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PubMed Journals Articles About "Unhealthy Foods Taste Better Among Children With Lower" RSS

11:47 EST 29th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Unhealthy foods taste better among children with lower" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 17,000+

Using repeated exposure through hands-on cooking to increase CHILDREN'S preferences for fruits and vegetables.

Few children in the United States meet national fruit and vegetable intake recommendations, highlighting a need for interventions. Children's food preferences act as a barrier to fruit and vegetable consumption, but prior research has demonstrated that repeated taste exposures can increase children's acceptance of these foods. Prior research in this area has typically utilized controlled procedures in which children sample small tastes of target foods over repeated occasions. The primary aim of the present ...


Regional Overview on Maternal and Child Nutrition and Examples of Nutrition Governance and Policy Responses: Europe, Central Asia and Eastern Mediterranean Regions.

The Eastern Mediterranean Regions and Europe and Central Asia Regions are facing an epidemiological and nutrition transition, especially among vulnerable groups including mothers, children and adolescents. This has led to a double burden of malnutrition (DBM). Poor infant and young child feeding (IYCF), poor dietary diversity, excessive consumption of energy dense unhealthy foods, a growing obesogenic environment for children, including aggressive marketing of unhealthy foods for children, and reduced physi...

Changes in taste function and ingestive behavior following bariatric surgery.

Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for severe obesity and its related comorbidities. Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) and Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG) are currently the most popular weight-loss surgeries used worldwide. Following these surgeries, many patients self-report changes in taste perception and decreased preference for unhealthy foods. These reported changes might account for increased adherence to healthier diets and successful weight loss after surgeries. However, researchers have used a...


The validation of the Healthy and Unhealthy Eating Behavior Scale (HUEBS): Examining the interplay between stages of change and motivation and their association with healthy and unhealthy eating behaviors and physical health.

The purpose of the present research was to examine how self-determined and non-self-determined motivation for eating was related to healthy and unhealthy eating behaviors at different stages of change. In Study 1 (n = 360), the structure of a new scale designed to measure healthy and unhealthy eating behaviors based on recent recommendations of the Canadian Food Guide was examined through Principal Component Analysis. Study 2 (n = 711) retested the structure of the scale and also examined whether wo...

Sugar labeling: How numerical information of sugar content influences healthiness and tastiness expectations.

Overconsumption of highly sugary foods contributes to increases in obesity and diabetes in our population, and initiatives are issued worldwide to reduce sugar content in food products. However, it is unclear how the presentation of reduced sugar content on food packages affects taste expectations of consumers. Based on the learned knowledge about negative health effects of sugar and the common belief that unhealthy food tastes better than healthy food, consumers might conclude that lower sugar levels are a...

Development and body mass inversely affect children's brain activation in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex during food choice.

Childhood obesity is a rising problem caused in part by unhealthy food choices. Food choices are based on a neural value signal encoded in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, and self-control involves modulation of this signal by the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC). We determined the effects of development, body mass (BMI Cole score) and body mass history on the neural correlates of healthy food choice in children. 141 children (aged 10-17y) from Germany, Hungary and Sweden were scanned with fMRI whi...

Taste perception and oral microbiota are associated with obesity in children and adolescents.

Obesity in childhood and adolescence is considered the most prevalent nutritional disorder, in which eating behaviours represent one important factors of influence. Many aspects influence eating behaviours, but taste is considered the main predictor. However, data concerning correlations of obesity, taste sensitivity and behavioural attitudes, such as food neophobia, in children and adolescents are inconsistent. Moreover, it has been suggested that oral bacteria could have a possible role in obesity develop...

Perceptual salience influences food choices independently of health and taste preferences.

Making decisions about food is a critical part of everyday life and a principal concern for a number of public health issues. Yet, the mechanisms involved in how people decide what to eat are not yet fully understood. Here, we examined the role of visual attention in healthy eating intentions and choices. We conducted two-alternative forced choice tests of competing food stimuli that paired healthy and unhealthy foods that varied in taste preference. We manipulated their perceptual salience such that, in so...

