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Apomorphine Injection Parkinson Disease PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Apomorphine Injection Parkinson Disease articles that have been published worldwide.
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Subcutaneous apomorphine infusion is a clinically established therapy for patients with Parkinson's disease with motor fluctuations not optimally controlled by oral medication. Open-label studies have shown that apomorphine infusion is effective in reducing off time (periods when antiparkinsonian drugs have no effect), dyskinesias, and levodopa dose, but confirmatory evidence from double-blind, controlled studies is lacking. We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of apomorphine infusion compared wi...
ND0701, A Novel Formulation of Apomorphine for Subcutaneous Infusion, in Comparison to a Commercial Apomorphine Formulation: 28-Day Pharmacokinetic Study in Minipigs and a Phase I Study in Healthy Volunteers to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Relative Bioavailability.
Subcutaneous apomorphine is used for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD); however, infusion site reactions are a common adverse event (AE), which can lead to treatment discontinuation. Apomorphine formulations that are more tolerable and convenient for use are needed.
Intrastriatal injection of botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT-A) results in improved motor behavior of hemiparkinsonian (hemi-PD) rats, an animal model for Parkinson's disease. The caudate-putamen (CPu), as the main input nucleus of the basal ganglia loop, is fundamentally involved in motor function and directly interacts with the dopaminergic system. To determine receptor-mediated explanations for the BoNT-A effect, we analyzed the dopamine D₂/D₃ receptor (D₂/D₃R) in the CPu of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)...
Mild cognitive impairment is a common feature of Parkinson's disease, even at the earliest disease stages, but there is variation in the nature and severity of cognitive involvement and in the risk of conversion to Parkinson's disease dementia. This review aims to summarise current understanding of mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease. We consider the presentation, rate of conversion to dementia, underlying pathophysiology and potential biomarkers of mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson's dise...
To investigate whether diabetes mellitus is associated with Parkinson-like pathology in people without Parkinson disease and to evaluate the effect of diabetes mellitus on markers of Parkinson pathology and clinical progression in drug-naive patients with early-stage Parkinson disease.
Visual hallucinations (VHs) are common in Parkinson's disease (PD), with prevalence ranging from 27-50% in cross-sectional cohorts of patients with well-established disease. However, minor hallucinations may occur earlier in the disease process than has been previously reported.
Advanced Parkinson's disease is characterized by the presence of motor fluctuations, various degree of dyskinesia, and disability with functional impact on activities of daily living and independence. Therapeutic management aims to extend levodopa benefit while minimizing motor complications and includes, in selected cases, the implementation of drug infusion and surgical techniques. In milder forms of motor complications, these can often be controlled with manipulation of levodopa dose and the introduction...
Development of motor fluctuations and dyskinesia characterizes the transition from early to advanced Parkinson disease stage. Current therapeutic strategies to manage motor complications aim at increasing the number of levodopa administrations and extending its benefit by the association of enzyme blockers and dopamine agonists. However, as disease progresses, mobility becomes progressively dependent on levodopa absorption and its plasma bioavailability, resulting in loss of independence, worse quality of l...
Neuroimaging in Parkinson's disease is an evolving field, providing in-vivo insights into the structural and biochemical changes of the condition, although its diagnosis remains clinical. Here, we aim to summarize the most relevant recent advances in neuroimaging in Parkinson's disease to assess the underlying disease process, identify a biomarker of disease progression and guide or monitor therapeutic interventions.
Development of motor fluctuations and dyskinesia characterizes the transition from the early to the advanced Parkinson stage. Current oral therapeutic strategies aim at increasing the number of levodopa administrations and extending its benefit by the association of enzyme blockers (MAO- and COMT-inhibitors) and dopamine agonists. However, as disease progresses, mobility becomes progressively dependent on levodopa absorption and plasma bioavailability, resulting in disabling motor complications. If patients...
