PubMed Journals Articles About "Effect APOE Genotype Alzheimer Disease Risk Influenced Docosahexaenoic" RSS

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Showing "effect APOE genotype Alzheimer disease risk influenced docosahexaenoic" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 56,000+

Assessment of APOE in atypical parkinsonism syndromes.

Atypical parkinsonism syndromes are a heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders that include corticobasal degeneration (CBD), Lewy body dementia (LBD), multiple system atrophy (MSA), and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). The APOE ε4 allele is a well-established risk factor for Alzheimer's disease; however, the role of APOE in atypical parkinsonism syndromes remains controversial. To examine the associations of APOE ε4 and ε2 alleles with risk of developing these syndromes, a total of 991 pat...

APOE genotypes as a risk factor for age-dependent accumulation of cerebrovascular disease in older adults.

Apolipoprotein E (APOE) is a susceptibility gene for late-onset Alzheimer's disease neuropathology; less is known about the relationship between APOE and cerebrovascular disease (CVD) neuropathology.

Generation of a set of isogenic, gene-edited iPSC lines homozygous for all main APOE variants and an APOE knock-out line.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most frequent neurodegenerative disease amongst the elderly. The SNPs rs429358 and rs7412 in the APOE gene are the most common risk factor for sporadic AD, and there are three different alleles commonly referred to as APOE-ε2, APOE-ε3 and APOE-ε4. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) hold great promise to model AD as such cells can be differentiated in vitro to the required cell type. Here we report the use of CRISPR/Cas9 technology employed on iPSCs from a healthy indiv...

Cognition or genetics? Predicting Alzheimer's disease with practice effects, APOE genotype, and brain metabolism.

As practice effects are common in neuropsychological assessment, this study analyzed their utility to identify individuals with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) at the greatest risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD-risk) and compared practice effects with APOE and brain metabolism biomarkers. We regressed Auditory Verbal Learning Test delayed recall (AVLT-DR) at 6 months on baseline AVLT-DR scores in 394 individuals with normal cognition from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative database and ...

Abnormal Sleep Behaviours Across the Spectrum of Alzheimer's Disease Severity: Influence of APOE Genotypes and Lewy Bodies.

The Apolipoprotein (APOE) ε4 allele is a well-known risk factor for Alzheimer's Disease (AD), and sleep disturbances are commonly associated with AD. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between APOE ε4 and abnormal sleep patterns (N+) in AD.

Utility of an Alzheimer's Disease Risk-Weighted Polygenic Risk Score for Predicting Rates of Cognitive Decline in Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease: A Prospective Longitudinal Study.

With the exception of APOE, genetic variants associated with increased Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk are characterized by small effect sizes. Polygenic risk scores (PRS) have shown utility in predicting AD risk; however, their utility for predicting decline in cognition at preclinical stages of AD is poorly understood.

Ancestral origin of ApoE ε4 Alzheimer disease risk in Puerto Rican and African American populations.

The ApoE ε4 allele is the most significant genetic risk factor for late-onset Alzheimer disease. The risk conferred by ε4, however, differs across populations, with populations of African ancestry showing lower ε4 risk compared to those of European or Asian ancestry. The cause of this heterogeneity in risk effect is currently unknown; it may be due to environmental or cultural factors correlated with ancestry, or it may be due to genetic variation local to the ApoE region that differs among populations. ...

A Quarter Century of APOE and Alzheimer's Disease: Progress to Date and the Path Forward.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is considered a polygenic disorder. This view is clouded, however, by lingering uncertainty over how to treat the quasi "monogenic" role of apolipoprotein E (APOE). The APOE4 allele is not only the strongest genetic risk factor for AD, it also affects risk for cardiovascular disease, stroke, and other neurodegenerative disorders. This review, based mostly on data from human studies, ranges across a variety of APOE-related pathologies, touching on evolutionary genetics and risk mitig...

The relationship between cortisol and cognitive function in healthy older people: the moderating role of ApolipoproteinE polymorphism.

