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PubMed Journals Articles About "Yanglin Soybean" RSS

23:34 EDT 18th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Yanglin Soybean PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Yanglin Soybean articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Yanglin Soybean" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 307

Molecular species determination of oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates in soybean lecithin powders.

Oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates in soybean lecithin powder were of great importance to the properties and functions of lecithin materials. Oligosaccharides could trigger infusion reaction and color formation of soybean lecithin during medical injection and heat process, while glycoconjugates in form of glycolipids could change physical behavior of lecithin. For new functional exploration and comprehensive utilization of soybean lecithin powders, the exact molecular components of oligosaccharides and gl...


Genome-Wide Association Mapping of Host-Plant Resistance to Soybean Aphid.

Soybean aphid [ Matsumura (Hemiptera: Aphididae)] is the most damaging insect pest of soybean [ (L.) Merr.] in the Upper Midwest of the United States and is primarily controlled by insecticides. Soybean aphid resistance (i.e., genes) has been documented in some soybean accessions but more sources of resistance are needed. Incorporation of the resistance into marketed varieties has also been slow. Genome-wide association mapping can aid in identifying resistant accessions by correlating phenotypic data with ...

Transcriptome analysis of soybean WRKY TFs in response to Peronospora manshurica infection.

Soybean downy mildew (SDM) caused by Peronospora manshurica (Pm) is a common disease of soybean that occurs wherever soybean is grown. In order to provide new insights about the defense mechanism of soybean response to Pm infection, differential expression of WRKY transcription factors (TFs) in SDM-high resistant (HR) and SDM-high susceptible (HS) genotypes were analyzed in this study. Totally, 22 WRKY TFs were differentially expressed in HR and HS genotype, while 16 WRKY TFs were found to be specific in re...


Three-dimensional reconstruction of soybean nodules provides an update on vascular structure.

In many cases, the functioning of a biological system cannot be correctly understood if its physical anatomy is incorrectly described. Accurate knowledge of the anatomy of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merril] nodules and its connection with the root vasculature is important for understanding its function in supplying the plant with nitrogenous compounds. Previous two-dimensional anatomical observations of soybean nodules led to the assumption that vascular bundles terminate within the cortex of the nodule and ...

GmBTB/POZ, a novel BTB/POZ domain-containing nuclear protein, positively regulates the response of soybean to Phytophthora sojae infection.

Phytophthora sojae is a destructive pathogen of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] causing stem and root rot to soybean plants worldwide. However, the pathogenesis and molecular mechanism of plant defense responses against P. sojae are largely unclear. Herein, we document the underlying mechanisms and function of a novel BTB/POZ protein in soybean, GmBTB/POZ, which contains a BTB/POZ domain found in certain animal transcriptional regulators, in host soybean plants in response to P. sojae. It is located in th...

Quantitative proteomic analyses identified multiple sugar metabolic proteins in soybean under shade stress.

Soybean-based intercropping is important for sustainable agricultural practice on a regional and global scale. However, most soybean varieties use shade avoidance strategy to acquire more light absorption when suffered in canopy shade in intercropping systems, thus reduced the yield of the whole population on a farmland. The mechanisms underlying early response of soybean in shade avoidance is still largely unknown. Here we report our identification of differentially accumulated proteins in shade-sensitive ...

Phosphate Fertilization Efficiency Improvement with the Use of Organic Fertilizer and its Effect on Soybean Plants in Dry Land.

Efforts to increase domestic soybean production have been widely carried out by farmers, including the management of soil fertility, such as the use of inorganic fertilizers. However, the development of soybean is generally on marginal dry land, the use of inorganic fertilizers is often inefficient (especially phosphate fertilizers), because phosphorus is fixed by Al or Fe. This study aimed to improve the efficiency of phosphate fertilization by the use of organic fertilizers from the wild plant Calopogoniu...

Impact of Single Gene and Pyramided Aphid-Resistant Soybean on Movement and Spatial Pattern of Soybean Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae).

Host plant resistance may be an effective option to manage soybean aphid, Aphis glycines (Matsumura) (Hemiptera: Aphididae), an important pest on soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) in the U.S. Movement of soybean aphid may be altered by the presence of resistance (i.e., Rag [Resistance to Aphis glycines]) genes in soybean and changes in movement may affect the spatial pattern of a species. This study aims to assess the effects of Rag1 and pyramided Rag1+Rag2 aphid-resistant varieties on movement of soybean ap...

