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Showing "Valuation Quality Weights EuroQol Dimensional Health States With" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 33,000+

Valuation of Quality Weights for EuroQol 5-Dimensional Health States With the Time Trade-Off Method in the Capital of Iran.

The EuroQol 5-dimension (EQ-5D) is a standard instrument that is widely used for measuring health-related quality of life and quality-adjusted life years in economic evaluation of healthcare interventions.

Comparison of the EQ-5D 3L and the SF-6D (SF-36) contemporaneous utility scores in patients with chronic kidney disease in Sri Lanka: a cross-sectional survey.

The aim of this study was to compare utility weights of EuroQoL-five-dimension-3 levels (EQ-5D-3L) and Short-Form six-dimension (SF-6D) in a representative cohort of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). A cost-utility analysis (CUA) is designed to report the change to costs required to achieve an estimated change to quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). The quality component of a QALY is measured by utility. Utility represents the preference of general population for a given health state. Classificati...

Utility Measures in Pediatric Temporary Health States: Comparison of Prone Positioning Valuation Through 5 Assessment Tools.

Assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQOL or utility) is a complex issue especially in children with temporary health states.

A hybrid modelling approach for eliciting health state preferences: the Portuguese EQ-5D-5L value set.

The EQ-5D is a generic preference-based quality of life measure considered useful for supporting clinical and policy decisions by providing utility values that can easily be converted into quality-adjusted life years to be integrated in cost-utility economic evaluations. Although the three-level classification system of the EuroQol questionnaire (EQ-5D-3L) is still the most popular preference-based instrument used worldwide, several studies reported a ceiling effect on this version, especially in healthy an...

Mapping the medical outcomes study HIV health survey (MOS-HIV) to the EuroQoL 5 Dimension (EQ-5D-3 L) utility index.

Mapping of health-related quality-of-life measures to health utility values can facilitate cost-utility evaluation. Regression-based methods tend to lead to shrinkage of variance. This study aims to map the Medical Outcomes Study HIV Health Survey (MOS-HIV) to EuroQoL 5 Dimensions (EQ-5D-3 L) utility index, and to characterize the performance of three mapping methods, including ordinary least squares (OLS), equi-percentile method (EPM), and a recently proposed method called Mean Rank Method (MRM).

Valuing Health States in Russia: A First Feasibility Study.

The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of different health-related quality-of-life valuation methods in a new setting. Based on a small feasibility study of 100 young Russians, we trialed different methodologies and identified key differences that have implications for the development of health technology assessment in Russia.

Determining the Health State Utility Value of Urinary Tract Infection in Women.

Health state utility values are a unique representation of an individual's valuation for being in a particular health state. Depending on the method of evaluation, group of patients, and setting, these values vary significantly. To date, majority of the available estimates for the health-related state utility values for urinary tract infection (UTI) has been in men with comorbid conditions such as benign prostatic hyperplasia and bladder cancer or with spinal cord abnormalities. The utility values in these ...

A Comparison of UK and Brazilian SF-6D Preference Weights When Applied to a Brazilian Urban Population.

The 6-dimensional health state short form (SF-6D) is a health preference measure used in economic evaluations of many treatments.

Health-related quality of life in Indonesian type 2 diabetes mellitus outpatients measured with the Bahasa version of EQ-5D.

To present EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) index scores in Indonesian type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) outpatients and to investigate the associations between EQ-5D and socio-demographic characteristics and clinical condition.

Development of indices for surface and ground water quality assessment and characterization for Indian conditions.

Water quality indices are mathematical equations that transform water quality data into a particular number which describe the status of water. A number of water quality indices have been developed by various researchers for categorizing the water quality for different uses. These indices are developed based on classification criteria, sub-indices, and aggregation function. In the present study, a generalized Composite Water Quality Index (CWQI) is developed to classify the water into five categories, viz e...

Comparison between the EQ-5D-3L and the SF-6D quality of life (QOL) questionnaires in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) undergoing lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS).

Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) has been shown to improve lung function, but also improve the overall quality of life (QOL). The aim of this study is to compare two QOL questionnaires-EuroQol Questionnaire (EQ-5D-3L) and 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) in patients post-LVRS.

Health utilities in cancer patients: A study protocol for a prospective, longitudinal cohort using online survey.

Cost-utility analysis (CUA) is becoming more commonly used in healthcare decision-making. CUA uses the quality-adjusted life-years (QALY) metric, which combines the length of life with the health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Most QALY-measuring instruments were validated for general populations. For patients with cancer, the perception of their health state is different and may vary by the type of cancer considered. In Quebec, no preference weights for QALY have been developed, neither for the general p...

Advancing Health Services Research to Eliminate Health Care Disparities.

Findings from health services research highlight continuing health care disparities in the United States, especially in the areas of access to health care and quality of care. Although attention to health care disparities has increased, considerable knowledge gaps still exist. A better understanding of how cultural, behavioral, and health system factors converge and contribute to unequal access and differential care is needed. Research-informed approaches for reducing health care disparities that are feasib...

