PubMed Journals Articles About "Impregnated With Silver Nanoparticles AgTive Cannulation Central Venous" RSS

16:49 EDT 23rd October 2017 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "impregnated with silver nanoparticles AgTive cannulation Central Venous" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 9,100+

Antibiotic-Impregnated Central Venous Catheters Do Not Change Antibiotic Resistance Patterns.

Antibiotic-impregnated central venous catheters (CVCs) decrease the incidence of infection in high-risk patients. However, use of these catheters carries the hypothetical risk of inducing antibiotic resistance. We hypothesized that routine use of minocycline and rifampin-impregnated catheters (MR-CVC) in a single intensive care unit (ICU) would change the resistance profile for Staphylococcus aureus.

Chlorhexidine and silver sulfadiazine coating on central venous catheters is not sufficient for protection against catheter-related infection: Simulation-based laboratory research with clinical validation.

Objective The efficacy of chlorhexidine- and silver sulfadiazine-coated central venous catheters (CSS-CVC) against catheter-related infection remains controversial. We hypothesized that the loss of silver nanoparticles may reduce the antibacterial efficacy of CSS-CVCs and that this loss could be due to the frictional force between the surface of the CVC and the bloodstream. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the antimicrobial effect of CSS-CVCs decreases with increasing exposure time in ...

Cerebral hyperperfusion and other consequences of hemodialysis central vein catheters.

While central venous stenosis is a common consequence of protracted central venous catheter use, intracardiac device transvenous leads, and central venous instrumentation, the majority of patients who develop symptomatic central venous stenosis present with characteristic venous hypertension. However, some patients may develop an abnormal intracranial venous circulation and present with neurologic symptoms. This paper will summarize findings from case reports that describe the neurologic sequelae that can d...

Silver delivery approaches in the management of partial thickness burns: a systematic review and indirect treatment comparison.

Silver-containing products play an important role in the management of burn wound infections. We sought to compare the efficacy of commonly used silver delivery approaches including nanocrystalline silver, silver-impregnated hydrofiber dressing, and silver-impregnated foam dressing as the main products in the management of partial thickness burns. A systematic review was performed by searching PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane and other databases to identify relevant randomised controlled trials and observational st...

Phytoremediation of dyes using Lagerstroemia speciosa mediated silver nanoparticles and its biofilm activity against clinical strains Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

The aim of this study was to prepare silver nanoparticles by a green method using the aqueous leaves extract of Lagerstroemia speciosa. The prepared silver nanoparticles were characterized, studied for its photocatalytic and biofilm inhibition studies. The maximum absorbance peak was found at 427nm and thus confirming the formation of silver nanoparticles. The average size of silver nanoparticles synthesized was found to be 12nm using XRD and it was spherical in shape. The nanoparticles synthesized was inve...

Stent grafts for treatment of cannulation zone stenosis and arteriovenous graft venous anastomosis.

Stent grafts (SGs) are widely used for treatment of failing vascular accesses, fistulas and grafts. The mechanical barrier of the covered stent prevents in-stent stenosis and can be used to effectively correct ruptured vein and aneurysms. Treatment of cannulation zone stenosis with SG can be justified when its use is obligatory, in order to prevent total access loss. Although there are worrying complications attendant on SG insertion and cannulation, including jeopardizing future access creation, most studi...

UV-Curable Aliphatic Silicone Acrylate Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Coatings with Antibacterial Activity.

The most effective means to protect against bacterial invasion and to reduce the risk of healthcare-associated infections are antibacterial components synthesis. In this study, a novel process for the synthesis of organic-inorganic hybrid coatings containing silver nanoparticles is presented. Silver nanoparticles and polymer formation proceeds simultaneously through the in situ photoreduction of silver salt to silver nanoparticles and UV-crosslinking of bifunctional aliphatic silicone acrylate. The nanocomp...

Removal of bromide from surface waters using silver impregnated activated carbon.

The main objectives of this study were to develop an understanding of silver impregnated activated carbon (SIAC) preparation for enhanced bromide (Br(-)) removal from water, and to investigate the impact of aqueous background composition on the Br(-) removal. Several SIACs were produced using various combinations of oxidation and silver impregnation procedures and powdered activated carbons (ACs). Regardless of the preparation procedure, SIACs showed significantly Br(-) uptakes than the virgin ACs. The Br(-...

Dead biomass of Amazon yeast: A new insight into bioremediation and recovery of silver by intracellular synthesis of nanoparticles.

This investigation was undertaken to describe a natural process for the removal of silver and the simultaneous recovery of Ag/Ag2O nanoparticles by dead biomass of the yeast Rhodotorula mucilaginosa. The removal of silver ions from aqueous solution and the synthesis of Ag/Ag2O nanoparticles were analyzed based on physicochemical factors and equilibrium concentration, combined with transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray ph...

Traditional Long-Term Central Venous Catheters Versus Transhepatic Venous Catheters in Infants and Young Children.

Children with congenital heart disease may require long-term central venous access for intensive care management; however, central venous access must also be preserved for future surgical and catheterization procedures. Transhepatic venous catheters may be an useful alternative. The objective of this study was to compare transhepatic venous catheters with traditional central venous catheters regarding complication rate and duration of catheter service.

Phototherapeutic spectrum expansion through synergistic effect of mesoporous silica trio-nanohybrids against antibiotic-resistant gram-negative bacterium.