Development of Dichelops furcatus (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) Reared on Spring Cereals Versus Soybean.

The performance and preferences of the stink bug, Dichelops furcatus (F.), for spring cereals (wheat, rye, triticale, oat, and barley) were compared in the laboratory to their preferred host crop, soybean pods. Nymphs took significantly less time to reach adulthood on soybean pods compared to those fed seed heads of the five spring cereals tested. Wheat and rye yielded the longest developmental times, while nymphs fed triticale, oat, or barley developed faster, but still not as fast as those reared on soybe...

Genotype and rhizobium inoculation modulate the assembly of soybean rhizobacterial communities.

Rhizosphere bacterial communities are vital for plants, yet the composition of rhizobacterial communities and the complex interactions between roots and microbiota, or between microbiota, are largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the structure and composition of rhizobacterial communities in two soybean cultivars and their recombinant inbred lines (RILs) contrasting in nodulation through 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing in two years of field trials. Our results demonstrate that soybean plants are able...

Fermentation Improves the Preventive Effect of Soybean Against Bone Loss in Senescence-Accelerated Mouse Prone 6.

Osteopenia is a preclinical phase of osteoporosis, it occurs naturally with aging and increases the risk of bone fractures in elderly males. Previous studies have revealed the beneficial effects of soybean on preventing bone loss due to its isoflavone contents. Fermentation alters the soybean isoflavone contents, that is, isoflavone glucosides is hydrolyzed into aglycones. However, it is not clear how these alterations influences the preventive effect of soybean on bone loss. In this study, we fed senescenc...

A Culture-Independent PCR-Based Assay to Detect the Root Rot Pathogen Fusarium solani Species Complex 11 from Soybean Roots and Soil.

Fusarium solani species complex (FSSC) 11 is the primary phylogenetic species of FSSC causing root rot in soybean in the north-central United States. A polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assay was developed to identify and differentiate FSSC 11 from the less aggressive FSSC 5 and other Fusarium and Pythium spp. associated with soybean roots. The primer set FSSC11-F and FSSC11-R designed from the RNA polymerase second largest subunit gene yielded the expected amplicon of about 900 bp with DNA from all 22 ...

Genome Editing in Soybean with CRISPR/Cas9.

CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genome editing technology has experienced rapid advances in recent years and has been applied to a wide variety of plant species, including soybean. Several platforms have been developed for designing and cloning of single CRISPR targets or multiple targets in a single destination vector. This chapter provides an updated working protocol for applying CRISPR/Cas9 technology to target a single gene or multiple genes simultaneously in soybean. We describe two platforms for cloning single C...

Transcriptome profilling analysis characterized the gene expression patterns responded to combined drought and heat stresses in soybean.

Heat and drought are the two major abiotic stress limiting soybean growth and output worldwide. Knowledge of the molecular mechanisms underlying the responses to heat, drought, and combined stress is essential for soybean molecular breeding. In this study, RNA-sequencing was used to determine the transcriptional responses of soybean to heat, drought and combined stress. RNA-sequencing analysis demonstrated that many genes involved in the defense response, photosynthesis, metabolic process, etc. are differen...

Elevated CO reduces the adverse effects of drought stress on a high-yielding soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) cultivar by increasing water use efficiency.

Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) is the world's most important grain legume. The impacts of climate change such as elevated CO and drought on soybean physiological and morphological responses are not well understood. This study evaluated the effects of elevated CO (ambient concentration + 200 mmol mol) and drought stress (35-45% of relative water content) on soybean leaf photosynthesis, chlorophyll fluorescence, stress physiological indexes, morphological parameters, biomass and yield over 2 years a...

Accelerating Soybean Breeding in a CO2-Supplemented Growth Chamber.

Soybean (Glycine max) is the most important dicot crop worldwide, and is increasingly used as a model legume due to the wide availability of genomic soybean resources; however, the slow generation times of soybean plants are currently a major hindrance to research. Here, we demonstrate a method for accelerating soybean breeding in compact growth chambers, which greatly shortens the generation time of the plants and accelerates breeding and research projects. Our breeding method utilizes commonly used fluore...

Trichoderma harzianum mitigates salt stress in cucumber via multiple responses.

Trichoderma harzianum T-soybean plays an important role in controlling soybean root rot disease. However, the mechanism by which it improves plant tolerance to salt stress is not clear. In this study, we investigated the possible mechanism of T-soybean in mitigating the damage caused by salt stress in Cucumis sativus L plants. Our results suggest that T-soybean improved salt tolerance of cucumber seedlings by affecting the antioxidant enzymes including peroxidase (POD) (EC 1.11.1.6), polyphenol oxidase (PPO...

