PubMed Journals Articles About "Grip Strength Used Surrogate Marker Monitor Recovery From" RSS

04:44 EDT 23rd March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "grip strength used surrogate marker monitor recovery from" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 9,500+

Get a grip: individual variations in grip strength are a marker of brain health.

Demonstrations that grip strength has predictive power in relation to a range of health conditions-even when these are assessed decades later-has motivated claims that hand-grip dynamometry has the potential to serve as a "vital sign" for middle-aged and older adults. Central to this belief has been the assumption that grip strength is a simple measure of physical performance that provides a marker of muscle status in general, and sarcopenia in particular. It is now evident that while differences in grip st...

Relationship between grip strength and global muscle strength in community-dwelling older people.

There are still conflicting results regarding the association between grip and global muscle strength in older people. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to determine the association between grip strength and global muscle strength, as well as between grip strength and individual trunk, hip, knee and ankle muscle strengths.

Grip Strength in Youth Ice Hockey Players: Normative Values and Predictors of Performance.

Toong, T, Wilson, KE, Urban, K, Paniccia, M, Hunt, AW, Keightley, M, and Reed, N. Grip strength in youth ice hockey players: Normative values and predictors of performance. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Grip strength is a simple, valid, and reliable tool for estimating overall muscular strength, a key component of health-related fitness and sport performance. To date, there is a paucity of up-to-date and developmentally sensitive grip strength norms specific to youth-athlete populations. The obje...

Association of Indoor and Outdoor Air Pollution with Hand-Grip Strength among Adults in Six Low- and Middle-Income Countries.

Air pollution has been associated with various health outcomes. Its effect on hand-grip strength, a measurement of the construct of muscle strength and health status, remains largely unknown.

Muscular grip strength normative values for a Korean population from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2014-2015.

Muscle weakness is linked to a range of adverse health outcomes across the lifespan including mortality, morbidity, and disability. Because lifestyles and body composition are quite different between Western and Asian countries, there is an urgent need to establish normative grip strength values for individuals of Asian descent. This study presents normative data for hand grip strength in a Korean population-representative sample.

Influence of aging and visual feedback on the stability of hand grip control in elderly adults.

Aging causes a gradual decrease in maximal grip strength and leads many elderly people to have to rely on visual feedback to compensate for poorer muscle strength in performing daily activities and preventing accidents. Previous studies have investigated age and visual feedback-related changes in grip strength. However, little is known about methods of determining the quality and stability of hand grip strength control in the elderly, which is important for understanding their ability to generate grip force...

Analysis of grip and pinch strength using inverse dynamics simulation technique.

Grip strength is the function of musculotendinous action across the finger joints and varies while dealing objects of varying size and shape. Increasing object size requires greater effort by the fingers to grip. The main objective of this study is to analyse the variation in grip and pinch strength exerted on objects of various sizes and shapes in a short span of time. OpenSim 3.3 is open-source musculoskeletal modelling software used for performing simulations in a dynamic environment. The generic wrist m...

Effect of grip strength on mental health.

This study is to longitudinally investigate the association between grip strength and mental health disorders in middle aged and aged population from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging.

A comparative assessment of static muscular strength among female operative's working in different handicraft occupations in India.

An ergonomic assessment of static muscular strength like hand grip-and pinch strength in handicraft occupation was made. In total, 170 female participants were selected for the case-control study, out of which 120 handicraft and 50 office workers were examined as exposed and control groups. Their maximum static handgrip- and pinch strength were measured using hand and pinch dynamometers. We analyze our findings to indicate static muscular strength varies significantly due to repetitive use of hand tools. Th...

The relationship between hallux grip force and balance in people with diabetes.

Diabetes accelerates the decline in muscle strength in older people and substantially increases the risk for fall and injury. Weakening of lower extremity muscles, in particular, is a strong predictor for falls, but currently there is no established method for its assessment in clinics. The paper grip test (PGT) offers a qualitative assessment of hallux plantar flexor strength and its usefulness for predicting falls has been demonstrated in non-diabetic populations.

Vitamin D status and functional parameters: A cross-sectional study in an older population.

The present study aims to clarify the association of vitamin D status with functionality, measured through gait speed and hand grip strength, in a sample of older adults, considering sex-specific characteristics and the potential confounding effect of lifestyle factors, disease, skin phenotype, season of blood collection and vitamin D supplementation. The Nutrition UP 65 cross-sectional study was conducted in a population-based sample of 1,425 older adults ≥ 65 years old. Serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin...

Pain, balance, grip strength and gait parameters of older adults with and without post-chikungunya chronic arthralgia.

To compare the levels of pain, grip strength, balance and gait in older adults with and without post-Chikungunya chronic arthralgia (PCCA).

Age threshold for recommending higher protein intake to prevent age-related muscle weakness: A cross-sectional study in Japan.

