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Gemcitabine Vinorelbine Cisplatin Etoposide Carboplatin Small Cell Lung PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Gemcitabine Vinorelbine Cisplatin Etoposide Carboplatin Small Cell Lung articles that have been published worldwide.
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There are various mechanisms underlying the resistance of EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinoma to epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs). We herein report a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with EGFR mutation (exon 19 deletion and T790M) that acquired resistance to osimertinib treatment because of transformation into small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC). A 67-year-old ex-smoking woman was diagnosed with left upper lobe adenocarcinoma of clinical stage IIIA (cT2bN2M0). She was treated...
To evaluate the antitumor activity of gemcitabine (GEM), cisplatin (DDP) as well as the combination of these two agents in lung cancer cells and mice.
Metronomic oral vinorelbine (MOV) could be a treatment option for unfit patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) based on its safety profile and high patient compliance.
Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of cancer death in China. Four epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors - afatinib, erlotinib, icotinib, and gefitinib - are available for first-line treatment of NSCLC in China; however, there are few data to guide treatment choice. The Phase III LUX-Lung 6 trial compared afatinib with platinum-based chemotherapy for first-line treatment of patients from Southeast Asia with mutation-positive advanced NSCLC. This pos...
Chemotherapy is a mainstay treatment of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer. However, little is known about the comparative risk of hospitalization associated with commonly used chemotherapy regimens.
Chemoresistance has been considered to be a major obstacle for cancer therapy clinically. Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) are asscociated with the development, prognosis and drug-resistance of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Whereas, the regulatory mechanism of lncRNA TATDN1 in the cisplatin resistance of NSCLC is still not clear.
Population pharmacokinetics of carboplatin, etoposide and melphalan in children: A re-evaluation of paediatric dosing formulas for carboplatin in patients with normal or mild impairment of renal function.
Carboplatin is dosed by the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) to achieve target plasma area under the curve (AUC). The aims of this study were to investigate factors that influence the pharmacokinetics of carboplatin in children with high-risk neuroblastoma and to investigate whether target exposures for carboplatin were achieved using current treatment protocols.
Chemoresistance to cisplatin in lung cancer treatment remains prevalent. Since targeting excision repair cross-complementing 1 (ERCC1) may be a viable strategy to reestablish the therapeutic sensitivity to platinum-based agents in chemoresistant cases, and low ERCC1 level is beneficial to metastatic lung cancer patients undergoing platinum-based chemotherapy, we hypothesized that metastasis-associated process is involved in ERCC1-dependent cisplatin-resistance in lung adenocarcinoma.
17-(Allylamino)-17-Demethoxygeldanamycin Enhances Etoposide-Induced Cytotoxicity via the Downregulation of Xeroderma Pigmentosum Complementation Group C Expression in Human Lung Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cells.
Etoposide (VP16) is a topoisomerase II inhibitor and has been used for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group C (XPC) protein is a DNA damage recognition factor in nucleotide excision repair and involved in regulating NSCLC cell proliferation and viability. Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is a ubiquitous molecular chaperone that is responsible for the stabilization and maturation of many oncogenic proteins. In this study, we report whether Hsp90 inhibi...
A Randomized Non-Comparative Phase 2 Study of Anti-Programmed Cell Death-Ligand 1 Atezolizumab or Chemotherapy as Second-Line Therapy in Patients with Small Cell Lung Cancer: Results from the IFCT-1603 Trial.
This randomized phase 2 trial aimed at evaluating the engineered programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) antibody atezolizumab in small cell lung cancer progressing after first-line platinum-etoposide chemotherapy.
With only 14 cases and as many different therapeutic strategies reported in the literature, small cell carcinoma of the oral cavity remains a real challenge with diagnostic and therapeutic pitfalls. Clinical case summary: A 65-year-old patient with an active smoking habit consulted for a painful oral pelvic mass. The staging confirmed the diagnosis of small cell carcinoma of the anterior floor of mouth, classified as cT3N0M0. By analogy with pulmonary locations, medical management combining chemotherapy spe...
To determine survival, local and distant control, toxicity and prognostic factors in patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT).
Poorly differentiated gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine carcinomas (GEPNECs) are a rare neoplasm with a bleak prognosis. Currently there are little prospective data available for optimal treatment. This review discusses the current available regimens and the future direction for the treatment of GEPNECs. Treatment plans for GEPNECs are often adapted from those devised for small cell lung cancer; however, differences in these malignancies exist, and GEPNECs require their own treatment paradigms. As such,...
