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PubMed Journals Articles About "Watson McKinney Artrip" RSS

08:19 EST 14th December 2017 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Watson McKinney Artrip" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 51

Ralph V. McKinney, Jr. Award in Basic and Clinical Research for 2017.


Trust: A Concept Analysis With Watson's Theoretical Perspective.

Trust is a concept discussed in the literature of many disciplines, but the definitions used are varied. In this paper, the author explores the use of trust in various disciplines to create a definition suitable for nursing science using Watson's theoretical perspective.

Structure and dynamics of RNA repeat expansions that cause Huntington's Disease and myotonic dystrophy type 1.

RNA repeat expansions cause a host of incurable, genetically-defined diseases. The most common class of RNA repeats are trinucleotide repeats. These long, repeating transcripts fold into hairpins containing 1 × 1 internal loops that can mediate disease via a variety of mechanism(s) in which RNA is the central player. Two of these disorders are Huntington's disease and myotonic dystrophy type 1, which are caused by r(CAG) and r(CUG) repeats, respectively. We report the structures of two RNA constructs conta...


Molecular criteria for mutagenesis by DNA methylation: Some computational elucidations.

Alkylating agents and N-nitroso compounds are well-known mutagens and carcinogens which act by alkylating DNA at the nucleobase moieties. Criteria for mutagenicity through DNA alkylation include (a) absence of the Watson-Crick (N1-guanine and N3-thymine) protons, (b) rotation of the alkyl group away from the H-bonding zone, (c) configuration of the alkylated base pair close to the Watson-Crick type. This computational study brings together these three molecular criteria for the first time. Three methylated ...

Watson, the game is a foot…or a palm.

"Atomic psychiatry? An essay" by Ian Patrick (Paddy) Burges Watson.

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Structure of an 8 × 8 Nucleotide RNA Internal Loop Flanked on Each Side by Three Watson-Crick Pairs and Comparison to Three-Dimensional Predictions.

The prediction of RNA three-dimensional structure from sequence alone has been a long-standing goal. High-resolution, experimentally determined structures of simple noncanonical pairings and motifs are critical to the development of prediction programs. Here, we present the nuclear magnetic resonance structure of the (5'CCAGAAACGGAUGGA)2 duplex, which contains an 8 × 8 nucleotide internal loop flanked by three Watson-Crick pairs on each side. The loop is comprised of a central 5'AC/3'CA nearest neighbor fl...

Adaptively Recognizing Parallel-Stranded Duplex Structure for Fluorescent DNA Polarity Analysis.

Besides the canonical Watson-Crick (WC) linked antiparallel-stranded duplex (aps-DNA), DNA is also able to form bioactive parallel-stranded duplex (ps-DNA) with the two involving strands adopting the equal 5'-3' polarity. Discriminating ps-DNA from aps-DNA with an ideal selectivity is more challenging because of their comparable duplex topologies. Herein, we designed a unique probe of HPIN to fluorescently recognize ps-DNA but to keep an almost nonfluorescent response in binding with aps-DNA. The success of...

Active site interactions impact phosphoryl transfer during replication of damaged and undamaged DNA by Escherichia coli DNA Polymerase I.

Replicative DNA polymerases are able to discriminate between very similar substrates with high accuracy. One mechanism by which Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I checks for Watson-Crick geometry is through a hydrogen bonding fork between Arg668 and the incoming dNTP and the minor groove of the primer terminus. The importance of the Arg-fork was examined by disrupting it with either a guanine to 3-deazaguanine substitution at the primer terminus or the use of a carbocyclic deoxyribose analog of dUTP. Using t...

2-Methoxypyridine as Thymidine Mimic in Watson-Crick Base Pairs of DNA and PNA: Synthesis, Thermal Stability and NMR Structural Studies.

Development of nucleic acid base pair analogues that use new modes of molecular recognition is important for fundamental research and practical applications. The goal of this study was to evaluate 2-methoxypyridine as a cationic thymidine mimic in the A-T base pair. The hypothesis was that including protonation in the Watson-Crick base pairing scheme could enhance the thermal stability of DNA double helix without compromising the sequence selectivity. DNA and peptide nucleic acid (PNA) sequences containing ...

