PubMed Journals Articles About "Transfer Amoxicillin Suckling Mink Neovison Vison Kits Milk" RSS

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Showing "Transfer amoxicillin suckling mink Neovison vison kits milk" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,500+

Transfer of amoxicillin to suckling mink (Neovison vison) kits via the milk from dams treated orally or intra-muscularly.

Treatment of mink kits with pre-weaning diarrhea (PWD) can be time-consuming and expensive for the farmer, and the efficacy of the treatment procedure may be questioned. Evidence-based treatment protocols for application on affected animals at farms with outbreaks of PWD are lacking. In Denmark, the dams are sometimes treated with amoxicillin, however, it is unknown if it is passed on to the mink kits via the milk. The aim of the present study was to investigate if amoxicillin is transferred via the milk to...

Determination of milk/plasma ratio and milk and plasma pharmacokinetics of amoxicillin after intramuscular administration in lactating cows.

This study was conducted to determine the passage ratio of amoxicillin into milk and its pharmacokinetics in milk and plasma after intramuscular administration. Five healthy dairy cows (Holstein, weighing 450-500 kg, aged 2-4 years) were used in this study. They received single intramuscular amoxicillin at a dose of 14 mg/kg body weight. Blood and milk samples were collected prior to drug administration (0); after 15, 30, 45, 60, and 90 min; and 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 hr after administration. The pl...

Fecal bacterial microbiota of Canadian commercial mink (Neovison vison): Yearly, life stage, and seasonal comparisons.

The gastrointestinal microbiome is known to play a critical role in animal health but has been relatively poorly characterized in commercial mink, an obligate carnivore. Whether the microbiota can be manipulated in mink to improve pelt quality, health, and well-being is unknown. The objectives of this study were to characterize the fecal microbiota of commercial mink, and to evaluate potential changes due to year (2014 vs 2015), life stage (adult female vs weaned kit), season (summer vs winter), and between...

Factors influencing exposure of North American river otter (Lontra canadensis) and American mink (Neovison vison) to mercury relative to a large-scale reservoir in northern British Columbia, Canada.

Although reservoir creation increases fish mercury (Hg) concentrations, little information exists on its effects on Hg concentrations in aquatic mammals. River otters (Lontra canadensis) and American mink (Neovison vison) are two aquatic mammals that have been used as model species for assessing Hg bioaccumulation in aquatic systems. We assessed Hg and selenium (Se) concentrations in these two species within and outside of the Williston Reservoir (Peace-Williston (PW) watershed) in northern British Columbia...

Selection for temperament has no negative consequences on important production traits in farmed mink.

Danish and European legislation recommends mink breeding programs that include selection for "confidence", defined as exploratory activity in a standardized behavioral test. Although this recommendation may improve mink welfare, farmers may consider this criterion risky due to possible negative consequences on other traits. The overall objectives of this study were to estimate the heritability of exploratory/fearful behavior, and to identify genetic correlations with other traits of major economic importanc...

Anaphylaxis probably induced by transfer of amoxicillin via oral sex.

We present a case of a possible amoxicillin-induced anaphylaxis in a sensitive woman triggered by an instance of oral sexual contact with a man who was taking amoxicillin-clavulanic acid treatment.To our knowledge, this is the first case reported of a suspicion of amoxicillin-induced anaphylaxis in a woman after a sexual contact with a man who was taking the drug, we hypothesised an oral drug transfer through semen.Studies about amoxicillin concentrations achieved in semen after a drug intake are scarce. Th...

The Biomechanics of Breastfeeding: Bridging the Gap between Engineering-Based Studies and Clinical Practice.

Currently accepted "best practice" for managing breastfeeding effectively (WHO/UNICEF) is largely based on a historical view of how babies remove milk from the breast, which had persisted for several centuries. The collective wisdom was verified by imaging studies in the 1950s and 1980s, to reach a consensus view - clinical management principles, based on such research, have proved highly effective. Over the past decade, the mechanics of suckling, and how the baby removes milk from the breast, have been rev...

A comparison between intraperitoneal injection and intranasal and oral inoculation of mink with Aleutian mink disease virus.

