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02:40 EST 26th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "World Coalition Botanical Development WCBD" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 23,000+

The Los Angeles Diabetes Prevention Coalition Experience: Practical Applications of Social Network Analysis to Inform Coalition Building in Chronic Disease Prevention.


Functional and Radiological Outcomes After Tarsal Coalition Resections: A Minimum 5-Year Follow-Up.

Few studies have evaluated the long-term functional and radiological outcomes of tarsal coalition resections. This study aimed to report and compare the functional and radiological outcomes after talocalcaneal (TC) and calcaneonavicular (CN) coalition resections. Thirty-three patients between 12 and 35 years old with symptomatic tarsal coalitions participated, each undergoing tarsal coalition resections (24 TC and 9 CN). The range of motion, visual analog scale score, American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Soci...

Threshold of Toxicological Concern (TTC) for Botanical Extracts (Botanical-TTC) Derived from a Meta-analysis of Repeated-Dose Toxicity Studies.

Threshold of Toxicological Concern (TTC) is a promising approach for evaluating the human health risk for systemic toxicity when there is a lack of toxicological information. The threshold for systemic toxicity is reportedly 1800, 540, and 90 μg/day for Cramer I-III chemical structures, according to Munro's structural decision tree, and 0.15 μg/day for genotoxic compounds. However, the concept of TTC has been developed for single substances; therefore, the applicability of TTC for mixtures remains unclear...


CEPI: Driving Progress Towards Epidemic Preparedness And Response.

The Coalition of Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) was formed in the aftermath of the 2014-15 Ebola outbreak in west Africa to support the development of vaccines that could improve the world's preparedness against outbreaks of epidemic infectious diseases. Since its launch in 2017, CEPI has mobilised over US$ 750 million to support its mission to develop vaccines against agents such as Lassa Virus, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus, and Nipah Virus, as well as several rapid response vacci...

Determination of the botanical origin of honeybee honeys based on the analysis of their selected physicochemical parameters coupled with chemometric assays.

The aim of this paper was to study the select physicochemical parameters of 58 honey samples of 4 different botanical origins (buckwheat, linden, rape and acacia) using multivariate methods in order to classify honeys according to the botanical origin. Five standard physicochemical parameters were determined according to the international legislation: water content, electrical conductivity, total ash content, free acidity and pH. The results obtained were mostly in agreement with international regulations. ...

A Milestone In Botanical Mosquito Repellents: Novel PMD-Based Formulation Protects More Than Twice As Long As High-Concentration Deet and Other Leading Products.

The use of skin-applied repellents is the primary method recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for personal protection against biting mosquitoes. Historically, the majority of long-efficacy mosquito repellents have been , diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (deet)-based. Recently, a variety of new botanical formulations have been marketed, but their protection times generally continue to fall well short of high-concentration deet products. We present a laboratory arm-in-cage study of a Neo-Inn...

Health Care Hotspotting - A Randomized, Controlled Trial.

There is widespread interest in programs aiming to reduce spending and improve health care quality among "superutilizers," patients with very high use of health care services. The "hotspotting" program created by the Camden Coalition of Healthcare Providers (hereafter, the Coalition) has received national attention as a promising superutilizer intervention and has been expanded to cities around the country. In the months after hospital discharge, a team of nurses, social workers, and community health worker...

Ultrasound assisted formation of essential oil nanoemulsions: Emerging alternative for Culex pipiens pipiens Say (Diptera: Culicidae) and Plodia interpunctella Hübner (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) management.

Over the last years, nanotechnology has contributed to the development of new botanical insecticides formulations based on essential oils (EO), which are safe for the human health and the environment. Nanoemulsions (NEs) can enhance the bioactivity of the EO to prevent the premature volatility and degradation of the active ingredients. In our work, geranium EO (Geranium maculatum L.) was used to develop micro and nanoemulsions adding Tween 80 as surfactant. For NEs formulation, ultrasound was applied and th...

Two aspects of honeydew honey authenticity: Application of advance analytical methods and chemometrics.

Taking into account a growing market and small number of articles related to honeydew honey, a metabolomic approach associated with multivariate analysis and modelling was proposed to discriminate five varieties of honey. Advanced analytical techniques were used for determination of 20 elements, 14 carbohydrates and stable carbon isotope ratio. No chemical marker has been found within sugar compounds, but several elements (Ba, Ca, Mg, Sr, Mn, Al, Co, Ni, Se) were marked as characteristic of honey type and a...

Results from a World Health Organization pilot of the Basic Emergency Care Course in Sub Saharan Africa.

Frontline providers around the world deliver emergency care daily, often without prior dedicated training. In response to multiple country requests for open-access, basic emergency care training materials, the World Health Organization (WHO), in collaboration with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the International Federation for Emergency Medicine (IFEM), undertook development of a course for health care providers-Basic Emergency Care: Approach to the acutely ill and injured (BEC). As...

Relationship between polyphenolic content, antioxidant properties and oxygen consumption rate of different tannins in a model wine solution.

The polyphenolic content and the antioxidant capacity of seven tannins with different botanical origin were measured with spectrophotometric methods (Folin-Ciocalteu, Total Polyphenols Index, DPPH, FRAP), HPLC (phloroglucinolysis), voltammetric analysis (Linear Sweep Voltammetry, LSV). The oxygen consumption rate (OCR) was measured in an oxygen saturated model wine solution, containing transition metals and metabisulphite, with a noninvasive luminescence-based technology. The results showed a high variabili...

Teaching Hand Surgery in the Developing World: Utilizing Educational Resources in Global Health.