Small-cell lung carcinoma is a type of lung cancer characterized by very poor prognosis, as the majority of the patients have already developed metastases at initial diagnosis. Small-cell lung cancer accounts for ~15% of all lung cancer cases. The present study reports the case of a female patient with advanced-stage small-cell lung cancer. The patient received the standard treatments (6 cycles of platinum and etoposide chemotherapy followed by Gamma Knife treatment of suspicious mediastinal lymphnodes); in...
The paper describes the case of a 69-year-old man with non-small-cell lung cancer who, owing to a mistake, received intravenously 500 mg of vinorelbine. Within 3 days of intoxication, the bone marrow of the patient was damaged with subsequent pancytopenia that did not respond to treatment. On the fifth day after the poisoning, features of intestinal obstruction appeared. The patient died on the sixth day after the drug overdose. The case presented by us constitutes the first description of a fatal iatroge...
Here we report a new study performed at single molecule level on the interaction of the antineoplastic drug Carboplatin and the DNA molecule - the main target of the drug inside cells in cancer chemotherapies. By using optical tweezers, we measure how the mechanical properties of the DNA-Carboplatin complexes changes as a function of the drug concentration in the sample, for two different ionic strengths ([Na] = 150 mM and [Na] = 1 mM). From these measurements, the binding mechanism and the phys...
A pooled analysis of individual patient data from National Clinical Trials Network clinical trials of concurrent chemoradiotherapy for limited-stage small cell lung cancer in elderly patients versus younger patients.
Platinum and etoposide with thoracic radiation followed by prophylactic cranial irradiation constitute the standard treatment for limited-stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC). Many patients with LS-SCLC are elderly with comorbidities.
The primary objective of this study was to determine the recommended dose of the vascular disrupting agent, BNC105P, in combination with gemcitabine and carboplatin in patients with ovarian cancer in first or second relapse with a minimum 4 month progression-free interval after last platinum.
Introduction Selumetinib (AZD6244, ARRY-142886) is a potent inhibitor of MEK1/2, thereby inhibiting phosphorylation of ERK2. We investigated the toxicity and the recommended phase II dose of the combination of selumetinib with two platinum based first line chemotherapy combinations in non-small cell lung cancer. Methods This was a phase I trial of escalating doses of selumetinib with carboplatin (AUC 6), paclitaxel (200 mg/m) (cohort 1) or pemetrexed (500 mg/m) and cisplatin (75 mg/m) (cohort 2) in patie...
Platinum-based combination chemotherapy is the standard postoperative adjuvant treatment for pathological stage II/III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Oral S-1 therapy has good efficacy and relatively low toxicity for the treatment of advanced NSCLC. We investigated whether long-term S-1 monotherapy is also useful as an adjuvant therapy after surgery in patients with NSCLC.
Biomarker assessment of the CBCSG006 trial: A randomized phase III trial of cisplatin plus gemcitabine compared with paclitaxel plus gemcitabine as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer.
CBCSG006 trial reported the superior efficacy of cisplatin plus gemcitabine (GP) regimen than paclitaxel plus gemcitabine (GT) regimen as first-line treatment of metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (mTNBC). This study focused on the updated survival data and the explorations of potential biomarkers for efficacy.
This study reports the transport characteristics of the pharmaceutical compounds carboplatin and cisplatin, and their respective derivatives, in saturated sand and soil columns. Pharmaceuticals are recognized as emerging pollutants of soil and water resources, but studies of the transport characteristics of organometallic pharmaceuticals in soil-water environments are rare. A recent study of oxaliplatin transport in natural soil raises the question of whether or not its behavior is representative of all Pt-...
More than 90 % of all patients with testicular germ cell tumours can be cured effectively. The mainstay of treatment is chemotherapy with cisplatin, etoposide and bleomycin (PEB). This regimen is usually well tolerated and does not lead to serious adverse events. Cardiovascular complications are encountered very rarely, but have gained increasing attention in recent years.
Cohort G of KEYNOTE-021 (NCT02039674) evaluated the efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab plus pemetrexed-carboplatin (PC) versus PC alone as first-line therapy for advanced nonsquamous NSCLC. At the primary analysis (median follow-up, 10.6 months), pembrolizumab significantly improved objective response rate (ORR) and progression-free survival (PFS); hazard ratio (HR) for overall survival (OS) was 0.90 (95% CI, 0.42‒1.91). Herein, we present an updated analysis.
Prior studies have demonstrated an association between excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) expression level and outcomes in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with platinum-based chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of ERCC1 on survival for patients with stage IIIB/IV non-squamous NSCLC (NS-NSCLC) enrolled in the INNOVATIONS trial, thus receiving as treatment either erlotinib/bevacizumab (EB) or cisplatin/gemcitabine/bevacizumab (PGB)....