Intranasal, with (INS) and without (IN) sedation, and oral inoculation were compared with intraperitoneal (IP) injection for establishing infection with a local isolate of Aleutian mink disease virus (AMDV) in 35 American mink. Blood samples were collected on 0, 21, 36 and 56 day post-inoculation (dpi). Antiviral-antibodies and viral DNA in plasma and tissues were measured by counter-immunoelectrophoresis (CIEP) and PCR, respectively. The presence of AMDV DNA was tested by PCR in saliva, rectal and fecal ...

Protease inhibitors broadly effective against feline, ferret and mink coronaviruses.

Ferret and mink coronaviruses typically cause catarrhal diarrhea in ferrets and minks, respectively. In recent years, however, systemic fatal coronavirus infection has emerged in ferrets, which resembles feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) in cats. FIP is a highly fatal systemic disease caused by a virulent feline coronavirus infection in cats. Despite the importance of coronavirus infections in these animals, there are no effective commercial vaccines or antiviral drugs available for these infections. We h...

Dietary iron absorption during early postnatal life.

Inadequate iron levels during early life can have adverse consequences for the developing infant. Iron deficiency during this critical period of growth can affect brain development and cognitive function, problems that can be lifelong despite subsequent correction of the iron deficit. Therefore, it is critical that the suckling infant has sufficient iron for their developmental needs. Much of the iron used in the immediate post-natal period is stored iron that was acquired from the mother in the final trime...

Determination of the transfer of lead and chromium from feed to raw milk in Holstein cows.

In this study, we aimed to determinate the transfer of lead (Pb) and chromium (Cr) from feed to raw milk in Holstein cows. Solutions of lead acetate and chromium (III) nicotinate were added together at different levels to individual portions of feed on a daily basis. Lead administration for the low-, middle- and high-dosage groups was controlled as 0.9, 1.8 and 3.6 g/day for 30, 30 and 25 days, while chromium was feed at 0.47, 1.5 and 4.7 g/d for 40, 40, and 40 days, respectively. A sensitive graphite f...

Does the use of amoxicillin/amoxicillin-clavulanic acid in third molar surgery reduce the risk of postoperative infection? A systematic review with meta-analysis.

The objectives of this systematic review were to investigate the efficacy of amoxicillin/amoxicillin-clavulanic acid for reducing the risk of postoperative infection after third molar surgery and to evaluate the adverse outcomes in these patients, as well as in healthy volunteers. A systematic search of four databases was performed on May 26, 2017. Eleven studies qualified for the qualitative analysis and eight were found suitable for meta-analysis. The results suggest that both amoxicillin-clavulanic acid ...

Human Milk MicroRNAs/Exosomes: Composition and Biological Effects.

Human milk contains a wide variety of bioactive components, including long-chain fatty acids, complex oligosaccharides, and bioactive proteins. More recently, it was discovered that breast milk also contains exosomes, i.e., microvesicles containing microRNAs (miRNAs) with sizes of ∼22 nucleotides. Several of these miRNAs have been shown to originate from the mammary gland, and many of them are involved in cellular development and immune function. Exosome-mediated transfer of miRNAs is a novel mechanism of...

Suckling Piglet Intestinal Enterocyte Nutrient Metabolism Changes.

Intestinal morphology and the types of enterocytes are changed in piglets during the suckling period, but it is unclear whether these changes are associated with metabolic changes in epithelium. The present study was conducted to test the hypothesis that glucose, fatty acids, and amino acid metabolism in differentiated piglet enterocytes changed during suckling.

Ebola Virus Isolation Using Huh-7 Cells has Methodological Advantages and Similar Sensitivity to Isolation Using Other Cell Types and Suckling BALB/c Laboratory Mice.

Following the largest Ebola virus disease outbreak from 2013 to 2016, viral RNA has been detected in survivors from semen and breast milk long after disease recovery. However, as there have been few cases of sexual transmission, it is unclear whether every RNA positive fluid sample contains infectious virus. Virus isolation, typically using cell culture or animal models, can serve as a tool to determine the infectivity of patient samples. However, the sensitivity of these methods has not been assessed for t...

