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PubMed Journals Articles About "Docetaxel Prostate Cancer" RSS

04:05 EDT 27th May 2018 | BioPortfolio

Docetaxel Prostate Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Docetaxel Prostate Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "docetaxel Prostate Cancer" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 16,000+

A randomised phase II trial of docetaxel versus docetaxel plus carboplatin in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer who have progressed after response to prior docetaxel chemotherapy: The RECARDO trial.

Docetaxel is standard first-line chemotherapy for patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate carcinoma (mCRPC). Docetaxel re-challenge has never been tested in a prospective randomised controlled study. As some studies support the addition of carboplatin to docetaxel, we performed a phase II trial investigating the combination of docetaxel plus carboplatin versus docetaxel re-treatment in docetaxel pre-treated mCRPC patients.


Cdc20/p55 mediates the resistance to docetaxel in castration-resistant prostate cancer in a Bim-dependent manner.

At least to date, no effective treatment for advanced castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) has been established. Recent studies indicated that cell division cycle 20 homolog (Cdc20) overexpression is associated with poor prognosis in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer. However, the mechanism of Cdc20 in the development of docetaxel resistance in CRPC remains elusive.

The evolution of chemotherapy for the treatment of prostate cancer.

Chemotherapy has been explored as a treatment option for metastatic prostate cancer since the early 1980s. Docetaxel, a taxane chemotherapeutic, was approved for the treatment of men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer in 2004, and is now standard of care for late stage disease. Recent clinical studies demonstrated that patients with metastatic castration-sensitive disease, and possibly those with high-risk localized prostate cancer also benefit from docetaxel administration, expanding the ...


Treatment with docetaxel in combination with Aneustat leads to potent inhibition of metastasis in a patient-derived xenograft model of advanced prostate cancer.

Docetaxel used for first-line treatment of advanced prostate cancer (PCa) is only marginally effective. We previously showed, using the LTL-313H subrenal capsule patient-derived metastatic PCa xenograft model, that docetaxel combined with Aneustat (OMN54), a multivalent plant-derived therapeutic, led to marked synergistic tumour growth inhibition. Here, we investigated the effect of docetaxel+Aneustat on metastasis.

microRNA-323 upregulation promotes prostate cancer growth and docetaxel resistance by repressing p73.

Our previous work has demonstrated that miR-323 enhances tumor angiogenesis in prostate cancer. In the present study, we sought to determine the function of miR-323 in prostate cancer cell growth and response to docetaxel. The effects of miR-323 overexpression on prostate cancer cell proliferation, colony formation, and tumorigenesis were examined. We also investigated the impact of miR-323 knockdown on cell cycle progression and apoptosis. Ectopic expression of miR-323 promoted cell proliferation and colon...

Prazosin but Not Tamsulosin Sensitises PC-3 and LNCaP Prostate Cancer Cells to Docetaxel.

Docetaxel is currently the first-line chemotherapeutic agent available for the treatment of patients with advanced prostate cancer (PCa). While docetaxel has been shown to modestly improve survival times for patients; they also experience significant docetaxel-induced toxicities. If treatment failure occurs, there are currently limited alternatives that show survival benefits for patients and therefore there is an urgent need for adjunct therapies. Some quinazoline-based alpha1-adrenoceptor (ADR) antagonist...

Clinical Outcomes of First-line Abiraterone Acetate or Enzalutamide for Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer After Androgen Deprivation Therapy + Docetaxel or ADT Alone for Metastatic Hormone-sensitive Prostate Cancer.

The CHAARTED (ChemoHormonal Therapy Versus Androgen Ablation Randomized Trial for Extensive Disease in Prostate Cancer) and STAMPEDE (Systemic Therapy in Advancing or Metastatic Prostate Cancer: Evaluation of Drug Efficacy) trials showed that the addition of docetaxel (D) to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) prolonged longevity of men with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC). However, the impact of upfront D on subsequent therapies is still unexplored. As abiraterone acetate (AA) and enzal...

miR-27b and miR-34a enhance docetaxel sensitivity of prostate cancer cells through inhibiting epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition by targeting ZEB1.

