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PubMed Journals Articles About "Variability Morphometrics Variation Lacrimale Cervidae" RSS

18:51 EDT 19th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Variability Morphometrics Variation Lacrimale Cervidae PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Variability Morphometrics Variation Lacrimale Cervidae articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Variability morphometrics variation lacrimale Cervidae" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 5,600+

Variability, morphometrics, and co-variation of the os lacrimale in Cervidae.

In Ruminantia, the lacrimal bone forms a considerable part of the facial skeleton, and the morphology of its facial facet is highly variable when compared to other mammals. In this study, we quantify the species-specific variability in size and shape of the lacrimal facial facet in species of Cervidae (deer) and relate it to systematics and various aspects of their ecology and behavior. We sampled 143 skull specimens from 10 genera; 12 Moschus and 3 Tragulus specimens were used as outgroups. We find that si...


Exploring subindividual variability: role of ontogeny, abiotic environment, and seed-dispersing birds.

Within-individual trait variation -otherwise known as subindividual variation- is an important component of phenotypic variation, with a genetic and epigenetic basis. We explore its adaptive value and the effects of ontogeny and the environment on subindividual variability. We conducted a field study to analyze the effects of tree age, soil pH, soil water content, and soil nutrients on subindividual variability in fruit size of Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) in three sites in Northwestern Spain. Additionally...

Structure in talker variability: How much is there and how much can it help?

One of the persistent puzzles in understanding human speech perception is how listeners cope with talker variability. One thing that might help listeners is structure in talker variability: rather than varying randomly, talkers of the same gender, dialect, age, etc. tend to produce language in similar ways. Listeners are sensitive to this covariation between linguistic variation and socio-indexical variables. In this paper I present new techniques based on ideal observer models to quantify (1) the amount an...


Gene expression variation and parental allele inheritance in a Xiphophorus interspecies hybridization model.

Understanding the genetic mechanisms underlying segregation of phenotypic variation through successive generations is important for understanding physiological changes and disease risk. Tracing the etiology of variation in gene expression enables identification of genetic interactions, and may uncover molecular mechanisms leading to the phenotypic expression of a trait, especially when utilizing model organisms that have well-defined genetic lineages. There are a plethora of studies that describe relationsh...

Geometric morphometrics aided by machine learning in craniofacial surgery.

Geometric morphometrics aided by machine learning provide detailed and accurate statistical models of facial form. They promise to be extremely effective tools in surgical planning and assessment; however, a clinical tool to use this information is still to be created.

Influence of moisture variation on the performance of Raman spectroscopy in quantitative pharmaceutical analyses.

To develop a robust quantitative calibration model for spectroscopy, different sources of variability that are not directly related to the components of interest should be included in the calibration samples; this variability should be similar to that which is anticipated during validation and routine operation. Moisture content of pharmaceutical samples can vary as a function of supplier, storage conditions, geographic origin or seasonal variation. Additionally, some pharmaceutical operations (e. g., wet g...

Integrating multilocus DNA data and 3D geometric morphometrics to elucidate species boundaries in the case of Pyrenaearia (Pulmonata: Hygromiidae).

To accurately delimit species the use of multiple character types is essential as all speciation processes are not equally reflected in different data (e.g. morphological, molecular or ecological characters). With the introduction of geometric morphometrics methods and advances in 3D technology, a comprehensive combination of molecular and morphological data has been enabled in groups where exhaustively quantifying and measuring morphological shape change was not possible before such as gastropod shells. In...

Protein variability in cerebrospinal fluid and its possible implications for neurological protein biomarker research.

Cerebrospinal fluid is investigated in biomarker studies for various neurological disorders of the central nervous system due to its proximity to the brain. Currently, only a limited number of biomarkers have been validated in independent studies. The high variability in the protein composition and protein abundance of cerebrospinal fluid between as well as within individuals might be an important reason for this phenomenon. To evaluate this possibility, we investigated the inter- and intraindividual variab...

The sequence and de novo assembly of hog deer genome.

Hog deer (Axis porcinus) is a small deer species in family Cervidae and has been undergoing a serious and global decline during the past decades. Chengdu Zoo currently holds a captive population of hog deer with sufficient genetic diversity in China. We sequenced and de novo assembled its genome sequence in the present study. A total of six different insert-size libraries were sequenced and generated 395 Gb of clean data in total. With aid of the linked reads of 10X Genomics, genome sequence was assembled...

Spatio-temporal variation of skeletal Mg-calcite in Antarctic marine calcifiers.

Human driven changes such as increases in oceanic CO2, global warming, petroleum hydrocarbons and heavy metals may negatively affect the ability of marine calcifiers to build their skeletons/shells, especially in polar regions. We examine spatio-temporal variability of skeletal Mg-calcite in shallow water Antarctic marine invertebrates using bryozoan and spirorbids as models in a recruitment experiment of settlement tiles in East Antarctica. Mineralogies were determined for 754 specimens belonging to six br...

Sources of breathing pattern variability in the respiratory feedback control loop.

The variability of the breath-to-breath breathing pattern, and its alterations in disease, may hold information of physiologic and/or diagnostic value. We hypothesized that this variability arises from the way that noise is processed within the respiratory feedback control loop, and that pathologic alterations to specific components within the system give rise to characteristic alterations in breathing pattern variability. We explored this hypothesis using a computational model of the respiratory control sy...

Accounting for intraspecific diversity when examining relationships between non-native species and functional diversity.

Quantifying changes in functional diversity, the facet of biodiversity accounting for the biological features of organisms, has been advocated as one of the most integrative ways to unravel how communities are affected by human-induced perturbations. The present study assessed how functional diversity patterns varied among communities that differed in the degree to which non-native species dominated the community in temperate lake fish communities and whether accounting for intraspecific functional variabil...