Breast milk prefusion F IgG as a correlate of protection against respiratory syncytial virus acute respiratory illness.

Transplacental RSV antibody transfer has been characterized, but little is known about the protective effect of breast milk RSV-specific antibodies. Serum antibodies against the prefusion RSV fusion protein (pre-F) exhibit high neutralizing activity. We investigate protection of breast milk pre-F antibodies against RSV acute respiratory infection (ARI).

Urinary excretion of sex steroid hormone metabolites after consumption of cow milk: a randomized crossover intervention trial.

Current cow milk production practices introduce considerable levels of pregnancy hormones into the milk. Humans are exposed to these hormones when cow milk is consumed, and this may explain the observed association between cow milk consumption and several hormone-sensitive cancers.

Amyloid Beta Adsorption Problem with Transfer Plates in Amyloid Beta 1-42 IVD Kits.

Adsorption of CSF Aβ1-42 during pre-analytical processing is suggested as an important confounder in testing. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of polypropylene transfer plates (PTP) in the INNOTEST Aβ1-42 IVD-ELISA assay on Aβ1-42 levels. CSF samples from 26 individuals with subjective cognitive impairment (SCI) and 25 patients with suspected neurodegenerative disorders were tested using four different lots of kits. Aβ1-42 levels in all samples that were loaded onto the PTP were sig...

Utilizing boiled milk sIgE as a predictor of baked milk tolerance in cow's milk allergic children.

Home-based cow's milk reintroduction using a milk ladder in children less than 3 years old with IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy.

The development of tolerance to cow's milk in allergic children is best determined by supervised baked milk exposure. Widely recommended hospital-based challenges can potentially delay contact because of resources limitations.

Use of shared milk among breastfeeding mothers with lactation insufficiency.

Social media platforms have facilitated the use of shared breast milk for infant feeding since 2010. This study aims to assess the prevalence of shared milk use among breastfeeding mothers with insufficient milk supply; and compare shared milk users with non-users. Data were collected from breastfeeding mothers with low milk supply through an anonymous Internet-based survey in 2013. Shared milk users were those who used shared milk for at least 10% of their infant's needs; the rest were considered non-users...

Association of Maternal Secretor Status and Human Milk Oligosaccharides With Milk Microbiota: An Observational Pilot Study.

Breast milk contains several bioactive factors including human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) and microbes that shape the infant gut microbiota. HMO profile is determined by secretor status; however, their influence on milk microbiota is still uncovered. This study is aimed to determine the impact of the FUT2 genotype on the milk microbiota during the first month of lactation and the association with HMO.

Evaluation of a Standardized Bakery Product (SUTMEK) as a Potential Tool for Baked-Milk Tolerance and Immunotherapy Research Studies.

About 65-80% of children with IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy (CMA) can tolerate extensively heated milk. We have invested in the mass fabrication of a test product containing milk protein baked at 180°C for 30 min (SUTMEK-milk) and a milk-free placebo (SUTMEK-placebo) to carry out a standardised double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) test in patients with CMA.

Opossum milk IgG is from maternal circulation and timing of transfer correlates with neonatal immune development.

Marsupials, with short gestation times, have more complex and changing patterns of milk composition than eutherians. Maternal immunoglobulins (Ig) that confer immunity on offspring are among the components that change during marsupial lactation. In the present study we quantified the abundance of mammary transcripts encoding Ig heavy chains and their corresponding transporters in the laboratory opossum Monodelphis domestica. IgA transcripts were the most abundant in opossum mammary and, with IgM, increased ...

Aflatoxin Contamination of Milk Marketed in Pakistan: A Longitudinal Study.

A longitudinal one-year study was conducted to determine aflatoxin M₁ levels in different types of milk marketed in Pakistan. Processed and raw liquid milk from 21 sources, two milk powder and six tea whitener brands were sampled on monthly basis from Islamabad. The aflatoxin M₁ levels in liquid milk were lower ( < 0.05) in summer (April to July) compared with the levels in winter (January, November and December). The mean aflatoxin M₁ levels were 254.9, 939.5, and 1535.0 ng/L in UHT, pasteurized, and...

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