PubMed Journals Articles About "Treatment Patterns Children With Autism United States" RSS

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Showing "Treatment patterns children with autism United States" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 43,000+

The use of echinocandins in hospitalized children in the United States.

Echinocandins are used for treatment of invasive candidiasis, but data on their use in children are limited. We sought to describe the epidemiology of echinocandin use in hospitalized children in the United States.We performed a retrospective cohort study of children

Prevalence and Characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Children Aged 8 Years - Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 11 Sites, United States, 2012.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Correction and Republication: Prevalence and Characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Children Aged 8 Years - Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 11 Sites, United States, 2012.

On April 1, 2016, MMWR Surveillance Summaries published "Prevalence and Characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Children Aged 8 Years-Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 11 Sites, United States, 2012" (1). On June 5, 2018, the authors informed MMWR about a number of inadvertent errors throughout the report that resulted from reporting of autism spectrum disorder cases among persons who did not live in the geographic surveillance area. Corrections of these errors do not change...

Concordance between a U.S. Educational Autism Classification and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule.

States in the United States differ in how they determine special education eligibility for autism services. Few states include an autism-specific diagnostic tool in their evaluation. In research, the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS for first edition, ADOS-2 for second edition) is considered the gold-standard autism assessment. The purpose of this study was to estimate the proportion of children with an educational classification of autism who exceed the ADOS/ADOS-2 threshold for autism spectrum...

Treatment patterns in children with autism in the United States.

Children with autism receive different types of non-drug treatments. We aimed to describe caregiver-reported pattern of care and its variability by geography and healthcare coverage in a US-wide sample of children aged 3-17 years. We recruited caregivers from the Simons Foundation Powering Autism Research for Knowledge (SPARK) cohort. Two online questionnaires (non-drug treatment, Autism Impact Measure) were completed in September/October 2017. Primary outcome measures were caregiver-reported types and inte...

Chronic exposure to xenobiotic pollution leads to significantly higher total glutathione and lower reduced to oxidized glutathione ratio in red blood cells of children with autism.

Analyses of reduced glutathione (GSH), oxidized glutathione (GSSG), and total glutathione (tGSH) in red blood cell samples from 30 children diagnosed with autism and 30 age, gender, and socioeconomic status matched controls were undertaken. The children's ages ranged from 2-9. Samples were obtained from subjects residing in Western Pennsylvania, an area of the United States greatly affected by high levels of mercury deposition and airborne PM 2.5 particulates. Liquid chromatography - mass spectrometry was u...

Maternal dietary patterns, supplements intake and autism spectrum disorders: A preliminary case-control study.

The aim of this study was first to investigate associations between maternal dietary patterns and autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and second to investigate association between maternal supplement intake and ASD.We used a case-control study design to enroll typically developing (TD) children and children with ASD, and data were derived from the Autism Clinical and Environmental Database (ACED).Three seventy four children with AUTISM and 354 age matched TD children were included. The multivariate logistic re...

Cerebrospinal fluid vasopressin and symptom severity in children with autism.

Autism is a brain disorder characterized by social impairments. Progress in understanding autism has been hindered by difficulty in obtaining brain-relevant tissues [e.g., cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)] by which to identify markers of disease and targets for treatment. Here we overcome this barrier by providing evidence that mean CSF concentration of the "social" neuropeptide arginine vasopressin (AVP) is lower in children with autism versus controls. CSF AVP concentration also significantly differentiates indi...

Dietary Patterns and Anthropometric Measures of Indian Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Research literature on dietary patterns & eating habits of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in India is limited. To explore this, a pilot study (n = 53) which included 45 boys and 8 girls (age group of 2-13 years) was conducted. Three day food records, Food Frequency Questionnaire and Children Eating Behavior Inventory were used to assess the dietary intakes and mealtime behavior problems respectively. Findings revealed lower intake of fruits and vegetables which reflected on their micronut...

Siblings' experiences of growing up with children with autism in Taiwan and the United Kingdom.

A child's diagnosis of autism impacts their whole family, in both positive and negative ways, that may be influenced by cultural beliefs.

The effects of primary prevention policies on mortality from motor-vehicle crashes among children in the United States.

Every year, 4500 children die in motor-vehicle crashes in the United States, with estimated costs of more than $40,000 and $240 billion in productivity losses. The majority of deaths and injuries are associated with improper use of restraint devices, alcohol, high speeds, and built environments.

Practice patterns in the diagnosis and treatment of fecal incontinence with sacral neuromodulation: Can urologists impact this gap in care?

The prevalence of fecal incontinence (FI) is 8% in the United States. Many patients will not seek treatment and the condition is underdiagnosed. Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is effective in treating FI, and so urologists can play a key role in its treatment. We examine the practice patterns and treatment of FI with SNM in our institution.

