PubMed Journals Articles About "Back What Give Decreased Hospital Infections With Improvement" RSS

18:05 EST 26th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "back what give Decreased hospital infections with improvement" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 21,000+

You get back what you give: Decreased hospital infections with improvement in CHG bathing, a mathematical modeling and cost analysis.

Multiple studies have shown that bathing with chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) wipes reduces hospital-acquired infections (HAIs). We employed a mathematical model to assess the impact of CHG patient bathing on central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs), catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs), and hospital-onset Clostridium difficile (C diff) infections and the associated costs.

Hospital Volume and Postoperative Infections in Total Knee Arthroplasty.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the associations of hospital volume with revision surgery for infection and superficial incisional infections.

Association of Hospital Altitude and Postoperative Infectious Complications After Major Operations.

The relationship between altitude during treatment and common postoperative infections remains to be established. Based on the inverse relationship between oxygen partial pressure and altitude, we hypothesized that hospital elevation would correlate positively with postoperative infectious complication rates, including surgical site infection (SSI), urinary tract infection (UTI), and pneumonia. We used an event-enriched population of general, urologic, vascular, plastic-reconstructive, orthopedic, and thor...

Multi-drug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in hospital acquired infections: concomitant analysis of antimicrobial resistant strains.

Hospital acquired infections caused by K. pneumoniae are difficult to eradicate since K. pneumoniae carries resistance genes for many antimicrobials, including carbapenems. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of hospital acquired infections caused by multiple drug resistant K. pneumoniae and identify carbapenem and fluoroquinolone resistance by phenotypic and genotypic methods among hospitalized patients.

Preoperative nutrition consults associated with decreased postoperative complication rate and decreased length of hospital stay after spine metastasis surgery.

Preoperative malnutrition is associated with increased postoperative complications rates and hospital length of stay. However, the degree to which these risks can be mitigated by nutritional consultation has not been well-described. To address this, we sought to determine if a preoperative nutrition consult was associated with decreased 30-day complication rates and hospital length of stay.

Navel to Knees With Chlorhexidine Gluconate: Preventing Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections.

Urinary tract infections are the most common type of health care-associated infection, and greater than 75% of them are attributed to an indwelling urinary catheter. A catheter-associated urinary infection may lead to a longer hospital length of stay by as many as 4 days. A new patient care standard requiring twice-daily chlorhexidine cleansing from umbilicus to knees was implemented on all patients of the pilot unit with a urinary catheter. This same technique was used after a patient with a urinary cathet...

Chlorhexidine bathing of the critically ill for the prevention of hospital-acquired infection.

Hospital-acquired infection is a frequent adverse event in patient care; it can lead to longer stays in the intensive care unit (ICU), additional medical complications, permanent disability or death. Whilst all hospital-based patients are susceptible to infections, prevalence is particularly high in the ICU, where people who are critically ill have suppressed immunity and are subject to increased invasive monitoring. People who are mechanically-ventilated are at infection risk due to tracheostomy and reintu...

Magnitude of surgical site infection and its associated factors among patients who underwent a surgical procedure at Wolaita Sodo University Teaching and Referral Hospital, South Ethiopia.

Surgical site infections are infections that take place within 30 days of an operative procedure. Worldwide, 23% of patients develop surgical site infections among all surgeries annually with the worst complications causing prolonged hospital stays, increased resistance of microorganisms to antimicrobials, higher health system costs, emotional stress for patients and their families, and substantial economic burdens on hospitals. Therefore, this study was created to assess the magnitude and associated factor...

Impact of multi-drug resistant bacteria on economic and clinical outcomes of healthcare-associated infections in adults: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Infections with multidrug resistant (MDR) bacteria in hospital settings have substantial implications in terms of clinical and economic outcomes. However, due to clinical and methodological heterogeneity, estimates about the attributable economic and clinical effects of healthcare-associated infections (HAI) due to MDR microorganisms (MDR HAI) remain unclear. The objective was to review and synthesize the evidence on the impact of MDR HAI in adults on hospital costs, length of stay, and mortality at dischar...

Birth Season and Infection Risk Among Children Under 5 Years Old: A Study of Hospital Admissions and Short Message Service-reported Symptoms at Home.

The season in which a child is born may affect the immune system development and thereby influence the risk of infections. In this study, we examined the associations between birth season and the risk of hospital admission or symptoms associated with a wide range of infections.

Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections in Adults: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common healthcare-associated infections, and 70%-80% are catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs). About 25% of hospitalized patients have an indwelling urinary catheter placed during their hospital stay, and therefore, are at risk for CAUTIs which have been associated with worse patient outcomes. Additionally, hospitals face a significant financial impact since the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services incentive program penalizes hospital...