Docetaxel resistance is a primary clinical obstacle in the therapy of advanced prostate cancer (PCa). Aberrant expression of miR-27b and miR-34a has been revealed to be implicated in drug resistance of different tumors. Nevertheless, the roles of miR-27b and miR-34a in docetaxel resistance of PCa and their molecular mechanisms are far from being elucidated. In this study, we found that miR-27b and miR-34a were significantly downregulated in docetaxel-resistant PCa cells. Gain-of-function experiments showed ...

Insulin-like growth factor-I induces chemoresistence to docetaxel by inhibiting miR-143 in human prostate cancer.

Elevated levels of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) are associated with carcinogenesis and cancer progression. However, the molecular mechanisms by which IGF-I promotes prostate cancer development remain to be elucidated. Docetaxel chemotherapy is an important therapeutic strategy in many types of human cancers including prostate cancer. In this study, we showed that IGF-I rendered PC-3 and DU145 cells more resistant to docetaxel treatment. IGF-I treatment decreased miR-143 expression, but increased the...

Weekly cabazitaxel plus prednisone is effective and less toxic for 'unfit' metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer: Phase II Spanish Oncology Genitourinary Group (SOGUG) trial.

Cabazitaxel (CBZ), a novel tubulin-binding taxane, improves overall survival in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) that progresses during or after docetaxel treatment. We have designed a phase II study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CBZ as a weekly schedule for 'unfit' mCRPC patients after docetaxel failure.

Optimizing Anticancer Therapy in Metastatic Non-Castrate Prostate Cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline.

Purpose This clinical practice guideline addresses abiraterone or docetaxel with androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) for metastatic prostate cancer that has not been treated (or has been minimally treated) with testosterone-lowering agents. Methods Standard therapy for newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer has been ADT alone. Three studies have compared ADT alone with ADT and docetaxel, and two studies have compared ADT alone with ADT and abiraterone. Results Three prospective randomized studies (GETUG-...

Indirect treatment comparison of cabazitaxel for patients with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer who have been previously treated with a docetaxel-containing regimen.

The objective of this study was to conduct an indirect treatment comparison between cabazitaxel, abiraterone and enzalutamide to determine the clinical efficacy and safety of cabazitaxel relative to comparators in the treatment of patients with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer who progress on docetaxel-based therapies.

Seven-Month Prostate-Specific Antigen Is Prognostic in Metastatic Hormone Sensitive Prostate Cancer Treated With Androgen Deprivation With Or Without Docetaxel.

Purpose We evaluated the relationship between prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and overall survival in the context of a prospectively randomized clinical trial comparing androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) plus docetaxel with ADT alone for initial metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer. Methods We performed a landmark survival analysis at 7 months using the E3805 Chemohormonal Therapy Versus Androgen Ablation Randomized Trial for Extensive Disease in Prostate Cancer (CHAARTED) database ( ClinicalTrials....

A randomized, double blind, placebo controlled phase 2 study of maintenance therapy with tasquinimod in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer responsive to or stabilized during first-line docetaxel chemotherapy.

This phase II study was conducted to assess clinical efficacy of tasquinimod maintenance therapy in patients with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer not progressing during first-line docetaxel-based therapy.

No significant impact of response to prior androgen receptor-axis-targeted agents on the efficacy of subsequent docetaxel in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.

To investigate whether the response to an androgen receptor-axis-targeted (ARAT) agent is associated with the efficacy of subsequent docetaxel in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients.

Long non-coding RNA CASC2 regulates Sprouty2 via functioning as a competing endogenous RNA for miR-183 to modulate the sensitivity of prostate cancer cells to docetaxel.

Prostate cancer (PC) is the most common cancer in men; however, limited effect is obtained due to the therapy resistance. CASC2 acts as a tumor suppressor in human malignancies serving as a ceRNA for miRNAs; Sprouty2 (SPRY2), a key antagonist of RTK signalling, also serves as a tumor suppressor. Herein, CASC2 and SPRY2 expression was down-regulated in PC tissues and cell lines; the overexpression of CASC2 and SPRY2 could suppress PC cell proliferation, promote PC cell apoptosis, and enhance the sensitivity ...

