PubMed Journals Articles About "Connected InSpectra Monitor Higk Risk Surgery" RSS

21:53 EDT 19th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "connected InSpectra Monitor Higk Risk Surgery" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 29,000+

Risk-adjusted monitoring of surgical performance.

We propose a nonparametric risk-adjusted cumulative sum chart to monitor surgical outcomes for patients with different risks of post-operative mortality due to risk factors that exist before the surgery. Using varying-coefficient logistic regression models, we accomplish the risk adjustment. Unknown coefficient functions are estimated by global polynomial spline approximation based on the maximum likelihood principle. We suggest a bisection minimization approach and a bootstrap method to determine the chart...

Perioperative cytokine profile during lung surgery predicts patients at risk for postoperative complications-A prospective, clinical study.

Postoperative complications after lung surgery are frequent, having a detrimental effect on patients' further course. Complications may lead to an increased length of hospital stay and cause additional costs. Several risk factors have been identified but it is still difficult to predict contemporary which patients are at risk. We hypothesized that patients who show an increased inflammatory response at the time of wound closure and 24 hours after surgery are at risk of postoperative complications within 30 ...

Longitudinal Changes in Regional Cerebral Perfusion and Cognition Following Cardiac Surgery.

Cardiac surgery has been associated with increased risk of postoperative cognitive decline, as well as dementia risk in the general population. Few studies, however, have examined the impact of coronary revascularization or valve replacement / repair surgery on longitudinal cerebral perfusion changes or their association with cognitive function.

The Influence of Antireflux Surgery on Esophageal Cancer Risk in England: National Population-based Cohort Study.

To evaluate how antireflux surgery influences the risk of esophageal cancer in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and Barrett esophagus.

Association of Postoperative Antibiotics With Surgical Site Infection in Mohs Micrographic Surgery.

Surgical site infection (SSI) is the most frequent complication of Mohs micrographic surgery. Previous studies have identified risk factors for SSI, but it is not known whether antibiotic prophylaxis mitigates this risk.

Association of Frailty With Failure to Rescue After Low-Risk and High-Risk Inpatient Surgery.

Failure to rescue (FTR), or death after a potentially preventable complication, is a nationally endorsed, publicly reported quality measure. However, little is known about the impact of frailty on FTR, in particular after low-risk surgical procedures.

Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis in Spine Surgery.

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a source of morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery. A substantial body of literature supports the use of VTE prophylactic agents in patients undergoing lower extremity surgery. Treatment options include early mobilization, mechanical prophylaxis via pneumatic compression devices, pharmacologic agents, and venous filters. No consensus has been established regarding utilization or timing of VTE prophylaxis measures after spine surgery. The risk of VT...

Safety in Hand Surgery: Eliminating Wrong-Site Surgery.

After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand the definition of wrong-site surgery and what it may encompass. 2. State the causes of wrong-site hand surgery. 3. Give examples of initiatives used to prevent wrong-site surgery. 4. Describe a process to minimize the risk of performing wrong-site surgery.

Fracture risk after gastric bypass surgery-a retrospective cohort study.

Gastric bypass surgery constitutes the most common and effective bariatric surgery to treat obesity. Gastric bypass leads to bone loss, but fracture risk following surgery has been insufficiently studied. Furthermore, the association between gastric bypass and fracture risk has not been studied in patients with diabetes, which is a risk factor for fracture and affected by surgery. In this retrospective cohort study using Swedish national databases, 38 971 obese patients undergoing gastric bypass were identi...

Delivery outcomes in term births after bariatric surgery: Population-based matched cohort study.

Obesity increases the risk of adverse delivery outcomes. Whether weight loss induced by bariatric surgery influences these risks remains to be determined. The objective was to investigate the risk of adverse delivery outcomes among post-surgery women compared with women without bariatric surgery history but with similar characteristics.

Endobarrier as a Pre Bariatric Surgical Intervention in High-Risk Patients: a Feasibility Study.

Obesity surgery mortality risk scoring system (OS-MRS) classifies patients into high, intermediate and low risk, based on age, body mass index, sex and other comorbidities such as hypertension and history of pulmonary embolism. High-risk patients not only have a higher mortality but are more likely to develop post-operative complications necessitating intervention or prolonged hospital stay following bariatric surgery. Endoscopically placed duodenal-jejunal bypass sleeve (Endobarrier) has been designed to a...

Maternal and Fetal Outcome after Cardiac Surgery during Pregnancy: A Meta-Analysis.

In the past, cardiac surgery during pregnancy has been associated with high risk of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Therefore, this meta-analysis was done to assess the fetomaternal risk after cardiac surgery during pregnancy using cardiopulmonary bypass in more recent studies.

