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Atrial Fibrillation Atrial Fibrillation Coronary Atherosclerotic Heart Disease PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Atrial Fibrillation Atrial Fibrillation Coronary Atherosclerotic Heart Disease articles that have been published worldwide.
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Atrial fibrillation frequently affects patients with valvular heart disease. Ablation of atrial fibrillation during valvular surgery is an alternative for restoring sinus rhythm.
Heart failure and atrial fibrillation are the two new epidemics of cardiovascular disease. Their frequent coincidence increases mortality rates mainly because of increased risk of thromboembolic events. The review focuses on epidemiology, mechanisms, prognosis in patients with heart failure and atrial fibrillation, approaches to the administration of direct oral anticoagulants and role of rivaroxaban.
Mechanisms of maintenance of both atrial fibrillation and structural left ventricular disease are known to include fibrosis. Galectin-3, a biomarker of fibrosis, is elevated both in patients with heart failure and persistent atrial fibrillation. We sought to find whether galectin-3 has a prognostic value in patients with heart failure and a reduced left ventricular ejection fraction undergoing ablation of persistent atrial fibrillation.
Atrial fibrillation and hypertension are often coexistent. Their incidence increases with advancing age and they are responsible for considerable morbidity and mortality. The relation between theses 2 diseases has long been discussed and determined by clinical studies. Left ventricular hypertrophy and left atrial remodeling during hypertension favor the development of atrial fibrillation. AF during hypertension increases the risk of thromboembolic complications and heart failure. In patients with hypertensi...
Recently, the analysis of the spatio-temporal behavior of atrial fibrillation activation patterns has been widely investigated with the aim to better understand the arrhythmia implications on the heart electrical activity. Most of the proposed techniques are based on atrial activation timing detections. Unfortunately atrial activation timings are not easily recognizable on the electrograms (EGMs) and an approach to support the validation of such techniques is highly desirable. The aim of this study is to pr...
Among the potential factors which may contribute to the development and perpetuation of atrial fibrillation, dysregulation of miRNAs has been suggested. Thus in this study, we have quantified the basal expressions of 662 mature human miRNAs in left atrium (LA) from patients undergoing cardiac surgery for valve repair, suffering or not from atrial fibrillation (AF) by using TaqMan® Low Density arrays (v2.0).
Catheter ablation for rhythm control is recommended in specific patient populations with paroxysmal, persistent, or long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation. Pulmonary vein isolation is the cornerstone of the ablative therapy for atrial fibrillation. However, relapse is still common since the single procedure efficacy of atrial fibrillation ablation was estimated to be 60-80% in paroxysmal and 50-70% in persistent atrial fibrillation. It is important to identify predictors of successful atrial fibrillat...
Deficiency of testosterone was associated with the susceptibility of atrial fibrillation. Angiotensin-II receptor antagonists were shown to reduce atrial fibrillation by improving atrial electrical remodeling. This study investigated the effects and mechanism of valsartan, an angiotensin-II receptor antagonist, on the susceptibility to atrial fibrillation with testosterone deficiency.
High monocyte counts are related to adverse outcomes in cardiovascular disease. Their role in prognostication in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is unknown. We investigated whether monocyte counts are useful as a marker of prognosis in patients with AF.
Stroke is the most feared complication of atrial fibrillation. To prevent stroke, left atrial appendage exclusion has been targeted, as it is the prevalent site for formation of heart thrombi during atrial fibrillation. We review the historic development of methods for exclusion of the left atrial appendage and the evidence to support its amputation during routine cardiac surgery.
The review analyzed current ideas on prevalence and clinical significance of atrial fibrillation following acute coronary syndrome; described modern approaches to administration of antithrombotic therapy; and addressed available clinical studies on the treatment with warfarin and new oral anticoagulants as a part of combination antithrombotic therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation and acute coronary syndrome.
The aim of this study was to study the risk of death and development of arrhythmia and/or subsequently heart failure after an atrial flutter ablation procedure compared with an atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation procedure.
Radiofrequency ablation has become a safe and effective treatment for atrial fibrillation. We believe that referral to an electrophysiologist for consideration of ablation may allow for better rhythm control and outcomes by altering the natural history of atrial fibrillation progression.
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is the commonest cause of valvular heart disease and a common cause of heart failure in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Atrial fibrillation (AF) complicates RHD, precipitates and worsens heart failure and cause unfavourable outcomes. We set out to describe the prevalence, clinical characteristics and outcomes of valvular atrial fibrillation in a cohort of African patients with acute heart failure (AHF).
The aim of this study was to evaluate a spatial correlation between active atrial fibrillation (AF) drivers measured by ECGI and complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAEs) in patients with persistent AF.
Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF), but the underlying mechanisms remain to be fully elucidated.
Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) is broadly defined despite high variability in the occurrence and duration of PAF episodes.
Depression is a frequently observed comorbid condition in patients with cardiovascular diseases. In contrast to coronary heart disease and heart failure there is a limited amount of published data concerning the increased prevalence of depression among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Therefore, we decided to assess the prevalence of depression in Polish community-dwelling older patients with a history of AF.
Atrial fibrillation and heart failure are increasing in prevalence, and frequently coexist. Despite the desire to restore sinus rhythm in heart failure patients, large studies comparing rate control to pharmacologic rhythm control have failed to show superiority of either approach. This may in part be due to the inefficacy and higher risk of adverse effects with antiarrhythmic drugs in HF patients. As such, catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fracti...
Atrial fibrillation increases the risk of stroke by a factor of 4- to 5-fold, and dementia is a common consequence of stroke. However, atrial fibrillation has been associated with cognitive impairment and dementia, even in patients without prior overt stroke. Non-ischemic mechanisms include cerebral hypoperfusion, vascular inflammation, brain atrophy, genetic factors, and shared risk factors such as age or hypertension. Critical appraisal of studies evaluating the association between atrial fibrillation and...
Atrial fibrillation might increase the risk of dementia. We aim to test the hypothesis that dementia could reclassify the actual risk of stroke and death predicted by the CHA2DS2-VASc in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).
Opportunistic screening for atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients over 65 years of age is currently recommended.
Integrated care for the clinical management of atrial fibrillation patients is advocated as a holistic way to improve outcomes; the simple ABC (Atrial fibrillation Better Care) pathway has been proposed. The ABC pathway streamlines care as follows: 'A' Avoid stroke; 'B' Better symptom management; 'C' Cardiovascular and Comorbidity optimisation.