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Cabazitaxel XRP6258 Gemcitabine Midazolam Neoplasms Malignant PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Cabazitaxel XRP6258 Gemcitabine Midazolam Neoplasms Malignant articles that have been published worldwide.
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Second malignant neoplasm is one of the most devastating late effects of childhood cancers. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence and survival outcomes of patients developing second malignant neoplasms (SMNs) after surviving childhood cancer in Korea.
Urachal neoplasms are uncommon and represent a minor portion of bladder tumors. According to the recently updated World Health Organization classification (2016), these tumors are classified as adenomas, adenocarcinomas, nonglandular neoplasms, and mixed carcinomas. The mucinous cystic neoplasms represent a small percentage of urachal tumors with morphologic spectrum ranging from benign mucinous cystadenoma to borderline mucinous cystic tumor of low malignant potential and to malignant mucinous cystadenocar...
To obtain routine clinical practice data on cabazitaxel usage patterns for patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) and to describe physician-assessed cabazitaxel effectiveness, health-related quality of life (HRQL) and safety.
- Pleural pathology has been dominated by discussions relating to the diagnosis, prognosis, etiology, and management of malignant mesothelioma. However, there exists a diverse group of other neoplasms that involve the pleura; the most common by far is metastatic carcinoma, usually of pulmonary origin. Other metastatic tumors of varied histogenesis do occur but are less common. Primary pleural neoplasms other than diffuse malignant mesothelioma are either uncommon or rare and have received less attention.
OBJECTIVE To compare sedation in cockatiels (Nymphicus hollandicus) after intranasal administration of midazolam and midazolam-butorphanol. ANIMALS 9 healthy adult cockatiels. PROCEDURES A randomized, controlled, blinded, complete crossover study was conducted. Birds were assigned to 3 treatment groups. Midazolam (3 mg/kg), midazolam-butorphanol (3 mg/kg for each drug), or sterile saline (0.9% NaCl) solution (control treatment) was administered intranasally. Sedation quality was assessed at 3 time points by...
To evaluated the apoptosis in parotid glands of rats treated with Midazolam associated or not with Pilocarpine, Sixty Wistar rats were assigned to 6 groups: control group received saline solution for 30 days (S30) and 60 days (S60) and the other groups received Pilocarpine for 60 days (P60); Midazolam for 30 days (M30); Midazolam for 30 days and 30 days of saline (M30 + S30) and finally Midazolam for 30 days and 30 days of Midazolam and Pilocarpine (M30 + MP30). Histological sections were subjected to the T...
Intoxication with organophosphorus compounds can result in life-threatening organ dysfunction and refractory seizures. Sedation or hypnosis is essential to facilitate mechanical ventilation and control seizure activity. The range of indications for midazolam includes both hypnosis and seizure control. Since benzodiazepines cause sedation and hypnosis by dampening neuronal activity of the cerebral cortex, we investigated the drug's effect on action potential firing of cortical neurons in brain slices. Extens...
Gemcitabine is the cornerstone of pancreatic cancer treatment. Although effective in most patients, development of tumor resistance to gemcitabine can critically limit its efficacy. The mechanisms responsible for this phenomenon remain elusive, but evidence suggests that ubiquitin-specific peptidases (USPs) may be key regulators in cancer chemo-resistance. The present study aimed to investigate the role of USP9X in gemcitabine resistance using in vitro pancreatic cell lines and a mouse xenograft model. We f...
Little is known about late-onset primary malignant neoplasms after repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), despite malignancy being one of the primary causes of late death. We investigated the incidence and prognostic factors related to the occurrence of malignancy after AAA repair.
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common bone malignancy in children and adolescents. Combined treatments of anti-cancer drugs can remarkably improve chemotherapeutic outcomes. Gemcitabine and licoricidin both have potential anti-tumor activity in several cancers. However, the combined therapeutic efficiency of gemcitabine and licoricidin for OS has not been explored. Here, we found that licoricidin or gemcitabine inhibited OS cell viability in a dose-dependent manner. Cotreatment with licoricidin and gemcitabi...
No dosing regimen has been established for the initial treatment of pediatric status epilepticus with intravenous midazolam. We therefore evaluated the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of bolus and continuous midazolam infusion.
The primary objective of this single-institution Phase I clinical trial was to establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of gemcitabine added to cisplatin delivered as heated intraoperative chemotherapy (HIOC) following resection of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM).