Meta-analysis of in-hospital delay before surgery as a risk factor for complications in patients with acute appendicitis.

The traditional fear that every case of acute appendicitis will eventually perforate has led to the generally accepted emergency appendicectomy with minimized delay. However, emergency and thereby sometimes night-time surgery is associated with several drawbacks, whereas the consequences of surgery after limited delay are unclear. This systematic review aimed to assess in-hospital delay before surgery as risk factor for complicated appendicitis and postoperative morbidity in patients with acute appendicitis...

Risk prediction for Staphylococcus aureus surgical site infection following cardiothoracic surgery; A secondary analysis of the V710-P003 trial.

Identifying patients undergoing cardiothoracic surgery at high risk of Staphylococcus aureus surgical site infection (SSI) is a prerequisite for implementing effective preventive interventions. The objective of this study was to develop a risk prediction model for S. aureus SSI or bacteremia after cardiothoracic surgery based on pre-operative variables.

Tracking a painful episode after a joint replacement using patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs).

Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are an important tool in measuring the benefit of a surgery for patients and for clinicians. The results of such assessment tools can be used to monitor patient progress or initiate intervention. The scores also provide a reproducible evaluation of functional recovery and well-being after surgery. We report the case of a 68-year-old woman who underwent left unicondylar knee replacement in November 2011 followed by right unicondylar knee replacement in April 2012. Pr...

External Validation of European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation II (EuroSCORE II) for Risk Prioritization in an Iranian Population.

The European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation II (EuroSCORE II) is a prediction model which maps 18 predictors to a 30-day post-operative risk of death concentrating on accurate stratification of candidate patients for cardiac surgery.

Risk Factors for Gastrointestinal Leak after Bariatric Surgery: MBSAQIP Analysis.

Gastrointestinal leak remains one of the most dreaded complications in bariatric surgery. We aimed to evaluate risk factors and the impact of common perioperative interventions on the development of leak in patients underwent laparoscopic bariatric surgery.

Defining Types and Determining Risk Factors for Vascular Surgery Readmissions.

This study aims to investigate the risk factors for and appropriately categorize the various types of vascular surgery readmissions.

Cholecystectomy in Patients Submitted to Bariatric Procedure: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Weight loss following bariatric surgery increases risk for biliary stones. This study performed a meta-analysis evaluating cholecystectomy risks in bariatric patients. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed. We evaluated the incidence rate for biliary complications in patients followed after bariatric surgery. We compared the risks for mortality, complications, and in hospital stay among patient submitted to cholecystectomy before, concomitantly with or after bariatric surgery, as well as pati...

Risk Factors and Pooled Rate of Prolonged Opioid Use Following Trauma or Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-(Regression) Analysis.

Prolonged use of opioids initiated for surgical or trauma-related pain management has become a global problem. While several factors have been reported to increase the risk of prolonged opioid use, there is considerable inconsistency regarding their significance or effect size. Therefore, we aimed to pool the effects of risk factors for prolonged opioid use following trauma or surgery and to assess the rate and temporal trend of prolonged opioid use in different settings.

Early postoperative hypoalbuminemia is a risk factor for postoperative acute kidney injury following hip fracture surgery.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and serious complication after hip fracture surgery in older adults. Hypoalbuminemia is a known independent risk factor for AKI. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between early postoperative hypoalbuminemia and AKI after hip fracture surgery. Therefore, we sought to determine the incidence of and risk factors for AKI and the effects of early postoperative hypoalbuminemia on AKI incidence after surgery for hip fractures, especially intertrochanteric...

The impact of once versus twice daily enoxaparin prophylaxis on risk for venous thromboembolism and clinically relevant bleeding.

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a life or limb threatening complication that occurs in plastic surgery patients. At present, the optimal dose of enoxaparin that balances the risk of VTE and the risk of medication related adverse drug events, specifically bleeding, remains unknown.

"Toradol® following breast surgery: Is there an increased risk of hematoma?"

Ketorolac tromethamine (Toradol), a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug, is used with increased frequency given its success in postoperative pain control and the subsequent decreased need for narcotics. Its use has been limited in plastic surgery for fear of postoperative bleeding and hematoma formation. In this study of breast surgery patients, we investigated whether ketorolac increased the risk of postoperative hematoma formation.


Bariatric surgery has been an alternative when conservative methods of weight loss fail. Patients undergoing bariatric surgery have an increased risk of up to 6.5% of problems related to alcohol.

Incidence and Risk Factors for Mortality Following Bariatric Surgery: a Nationwide Registry Study.

Although bariatric surgery (BS) is considered safe, concern remains regarding severe post-operative adverse events and mortality. Using a national BS registry, the aim of this study was to assess the incidence, etiologies, and risk factors for mortality following BS.

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