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PubMed Journals Articles About "Cisplatin Gemcitabine Hydrochloride Radiation Therapy Pancreatic Cancer" RSS

15:16 EDT 22nd October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Cisplatin Gemcitabine Hydrochloride Radiation Therapy Pancreatic Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Cisplatin Gemcitabine Hydrochloride Radiation Therapy Pancreatic Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "cisplatin gemcitabine hydrochloride radiation therapy Pancreatic Cancer" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 27,000+

Phase I Trial Evaluating the Safety of Preoperative Gemcitabine/nab-Paclitaxel With Concurrent Radiation Therapy for Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Cancer.

The objectives of this study were to assess the feasibility of preoperative gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel-based chemoradiation therapy (CRT) for patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC), which consists of induction chemotherapy and subsequent CRT, and to determine the recommended dose (RD) of gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel with concurrent radiation therapy in a phase I trial.


Inhibition of MAPKAPK2/MK2 facilitates DNA replication upon cancer cell treatment with gemcitabine but not cisplatin.

The signaling pathway driven by p38 and MAPKAPK2 alias MK2 is activated as part of stress responses, and these kinases represent attractive drug targets for cancer therapy. However, seemingly conflicting results were obtained when assessing the role of MK2 in chemotherapy. MK2 inhibitors were reported to either enhance or diminish the chemosensitivity of cancer cells. Here we show that this strongly depends on the particular chemotherapeutic drug. Two different MK2 inhibitors increased the proliferating fra...

USP9X inhibition improves gemcitabine sensitivity in pancreatic cancer by inhibiting autophagy.

Gemcitabine is the cornerstone of pancreatic cancer treatment. Although effective in most patients, development of tumor resistance to gemcitabine can critically limit its efficacy. The mechanisms responsible for this phenomenon remain elusive, but evidence suggests that ubiquitin-specific peptidases (USPs) may be key regulators in cancer chemo-resistance. The present study aimed to investigate the role of USP9X in gemcitabine resistance using in vitro pancreatic cell lines and a mouse xenograft model. We f...


Gemcitabine-Incorporated G-Quadruplex Aptamer for Targeted Drug Delivery into Pancreas Cancer.

Gemcitabine has been considered a first-line chemotherapy agent for the treatment of pancreatic cancer. However, the initial response rate of gemcitabine is low and chemoresistance occurs frequently. Aptamers can be effectively internalized into cancer cells via binding to target molecules with high affinity and specificity. In the current study, we constructed an aptamer-based gemcitabine delivery system, APTA-12, and assessed its therapeutic effects on pancreatic cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. APTA-...

A randomised phase 2 trial of nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine with or without capecitabine and cisplatin in locally advanced or borderline resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

The current trial assessed whether the addition of cisplatin and capecitabine to the nab-paclitaxel-gemcitabine backbone is feasible and active against borderline and locally advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC).

Mechanism Comparison of Gemcitabine and Dasatinib-Resistant Pancreatic Cancer by Integrating mRNA and miRNA Expression Profiles.

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal cancers with limited treatment options. Gemcitabine has been the standard drug for patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. Dasatinib is a competitive inhibitor of Src kinase, which has shown promise in treatment of pancreatic cancer. Several studies have revealed the drug resistant mechanism of gemcitabine or dasatinib in human cancers; however, few reports focused on the different mechanisms of gemcitabine and dasatinib resistance in pancreatic cancer. Here, we...

Gemcitabine exhibits a suppressive effect on pancreatic cancer cell growth by regulating processing of PVT1 to miR1207.

Gemcitabine serves as a first-line chemotherapy agent for advanced pancreatic cancer. However, the molecular basis by which gemcitabine exerts its effects is not well-established, and the targeted genetic pathways remain unclear. PVT1 has been reported to be an oncogenic long noncoding RNA in tumorigenesis. Here, we showed that the expression of PVT1 is correlated with gemcitabine efficacy in pancreatic cancer therapy. Inhibition of PVT1 led to decreased cell growth in pancreatic cancer cells treated with g...