Proliferating trichilemmal tumours are benign but locally aggressive skin neoplasms arising from hair follicles. Rarely, they can become malignant and must be appropriately managed to prevent recurrence and metastasis. One must have a low threshold for diagnosing this rare neoplasm.
As in other organ systems, immunohistochemistry (IHC) serves as an ancillary diagnostic tool for a wide variety of neoplastic and non-neoplastic disorders, including infections, work-up of inflammatory conditions, and subtyping neoplasms of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. In addition, IHC is also used to detect a variety of prognostic and predictive molecular biomarkers for carcinomas of the GI tract. The purpose of this review is to highlight the use of IHC in common diagnostic scenarios throughout the tu...
Mucin-producing hepatic cystic neoplasms (MHCN) are uncommon and potentially malignant.
Gemcitabine, a pyrimidine nucleoside analogue, is an oncologic agent used in the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). Common dermatologic reactions associated with gemcitabine include alopecia, mild skin rash, and mucositis but skin necrosis is exceptional. Herein we present an unusual case of widespread skin necrosis mimicking toxic epidermal necrolysis in a 45-year-old woman receiving gemcitabine therapy for stage IIIA cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. This is the first reported case of a TEN-like reac...
We aimed to examine if changes in oxygen saturation and pulse rate of pediatric patients during conscious sedation with midazolam and nitrous oxide are associated with child's behavior, midazolam dose, the type and duration of the treatment and demographic parameters.
There are rare benign diseases that can mimic malignant breast neoplasms in the clinical exam and in mammography. We evaluated the contribution of an accessible procedure to most clinicians, the fine-needle aspiration cytology, to identify a rare mimicker of malignant breast neoplasms. A type 2 diabetic 85-year-old female presented with a 6-month history of a left breast lump. The physical exam and mammography were compatible with breast cancer. Nevertheless, after fine-needle aspiration cytology, the diagn...
Part 2 of this 2-part continuing medical education series discusses the clinical and histopathologic features of common premalignant and malignant lesions of the oral cavity. It is imperative for dermatologists to be able to recognize suspicious lesions, determine biopsy need, counsel, and refer patients presenting with premalignant or malignant conditions appropriately. Given the higher rates of mortality and morbidity of oral mucosal malignancies due to late diagnosis, appropriate treatment with multidisc...
Hypoxia is a hallmark of pancreatic cancer (PC) and is associated with gemcitabine resistance. However, the mechanisms underlying hypoxia-induced gemcitabine resistance in PC remain greatly unknown. Our previous work showed that miR-301a, a hypoxia-sensitive miRNA, is involved in PC metastasis under hypoxia via regulation of its target gene P63. Here, we showed that miR-301a was upregulated in a NF-κB independent manner under hypoxia and promoted gemcitabine resistance under hypoxic conditions in vitro. In...
Gemcitabine serves as a first-line chemotherapy agent for advanced pancreatic cancer. However, the molecular basis by which gemcitabine exerts its effects is not well-established, and the targeted genetic pathways remain unclear. PVT1 has been reported to be an oncogenic long noncoding RNA in tumorigenesis. Here, we showed that the expression of PVT1 is correlated with gemcitabine efficacy in pancreatic cancer therapy. Inhibition of PVT1 led to decreased cell growth in pancreatic cancer cells treated with g...
Midazolam and propofol are both used for sedation in gastrointestinal endoscopy. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety of midazolam and propofol in gastrointestinal endoscopy.
Ancillary tests in the diagnosis of liver and pancreatic neoplasms include a wide array of immunostains and molecular diagnostic tests, and the selection of tests is based on the differential diagnosis. This review discusses ancillary tests in the diagnosis of liver tumors, including benign and malignant primary tumors as well as metastatic tumors to the liver. In addition, ancillary tests for the diagnosis of both solid and cystic pancreatic neoplasms, including molecular tests in these lesions are also re...
Carotid body tumors (CBT) are rare neoplasms with relatively; due to their malignant potential, the indicated treatment is surgical resection. There have been described some associations of carotid body tumors with other neoplasms, however, the concomitant presentation of CBT with multinodular goiter is rarely encountered.
Recent studies have shown that etomidate is associated with fewer serious adverse events than propofol and has a noninferior sedative effect. We investigated whether etomidate-midazolam is associated with fewer cardiopulmonary adverse events and has noninferior efficacy compared to propofol-midazolam for screening colonoscopy in the elderly.