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Bile duct injury (BDI) is a well-recognised complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Following a BDI, bile usually leaks into the peritoneal space and causes biliary peritonitis. This manifests as non-specific abdominal pain and fever occurring several days after the surgery. It can be managed by laparoscopic washout with or without bile duct repair. We present a rare case of retroperitoneal bile leak post-LC. The mechanism of injury here was likely partial avulsion from excessive traction of the ...
Difficult and large common bile duct stones can be crushed and removed using a mechanical lithotripter. Very often the lack of working space within the common bile duct causing the failure of mechanical lithotripsy would inevitably mean repeat or further invasive procedures.
Introduction Bile duct size discrepancy in liver transplantation may increase the risk of biliary complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and outcomes of the eversion bile duct anastomosis technique in deceased donor liver transplantation (DDLT) with duct to duct anastomosis. Methods A total of 210 patients who received a DDLT with duct to duct anastomosis from 2012 to 2017 were divided into two groups: those who had eversion bile duct anastomosis (N=70) and standard bile duct anasto...
Computed tomography (CT) with contrast plays an important role as a clinical diagnostic tool but still has a limited diagnostic range. In this work, we developed a novel injectable iodine-based small molecule CT contrast agent, even can be used for bile duct diagnostics. The bile duct diagnosable CT contrast agent (BDICA) is synthesized with 5-amino-2,4,6-triiodoisophthaloyl dichloride (ATIPC), tromethamine and lactobionic acid (LBA) for asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR) targeted delivery via receptor-med...
Bile duct injury (BDI) remains a daunting complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. In patients with complex BDI, a percutaneous-endoscopic rendezvous procedure may be required to establish bile duct continuity. The aim of this study was to assess short- and long-term outcomes of the rendezvous procedure.
Background and study aim Conventional endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) combines endoscopy and radiography to diagnose and treat pathological conditions of the bile duct. The aim of the present analysis was to evaluate the clinical and economic impact of the use of single-operator intraductal cholangioscopy (IDC), which allows for direct visualization of the bile duct, as an alternative to ERCP for the treatment of difficult bile duct stones and the diagnosis of bile duct strictures. P...
The management of gallbladder stones (lithiasis) concomitant with bile duct stones is controversial. The more frequent approach is a two-stage procedure, with endoscopic sphincterotomy and stone removal from the bile duct followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The laparoscopic-endoscopic rendezvous combines the two techniques in a single-stage operation.
Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) is used to treat choledocholithiasis. Flexible choledochoscopy is usually performed; however, this instrument is fragile and liable to breakage.
Posttraumatic major bile leak in children is uncommon, with few cases reported in the literature. These injuries are seen in high-grade liver trauma and are difficult to diagnose and manage. We describe a 7-year-old boy with grade IV hepatic trauma and bile leak following blunt abdominal trauma. The leak was successfully managed by percutaneous drainage and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) stenting of the injured hepatic duct. How to cite this article: Tiwari C, Shah H, Waghmare M, Khed...
A variant of bile duct carcinoma, intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct (IPNB) is a rare disease mainly found in Eastern Asia which encompasses a spectrum of intraductal papillary growth occurring anywhere along the intrahepatic and/or extrahepatic biliary tree that carries a high potential for malignancy. We report the case of a patient with episodes of recurrent cholangitis that was diagnosed with IPNB, our clinical and diagnostic approach, the radiographic and endoscopic findings, the intervent...
Common bile duct (CBD) stones may occur in up to 3%-14.7% of all patients with cholecystectomy. Various approaches of laparoscopic CBD exploration plus primary duct closure (PDC) are the most commonly used and the best methods to treat CBD stone. This systematic review was to compare the effectiveness and safety of the various approaches of laparoscopic CBD exploration plus PDC for choledocholithiasis.
Uncovered self-expandable metallic stents (USEMS) are superior to plastic stents in patients with unresectable malignant perihilar biliary obstruction (UMHBO). The causes of SEMS occlusion include: tumor ingrowth/mucosal hyperplasia, tumor overgrowth, sludge with/without stone, hemobilia, food impaction, bile duct kinking, ulceration, perforation, and fibrin clots. We present a rare case of ultra-early occlusion of the normal bile duct after USEMS placement for UMHBO. This article is protected by copyright....
BACKGROUND Major bile duct injury is the most worrisome complication of cholecystectomy. There is no detailed data about the incidence or treatment-related costs of bile duct injuries in Turkey. We aimed to determine prevalence and therapeutic costs of patients with major biliary duct injuries managed in our department, and further estimate a projection of these parameters at the national level. MATERIAL AND METHODS All patients admitted due to bile duct injury during cholecystectomy from 2011 to 2014 were ...
Non-anastomotic biliary strictures (NAS) represent a major cause of morbidity, graft loss, and mortality after liver transplantation (LTx). NAS can result from an ischemic/immune-mediated injury, or from the cytotoxic effect that bile salts have on the biliary mucosa under hypothermic conditions. For this reason it is crucial to flush the bile duct at the time of procurement.
The impact of re-resection of a positive intraoperative bile duct margin on clinical outcomes for resectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA) remains controversial. We sought to define the impact of re-resection of an initially positive frozen-section bile duct margin on outcomes of patients undergoing surgery for HCCA.
To identify the risk factors and develop nomograms for common bile duct (CBD) stricture in chronic pancreatitis (CP) patients.
The Da Vinci Robotic Surgical System has positioned itself as a tool that improves the ergonomics of the surgeon, facilitating dissection in confined spaces and enhancing the surgeon's skills. The technical aspects for successful bile duct repair are well-vascularized ducts, tension-free anastomosis, and complete drainage of hepatic segments, and all are achievable with robotic-assisted approach.
A risk stratified approach for selecting patients likely to harbor common bile duct (CBD) stones to proceed directly to endoscopic or surgical stone clearance, rather than less invasive testing, has been proposed. We aimed to assess the performance of three clinical algorithms used to predict CBD stones.
Iliac vein stenting is increasingly being used in the treatment of venous insufficiency for patients with nonthrombotic iliac vein lesions (NIVL). We have noticed that many stents do not deploy to the expected stent area as designated by the manufactured diameter. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dynamics of Wallstent® expansion in the iliocaval system.
To investigate the clinical application ofthe "three lines and one plane" concept as the anatomic landmarks during laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE).From January 2014 to February 2017, 148 cases of LCBDE performed in the General Surgery Department of the 2nd affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were recruited, and analyzed in this study. "Three lines and one plane" was applied as anatomical landmarks during LCBDE, and the perioperative clinical outcomes were analyzed.No serious op...
Despite the advances of bile duct catheterization, its success is still not guaranteed. Few studies have been published regarding a second ERCP attempt, however those reports enhance the catheterization success Objective: To determine whether an ERCP performed 72 hours after a first precut papillotomy enhances the bile duct catheterization.
Acute pancreatitis is a common diagnosis worldwide, with gallstone disease being the most prevalent cause (50%). The American College of Gastroenterology recommends urgent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) (within 24 h) for patients with biliary pancreatitis accompanied by cholangitis. Most international guidelines recommend that ERCP be performed within 72 h in patients with biliary pancreatitis and a bile duct obstruction without cholangitis, but the optimal timing for endoscopy is con...
Recurrence of primary common bile duct (CBD) stone commonly occurs after complete removal of CBD stones in patients with cholecystectomy. This study aimed to investigate potential risk factors for the recurrence of primary CBD stones after endoscopic treatment.