Epilepsy and autism spectrum disorders in children.

The problem of epilepsy comorbidity with autism spectrum disorders in children is discussed. The incidence data of autism spectrum disorders in epilepsy, epileptiform discharges on the EEG in autism spectrum disorders and epilepsy in autism spectrum disorders are reviewed. The following types of epilepsy and autism co-occurrence are discussed: both conditions are independent, have different causes and may co-occur by chance; epilepsy and autism are associated, both being independent consequences of the same...

International differences in patterns of cannabis use among youth: Prevalence, perceptions of harm, and driving under the influence in Canada, England & United States.

Cannabis is the most widely used illicit substance in the world. An increasing number of jurisdictions have legalized medical and non-medical cannabis; comparisons across jurisdictions can help evaluate the impact of these policy innovations. The current study examined patterns of cannabis use among youth in Canada (CA), England (EN) and the United States (US). At the time of study, non-medical cannabis use was prohibited federally in all three countries; however, medical cannabis was accessible with varyin...

A Survey of Knowledge and Beliefs regarding Autism in Speech-Language Pathologists in India.

Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are significant team members in the identification, assessment, and rehabilitation of children with autism. With a recent upsurge in the number of children with autism, there arises a need to examine SLPs knowledge and skills in identification and intervention of children with autism.

A neuroprotective approach to optimizing treatment and correction activities in children with autism spectrum disorders.

To study neuroprotective properties of heat shock proteins and neurotrophins in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

Early childhood obesity prevention efforts through a life course health development perspective: A scoping review.

The obesity rate in preschool children in the United States (US) is 13.9%, while even higher rates are associated with racial and ethnic minorities and children from low-income families. These prevalence patterns underscore the need to identify effective childhood obesity prevention programs.

School Absence Associated with Childhood Pain in the United States.

To estimate the national burden of school absenteeism associated with pain among 6-17 year old children in the United States.

Magnitude and Pace of Improvement in Performance of Hospitals Treating Mechanically Ventilated Children in the United States: Analysis From Two National Databases.

To use two national databases to quantify the pace and magnitude of improvement in hospital performance (as measured by mortality) across hospitals caring for critically ill children in the United States.

Decreased levels of serum retinoic acid in chinese children with autism spectrum disorder.

Previous studies framed a possible link of retinoic acid (RA) regulation in brain to autism spectrum disorders (ASD) etiology. The aim of this study was to measure serum levels of RA in relation to the degree of the severity of autism. Serum RA levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) colorimetric detection Kit in 81 children with autism and 81 age-sex matched typical development children. The severity of autistic symptomatology was measured by the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CAR...

Instruments for augmentative and alternative communication for children with autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review.

New technologies designed to improve the communication of autistic children can also help to promote interaction processes and cognitive and social development. The aim of this study was to analyze the instruments used to improve the communication skills of children with autism spectrum disorder. We searched the PubMed and Web of Science databases using the descriptors "autism", "Asperger", "education", "children" and "assistive technology" and selected articles that met the following inclusion criteria: (i...

Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG versus Placebo for Acute Gastroenteritis in Children.

Acute gastroenteritis develops in millions of children in the United States every year, and treatment with probiotics is common. However, data to support the use of probiotics in this population are limited.

Use of Toothpaste and Toothbrushing Patterns Among Children and Adolescents - United States, 2013-2016.

Fluoride use is one of the main factors responsible for the decline in prevalence and severity of dental caries and cavities (tooth decay) in the United States (1). Brushing children's teeth is recommended when the first tooth erupts, as early as 6 months, and the first dental visit should occur no later than age 1 year (2-4). However, ingestion of too much fluoride while teeth are developing can result in visibly detectable changes in enamel structure such as discoloration and pitting (dental fluorosis) (1...

The Relationship Between Child Anxiety and the Quality of Life of Children, and Parents of Children, on the Autism Spectrum.

Children on the autism spectrum experience high rates of anxiety but little is known about the impact of anxiety on child or parent quality of life (QoL). This study aimed to investigate the relationship between anxiety, autism characteristics, and QoL in children and their parents. Sixty-four parents of children on the spectrum completed questionnaires on their child's autism characteristics, anxiety symptomatology, and both child (PedsQL) and parent QoL (WHOQoL-BREF). Parents of children with elevated anx...

Do you know what I'm thinking? Temporal and spatial brain activity during a theory-of-mind task in children with autism.

The social impairments observed in children with autism spectrum disorder are thought to arise in part from deficits in theory of mind, the ability to understand other people's thoughts and feelings. To determine the temporal-spatial dynamics of brain activity underlying these atypical theory-of-mind processes, we used magnetoencephalography to characterize the sequence of functional brain patterns (i.e. when and where) related to theory-of-mind reasoning in 19 high-functioning children with autism compared...

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