Condensing the information in DNA with double-headed nucleotides.

A normal duplex holds as many Watson-Crick base pairs as the number of nucleotides in its constituent strands. Here we establish that single nucleotides can be designed to functionally imitate dinucleotides without compromising binding affinity. This effectively allows sequence information to be more compact and concentrated to fewer phosphates.

Non-canonical bases in the genome: The regulatory information layer in DNA.

The sequence of the four canonical bases dA, dC, dG and dT forming two defined Watson-Crick base pairs (dT:dA, dG:dC), held together by H-bonding, establish the sequence information in the DNA double strand. The faithful replication of the sequence information during cell division, the transcription of the DNA information into RNA and the final translation of the sequence information into proteins is the basis for life on earth. Multicellular organisms developed the concept of specialized cells that perform...

Cognitive Computing and the Future of Health Care Cognitive Computing and the Future of Healthcare: The Cognitive Power of IBM Watson Has the Potential to Transform Global Personalized Medicine.

Welcome to the era of cognitive health care, a new partnership between human beings and technology with the goal of transforming health care on a global scale.

Chirality Dependent Potency Enhancement and Structural Impact of Glycol Nucleic Acid Modification on siRNA.

Here we report the investigation of glycol nucleic acid (GNA), an acyclic nucleic acid analog, as a modification of siRNA duplexes. We evaluated the impact of (S)- or (R)-GNA nucleotide incorporation on RNA duplex structure by determining three individual crystal structures. These structures indicate that the (S)-nucleotide backbone adopts a conformation that has little impact on the overall duplex structure, while the (R)-nucleotide disrupts the phosphate backbone and hydrogen bonding of an adjacent base p...

Time-Dependent Extension from an 8-Oxoguanine Lesion by Human DNA Polymerase Beta.

The oxidative DNA lesion 7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanine (8-oxoG) often occurs in double-stranded DNA and poses a threat to genomic integrity due to the ability of 8-oxoG to form stable Watson-Crick base pairs with deoxycytidine (8-oxoG:dC) and Hoogsteen base pairs with deoxyadenosine (8-oxoG:dA). In humans, short-patch base excision repair of 8-oxoG:dA base pairs requires human DNA polymerase β (hPolβ) to bypass 8-oxoG. Previously, we have shown hPolβ-catalyzed 8-oxoG bypass to exhibit low fidelity and iden...

Volatile organic compounds from Wickerhamomyces anomalus, Metschnikowia pulcherrima and Saccharomyces cerevisiae inhibit growth of decay causing fungi and control postharvest diseases of strawberries.

The effectiveness of Wickerhamomyces anomalus, Metschnikowia pulcherrima and Saccharomyces cerevisiae as biocontrol agents on postharvest decay of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa, cv. 'Alba') fruit, and their inhibitory activities on some decay-causing fungi were evaluated. Volatile organic compounds from these yeasts decreased mycelial growth of Botrytis cinerea by 69%, and by less for Monilinia fructicola, Alternaria alternata, Aspergillus carbonarius, Penicillium digitatum, Cladosporium spp., and Colleto...

A device that operates within a self-assembled 3D DNA crystal.

Structural DNA nanotechnology finds applications in numerous areas, but the construction of objects, 2D and 3D crystalline lattices and devices is prominent among them. Each of these components has been developed individually, and most of them have been combined in pairs. However, to date there are no reports of independent devices contained within 3D crystals. Here we report a three-state 3D device whereby we change the colour of the crystals by diffusing strands that contain dyes in or out of the crystals...

Development of a vivid FRET system based on a highly emissive dG-dC analogue pair.

We report a new type of Förster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) system using highly emissive isomorphic nucleobase analogues. The FRET pair consists of 2- aminothieno[3,4-d]pyrimidine G-mimic deoxyribonucleoside (thdG) as an energy donor and 1,3-diaza-2-oxophenothiazine (tC) as an energy acceptor. We controlled the distance and orientation between donor and acceptor by systematic incorporation of thdG and tC into DNA sequences and investigated the FRET efficiencies. This is the first Watson-Crick base-pai...