Common forms of Parkinson's disease have long been described as idiopathic, with no single penetrant genetic factor capable of influencing disease aetiology. Recent genetic studies indicate a clear association of variants within several lysosomal genes as risk factors for idiopathic Parkinson's disease. The emergence of novel variants suggest that the aetiology of idiopathic Parkinson's disease may be explained by the interaction of several partially penetrant mutations that, while seemingly complex, all ap...
Although, current medications for Parkinson's disease can control and relief symptoms of the disease efficiently, they are unable to either prevent progression of the disease or maintain their controlling ability as a long-term medication. To find suitable adjuvant and/or alternative treatments, researchers have investigated antioxidative and anti-inflammatory approaches, since emerging evidence consider oxidative stress and neuroinflammation as leading causes of the development of Parkinson's disease. Here...
The purpose of this study was to investigate a potential nucleophilic addition mechanism in aqueous apomorphine formulation solutions in the presence of widely used anti-oxidants such as sodium metabisulfite (NaSO). The findings of this investigation provide insights into how sodium metabisulfite influence the formation of particulate under the conditions leading to the auto-oxidation of apomorphine to apomorphine orthoquinone. The addition products resulting from the reaction of bisulfite nucleophile on ap...
Parkinson's disease is the second common progressive neurodegenerative disease, distressing older men and is prevalent Worldwide.
Non-motor symptoms (NMS) are common in late stage Parkinson's disease (PD), as the frequency and severity of most of these symptoms increase with advancing disease.
Pain is a prevalent and debilitating nonmotor symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD) that is often inadequately managed. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been shown to relieve pain in PD but an effective method of identifying which types of PD pain respond to DBS has not been established. We examine the effects of DBS on different types of PD pain using the King's Parkinson's disease pain scale (KPDPS), the only validated scale of PD pain.
To review recent advances in therapeutics for motor and nonmotor symptoms of Parkinson's disease.
The Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (CERAD) neuropsychological battery was created to assess cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease (AD) but it is widely-used for various dementias. The aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy of using the CERAD battery in the assessment of patients with Parkinson's disease. Forty-nine patients with Parkinson's disease were divided into two groups (one with dementia and one without) using the Movement Disorder Society criteria for Parkin...
Emotional experience of people with Parkinson's disease is prone to being misunderstood by observers and even healthcare practitioners, which affects treatment effectiveness and makes clients suffer distress in their social lives. This study was designed to identify reliable emotional cues from expressive behavior in women and men with Parkinson's disease.
The classic animal model of Parkinson's disease (PD) using neurotoxin can only simulate fixed stages of the disease by causing irreversible damage to the nigrostriatal system.
Falls are common among people with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) and are suggested to be associated with white matter hyperintensities (WMH) of the brain.
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder, affecting up to 10 million people worldwide according to the Parkinson's Disease Foundation. Epidemiological and genetic studies show a preponderance of idiopathic cases and a subset linked to genetic polymorphisms of a familial nature. Traditional Chinese medicine and Ayurveda recognized and treated the illness that Western Medicine terms PD millennia ago, and descriptions of Parkinson's symptomatology by Europeans date back 2000 years to the...
Current understanding of the pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease suggests a key role of the accumulation of alpha-synuclein in the pathogenesis. This critical review highlights major landmarks, hypotheses and controversies about the origin and progression of synucleinopathy in Parkinson's disease, leading to an updated review of evidence suggesting the enteric nervous system might be the starting point for the whole process. Although accumulating and compelling evidence favors this theory, the remaining ...
Gastrointestinal symptoms are common in Parkinson's disease and frequently precede the development of motor impairments. Intestinal inflammation has been proposed as a driver of disease pathology, and evaluation of inflammatory mediators in stool could possibly identify valuable early-stage biomarkers. We measured immune- and angiogenesis-related proteins in human stool to examine inflammatory profiles associated with Parkinson's disease.
It has been proposed that acupuncture has several benefits for patients with Parkinsons disease. However, its real clinical effect is still under discussion.