The Apolipoprotein E4 (ApoE-ε4) allele has been suggested as the main risk factor for late onset Alzheimer's disease (AD), whereas the ApoE-ε2 allele has been proposed as a protective factor. These proposals have increased the interest in the effect of the ApoE genotype in healthy people. Additionally, high cortisol levels have been related to negative effects on cognition. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between cognitive performance and cortisol, taking into account the different...

Definition of Late Onset Alzheimer's Disease and Anticipation Effect of Genome-Wide Significant Risk Variants: Pilot Study of the APOE e4 Allele.

This study aims to investigate the role of apolipoprotein E (APOE) e4 influencing the age at onset (AAO) of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In AD, the AAO of dementia varies from 40 to 90 years. Usually, AD patients who develop symptoms before the age of 65 are considered as early-onset AD (EOAD). However, considering the heterogeneity of the AD onset, the definition of late-onset AD (LOAD) cannot rely on an arbitrary cut-off. Thus, we aim to validate the anticipation effect of the APOE e4 allele in LOAD. Methods...

Dissociable effects of the apolipoprotein-E (APOE) gene on short- and long-term memories.

Short- and long-term memory performance as a function of apolipoprotein-E (APOE) genotype was examined in older, healthy individuals using sensitive and comparable tasks to provide a more detailed description of influences of the ε4 allele (highest genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease) on memory. Older heterozygous and homozygous ε4 carriers and noncarriers performed 2 tasks of memory. Both tasks allowed us to measure memory for item identity and locations, using a sensitive, continuous measure of ...

The Role of Apolipoprotein E Isoforms in Alzheimer's Disease.

Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common type of dementia worldwide, is characterized by high levels of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide and hyperphosphorylated tau protein. Genetically, the ɛ4 allele of apolipoprotein E (ApoE) has been established as the major risk factor for developing late-onset AD (LOAD), the most common form of the disease. Although the role ApoE plays in AD is still not completely understood, a differential role of its isoforms has long been known. The current review compiles the involvemen...

Correlation between APOE genotype and brain metabolism in ALS.

To evaluate the metabolic correlates of APOE genotype in ALS and to investigate the role of ε2 as a risk factor for cognitive impairment.

Neuronal Apolipoprotein E4 increases cell death and p-tau release in Alzheimer's disease.

The apolipoprotein E (APOE) E4 isoform is the strongest genetic risk factor for sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). While APOE is predominantly expressed by astrocytes in the central nervous system, neuronal expression of APOE is of increasing interest in age-related cognitive impairment, neurological injury, and neurodegeneration. Here we show that endogenous expression of E4 in stem-cell derived neurons predisposes them to injury and promotes the release of phosphorylated tau.

Klotho allele status is not associated with Aβ and APOE ε4-related cognitive decline in preclinical Alzheimer's disease.

The longevity gene Klotho (KL), specifically the functional KL-VS variant, has previously been associated with cognition and rates of cognitive decline. This study aimed to determine whether KL-VS associations with cognition were observable in preclinical Alzheimer's disease (AD). The study also aimed to determine whether there was a combined influence of KL-VS, neocortical amyloid-β (Aβ) burden, and carriage of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele on cognitive decline. This study involved 581 Aβ-image...

APOE ε4 is associated with higher levels of CSF SNAP-25 in prodromal Alzheimer's disease.

The underlying mechanism of apolipoprotein E ε4 (APOE ε4) in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) remains elusive. We hypothesize that synaptic function is differentially affected by APOE isoforms. Levels of CSF SNAP-25 were compared between APOE ε4 carriers and noncarriers in 55 participants with normal cognition, 75 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 16 patients with mild AD dementia. We investigated relationships between SNAP-25 levels and age, gender, education, CSF Aβ42, and...

Effects of APOE ε4 on neuroimaging, cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers, and cognition in prodromal Alzheimer's disease.