Combination of interferon-expressing oncolytic adenovirus with chemotherapy and radiation is highly synergistic in hamster model of pancreatic cancer.

Recent clinical trials utilizing Interferon-alpha (IFN) in combination with chemoradiation have demonstrated significant improvements in the survival of patients with pancreatic cancer. However, efficacy was limited by the systemic toxicity of IFN and low intratumoral levels of the cytokine. We sought to address these drawbacks by using an Oncolytic Adenovirus expressing IFN (OAd-hamIFN) in combination with chemotherapy and/or radiation in regimens mimicking the IFN-based therapies used in clinical trials. ...

Gemcitabine and cisplatin for treatment of lung cancer in vitro and vivo.

To evaluate the antitumor activity of gemcitabine (GEM), cisplatin (DDP) as well as the combination of these two agents in lung cancer cells and mice.

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with gemcitabine and cisplatin for muscle-invasive bladder cancer: multicenter retrospective study.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of neoadjuvant gemcitabine and cisplatin (GC) therapy for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC).

Biomarker assessment of the CBCSG006 trial: A randomized phase III trial of cisplatin plus gemcitabine compared with paclitaxel plus gemcitabine as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer.

CBCSG006 trial reported the superior efficacy of cisplatin plus gemcitabine (GP) regimen than paclitaxel plus gemcitabine (GT) regimen as first-line treatment of metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (mTNBC). This study focused on the updated survival data and the explorations of potential biomarkers for efficacy.

Sequence therapy in metastatic pancreatic cancer.

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal cancer diseases. For years, gemcitabine has been the standard of care and the only therapeutic option in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer. Within the last years, new combination therapies have been established for first-line treatment, which significantly improve overall survival in comparison to gemcitabine monotherapy. Furthermore, new second-line therapies have been identified, which significantly improve overall survival. The current manuscript summa...

Efficacy and treatment-related adverse events of gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel for treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer "in a Korean" population: A single-center cohort study.

Pancreatic cancer has poor prognosis because of its rapid progression and treatment resistance. Based on the results of the Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Clinical Trial (MPACT), a combination regimen of gemcitabine with nab-paclitaxel is currently used as standard therapy for the treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer. However, because studies in Asian populations are lacking, we investigated the treatment efficacy and safety of this combination therapy in Korean population. Patients with metastat...

SLCO1B1 Polymorphism Is a Drug Response Predictive Marker for Advanced Pancreatic Cancer Patients Treated With Gemcitabine, S-1, or Gemcitabine Plus S-1.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on advanced pancreatic cancer risk and overall survival (OS) in a candidate-gene approach.

Economic Evaluation for USA of Systemic Chemotherapies as First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer.

Treatments for metastatic pancreatic cancer include monotherapy with gemcitabine (GEM); combinations of GEM with oxaliplatin (OX + GEM), cisplatin (CIS + GEM), capecitabine (CAP + GEM), or nab-paclitaxel (NAB-P + GEM); and the non-GEM combination FOLFIRINOX. Combination therapies have yielded better survival outcomes than GEM alone. A sponsor-independent economic evaluation of these regimens has not been conducted for USA.

Enzyme-treated Asparagus Extract Down-regulates Heat Shock Protein 27 of Pancreatic Cancer Cells.

From the standpoint of cancer therapy, it is valuable to enhance the anticancer effects of chemotherapy. Our previous reports revealed that up-regulation of heat-shock protein 27 (HSP27) has been linked to gemcitabine resistance of pancreatic cancer cells. Enzyme-treated asparagus extract (ETAS) is an extract that is produced from asparagus. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ETAS on the expression of HSP27 and other HSPs in the gemcitabine-resistant pancreatic cancer cell line KLM1-...

Dose Escalation in Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy for Pancreatic Cancer: A Meta-Analysis.

To determine whether increasing biologically effective dose (BED) with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is associated with improved local control (LC) or toxicities in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer.

