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PubMed Journals Articles About "Vegetation Changes Temperate Ombrotrophic Peatlands Over Year Period" RSS

16:41 EDT 30th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Vegetation changes temperate ombrotrophic peatlands over year period" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 12,000+

Vegetation changes in temperate ombrotrophic peatlands over a 35 year period.

Global changes in climate and land use are occurring at an unprecedented rate, often triggering drastic shifts in plant communities. This study aims to reconstruct the changes that occurred over 35 years in the plant communities of temperate bogs subjected to indirect human-induced disturbances. In 2015-17, we resurveyed the vascular flora of 76 plots located in 16 bogs of southern Québec (Canada) first sampled in 1982. We evaluated changes in species richness, frequency of occurrence and abundance, while ...


Significant Seasonal Variations in Isotopic Composition of Atmospheric Total Gaseous Mercury at Forest Sites in China Caused by Vegetation and Mercury Sources.

In this study, isotopic compositions of atmospheric total gaseous mercury (TGM) were measured in the Mt. Changbai (MCB) temperate deciduous forest and the Mt. Ailao (MAL) subtropical evergreen forest over a 1-year period. Higher δHg values were observed under the forest canopy than above the forest canopy in the MCB forest. The vertical gradients in δHg and ΔHg are positively correlated with the satellite-based normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI, representing the vegetation photosynthetic activ...

Opposing spatial trends in methylmercury and total mercury along a peatland chronosequence trophic gradient.

Peatlands are abundant elements of boreal landscapes where inorganic mercury (IHg) can be transformed into bioaccumulating and highly toxic methylmercury (MeHg). We studied fifteen peatlands divided into three age classes (young, intermediate and old) along a geographically constrained chronosequence to determine the role of biogeochemical factors and nutrient availability in controlling the formation of MeHg. In the 10 cm soil layer just below the average annual growing season water table, concentrations ...


Spatial and temporal variation of the vegetation of the semiarid Puna in a pastoral system in the Pozuelos Biosphere Reserve.

This study aimed to analyze the spatial and temporal variation of the vegetation in the northern Argentine Puna, utilizing both field sampling and remote-sensing tools. The study was performed within the Pozuelos Biosphere Reserve (Jujuy province, Argentina), which aims to generate socio-economic development compatible with biodiversity conservation. Our study was designed to analyze the dynamics of the Puna vegetation at local scale and assess and monitor the seasonal (dry and wet seasons), interannual, an...

Virulent coliphages in 1-year-old children fecal samples are fewer, but more infectious than temperate coliphages.

Bacteriophages constitute an important part of the human gut microbiota, but their impact on this community is largely unknown. Here, we cultivate temperate phages produced by 900 E. coli strains isolated from 648 fecal samples from 1-year-old children and obtain coliphages directly from the viral fraction of the same fecal samples. We find that 63% of strains hosted phages, while 24% of the viromes contain phages targeting E. coli. 150 of these phages, half recovered from strain supernatants, half from vi...

Impact of forest plantation on methane emissions from tropical peatland.

Tropical peatlands are a known source of methane (CH ) to the atmosphere, but their contribution to atmospheric CH is poorly constrained. Since the 1980s, extensive areas of the peatlands in Southeast Asia have experienced land-cover change to small-holder agriculture and forest plantations. This land-cover change generally involves lowering of groundwater level (GWL), as well as modification of vegetation type, both of which potentially influence CH emissions. We measured CH exchanges at the landscape scal...

Soil nutrients, forest structure and species traits drive aboveground carbon dynamics in an old-growth temperate forest.

Forests store a substantial amount of terrestrial carbon (C), but the drivers of forest C dynamics remain poorly understood, especially in old-growth forests. Here, we evaluate how aboveground C dynamics (i.e., net C change and its demographic processes: C gain from the growth of surviving trees (∆C-surv), C gain from the growth of recruited trees (∆C-recr) and C loss by tree mortality (∆C-mort)) are driven by vegetation attributes (diversity, trait composition and forest structure) and habitat condit...

Soil respiration following Chinese fir plantation clear-cut: Comparison of two forest regeneration approaches.