Association between variants of neuromedin U gene and taste thresholds and food preferences in European children: Results from the IDEFICS study.

The neuropeptide neuromedin U (NMU) known for its role in appetite, feeding and energy balance could be involved in the control of food choice and taste sensitivity. We examined the association between NMU polymorphisms/haplotypes and taste thresholds and food preferences in a population of European children.

Rapid assessment of marketing of unhealthy foods to children in mass media, schools and retail stores in Oman.

The prevalence of overweight and obesity is high in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Half of the Region's adult women (50.1%) and more than two in five men (43.8%) are overweight or obese, and 6.9% of children aged under five years in the Region are already overweight, which is higher than the global average of 6.2%.

Clustering of unhealthy behaviors in a nationally representative sample of U.S. children and adolescents.

Poor diet, low physical activity, sedentary behavior and smoking are modifiable risk factors for chronic diseases that often develop early in life. An improved understanding of how unhealthy behaviors co-occur within individual children across childhood and adolescence could inform the development of more effective prevention approaches. Using data from the 2011-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, we calculated weighted prevalence of five unhealthy behaviors - excessive screen time, poor ...

Understanding children's healthiness and hedonic perception of school meals via structured sorting.

Trends in the prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity in Europe and especially in Spain have continuously increased in the last three decades. The aim of this work was to study the healthiness understanding (healthy and unhealthy food) in children with different ages and to evaluate liking towards a set of school meals: first courses, second courses and fruit/dessert. Two hundred and seventy-seven children between the ages of six and twelve from three primary schools in northern Spain, Bizkaia, took ...

Taste-masking and Colloidal-stable Cubosomes Loaded with Cefpodoxime Proxetil for Pediatric Oral Delivery.

Drug administration failure has been often witnessed in pediatric due to children's resistance to take medicines with bitter taste. Taste-masking is the key requirement among the scanty drugs available for children. Solid taste-masking systems, such as tablets and capsules, are difficult to swallow for children. Therefore, a liquid taste-masking system based on lyotropic liquid crystalline nanoparticles (LLCNs) was developed in this study. Cefpodoxime proxetil (CFP), a typically bitter drug used as antibiot...

Associated factors with early introduction of ultra-processed foods in feeding of children under two years old.

To verify the association of maternal and anthropometric factors with consumption of ultra-processed foods in children between 4 to 24 months.

Gender differences in diet and social media: An explorative study.

This study aimed to investigate the impact of social media on perceptions of food-related content. We asked participants a series of questions about their diet, attitudes, and social media use. We also manipulated food photos posted on Instagram to reveal varying degrees of information from the social media app (no Instagram information, icons visible, number of likes visible, or caption visible). Participants rated the foods in these photos based on how healthy they perceived them to be and how likely they...

Why are animal source foods rarely consumed by 6-23 months old children in rural communities of Northern Ethiopia? A qualitative study.

Animal source foods provide high-quality protein and essential micronutrients within the human diet and are of particular significance for the health and development of children. Despite the availability of domestic livestock in rural households of Ethiopia, the diets of children are often monotonous and mainly cereal-based with low energy and nutrient density.

Disparities in trajectories of changes in the unhealthy food environment in New York City: A latent class growth analysis, 1990-2010.

Disparities in availability of food retailers in the residential environment may help explain racial/ethnic and socio-economic differences in obesity risk. Research is needed that describes whether food environment dynamics may contribute to equalizing conditions across neighborhoods or to amplifying existing inequalities over time. This study improves the understanding of how the BMI-unhealthy food environment has evolved over time in New York City. We use longitudinal census tract-level data from the Nati...

Comparison between metabolically healthy obesity and metabolically unhealthy obesity by different definitions among Mexican children.