Model for the Functional Active State of the TS Ribozyme from Molecular Simulation.

Recently, a crystal structure has been reported of a new catalytic RNA, the TS ribozyme, that has been identified through comparative genomics and is believed to be a metalloribozyme having novel mechanistic features. Although this data provides invaluable structural information, analysis suggests a conformational change is required to arrive at a catalytically relevant state. We report results of molecular simulations that predict a spontaneous local rearrangement of the active site, leading to solution st...

Methylation-Specific PCR.

Cytosine methylation is a DNA modification generally associated with transcriptional silencing. Factors that regulate methylation have been linked to human disease, yet how they contribute to malignancies remains largely unknown. Methylation of DNA can change the functional state of regulatory regions, but does not change the Watson-Crick base pairing of cytosine. Moreover, sequence symmetry of CpGs enables propagation of the methyl mark through cell division. This potential for inheritance coupled with the...

A Mechanistic Explanation for the Regioselectivity of Nonenzymatic RNA Primer Extension.

A working model of nonenzymatic RNA primer extension could illuminate how prebiotic chemistry transitioned to biology. All currently known experimental reconstructions of nonenzymatic RNA primer extension yield a mixture of 2'-5' and 3'-5' internucleotide linkages. Although long seen as a major problem, the causes of the poor regioselectivity of the reaction are unknown. We used a combination of different leaving groups, nucleobases, and templating sequences to uncover the factors that yield selective forma...

Selective Enzymatic Demethylation of N(2) ,N(2) -Dimethylguanosine in RNA and Its Application in High-Throughput tRNA Sequencing.

The abundant Watson-Crick face methylations in biological RNAs such as N(1) -methyladenosine (m(1) A), N(1) -methylguanosine (m(1) G), N(3) -methylcytosine (m(3) C), and N(2) ,N(2) -dimethylguanosine (m(2)2 G) cause significant obstacles for high-throughput RNA sequencing by impairing cDNA synthesis. One strategy to overcome this obstacle is to remove the methyl group on these modified bases prior to cDNA synthesis using enzymes. The wild-type E. coli AlkB and its D135S mutant can remove most of m(1) A, m(1...

Recent progress in dissecting molecular recognition by DNA polymerases with non-native substrates.

DNA polymerases must discriminate the correct Watson-Crick base pair-forming deoxynucleoside triphosphate (dNTP) substrate from three other dNTPs and additional triphosphates found in the cell. The rarity of misincorporations in vivo, then, belies the high tolerance for dNTP analogs observed in vitro. Advances over the last 10 years in single-molecule fluorescence and electronic detection of dNTP analog incorporation enable exploration of the mechanism and limits to base discrimination by DNA polymerases. S...

Structure and Biophysics for a Six Letter DNA Alphabet that Includes Imidazo1,2-a-1,3,5-triazine-2(8H)-4(3H)-dione (X) and 2,4-Diaminopyrimidine (K).

A goal of synthetic biology is to develop new nucleobases that retain the desirable properties of natural nucleobases at the same time as expanding the genetic alphabet. The non-standard Watson-Crick pair between imidazo[1,2-a]-1,3,5-triazine-2(8H)-4(3H)-dione (X) and 2,4-diaminopyrimidine (K) does exactly this, pairing via complementary arrangements of hydrogen bonding in these two nucleobases, which do not complement any natural nucleobase. Here, we report the crystal structure of a duplex DNA oligonucleo...

How Large Can we Build a Cyclic Assembly? Impact of Ring Size on Chelate Cooperativity in Noncovalent Macrocyclizations.

Self-assembled systems rely on intramolecular cooperative effects to control their growth and regulate their shape, thus yielding discrete, well-defined structures. However, as the size of the system increases, cooperative effects tend to dissipate. We analyse here this situation by studying a set of oligomers of different lengths capped with guanosine and cytidine nucleosides, which associate in cyclic tetramers by complementary Watson-Crick H-bonding interactions. As the monomer length increases, and thus...


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