In response to ecological problems originating from long-term pure coniferous plantations, clear-cut, species mixing, and other forest regeneration practices have been proposed to develop into mixed conifer-broadleaved stand. However, the dynamic effects of these forest regeneration approaches on soil respiration have not been well investigated. In this study, we compared soil respiration for three continuous years from two completely different forest regeneration approaches in clear-cut areas with uncut as...

Stability of the permafrost peatlands carbon pool under climate change and wildfires during the last 150 years in the northern Great Khingan Mountains, China.

Peatlands store one-third of the total global soil carbon (C.) despite covering only 3-4% of the global land surface. Most peatlands are distributed in mid-high latitude regions and are even in permafrost regions, are sensitive to climate change and are disturbed by wildfire. Although several studies have focused on the impact of historical climate change and regional human activities on the C. accumulation process in these peatlands, the impact of these factors on the stability of the C. pool remains poorl...

Tree-ring evidence of the impacts of climate change and agricultural cultivation on vegetation coverage in the upper reaches of the Weihe River, northwest China.

Comprehending the characteristics and causes of vegetation coverage in history is of practical significance for studying ecological and environmental changes. As a typical region of the semi-arid and semi-humid climatic zone in northwest China, the upper reaches of the Weihe River have relatively fragile ecological environment. Based on tree-ring width chronologies, the vegetation coverage represented by the normalized difference vegetation index was reconstructed from 1630 to 2006 using a regression model....

Resource utilization by the Kori bustard in the Serengeti ecosystem.

This study aimed to understand the movement behaviour and utilization distributions of Kori bustards in space and time in the Serengeti ecosystem. A total of 14 individuals were tracked with the aid of GPS (Geographical positioning system) satellite transmitters, and their sexes were identified using DNA analysis. A species utilization distribution was estimated using the Brownian bridge movement model (hereafter dBBMM) in which the probability of being in an area is conditioned by starting and ending (GPS)...

Temporal lagged relationship between a vegetation index and cutaneous leishmaniasis cases in Colombia: an analysis implementing a distributed lag nonlinear model.

Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease with a strong environmental component. The aim of this research was to implement a distributed lag nonlinear model to explore the temporal lagged relationship between a vegetation index and cutaneous leishmaniasis cases. In this ecological study, a time series of weekly cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis reported between 2007 and 2016 in the five municipalities in Colombia with the most cases of the disease and a vegetation index was analyzed. During the...

Effects of distance from canal and degradation history on peat bulk density in a degraded tropical peatland.

Over recent decades, the combination of deforestation, peat drainage and fires have resulted in widespread degradation of Southeast Asia's tropical peatlands. These disturbances are generally thought to increase peat soil bulk density through peat drying and shrinkage, compaction, and consolidation. Biological oxidation and fires burning across these landscapes also consume surface peat, exposing older peat strata. The prevalence and severity of deforestation, peat drainage and fire are typically greater cl...

Temporal variations of trace metals and a metalloid in temperate estuarine mangrove sediments.

Mangrove sediments are strong modulators of organic matter (OM) content and pollutant dynamics, acting both as sinks and sources of these components. This study aimed to assess temporal dynamics of OM within temperate mangrove sediments and their ability to sequester pollutants. Specifically, levels of trace metals (Fe, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd) and a metalloid (As) were examined within mangrove and mudflat sediments located in a high-energy environment in Mangawhai Harbour Estuary, northern New Zealand. Sediment cor...

Grazing affects snow accumulation and subsequent spring soil water by removing vegetation in a temperate grassland.

By altering plant and soil properties and microclimate environments, grazing has a profound influence on the structure and function of grassland ecosystems. However, few studies have addressed the potential grazing effects on snow accumulation and subsequent spring soil water after snow melting and soil thawing. In this study, vegetation properties, snow accumulation and soil water were measured in experimental plots subjected to 8 years of cattle grazing comprising six different grazing intensity treatme...

Diatom-based water-table reconstruction in Sphagnum peatlands of northeastern China.