Apolipoprotein (APOE) ε4 is a major genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD), but its importance for the clinical and biological heterogeneity in AD is unclear, particularly at the prodromal stage. We analyzed 151 prodromal AD patients (44 APOE ε4-negative and 107 APOE ε4-positive) from the BioFINDER study. We tested cognition, 18F-flutemetamol β-amyloid (Aβ) positron emission tomography, cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers of Aβ, tau and neurodegeneration, and magnetic resonance imaging of white m...

Dissecting the genetic relationship between cardiovascular risk factors and Alzheimer's disease.

Cardiovascular (CV)- and lifestyle-associated risk factors (RFs) are increasingly recognized as important for Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Beyond the ε4 allele of apolipoprotein E (APOE), comparatively little is known about whether CV-associated genes also increase risk for AD. Using large genome-wide association studies and validated tools to quantify genetic overlap, we systematically identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) jointly associated with AD and one or more CV-associated RFs...

APOE Genotype Specific Effects on the Early Neurodegenerative Sequelae Following Chronic Repeated Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.

Repeated mild traumatic brain injury (r-mTBI) can potentially manifest into chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). The apolipoprotein E (APOE4) genotype, a well recognized potent genetic risk factor in age-related neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, has been linked to worse outcome after TBI in individuals who carry this allele. The underlying molecular modifications triggered by APOE genotype following r-mTBI remain elusive. We addressed the influence of APOE genotype on TBI dependent ...

The ApoE ε4 Isoform: Can the Risk of Diseases be Reduced by Environmental Factors?

Candidate gene studies and genome-wide association studies found that genetic variation in APOE is robustly associated with multiple age-related diseases and longevity. Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is an apolipoprotein that plays an important role in triglyceride and cholesterol metabolism. In literature, especially the ApoE ɛ4 isoform has been associated with an increased risk of mortality and age-related diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), cardiovascular diseases (CVD), as compared to the "neutral" Apo...

An updated Alzheimer hypothesis: Complement C3 and risk of Alzheimer's disease-A cohort study of 95,442 individuals.

We tested the hypothesis that low plasma complement C3 is observationally and genetically associated with high risk of Alzheimer's disease.

GeneMatch: A novel recruitment registry using at-home APOE genotyping to enhance referrals to Alzheimer's prevention studies.

Recruitment for Alzheimer's disease (AD) prevention research studies is challenging because of lack of awareness among cognitively healthy adults coupled with the high screen fail rate due to participants not having a genetic risk factor or biomarker evidence of the disease. Participant recruitment registries offer one solution for efficiently and effectively identifying, characterizing, and connecting potential eligible volunteers to studies.

An increased rate of longitudinal cognitive decline is observed in Parkinson's disease patients with low CSF Aß42 and an APOE ε4 allele.

Low concentrations of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) amyloid-beta (Aβ-42) are associated with increased risk of cognitive decline in Parkinson's disease (PD). We sought to determine whether APOE genotype modifies the rate of cognitive decline in PD patients with low CSF Aβ-42 compared to patients with normal levels.

Role of phosphatidylcholine-DHA in preventing APOE4-associated Alzheimer's disease.

Dietary and supplemental intake of the ω-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) reduces risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and ameliorates symptoms. The apolipoprotein E ( APOE) 4 allele is the strongest risk factor for sporadic AD, exclusive of age. APOE4 carriers respond well to the DHA present in fish but do not respond as well to dietary supplements. The mechanisms behind this varied response remain unknown. I posit that the difference is that fish contain DHA in phospholipid form, whereas fish oil supp...

Generation and characterization of two human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC) lines homozygous for the Apolipoprotein e4 (APOE4) risk variant-Alzheimer's disease (ASUi005-A) and healthy non-demented control (ASUi006-A).

Although the majority of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients are labeled sporadic, multiple genetic risk variants have been identified, the most powerful and prevalent of which is the e4 variant of the Apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene. Here, we generated human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC) lines from the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of a clinically diagnosed AD patient [ASUi005-A] and a non-demented control (NDC) patient [ASUi006-A] homozygous for the APOE4 risk allele. These hiPS...

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