PubMed Journals Articles About "United Ways California" RSS

23:53 EST 12th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

United Ways California PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest United Ways California articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "United Ways California" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,100+

With Roots In California, Managed Competition Still Aims To Reform Health Care.

Managed competition is a concept that was born in California and has achieved a measure of acceptance there. As California and the United States as a whole continue to struggle with the challenge of providing high-quality health care at a manageable cost, it is worth asking whether managed competition-with its tools for harnessing market forces-continues to hold promise as a means of improving value in health care, and whether the standard conceptualization of managed competition should be modified in any w...

Borrelia miyamotoi Infections in Small Mammals, California, USA.

Surveillance to investigate the wildlife-vector transmission cycle of the human pathogen Borrelia miyamotoi in California, USA, revealed infections in dusky-footed woodrats, brush mice, and California mice. Phylogenetic analyses suggest a single, well-supported clade of B. miyamotoi is circulating in California.

Compassion and mercy are not helpful in resolving intractable family-physician conflicts on end-of-life care.

"Compassion and mercy" are important values for humanizing medicine. There are limits, however, in their ability to help resolve disputes between physicians and families regarding appropriate end-of-life care. The recent cases of Charlie Gard and Alfie Evans in England highlight the issue. The English courts resolve such conflicts by an independent assessment of a court. The American judicial system does not share the centralized system of the English courts. In the United States Federal structure some 50 s...

Three Rotavirus Outbreaks in the Postvaccine Era - California, 2017.

Before the introduction of rotavirus vaccine in 2006, rotavirus was the most common cause of severe diarrhea among U.S. children (1). Currently, two rotavirus vaccines are licensed for use in the United States, both of which have demonstrated good field effectiveness (78%-89%) against moderate to severe rotavirus illness (2), and the use of these vaccines has substantially reduced the prevalence of rotavirus in the United States (3). However, the most recent national vaccine coverage estimates indicate lowe...

Evaluating the capacity of California's publicly-funded universities to provide medication abortion.

To explore the capacity of the University of California (UC) and California State University (CSU) student health centers to provide medication abortion (MA), to identify gaps in resources required to implement proposed Senate Bill 320, which would mandate the provision of MA on UC and CSU campuses, and to explore California student health center staff perspectives on the benefits and challenges of providing MA.

Precision medicine and sharing medical data in real time: opportunities and barriers.

Sharing massive amounts of medical data is critical to precision medicine. The California Department of Public Health recently started to partner with certain hospitals in the state to better understand cancer trends by collecting and securely sending standardized cancer data directly to the California Cancer Registry. This initiative is the first of its kind in the United States. This has afforded the cancer registry the opportunity to perform real-time surveillance on data reported via participating hospi...

"It has cost me a lot to adapt to here": The divergence of real acculturation from ideal acculturation impacts Latinx immigrants' psychosocial wellbeing.

The wellbeing of Latinx immigrants in the United States varies widely. Immigrants' changes and maintenance of their cultures, a process known as acculturation, has been postulated to explain differences in wellbeing. However, the mechanisms by which acculturation impacts wellbeing are not fully understood. This study sought to understand the relation between acculturation and wellbeing through a person-environment fit lens, with the hypothesis that the better immigrants can acculturate in ways they prefer (...

California's Paid Leave Helped My Patient.

When a dedicated nurse gets cancer, California's paid leave policy allows her daughter to be at her side.

Does California's Low Carbon Fuel Standards reduce carbon dioxide emissions?

The Low Carbon Fuel Standards (LCFS) represents a new policy approach designed to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by applying standards to all stages of motor fuel production. We use the synthetic control and difference-in-differences econometric methods, and Lasso machine learning to analyze the effect of the LCFS on emissions in California's transportation sector. The three different techniques provide robust evidence that the LCFS reduced carbon dioxide emissions in California's transportation sector by ...

Siblings' experiences of growing up with children with autism in Taiwan and the United Kingdom.

A child's diagnosis of autism impacts their whole family, in both positive and negative ways, that may be influenced by cultural beliefs.

Carbon pricing, co-pollutants, and climate policy: Evidence from California.

In a Perspective, James Boyce and Michael Ash discuss Lara Cushing and colleagues' research study on the implications of California's policy on carbon trading.

Borrelia parkeri in Ornithodoros parkeri (Ixodida: Argasidae) Collected Using Compact Dry Ice Traps in Madera County, California.

Tick-borne relapsing fever (TBRF) is a potentially serious vector-borne disease endemic to the western United States. Vector surveillance is compromised by the nidicolous life history of the three Ornithodoros species that transmit TBRF to people in this region. Large-scale stationary trapping methods were developed to survey a wide geographical range of Ornithodoros spp. which are known to vector relapsing fever Borrelia spp. in California. Ninety-six Ornithodoros parkeri were collected from four locations...

Beyond The ACA: Paths To Universal Coverage In California.

California has long sought to achieve universal health insurance coverage for its residents. The state's uninsured population was dramatically reduced as a result of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). However, faced with federal threats to the ACA, California is exploring how it might take greater control over the financing of health care. In 2017 the state Senate passed the Healthy California Act, SB-562, calling for California to adopt a single-payer health care system. The state Assembly did not vote on the ...