Stress-responsive miRNAome of Glycine max (L.) Merrill: molecular insights and way forward.

Analysis of stress-associated miRNAs of Glycine max (L.) Merrill reveals wider ramifications of small RNA-mediated (conserved and legume-specific miRNAs) gene regulatory foot prints in molecular adaptive responses. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are indispensable components of gene regulatory mechanism of plants. Soybean is a crop of immense commercial potential grown worldwide for its edible oil and soy meal. Intensive research efforts, using the next generation sequencing and bioinformatics techniques, have led to th...

Does mechanical damage on soybean induces the production of flavonoids?

The response of plants to grazing includes the production of chemical defense compounds such as proteases inhibitors and secondary metabolites as flavonoids, which makes them less palatable to feeding and negatively affecting the physiology of insects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the phytochemical response of soybean cultivars (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) resistant (IAC-17, IAC-24) and susceptible (IAC-P1) to insects after mechanical damage. These cultivars were mechanically injured, and after 24 ho...

Herbicide Toxicity to Soybean-Rhizobium Symbiosis as Affected by Soil pH.

The current study examined whether soil pH could influence the toxicity of herbicides to soybean-rhizobium symbiosis. This can be useful for farmers to minimize the toxicity of them to crop-rhizobium symbiosis via applying their reduced doses. The toxicity of bentazon, metribuzin, and trifluralin to soybean-rhizobium symbiosis was investigated in pH 6.4, 7.2, and 8 soils. Seed inoculation decreased shoot:root (S:R) ratio but increased height, shoot dry weight (SDW), root dry weight (RDW), shoot nitrogen con...

Development of a Simple Hydroponic Assay to Study Vertical and Horizontal Resistance of Soybean and Pathotypes of Phytophthora sojae.

Phytophthora root rot, caused by Phytophthora sojae, is one of the most damaging diseases of soybean and the introgression of Rps (Resistance to P. sojae) genes into elite soybean lines is arguably the best way to manage this disease. Current bioassays to phenotype the gene-for-gene relationship are hampered with respect to reproducibility and long-term stability of isolates, and do not accurately predict horizontal resistance individually. The aim of our study was to investigate a new way of phenotyping P....

Modelling predicts that soybean is poised to dominate crop production across Africa.

The superior agronomic and human nutritional properties of grain legumes (pulses) make them an ideal foundation for future sustainable agriculture. Legume-based farming is particularly important in Africa, where small-scale agricultural systems dominate the food production landscape. Legumes provide an inexpensive source of protein and nutrients to African households as well as natural fertilization for the soil. While the consumption of traditionally grown legumes has started to decline, the production of ...

Recessive resistance governed by a major quantitative trait locus restricts clover yellow vein virus in mechanically but not graft-inoculated cultivated soybeans.

Clover yellow vein virus (ClYVV) infects and causes disease in legume plants. However, here we found that ClYVV isolate No. 30 (ClYVV-No.30) inefficiently multiplied or spread via cell-to-cell movement in mechanically inoculated leaves of a dozen soybean (Glycine max) cultivars, and resulted in failure to spread systemically. Soybean plants also had a similar resistance phenotype against additional ClYVV isolates. In contrast, all but one of 24 tested accessions of wild soybeans (G. soja) were susceptible t...

Relationship between biochemical and photosynthetic traits with Asian soybean rust.

Asian soybean rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi - ASR) is one of the major diseases that occur in soybean and causes great damage to commercial crops. Therefore, the goal of this work was to investigate the relationship between biochemical and photosyntetic parameters in soybean with ASR. Two experiments were performed in a randomized complete block with three treatments (water, Tween 20, and methyl jasmonate). The evaluated traits were: severity, chlorophyll pools, concentration of phenolic compounds content, en...

Dietary soybean antigen impairs growth and health through stress-induced non-specific immune responses in Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei.

In order to compare the effect of substituting fish meal with fermented soybean meal and soybean meal, and confirmed whether the benefit from the two feed materials was related to the content of inclusive soybean antigen protein, two experiments were designed. In experiment 1, one of the two practical diets contained 24.9% soybean meal (SBM), the other one containing 8% fermented soybean meal and 16.95% soybean meal (FSBM); in experiment 2, two semi-purified diets were included with high antigen protein (SP...


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