The development of surgical capacity in the developing world is essential to address the global burden of surgical disease. Training local surgeons in low-income and middle-income countries is critical in this endeavor. The challenges to teaching hand surgery in the developing world include a shortage of local faculty, absence of a defined curriculum, no competency-based evaluation systems, few subspecialty training opportunities, and lack of financial support. To teach hand surgery in the developing world ...

'And from the rose': utopian order and rebellion in the Oxford Physick Garden.

Abel Evans's poem (1713) celebrates Jacob Bobart the Younger, second keeper of the Oxford Physick Garden (now the Oxford University Botanic Garden), as a model monarch to his botanical subjects. This paper takes as a point of departure from which to explore the early history of the Physick Garden (founded 1621), situating botanical collections and collecting spaces within utopian visions and projects as well as debates about order more widely in the turbulent seventeenth-century. Three perspectives on the...

Comparative metabolomics of Tilia platyphyllos Scop. bracts during phenological development.

The medicinal plant drug "Tiliae flos" consists of the botanical flowers and bracts of Tilia sp., gathered almost exclusively during flowering. In this study, we examined the changes in the metabolome of specialized products in the bracts of Tilia platyphyllos from the appearance of the organ till the onset of senescence by LC-ESI-MS and data mining. A set of 504 natural products were detected, 241 of which showed significant seasonal variation (p 

The earliest farming communities north of the Carpathians: The settlement at Gwoździec site 2.

The appearance of the Linear Pottery Culture (LBK) on Poland territory initiated the process of neolithization in the area. However, as we will see in this article, this colonization took place later than previously thought. The stage, which in Poland is called as the early phase, actually corresponds only to the Fomborn/Ačkovy stage of LBK, and the earliest dating currently indicates around 5350 BC. Due to the small number of sites from this phase excavated on a large scale in Poland, this stage of the cu...

The Early Neurosurgical World Wide Web - Experiences Focused on Awake Craniotomy.

The importance of international cooperation in neurosurgery incl. site visits to foreign hospitals is highlighted. The development of knowledge about function localization in brain surgery serves as an example. International cooperation led to modern day neurosurgery as shown e.g. in awake craniotomy.

Advances in Vaccines.

Vaccines represent one of the most important advances in science and medicine, helping people around the world in preventing the spread of infectious diseases. However, there are still gaps in vaccination programs in many countries. Out of 11.2 million children born in EU region, more than 500,000 infants did not receive the complete three-dose series of diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus vaccine before the first birthday. Data shows that there were more than 30,000 measles cases in the European region in r...

Development, Growth, and Maturation of Pancreatoduodenectomy Program: Future Directions.

Botanical and Geographical Origin of Turkish Honeys by Selected Ion Flow Tube-Mass Spectrometry and Chemometrics.

Honey has a very important commercial value for producers as a natural product. Honey aroma is formed from the contributions of several volatile compounds, which were influenced by nectar composition, botanical origins and locations. Selected ion flow tube mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS) is a technique that quantifies volatile organic compounds simply and rapidly even in low concentrations. In this study, the headspace concentration of eight monofloral (chestnut, rhododendron, lavender, sage, carob, heather, ci...

A Lesson About Pulmonary Artery Development From A Developing World Study.

A review of Dengvaxia®: development to deployment.

Dengue is the world's most prevalent and important arboviral disease. More than 50% of the world's population lives at daily risk of infection and it is estimated more than 95 million people a year seek medical care following infection. Severe disease can manifest as plasma leakage and potential for clinically significant hemorrhage, shock, and death. Treatment is supportive and there is currently no licensed anti-dengue virus prophylactic or therapeutic compound. A single dengue vaccine, Sanofi Pasteur's D...

The CCGHR Principles for Global Health Research: Centering equity in research, knowledge translation, and practice.

Medical geography and global health share a fundamental concern for health equity. Both fields operate within similar multiple intersecting funding, academic, health systems, and development landscapes to produce scholarship. Both reflect complex interactions and partnerships between people, communities and institutions of unequal power. The Canadian Coalition of Global Health Research Principles for Global Health Research evolved from deep concern about the absence of standards for how Canadians engage in ...

Characterization of Novel Protein Component as Marker for the Floral Origin of Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) Honey.

Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) honey, one of the most valuable honey varieties from China with unique characteristics, is vulnerable to being the target of adulteration and deliberate mislabeling of botanical origin. This study investigated the typical protein component of jujube honey to authenticate the floral source by SDS-PAGE analysis combined with LC-MS/MS identification, and its stability to heating was also evaluated. One band and two adjacent but independent bands, both with molecular weights of ~1...

Introduction to special issue on global child development studies.

The determination to provide children with the best possible conditions to thrive transcends cultures and borders. Historically, most child development research has taken place in high-income countries and represented mostly western, educated, industrialized, wealthy, and democratic population. Yet, over the last few decades the field of child development has undergone an exponential expansion into new cultural and geographical locations. Efforts to translate and test existing tools, and to introduce advanc...

The coalition of health entrepreneurs and their proposals for the reform of the Brazilian health system: political and programmatic setbacks (2014-2018).

With the aim of systematizing the health private sector proposals related with the reformulation of the Brazilian health system, as well as contributing to the understanding of its meaning, an essay was carried out, based in documents from the Health Coalition Institute (ICOS) published in the period from 2014 to 2018. The document content analysis was carried out guided by some concepts of Bourdieu, Coutinho and Labra. With the change in the correlation of forces resulting from the 2016 parliamentary coup,...


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