Gemcitabine loaded microbubbles for targeted chemo-sonodynamic therapy of pancreatic cancer.

Pancreatic cancer remains one of the most lethal forms of cancer with a 10-year survival of

Resveratrol enhances the chemotherapeutic response and reverses the stemness induced by gemcitabine in pancreatic cancer cells via targeting SREBP1.

Gemcitabine is a standard treatment for advanced pancreatic cancer patients but can cause chemoresistance during treatment. The chemoresistant cells have features of cancer stem cells (CSCs). Resveratrol has been reported to overcome the resistance induced by gemcitabine. However, the mechanism by which resveratrol enhances chemosensitivity remains elusive. Here, we explored the mechanism by which resveratrol enhanced chemosensitivity and the role of sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBP1) in g...

Economic Evaluation for the UK of Systemic Chemotherapies as First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer.

Gemcitabine (GEM), oxaliplatin plus GEM (OX + GEM), cisplatin plus GEM (CIS + GEM), capecitabine plus GEM (CAP + GEM), FOLFIRINOX (FFX), and nab-paclitaxel plus GEM (NAB-P + GEM) are the most commonly used regimens as first-line treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer (MPC) in the UK. Independent economic evaluation of these regimens simultaneously has not been conducted for the UK.

Melatonin and its metabolite N1-acetyl-N2-formyl-5-methoxykynuramine (afmk) enhance chemosensitivity to gemcitabine in pancreatic carcinoma cells (PANC-1).

Gemcitabine is a standard chemotherapeutic agent for patients suffering from pancreatic cancer. However, the applied therapy is not effective due to the resistance of tumor cells to cytostatics, caused by inefficiency of the apoptotic mechanisms. Herein, we present the hypothesis that melatonin and its metabolite N-acetyl-N-formyl-5-methoxykynuramine (AFMK) modify the effect of gemcitabine on PANC-1 cells and that this phenomenon is dependent on the modulation of apoptosis.

An Italian cost-effectiveness analysis of paclitaxel albumin (nab-paclitaxel) + gemcitabine vs gemcitabine alone for metastatic pancreatic cancer patients: the APICE study.

The APICE study evaluates the cost-effectiveness of nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-paclitaxel - Nab-P) + gemcitabine (G) vs G alone in metastatic pancreatic cancer (MPC) from the Italian National Health Service (INHS) standpoint.

miR-301a plays a pivotal role in hypoxia-induced gemcitabine resistance in pancreatic cancer.

Hypoxia is a hallmark of pancreatic cancer (PC) and is associated with gemcitabine resistance. However, the mechanisms underlying hypoxia-induced gemcitabine resistance in PC remain greatly unknown. Our previous work showed that miR-301a, a hypoxia-sensitive miRNA, is involved in PC metastasis under hypoxia via regulation of its target gene P63. Here, we showed that miR-301a was upregulated in a NF-κB independent manner under hypoxia and promoted gemcitabine resistance under hypoxic conditions in vitro. In...

Sorafenib in combination with gemcitabine plus cisplatin chemotherapy in metastatic renal collecting duct carcinoma: A prospective, multicentre, single-arm, phase 2 study.

Collecting duct carcinoma (CDC) is a rare type of renal cancer with a poor prognosis. As there are no standard guidelines for the management of metastatic CDC (mCDC), we evaluated the efficacy and safety of combined therapies of sorafenib, gemcitabine, plus cisplatin in patients with mCDC.

Results from the prospective German TPK clinical cohort study: Treatment algorithms and survival of 1,174 patients with locally advanced, inoperable or metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.

Pancreatic cancer is a highly lethal malignancy. Developments in recent years have broadened our therapeutic armamentarium. Novel drugs such as nab-paclitaxel, liposomal irinotecan and chemotherapy regimens such as FOLFIRINOX have been successfully tested in clinical trials. Data on patients outside of clinical trials are scarce but necessary to assess and improve the standard of care. We present data on treatment and survival of 1,174 patients with locally advanced, inoperable or metastatic pancreatic duct...


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