Reduction mammoplasty and back pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

There is anecdotal evidence that many patients who undergo reduction mammoplasty (RM) procedures, to relieve symptoms of large breasts, also report improvement in existing back pain. Given how important back pain is as a healthcare burden, the literature which explores the relationship between RM and back pain is sparse. Thus, we aimed to appraise whether such a correlation exists, through systematic review and meta-analysis.

Urinary Tract Infections Caused by Community-Acquired Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae in a Level III Hospital - A Retrospective Study.

The emergence of β-lactamases producing bacteria is a problem worldwide, with increasing importance in communityacquired infections, especially in urinary tract infections. Data regarding the use of non-carbapenem antimicrobials in these infections are scarce. The aim of this study was to analyse the treatment and outcome of urinary tract infections caused by community-acquired β-lactamase-producing bacteria in children.

Hospital-Based Quality Improvement Interventions for Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Systematic Review.

Quality improvement initiatives have been developed to improve acute coronary syndrome care largely in high-income country settings. We sought to synthesize the effect size and quality of evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and nonrandomized studies for hospital-based acute coronary syndrome quality improvement interventions on clinical outcomes and process of care measures for their potential implementation in low- and middle-income country settings.

Assessing depression improvement with the remission evaluation and mood inventory tool (REMIT).

The Remission Evaluation and Mood Inventory Tool (REMIT) was developed as a brief complementary measure to provide a more robust assessment of depression improvement than tracking DSM-V symptom improvement alone. This study provides further validation of the REMIT tool and examines its utility in predicting depression improvement.

Looking back on 2019 and commemorating 40 years of HIS and JHI.

A Simple Method for Estimating Hand Hygiene Use Among Anesthesia Personnel: Development, Validation, and Use in a Quality Improvement Project.

Frequent hand hygiene by anesthesia personnel may be an important factor in reducing contamination of IV lines and medication access ports and may reduce hospital-acquired infections. Measurement of hand hygiene frequency at the individual clinician level by direct observation or electronic devices is cumbersome and expensive. We developed and validated a simple method for estimating hand hygiene frequency by individual anesthesia providers and utilized it in a quality improvement initiative to increase han...

Cooling The Hot Spots Where Child Hospitalization Rates Are High: A Neighborhood Approach To Population Health.

Improving population health requires a focus on neighborhoods with high rates of illness. We aimed to reduce hospital days for children from two high-morbidity, high-poverty neighborhoods in Cincinnati, Ohio, to narrow the gap between their neighborhoods and healthier ones. We also sought to use this population health improvement initiative to develop and refine a theory for how to narrow equity gaps across broader geographic areas. We relied upon quality improvement methods and a learning health system app...

Burden of Surgical Site Infections in The Netherlands: Cost analyses and Disability Adjusted Life Years.

Surgical site infections (SSIs) are associated with morbidity, mortality and costs.

Sources of viral respiratory infections in Canadian acute care hospital healthcare personnel.

Viral respiratory illnesses are common causes of outbreaks and can be fatal to some patients.

The CD38/NAD/SIRTUIN1/EZH2 Axis Mitigates Cytotoxic CD8 T Cell Function and Identifies Patients with SLE Prone to Infections.

Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) suffer frequent infections that account for significant morbidity and mortality. T cell cytotoxic responses are decreased in patients with SLE, yet the responsible molecular events are largely unknown. We find an expanded CD8CD38 T cell subset in a subgroup of patients with increased rates of infections. CD8CD38 T cells from healthy subjects and patients with SLE display decreased cytotoxic capacity, degranulation, and expression of granzymes A and B and p...

Achromobacter xylosoxidans in hospital environments: still waters run deep!

Hospital reservoirs of Achromobacter xylosoxidans, responsible for nosocomial infections, are poorly known.

Back beliefs among elderly seeking health care due to back pain; psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the back beliefs questionnaire.

The Back Beliefs Questionnaire (BBQ) is a 14-item patient-reported questionnaire that measures attitudes and beliefs about the consequences of back pain. The BBQ has recently been translated into Norwegian, but its psychometric properties have not yet been tested. The aim of this study is to evaluate the reliability and construct validity of the BBQ when used on elderly patients with back pain.

Improving the Transition of Intravenous to Enteral Antibiotics in Pediatric Patients with Pneumonia or Skin and Soft Tissue Infections.

Despite national recommendations for early transition to enteral antimicrobials, practice variability has existed at our hospital.

Between-Hospital Variation in Revision Rates After Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty in the Netherlands: Directing Quality-Improvement Initiatives.

Variation in 1-year revision rates between Dutch hospitals after primary total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA) may direct quality-improvement initiatives if this variation accurately reflects true hospital differences. The aim of the present study was to assess the extent of variation, both overall and for specific indications, as well as the statistical reliability of ranking hospitals.

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