Although insufficient dietary protein intake is a known risk factor for age-related muscle weakness, the optimal age at which higher protein intake is required to prevent muscle weakness is yet to be determined. Using a population-based panel survey of community-dwelling people aged 50-75 years, this cross-sectional study aimed to find the age threshold at which a higher protein intake is associated with higher muscle strength. We utilized a dataset from the Japanese Study of Aging and Retirement conducted ...

Copeptin, a surrogate marker for arginine vasopressin secretion, is positively associated with glucagon.

To explore the association of plasma copeptin, the C-terminal portion of provasopressin and a stable surrogate marker for arginine vasopressin secretion, with plasma glucagon in obese men and men of normal weight.

Comparison of motor skill learning, grip strength and memory recall on land and in chest-deep water.

Immersion in chest-deep water may augment explicit memory in healthy adults however, there is limited information on how this environment might affect implicit memory or motor learning. The purpose of this study was to compare the speed and accuracy for learning a motor skill on land and in chest-deep water. Verbal word recall and grip strength were included to gain a more complete understanding of the intervention. Sixty-two younger adults (age = 23.3 ± 3.59 yrs.) were randomly assigned to either a water ...

Gender differences in cognitive function and grip strength: a cross-national comparison of four European regions.

Cross-national comparison studies on gender differences have mainly focussed on life expectancy, while less research has examined differences in health across countries. We aimed to investigate gender differences in cognitive function and grip strength over age and time across European regions.

The temporal pattern of recovery in eccentric hamstring strength post-soccer specific fatigue.

Eccentric hamstring strength is an aetiological risk factor for soccer injury. The temporal pattern of recovery post-exercise is critical in injury management. 18 male professional soccer players completed baseline assessments of eccentric hamstring strength at isokinetic speeds of 60, 150 and 300°· s. Post SAFT measures were repeated immediately, + 24 hrs, + 48 hrs and + 72 hrs. Main effects for recovery time and testing speed in average torque (AvT), peak torque (PT) and the corresponding angle (...

Effect of concentric and eccentric hamstring training on sprint recovery, strength and muscle architecture in inexperienced athletes.

To investigate whether five-weeks of concentric (CON) or eccentric (ECC) hamstring strength training have different effects on recovery from sprint running, eccentric strength and architecture of the biceps femoris long head (BF).

A single trial may be used for measuring muscle strength with dynamometers in individuals with stroke: A cross-sectional study.

The mean of three trials is commonly employed to report measures of muscle strength after a stroke. However, only a single trial showed to provide consistent and reliable results regarding dynamometric measures of grip, pinch, and trunk strength in individuals with stroke. Nevertheless, there were not found any studies that investigated whether only a single trial could also be used for the assessment of strength of the upper and lower-limb muscles.

Factors associated with masseter muscle quality assessed from ultrasonography in community-dwelling elderly individuals: A cross-sectional study.

Associations between masseter muscle thickness(MMT) and limb muscle thickness, and between grip strength and MMT, as well as tooth-loss, have been reported previously. The previous study also showed that masseter muscle mass could be a better marker of sarcopenia than psoas muscle mass. Although the association between MMT and muscle strength is also known, the quality of the masseter muscle were not assessed in detail previously. We examined the relationship of masseter muscle echo intensity (MMEI) with sk...

Do More Recent Born Generations of Older Adults Have Stronger Grip? A Comparison of Three Cohorts of 66- to 84-Year-Olds in the Tromsø Study.

Evidence pertaining to whether more recent born generations of adults reaching old age have better physical capability than previous generations is scarce and inconclusive. We aimed to investigate birth cohort differences in grip strength.

Neural control of postural sway: Relationship to strength measures in young and elderly adults.

Age-related changes in postural sway are well-established, and studied from a control perspective using an inverted pendulum model. The purpose of the present work was to expand previous research in this area by investigating relationships between sway-related control parameters and musculoskeletal measures of muscle function and health. Eleven female older adults and eight female young adults completed blood draw, grip, leg extension, and balance tests. Serum levels of skeletal muscle-specific troponin T (...

Hallux plantar flexor strength in people with diabetic neuropathy: Validation of a simple clinical test.

To validate the paper grip test for assessing plantar flexion strength of the hallux.

Lean mass, grip strength and risk of type 2 diabetes: a bi-directional Mendelian randomisation study.

Muscle mass and strength may protect against type 2 diabetes as a sink for glucose disposal. In randomised controlled trials, resistance training improves glucose metabolism in people with the metabolic syndrome. Whether increasing muscle mass and strength protects against diabetes in the general population is unknown. We assessed the effect of markers of muscle mass and strength on diabetes and glycaemic traits using bi-directional Mendelian randomisation.

Comparison between single portal endoscopic, 1-cm open carpal tunnel release.

Given the controversy about the best surgical technique for carpal tunnel release, this study tested the hypothesis that no significant differences would be observed between single-portal endoscopic release and a short, 1-cm incision open release in a large sample of patients. Consecutive patients were assigned to one of the two techniques. Preoperative and postoperative measurements included grip and pinch strength, a visual analog scale for pain and a satisfaction questionnaire. Eighty-seven patients comp...

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