Optimal probability weights for estimating causal effects of time-varying treatments with marginal structural Cox models.

Marginal structural Cox models have been used to estimate the causal effect of a time-varying treatment on a survival outcome in the presence of time-dependent confounders. These methods rely on the positivity assumption, which states that the propensity scores are bounded away from zero and one. Practical violations of this assumption are common in longitudinal studies, resulting in extreme weights that may yield erroneous inferences. Truncation, which consists of replacing outlying weights with less extre...

Responsiveness of the EQ-5D-3L, DLQI, and DLQI-R for Patients With Psoriasis in the United States.

Since psoriasis is associated with substantial impairment in health-related quality of life (HRQoL), this outcome has become an important endpoint in clinical trials and indicator of disease severity in clinical practice. HRQoL can be measured using either generic instruments, such as the EuroQol 5-Dimension 3-Level (EQ-5D-3L), or dermatology-specific HRQoL instruments, such as the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI). While generic HRQoL instruments are typically more extensively validated and allow for c...

Short Note on the Density of States in 3D Weyl Semimetals.

The average density of states in a disordered three-dimensional Weyl system is discussed in the case of a continuous distribution of random scattering. Our results clearly indicate that the average density of states does not vanish, reflecting the absence of a critical point for a metal-insulator transition. This calculation supports recent suggestions of an avoided quantum critical point in the disordered three-dimensional Weyl semimetal. However, the effective density of states can be very small such that...

Electronic healthcare records and data quality.

This paper is based on Victoria Charnock's MA dissertation carried out as part of her Masters in Leadership and Management in Healthcare at the University of Salford and supervised by Professor Hardiker. A review of current literature was conducted to provide a robust and dimensional definition of data quality in the field of health care. This was used as the basis on which to assess the effect that electronic health care records has had in practice, specifically on data quality and according to the dimensi...

Health utilities and quality of life in individuals with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) who experience epileptic seizures: A web-based survey.

Individuals with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) experience a wide range of health impacts, including epileptic seizures, negatively impacting their health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Health state utility values (HSUVs) are index values representing HRQoL and are used as key inputs for health economic analyses. Such data are currently very limited in the TSC population. The objective of this study was to generate HSUVs for TSC health states, defined by the number and type of seizures experienced in th...

Health utility scores of atopic dermatitis in US adults.

The impact of atopic dermatitis (AD) on health related quality of life and health utility in the United States adult population is not well-established.

Mental Health Help-Seeking Experiences of Hispanic Women in the United States: Results from a Qualitative Interpretive Meta-Synthesis.

The purpose of this study was to conduct a qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis to examine the experiences and perceptions of mental health help-seeking behaviors by Hispanic women in the United States. Synthesis of five studies resulted in one major theme of determinants of mental health help-seeking organized into three subthemes: (1) societal determinants, (2) health services system, and (3) individual determinants. These results provide a more holistic understanding of the mental health help-seeking ...

Valuation of the EQ-5D-5L in Taiwan.

To date, a value set for the EQ-5D-5L based on the health state preferences of the general Taiwanese population has not been available. This study aimed to develop a Taiwanese value set for EQ-5D-5L to facilitate health technology assessment for medical products and services.

Effects of chronic diseases on health-related quality of life and self-rated health among three adult age groups.

Little is known about whether there is any difference in associations of chronic diseases with health-related quality of life and self-rated health across age groups. The purpose of the present study was to examine the associations of one specific and multiple chronic diseases with health-related quality of life and self-rated health (measured using the 5-level EQ-5D version) in three age groups: young (21-44 years), middle-aged (45-64 years), and older adults (≥65 years). Secondary data analysis of 1932 ...

Patient and general population values for luminal and perianal fistulising Crohn's disease health states.

In patients with Crohn's disease (CD), luminal disease activity paralleled by perianal fistulas may seriously impair health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Health utility values are not available from patients with CD that reflect the health loss associated with both luminal and perianal CD.

Feasibility and Acceptability of a Checklist and Learning Collaborative to Promote Quality and Safety in the Perinatal Care of Women with Opioid Use Disorders.

Perinatal opioid use disorder (OUD) represents a maternal-child health crisis in the United States. Untreated, OUD is associated with maternal and neonatal morbidity due to infectious disease, polysubstance use, co-occurring mental health conditions, prematurity, neonatal opioid withdrawal, and maternal mortality from overdose. Although national guidelines exist to optimize perinatal care for women with OUD, wide variation persists in health care providers' experience caring for this population and in the q...

Impact of Health Aid Investments on Public Opinion of the United States: Analysis of Global Attitude Surveys From 45 Countries, 2002-2016.

To assess whether increasing health aid investments affected public opinion of the United States in recipient populations. We linked health aid data from the United States to nationally representative opinion poll surveys from 45 countries conducted between 2002 and 2016. We exploited the abrupt and substantial increase in health aid when the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and President's Malaria Initiative (PMI) were launched to assess unique changes in opinions of the United State...

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