PubMed Journals Articles About "Hand Splint Cerebrovascular Accident" RSS

19:08 EDT 18th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Hand Splint Cerebrovascular Accident PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Hand Splint Cerebrovascular Accident articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "hand splint Cerebrovascular Accident" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,800+

Printing a 3-dimensional, Patient-specific Splint for Wound Immobilization: A Case Demonstration.

Three-dimensional (3D) printing technology can generate objects in almost any shape and geometry. This technique also has clinical applications, such as the fabrication of specific devices based on a patient's anatomy. A demonstration study is presented of a 54-year-old man who needed a thermoplastic splint to limit arm movement while a dehisced left shoulder wound healed. The patient's upper extremity was scanned using the appropriate noncontact scanner and 3D technology software, and the polylactic acid s...

The "Sparti" splint for rehabilitation of extensor tendon injuries in zones V-VII.

Dynamic splinting is a well-known method for maintaining finger movement after ruptures of the extensor tendons. We describe a simple, inexpensive and easy-to-construct modification of a dynamic splint, called the "Sparti" splint, suitable for a six-week period of rehabilitation of injured extensor tendons in zones V-VII.

Relief of Upper Airway Obstruction Using a Cervical Splint for Young Patients with Cerebral Palsy.

13-year old boy with spastic quadriplegia cerebral palsy visited dental clinic with chief complaints of mouth breathing and malocclusion. His mouth was constantly open at the resting position, with his mandible and tongue displaced downward. He breathed through his mouth, making a constant gurgling sound, a sign of upper airway obstruction. To enhance his mandible position, vertical chin cap was first considered, but it was not sufficient to reduce the gurgling sound or ease breathing. Then, cervical splint...

Cerebrovascular disorders.

Not unexpected from the variety of cerebrovascular disorders and their morphologic and clinical consequences the contributions of neuroimaging are also quite diverse and go with different approaches in different directions. By reviewing the recent advances in these various areas, we will attempt to highlight those contributions, which may be most meaningful both for the clinician and the researcher dealing with cerebrovascular disorders.

Relationship Between Brain Arterial Pathology and Neurocognitive Performance Among Individuals With Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

Human immunodeficiency virus-positive (HIV+) individuals have higher rates of cognitive impairment and cerebrovascular disease compared with uninfected populations. We hypothesize that cerebrovascular disease, specifically brain large artery disease, may play a role in HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND).

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Cerebrovascular Reactivity in Healthy Adolescents.

Cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR), an important measure of cerebrovascular health in adults, has not been examined in healthy adolescents. Beyond the direct importance of understanding CVR in healthy youth, studies on this topic can yield insights regarding brain disease. We set out to evaluate 3 different CVR modelling approaches.

The hemodynamic effects of occlusal splint therapy on the masseter muscle of patients with myofascial pain accompanied by bruxism.

The aim of this study was to investigate the hemodynamic effects of occlusal splint therapy on masseter muscles of patients with myofascial pain accompanied by bruxism with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS).

Systematic Investigation of the Erigeron breviscapus Mechanism for Treating Cerebrovascular Disease.

Cerebrovascular diseases (CBVDs), characterized by striking morbidity and mortality, have become the most common life-threatening diseases. The existing drugs of CBVDs target one or a few of pathogenic factors, the efficacy of which is limited because of the complexity of CBVDs. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), featured by multi-component and multi-target endows the great effectiveness in CBVDs treatment. For instance, Erigeron breviscapus (vant.) Hand. Mazz. (Erigeron breviscapus) has been used to tre...

Comparison of responsiveness of Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire, Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Questionnaire, and Duruöz Hand Index in patients with traumatic hand injury.

Patient-reported outcome measures assessing self-reported disability, pain, and function are primary endpoints for determination of optimal treatment strategies in hand-related conditions. In this study, we aimed to compare responsiveness of Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ), Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Questionnaire (DASH), and Duruöz Hand Index (DHI) in patients with traumatic hand injury.

Derivation and external validation of risk algorithms for cerebrovascular (re)hospitalisation in patients with type 2 diabetes: two cohorts study.

Cerebrovascular disease is one of more typical reasons for hospitalisation and re-hospitalisation in people with type 2 diabetes. We aimed to derive and externally validate two risk prediction algorithms for cerebrovascular hospitalisation and re-hospitalisation.

Key risk indicators for accident assessment conditioned on pre-crash vehicle trajectory.

Accident events are generally unexpected and occur rarely. Pre-accident risk assessment by surrogate indicators is an effective way to identify risk levels and thus boost accident prediction. Herein, the concept of Key Risk Indicator (KRI) is proposed, which assesses risk exposures using hybrid indicators. Seven metrics are shortlisted as the basic indicators in KRI, with evaluation in terms of risk behaviour, risk avoidance, and risk margin. A typical real-world chain-collision accident and its antecedent ...

Small Vessel Cerebrovascular Pathology Identified by Magnetic Resonance Imaging Is Prevalent in Alzheimer's Disease and Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Potential Target for Intervention.

There is evidence that Alzheimer's disease (AD) has significant cerebrovascular etiopathogenesis. Understanding potentially modifiable risk factors for vascular disease can help design long-term intervention strategies for controlling or preventing cognitive dysfunction attributable to cerebrovascular disease.

Does prolonged severe hypercapnia interfere with normal cerebrovascular function in piglets?

Hypercapnia causes cerebral vasodilation and increased cerebral blood flow (CBF). During prolonged hypercapnia it is unknown whether cerebral vasodilation persists and whether cerebrovascular function is preserved. We investigated the effects of prolonged severe hypercapnia on pial arteriolar diameters (PAD) and cerebrovascular reactivity to vasodilators and vasoconstrictors.