Peatlands are important ecosystems for biodiversity conservation, global carbon cycling and water storage. Hydrological changes due to climate variability have accelerated the degradation of global and regional ecosystem services of peatlands. Diatoms are important producers and bioindicators in wetlands, but comprehensive diatom-based inference models for palaeoenvironmental reconstruction in peatlands are scarce. To explore the use of diatoms for investigating peatland hydrological change, this study esta...

Observations of the seasonal buildup and washout of salts in urban bioswale soil.

The objective of this study was to quantify the seasonal risk of salt damage to bioswale plants, soil, microbes, and downstream waterbodies. To do so, we measured sodium, chloride, and electrical conductivity levels at seven bioswales located in the Bronx, New York City, over 42 storm events during a three-year monitoring period. The bioswale with the greatest salt contamination (median 206 mg/L chloride) had a unique inlet design without any possibility of inlet bypass. The most severe effects at all site...

Assessing the health impacts of peatland fires: a case study for Central Kalimantan, Indonesia.

The conversion of Indonesian tropical peatlands has been associated with the recurring problems of peatland fires and smoke affecting humans and the environment. Yet, the local government and public in the affected areas have paid little attention to the impacts and costs of the poor air quality on human health. This study aims to analyse the long-term health impacts of the peat smoke exposure to the local populations. We applied the Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT) model to...

Divergent carbon cycle response of forest and grass-dominated northern temperate ecosystems to record winter warming.

Northern temperate ecosystems are experiencing warmer and more variable winters, trends that are expected to continue into the foreseeable future. Despite this, most studies have focused on climate change impacts during the growing season, particularly when comparing responses across different vegetation cover types. Here, we examined how a perennial grassland and adjacent mixed forest ecosystem in New Hampshire, USA responded to a period of highly variable winters from 2014 through 2017 that included the w...

Where old meets new: An ecosystem study of methanogenesis in a reflooded agricultural peatland.

Reflooding formerly drained peatlands has been proposed as a means to reduce losses of organic matter and sequester soil carbon for climate change mitigation, but a renewal of high methane emissions has been reported for these ecosystems, offsetting mitigation potential. Our ability to interpret observed methane fluxes in reflooded peatlands and make predictions about future flux trends is limited due to a lack of detailed studies of methanogenic processes. In this study we investigate methanogenesis in a r...

Evaluating the utility of various drought indices to monitor meteorological drought in Tropical Dry Forests.

Even though existing remote-sensing-based drought indices are widely used in many different types of ecosystems, their utility has not been widely assessed in tropical dry forests (TDFs). The aim of this study is to evaluate the performance of three remote-sensing-based drought indices, the Vegetation Condition Index (VCI), Temperature Condition Index (TCI), and Vegetation Health Index (VHI), for meteorological drought monitoring in TDFs using the moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) produc...

White sand vegetation in an Amazonian lowland under the perspective of a young geological history.

What controls the formation of patchy substrates of white sand vegetation in the Amazonian lowlands is still unclear. This research integrated the geological history and plant inventories of a white sand vegetation patch confined to one large fan-shaped sandy substrate of northern Amazonia, which is related to a megafan environment. We examined floristic patterns to determine whether abundant species are more often generalists than the rarer one, by comparing the megafan environments and older basement rock...

Enamel thickness and growth rates in modern human permanent first molars over a 2000 year period in Britain.

This study explores variation and trends in first molar enamel thickness and daily enamel secretion rates over a 2000 year period in Britain.

Improving distribution models of riparian vegetation with mobile laser scanning and hydraulic modelling.

This study aimed at illustrating how direct measurements, mobile laser scanning and hydraulic modelling can be combined to quantify environmental drivers, improve vegetation models and increase our understanding of vegetation patterns in a sub-arctic river valley. Our results indicate that the resultant vegetation models successfully predict riparian vegetation patterns (Rho = 0.8 for total species richness, AUC = 0.97 for distribution) and highlight differences between eight functional species groups (Rho ...

Fear of movement is related to low back disability during a two-year period in patients that have undergone elective lumbar spine surgery.

To evaluate change in fear of movement and the relationship of fear of movement and pain intensity to low back disability and general health-related quality of life over a two-year period.


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