interactions can enhance client centeredness. The objective of this systematic review was to summarize the evidence on what preferences clients have for the contraceptive counseling they receive.

The risk of conclusion change in systematic review updates can be estimated by learning from a database of published examples.

To determine which systematic review characteristics are needed to estimate the risk of conclusion change in systematic review updates.

Non-Pharmacological Interventions for Cognition in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review.

Midlife Type II Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is an important yet often unrecognised risk factor for the later development of dementia. We conducted a systematic review to assess the efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions (namely diet, exercise and cognitive training) for T2DM on cognition.

Bystander Assistance for Trauma Victims in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review of Prevalence and Training Interventions.

Lack of organized prehospital care may contribute to the disproportionate burden of trauma-related deaths in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends bystander training in basic principles of first aid and victim transport; however, prevalence of bystander or layperson assistance to trauma victims in LMICs has not been well-described, and organized reviews of existing evidence for bystander training are lacking. This systematic review aims to 1) describe the p...

A systematic review of evaluations of prison-based alcohol and other drug use behavioural treatment for men.

A history of alcohol and other drug (AoD) use is common among men entering prison and often linked to the crime for which they are imprisoned. This is the first systematic review of prison-based, behavioural AoD treatment programs for more than a decade and the first that reviews the methodological quality of evaluations. This review aims to create an understanding of the quality of research in this field and identify the most effective AoD use treatment for men in prison.

Patients' Perceptions of the Role of Physicians in Questioning and Educating in Firearms Safety: Post-FOPA Repeal Era.

In this study, we determined patients' attitudes toward discussing firearms and issues of firearms safety with emergency department physicians. We assessed whether patients feel discriminated against should physicians discuss firearms safety, and whether they believed that physician counseling may change how patients store firearms.

Computerized Cognitive Training for the Neurocognitive Complications of HIV Infection: A Systematic Review.

The synergistic effects of HIV and aging on the brain may compromise cognitive reserve, resulting in HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder. The neuroscience literature suggests that computerized cognitive training programs represent a practical strategy to protect or remediate cognitive functioning in older adults. Such cognitive training programs may hold similar therapeutic benefits for adults living with HIV. This systematic review evaluated the effects of cognitive training interventions in adults livi...

Crew resource management training in healthcare: a systematic review of intervention design, training conditions and evaluation.

Crew resource management (CRM) training formats have become a popular method to increase patient safety by consideration of the role that human factors play in healthcare delivery. The purposes of this review were to identify what is subsumed under the label of CRM in a healthcare context and to determine how such training is delivered and evaluated.

Will This Patient Be Difficult to Intubate?: The Rational Clinical Examination Systematic Review.

Recognizing patients in whom endotracheal intubation is likely to be difficult can help alert physicians to the need for assistance from a clinician with airway training and having advanced airway management equipment available.

A systematic review of non-productivity-related animal-based indicators of heat stress resilience in dairy cattle.

Projected temperature rise in the upcoming years due to climate change has increased interest in studying the effects of heat stress in dairy cows. Environmental indices are commonly used for detecting heat stress, but have been used mainly in studies focused on the productivity-related effects of heat stress. The welfare approach involves identifying physiological and behavioural measurements so as to start heat stress mitigation protocols before the appearance of impending severe health or production issu...

Prevalence of Burnout Among Physicians: A Systematic Review.

Burnout is a self-reported job-related syndrome increasingly recognized as a critical factor affecting physicians and their patients. An accurate estimate of burnout prevalence among physicians would have important health policy implications, but the overall prevalence is unknown.

Behaviour change interventions for the management of Raynaud's phenomenon: a systematic literature review.

Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is a significant cause of morbidity. Vasodilator medications cause unwanted adverse effects, with behavioural and lifestyle changes forming the mainstay of self-management; this is difficult to implement successfully. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of behaviour change interventions for RP and identify learning points for future treatment development.

Burnout in French physicians: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Burnout syndrome is the consequence of chronic work-related stress exposure and is 2-3 times higher than in physicians than in other professions. Many studies exploring burnout in French physicians have been published with inconsistent data regarding its prevalence and associated factors.

Applying software engineering principles to address current problems in the systematic review ecosystem.

Systematic reviewers are simultaneously unable to produce systematic reviews fast enough to keep up with the availability of new trial evidence while over-producing systematic reviews that are unlikely to change practice because they are redundant or biased. While the transparency and completeness of trial reporting has improved with changes in policy and new technologies, systematic reviews have not yet benefited from the same level of effort, but systematic reviews have not yet benefited from the same lev...

To determine how obstetricians and gynecologists (OB/GYNs) perceive the gynecologic health effects of obesity and to identify perceived obstacles to counseling. OB/GYNs with 3 St. Louis health systems were emailed a 46-question survey regarding physicians' role in counseling women on the health risks of obesity and barriers faced in achieving this counseling. Differences between respondents' gender, age, practice type, years in practice, and body mass index were assessed using Chi-square or Fisher's exact...

Being there: protocol for a scoping review of the medical education literature on grief support training for medical professionals.

Medical trainees and professionals do not perceive that they are adequately taught the skills to address issues of grief with their patients. Atypical grief responses can prolong suffering, interrupt normal activities and lead to increased morbidity and mortality. Grief training can help physicians cope with feelings about and responses to suffering, loss and death in a way that improves both physician and patient/family wellness. This scoping review will describe the current landscape of grief training wor...

An Evaluation of the Counseling on Access to Lethal Means (CALM) Training with an Area Agency on Aging.

Firearms are a significant risk factor in suicide and older adults are disproportionately impacted in suicide by this means. This study investigated the impact of Counseling on Access to Lethal Means (CALM) training with geriatric case managers at an Area Agency on Aging. A concurrent mixed methods approach was used to explore 1) geriatric case managers' attitudes, beliefs, and behavioral intentions about counseling on access to lethal means following CALM training, and 2) perceived barriers to assessing fo...

Telementoring of Surgeons: A Systematic Review.

Telementoring is a technique that has shown potential as a surgical training aid. Previous studies have suggested that telementoring is a safe training modality. This review aimed to review both the technological capabilities of reported telementoring systems as well as its potential benefits as a mentoring modality.

Virtual Reality Simulation in Nontechnical Skills Training for Healthcare Professionals: A Systematic Review.

This systematic review, conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, is aimed to review current research in virtual reality (VR) for healthcare training, specifically pertaining to nontechnical skills. PsycInfo and Medline databases were queried for relevant articles published through December 2017. Of the 1377 publications identified, 80 were assessed for eligibility and 26 were finally included in the qualitative synthesis. Overall, the us...

Rehabilitation training combined acupuncture for limb hemiplegia caused by cerebral hemorrhage: A protocol for a systematic review of randomized controlled trial.

Previous studies have reported that rehabilitation training combined acupuncture (RTA) can be used for the treatment of limb hemiplegia (LH) caused by cerebral hemorrhage (CH). However, its effectiveness is still unclear. In this systematic review study, we aim to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of RTA for LH following CH.

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