Maps of variability in cell lineage trees.

New approaches to lineage tracking have allowed the study of differentiation in multicellular organisms over many generations of cells. Understanding the phenotypic variability observed in these lineage trees requires new statistical methods. Whereas an invariant cell lineage, such as that for the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, can be described by a lineage map, defined as the pattern of phenotypes overlaid onto the binary tree, a traditional lineage map is static and does not describe the variability inh...

Facial aging trajectories: A common shape pattern in male and female faces is disrupted after menopause.

Despite variation in lifestyle and environment, first signs of human facial aging show between the ages of 20-30 years. It is a cumulative process of changes in the skin, soft tissue, and skeleton of the face. As quantifications of facial aging in living humans are still scarce, we set out to study age-related changes in three-dimensional facial shape using geometric morphometrics.

Inter-individual differences in ontogenetic trophic shifts among three marine predators.

Ontogenetic niche shifts are widespread. However, individual differences in size at birth, morphology, sex, and personalities can cause variability in behavior. As such, inherent inter-individual differences within populations may lead to context-dependent changes in behavior with animal body size, which is of concern for understanding population dynamics and optimizing ecological monitoring. Using stable carbon and nitrogen isotope values from concurrently sampled tissues, we quantified the direction and m...

Low levels of intraspecific trait variation in a keystone invertebrate group.

The trait-based approach to ecology promises to provide a mechanistic understanding of species distributions and ecosystem functioning. Typically, trait analyses focus on average species trait values and assume that intraspecific variation is small or negligible. Recent work has shown, however, that intraspecific trait variation can often contribute substantially to total trait variation. Whilst many studies have investigated intraspecific variation in plants, very few have done so for invertebrates. There ...

Sexual size and shape dimorphism in two ground beetle taxa, Carabus (Procrustes) coriaceus cerisyi and C. (Morphocarabus) kollari praecellens (Coleoptera: Carabidae) - a geometric morphometric approach.

We investigated morphometric variation in size and shape of the head, pronotum, and abdomen between the taxa and sexes of two ground beetles, Carabus coriaceus cerisyi Dejean, 1826 and C. kollari praecellens Palliardi, 1825. These two taxa differ in overall size, and both of them are characterized by significant sexual size dimorphism. In many taxa, allometry, the relationship between changes in shape and changes in size, can be a major component of intra- and interspecific variation in body shape. In the p...

A Method For Analyzing Inpatient Care Variability Through Physicians' Orders.

Administrators assess care variability through chart review or cost variability to inform care standardization efforts. Chart review is costly and cost variability is imprecise. This study explores the potential of physician orders as an alternative measure of care variability.

Geometric morphometrics on juvenile crania: Exploring age and sex variation in an Australian population.

For medico-legal forensic practitioners the identification of unknown remains is an important part of any investigation, often predicated on having accurate estimations of age and sex. In considering the specific skeletal elements available to facilitate such biological information, the cranium is frequently targeted for analysis, as it exhibits marked traits of sexual dimorphism, and also has a predictable pattern of growth. There are, however, instances where it may not be possible to estimate skeletal se...

Gene expression variability - the other dimension in transcriptome analysis.

Transcriptome sequencing is a powerful technique to study molecular changes that underlie the differences in physiological conditions and disease progression. A typical question that is posed in such studies is finding genes with significant changes between sample groups. In this respect expression variability is regarded as a nuisance factor that is primarily of technical origin and complicates the data analysis. However, it is becoming apparent that the biological variation in gene expression might be an ...

Geometric morphometrics in the cloud.

XYOM, for XY Online Morphometrics, is an online implementation of the geometric morphometric (GM) approach. It is a platform-independent product, and is presented here as an optional alternative software to client side morphometrics software. From the point of view of the user, the interesting features of a web application are: no download, no installation, no configuration, and automatic updating. Because XYOM is accessible through a standard web interface, it is expected to allow an easier and faster lear...

Variation in staff perceptions of patient safety climate across work sites in Norwegian general practitioner practices and out-of-hour clinics.

Measuring staff perceptions with safety climate surveys is a promising approach to addressing patient safety. Variation in safety climate scores between work sites may predict variability in risk related to tasks, work environment, staff behavior, and patient outcomes. Safety climate measurements may identify considerable variation in staff perceptions across work sites.

Association between blood pressure variability and the short-term outcome in patients with acute spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage.

The association between the fluctuation in blood pressure (BP) and the early outcomes of patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) remains unclear. Our study aimed to evaluate the value of blood pressure variability (BPV) for predicting the short-term outcomes of patients with acute spontaneous SAH. We collected data from 303 patients hospitalized for acute spontaneous SAH. BP values were recorded at admission and subsequently every 2 h during the initial 24 h of hospitalization. BPV was determined as...

Optimizing Patient Positioning to Reduce Variation in the Measurement of Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema.

Prospective lymphedema screening is recommended for breast cancer patients. We observed interoperator variation in perometer-acquired arm volume measurements (P-AVMs) due to patient instability during measurements. We hypothesized that improved positioning during perometry would reduce P-AVM variability.

Confronting variability with uncertainty in the ecotoxicological impact assessment of down-the-drain products.

The use of down-the-drain products and the resultant release of chemicals may lead to pressures on the freshwater environment. Ecotoxicological impact assessment is a commonly used approach to assess chemical products but is still influenced by several uncertainty and variability sources. As a result, the robustness and reliability of such assessments can be questioned. A comprehensive and systematic assessment of these sources is, therefore, needed to increase their utility and credibility. In this study, ...


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