Treatment of Castration-naive Metastatic Prostate Cancer.

Both docetaxel+androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and abiraterone acetate 1000mg/d+prednisone/prednisolone 5mg/d+ADT improved survival in patients with metastatic castration-naive prostate cancer. Their use should be offered and guided by patient's own characteristics.

Men's perspectives of prostate cancer screening: A systematic review of qualitative studies.

Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed non-skin cancer in men. Screening for prostate cancer is widely accepted; however concerns regarding the harms outweighing the benefits of screening exist. Although patient's play a pivotal role in the decision making process, men may not be aware of the controversies regarding prostate cancer screening. Therefore we aimed to describe men's attitudes, beliefs and experiences of prostate cancer screening.

Radioligand therapy of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer: current approaches.

Prostate Cancer is the forth most common type of cancer. Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is anchored in the cell membrane of prostate epithelial cells. PSMA is highly expressed on prostate epithelial cells and strongly up-regulated in prostate cancer. Therefore it is an appropriate target for diagnostic and therapy of prostate cancer and its metastases. This article discusses several articles on radionuclide treatments in prostate cancer and the results on PSMA therapy with either beta or alpha em...

Influence of the neural microenvironment on prostate cancer.

Nerves are key factors in prostate cancer (PCa), but the functional role of innervation in prostate cancer is poorly understood. PCa induced neurogenesis and perineural invasion (PNI), are associated with aggressive disease.

Developing new age-specific prostate-specific antigen thresholds for testing for prostate cancer.

To examine whether age-related reference ranges for "normal" prostate-specific antigen (PSA) change (determined in men without prostate cancer) can be used to identify men at high risk of having prostate cancer.

Modelling human prostate cancer: Rat models.

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men, affecting approximately 1.1 million men worldwide. In this way, the study of prostate cancer biopathology and the study of new potential therapies is of paramount importance. Several rat models were developed over the years to study prostate cancer, namely spontaneous models, chemically-induced models, implantation of cancer cell lines and genetically-engineered models. This manuscript aimed to provide the readers with an overview of the rat models of...

PrLZ increases prostate cancer docetaxel resistance by inhibiting LKB1/AMPK-mediated autophagy.

Rationale: Docetaxel-mediated chemotherapy is the first-line standard approach and has been determined to show a survival advantage for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients. However, a substantial proportion of patients eventually becomes refractory due to drug resistance. The detailed mechanisms remain unclear. We have previously reported that Prostate Leucine Zipper (PrLZ), a specific oncogene of prostate cancer (PCa), promotes PCa cell growth at the castration-resistant stage,...

Tricin isolated from Allium atroviolaceum potentiated the effect of docetaxel on PC3 cell proliferation: role of miR-21.

For more effectiveness and overcoming the drug resistance Chemotherapy agents, the combination treatment is raised. Flavonoids with different anti-cancer effects are an appropriate choice as lead compounds. Over expressed MiR-21 in prostate cancer is associated with metastasis and drug resistance to chemotherapy with Docetaxel. In this study, the anticancer effect of 4', 5, 7-Trihydroxy-3', 5'-dimethoxyflavone (Tricin) was investigated with Docetaxel on PC3 cell line. Tricin was initially isolated from the ...

MicroRNA-223-3p regulates cell chemo-sensitivity by targeting FOXO3 in prostatic cancer.

Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common malignant cancers in male and docetaxel is commonly used as an effective chemotherapeutic drug for PCa patients. However, docetaxel resistance inhibits the therapeutic effect of this agent, thus investigating the mechanism of chemoresistance to docetaxel of PCa may help to improve the prognosis of PCa patients. In our present study, we found that miR-223-3p was up-regulated in PCa cell lines (C4-2, LNCap, PC3, DU-145). Transfection with miR-223-3p inhibitor in...


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