A virtual reality method for digitally reconstructing traffic accidents from videos or still images.

With an increase in the number of traffic accidents and enhanced attention to the rule of law, technical appraisement to reconstruct traffic accidents is attracting increasing attention. Accident videos are important aspects in identification; however, we cannot reconstruct an accident scene onsite using video for many reasons. In this paper, we introduce a computer-based virtual reality method that can digitally reconstruct a traffic accident. This method employs accident videos to perform a three-dimensio...

Usefulness of F-18 FP-CIT PET to predict dopamine-responsive hand tremor in patients other than Parkinson's disease: Two case reports.

Treating the patients with hand tremors is clinically difficult, because a wide range of disorders can result in hand tremors. Therefore, when treatment for hand tremors begins, various pharmacological options have to be considered. In clinical practice, a practical approach is to initially check hand tremor patients for signs of Parkinson's disease (PD), because patients with PD can benefit from dopamine treatment. However, only part of patients with PD tends to show a meaningful improvement in hand tremor...

Accident severity levels and traffic signs interactions in state roads: a seemingly unrelated regression model in unbalanced panel data approach.

This study intended to investigate the interactions between accident severity levels and traffic signs in state roads located in Croatia, and explore the correlation within accident severity levels and heterogeneity attributed to unobserved factors. The data from 410 state roads between 2012 and 2016 were collected from Traffic Accident Database System maintained by the Republic of Croatia Ministry of the Interior. To address the correlation and heterogeneity, a seemingly unrelated regression (SUR) model in...

New Developments Are Improving Flexor Tendon Repair.

New developments in primary tendon repair over the past decades include stronger core tendon repair techniques, judicious and adequate venting of critical pulleys, followed by a combination of passive and active digital flexion and extension. During repair, core sutures over the tendon should have sufficient suture purchase (no shorter than 0.7 to 1 cm) in each tendon end and must be sufficiently tensioned to resist loosening, forming gaps. Slight or even modest bulkiness in the tendon substance at the repa...

Effectiveness of Hygienic Hand Washing Training on Hand Washing Practices and Knowledge: A Nonrandomized Quasi-Experimental Design.

Nurses undertake important responsibilities in patient care and the prevention of hospital-acquired infections. However, adherence to hand hygiene practices among nurses has been reported to be low. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of hygienic hand washing training on hand washing practices and knowledge. The study design was a nonrandomized, quasi-experimental study, with pretest-posttest for one group. Pre- and postobservations were also conducted using an observation form on any 5 workdays t...

Exploring the State of the Science of the Nursing Hand-off Communication.

Miscommunication that occurs during the exchange of information between healthcare providers accounts for approximately 80% of adverse events in the healthcare setting. Nurses devote 10% to 15% of the workday to the nurse-to-nurse hand-off communication. The hand-off itself has remained virtually unchanged for the past 20 years, although the process is prone to errors. The introduction of the electronic health record and mandates to decrease errors and improve patient outcomes has led to an influx of resear...

Modelling public bus/minibus transport accident severity in Ghana.

The current safety concerns with buses/minibuses (public transport) in both developed and developing countries have warranted a renewed interest in bus/minibus safety research. Prior to this, there was a paucity of research in this domain especially in developed countries where the safety associated with buses was deemed adequate. In this study, we examined the factors that influence bus/minibus accident severity in Ghana using bus/minibus accident data from 2011-2015. We estimated the severity of bus/minib...

Hand Tremor Questionnaire: A Useful Screening Tool for Differentiating Patients with Hand Tremor between Parkinson's Disease and Essential Tremor.

Hand tremor is one of the most frequent symptoms in movement disorders, and differential diagnoses for hand tremor include Parkinson's disease (PD) and essential tremor (ET). However, accurately differentiating between PD and ET in clinical practice remains challenging in patients presenting with hand tremor. We investigated whether a questionnaire-based survey could be useful as a screening tool in patients with hand tremor.

What are the factors that contribute to road accidents? An assessment of law enforcement views, ordinary drivers' opinions, and road accident records.

What are the main contributing factors to road accidents? Factors such as inexperience, lack of skill, and risk-taking behaviors have been associated with the collisions of young drivers. In contrast, visual, cognitive, and mobility impairment have been associated with the collisions of older drivers. We investigated the main causes of road accidents by drawing on multiple sources: expert views of police officers, lay views of the driving public, and official road accident records. In Studies 1 and 2, polic...

Assessment of risk factors for cerebrovascular disease among the elderly in Beijing: A 23-year community-based prospective study in China.

There are few studies on how lifestyle factors and mental conditions modulate the cerebrovascular diseases (CBVD) mortality risk are rare in the Asian elderly.

Reliability verification of vehicle speed estimate method in forensic videos.

In various types of traffic accidents, including car-to-car crash, vehicle-pedestrian collision, and hit-and-run accident, driver overspeed is one of the critical issues of traffic accident analysis. Hence, analysis of vehicle speed at the moment of accident is necessary. The present article proposes a vehicle speed estimate method (VSEM) applying a virtual plane and a virtual reference line to a forensic video. The reliability of the VSEM was verified by comparing the results obtained by applying the VSEM ...

Rare atlas fracture detected using postmortem computed tomography: A case report.

We report the autopsy of a traffic accident victim with a rare atlas fracture. The deceased was 52-year-old man found dead on the road because of a traffic accident. We performed a postmortem computed tomography and an autopsy on the body. The sagittal reformation image of postmortem computed tomography showed a vertically separated anterior arch of atlas, suggesting a "horizontal fracture." Therefore, we assumed that cervical hyperextension may have been one of the forces that affected him during the accid...

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