Background There is no consensus on the definition of metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) and the diagnostic criteria in children. Objectives To estimate the prevalence of MHO and compare clinical and biochemical characteristics between MHO and metabolically unhealthy obesity (MUO), and to evaluate the association between MUO and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, anthropometrics and family background using different definitions in children. Methods This was a cross-sectional study. Participants included 22...

Rate-All-That-Apply (RATA) comparison of taste profiles for different sweeteners in black tea, chocolate milk, and natural yogurt.

Growing health concerns have increased interest in reducing the consumption of added sugars, which can be achieved by substituting or replacing sugar with sweeteners to maintain sensory intensity and quality. The growing availability of sweeteners has increased the complexity of the perceptual landscape as sweeteners differ in the qualitative, intensity, and temporal properties. A sweetener that can match the perceptual properties of sucrose in different food matrices is likely to have broad applications. I...

Molecular sensor of nicotine in taste of Drosophila melanogaster.

Nicotine is an alkaloid and potent parasympathomimetic stimulant found in the leaves of many plants including Nicotiana tabacum, which functions as an anti-herbivore chemical and an insecticide. Chemoreceptors embedded in the gustatory receptor neurons (GRNs) enable animals to judge the quality of bitter compounds and respond to them. Various taste receptors such as gustatory receptors (GRs), ionotropic receptors (IRs), transient receptor potential channels (TRPs), and pickpocket channels (PPKs) have been s...

Food and Beverage Price Promotions: an Untapped Policy Target for Improving Population Diets and Health.

The price of foods and beverages is a critical driver of food choice, particularly among families and households with limited food budgets. Policies targeting unhealthy food and beverage price promotions represent an untapped policy target for improving population diets and health. Here we review policy options for reducing the frequency and influence of price promotions on unhealthy foods and beverages (high in one or more of salt, sugar and saturated fat), and demonstrate their potential to complement oth...

Differential Effects of Diet and Weight on Taste Responses in Diet-Induced Obese Mice.

Previous studies have reported that individuals with obesity have reduced taste perception, but the relationship between obesity and taste is poorly understood. Earlier work has demonstrated that diet-induced obesity directly impairs taste. Currently, it is not clear whether these changes to taste are due to obesity or to the high-fat diet exposure. The goal of the current study was to determine whether diet or excess weight is responsible for the taste deficits induced by diet-induced obesity.

Determination and evaluation of in vitro bioaccessibility of the pyridoxal, pyridoxine, and pyridoxamine forms of vitamin B in cereal-based baby foods.

The bioavailability of the pyridoxal (PL), pyridoxine (PN), and pyridoxamine (PM) forms of vitamin B is different, considering that their bioaccessibility in baby foods is important for infant and young children's nutrition. The aim of this study was to determine and evaluate the bioaccessibility of the PL, PN, and PM forms of vitamin B in cereal-based baby foods an in vitro digestive system. In this study, the PL, PN, and PM forms of vitamin B were determined using HPLC in 13 cereal-based baby foods. The a...

Is the taste acuity affected by oral dryness in primary Sjögren's Syndrome patients?

Taste disturbance is a symptom of primary Sjögren's Syndrome (pSS), of unknown aetiology. This study's objectives were 1) To compare taste function in pSS versus healthy subjects. 2) To establish whether there is an association between the taste acuity and oral dryness and/or the neurosensory threshold. 3) To assess the impact of taste dysfunction on the quality of life (QoL).

Sensitivity to sweetness correlates to elevated reward brain responses to sweet and high-fat food odors in young healthy volunteers.

Taste sensitivity relates to food preferences and macronutrients intake. The current study investigated whether the neural responses to food odors varied in sensory quality (sweet or non-sweet) and their associations with macronutrient content (high- or low-fat) in young healthy participants varied in sweet taste sensitivity. Thirty-eight participants were assessed for their sensitivity to sucrose solutions using a modified "taste strip" test. They were divided into high sweetness sensitive (HS, n = 15)...


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