Behavioral changes following HIV seroconversion during the historical expansion of HIV treatment in the United States.

To identify the ways in which HIV seroconversion impacts subsequent health behaviors in the context of evolving HIV treatment technologies.

Six new species and one new subspecies of noctuid moths from western United States of America and Mexico (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae).

Six new species and one new subspecies of Noctuidae are described from western United States of America and Baja California, Mexico: Crabo & Hammond, (Cuculliinae), Crabo & Wikle, , Wikle & Crabo, , Mustelin, (Amphipyrinae), Crabo, (Oncocnemidinae), Crabo & Mustelin, , and Wikle & Crabo, (Noctuinae). The adults and genitalia of these species are described, illustrated, and compared to similar related moths. The larvae of the species group, unknown previously, are reported to feed on several spec...

Hepatitis A Virus Outbreaks Associated with Drug Use and Homelessness - California, Kentucky, Michigan, and Utah, 2017.

During 2017, CDC received 1,521 reports of acute hepatitis A virus (HAV) infections from California, Kentucky, Michigan, and Utah; the majority of infections were among persons reporting injection or noninjection drug use or homelessness. Investigations conducted by local and state health departments indicated that direct person-to-person transmission of HAV infections was occurring, differing from other recent, large HAV outbreaks attributed to consumption of contaminated commercial food products. Outbreak...

Reemergence of St. Louis Encephalitis Virus in the Americas.

We summarize and analyze historical and current data regarding the reemergence of St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV; genus Flavivirus) in the Americas. Historically, SLEV caused encephalitis outbreaks in the United States; however, it was not considered a public health concern in the rest of the Americas. After the introduction of West Nile virus in 1999, activity of SLEV decreased considerably in the United States. During 2014-2015, SLEV caused a human outbreak in Arizona and caused isolated human cases i...

Addressing Maternal Mortality And Morbidity In California Through Public-Private Partnerships.

In 2006, noting a rise in maternal deaths and complications, the California Department of Public Health launched efforts to investigate maternal deaths. In that year, the California Maternal Quality Care Collaborative was formed as a public-private partnership to lead maternal quality improvement activities. Key steps undertaken over the next decade included linking public health surveillance to actions, mobilizing a broad range of public and private partners, developing a rapid-cycle Maternal Data Center t...

Proposal to Reduce Adult Immunization Barriers in California.

Adult vaccination rates in the United States are consistently lower than the National Healthy People 2020 goals. Barriers to adult vaccination include inconsistency of insurance coverage of adult vaccines and difficulty in accessing vaccines. To help address the gap in adult access to vaccines, in 2016 the Department of Health Care Services--which administers the Medi-Cal program (California’s version of Medicaid)--implemented the All Plan Letter (APL) 16-009, which requires coverage of recommended adult ...

Dynamic Geospatial Modeling of the Building Stock to Project Urban Energy Demand.

In the United States, buildings account for more than 40 percent of total energy consumption, and the evolution of the urban form will impact the effectiveness of strategies to reduce energy use and mitigate emissions. This paper presents a broadly applicable approach for modeling future commercial, residential, and industrial floorspace, thermal consumption (heating and cooling), and associated GHG emissions at the tax assessor land parcel level. The approach accounts for changing building standards and re...

Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Management Practices that Affect Emissions in US Rice Systems.

Previous reviews have quantified factors affecting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from Asian rice ( L.) systems, but not from rice systems typical for the United States, which often vary considerably particularly in practices (i.e., water and carbon management) that affect emissions. Using meta-analytic and regression approaches, existing data from the United States were examined to quantify GHG emissions and major practices affecting emissions. Due to different production practices, major rice production r...

Disparities in Pediatric Provider Availability by Insurance Type after the ACA in California.

To examine insurance-based disparities in provider-related barriers to care among children in California in the wake of changes to the insurance market resulting from the Affordable Care Act.

Lung Cancer Among Women in the United States.

November marks Lung Cancer Awareness Month, and reminds us that lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women in the United States. In this brief report, we highlight CDC resources that can be used to examine the most recent data on lung cancer incidence, survival, prevalence, and mortality among women. Using the U.S. Cancer Statistics Data Visualizations tool, we report that in 2015, 104,992 new cases of lung cancer and 70,073 lung cancer deaths were reported among women in the United States...

Penetrating Keratoplasty Using the Femtosecond Laser: A Comparison of Postoperative Visual Acuity and Astigmatism by Suture Pattern.

To compare the effect of 3 common suturing techniques on eyes that received femtosecond laser-enabled penetrating keratoplasty (FLEK) with a zig-zag configuration at the Gavin Herbert Eye Institute, University of California- Irvine, California.

Engagement with peer observation of teaching by a dental school faculty in the United Kingdom.

Well-conducted peer observation of teaching (POT) programmes are effective in enhancing teaching quality and teacher development in higher education including healthcare teaching. This study evaluated POT's use in dental education and involved predominantly clinical dental educators working in a United Kingdom (UK) dental school and hospital. It aimed to (a) audit their engagement with POT, (b) review the design(s) of POT in use, (c) assess participant's perceived value of POT and (d) explore ways that the ...

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