The extensive impact of antibiotic resistance has led to the exploration of new anti-bacterial modalities. We designed copper impregnated mesoporous silica nanoparticles (Cu-MSN) with immobilizing silver nanoparticles (SNPs) to apply photodynamic inactivation (PDI) of antibiotic-resistant E. coli. SNPs were decorated over the Cu-MSN surfaces by coordination of silver ions on diamine-functionalized Cu-MSN and further reduced to silver nanoparticles with formalin. We demonstrate that silver is capable of sens...

Advances in Silver Nanotechnology: An Update on Biomedical Applications and Future Perspectives.

Nanotechnology is one of the most promising fields for producing new applications in nanotechnology, biotechnology, and medicine. However, only a few products have been used for nanotechnology, biotechnology, and medical purposes. Nanoparticles have been among the most usually applied nanomaterial in our health care system for hundreds of years. The most prominent nano product is nano silver which generally present at 1-100 nm in size in at least one dimension. Silver nanoparticles reveal remarkably unusu...

Near infrared surface-enhanced Raman scattering based on star-shaped gold/silver nanoparticles and hyperbolic metamaterial.

It is desirable to extend the surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) from the conventionally used visible range into the infrared region, because the fluorescence background is lower in the long-wavelength regime. To do this, it is important to have a SERS substrate suitable for infrared operation. In this work, we report the near infrared SERS operation based on the substrates employing star-shaped gold/silver nanoparticles and hyperbolic metamaterial (HMM) structure. We first fabricate the SERS substrat...

Ultrasound as a Screening Tool for Central Venous Catheter Positioning and Exclusion of Pneumothorax.

Although real-time ultrasound guidance during central venous catheter insertion has become a standard of care, postinsertion chest radiograph remains the gold standard to confirm central venous catheter tip position and rule out associated lung complications like pneumothorax. We hypothesize that a combination of transthoracic echocardiography and lung ultrasound is noninferior to chest radiograph when used to accurately assess central venous catheter positioning and screen for pneumothorax.

Biosynthesized silver nanoparticles: are they effective antimicrobials?

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are increasingly being used in medical applications. Therefore, cost effective and green methods for generating AgNPs are required.

A fast method for the determination of lead in honey samples using stabilizer-free silver nanoparticles.

A sensitive, rapid and robust method based on the use of stabilizer-free silver nanoparticles was developed for lead detection in honey. Silver nanoparticles were synthesized without the presence of any stabilizers using silver nitrate and sodium borohydride as precursors where the latter was applied as reducing agent. The optimization of the experimental variables (AgNO3 and NaBH4) for the formation of the nanoparticles was carried out using varying volumes of these solutions. Spectrophotometric measuremen...

Green biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using leaves extract of Artemisia vulgaris and their potential biomedical applications.

Biosynthesis of nanoparticles from plant extracts is receiving enormous interest due to their abundant availability and a broad spectrum of bioactive reducing metabolites. In this study, the reducing potential of Artemisia vulgaris leaves extract (AVLE) was investigated for synthesizing silver nanoparticles without the addition of any external reducing or capping agent. The appearance of blackish brown color evidenced the complete synthesis of nanoparticles. The synthesized silver nanoparticles were charact...

Influence of nanosilver on the efficiency of Pisum sativum crops germination.

The study is aimed to investigate the impact of silver nanoparticles on germination of Pisum sativum pea seeds. The influence of synthesized silver nanoparticles on root length and percentage of germinated seeds was revealed. It was found that nanosilver treatment agents do not affect the germination of pea seeds negatively at low concentrations. Also, the treatment of pea seeds with silver nanoparticles provide a significant positive effect on the root length of pea seeds.

Silver nanoparticles functionalized with ampicillin.

The resistance of pathogenic bacteria to antibiotics has become a serious problem. The emphasis is placed on the development of new, effective antimicrobial strategies. One of them is the use of AgNPs in association with antibiotic drugs. The aim of this study was to obtain silver nanoparticles functionalized with ampicillin and to investigate the mechanism of binding antibiotics to nanoparticle using high-performance liquid chromatography approach. To confirm the occurrence of silver nanoparticles function...

Six Weeks Versus 3 Months of Anticoagulant Treatment for Pediatric Central Venous Catheter-related Venous Thromboembolism.

Central venous catheters (CVCs) are the single most important predisposing factor for the development of pediatric venous thromboembolism (VTE). Treatment recommendations suggest anticoagulation for the duration of 6 weeks to 3 months. This project investigated clinical outcomes associated with 6 weeks compared with 3 months of enoxaparin therapy following diagnosis of a CVC-related VTE.

Effect of silver nanoparticles on anaerobic bacteria.

The aim was to evaluate the antibacterial effect of silver nanoparticles on anaerobic bacteria.

Measurement of the Density of Engineered Silver Nanoparticles using Centrifugal FFF-TEM and Single Particle ICP-MS.

A methodology has been developed to measure nanoparticle mass and density, by combining centrifugal field-flow fractionation (CeFFF) (more commonly called sedimentation FFF or SdFFF) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Particle effective mass obtained from CeFFF retention data, and particle size obtained from the TEM images were used to calculate the nanoparticle density. The method was initially applied to measure the density of monodispersed polystyrene latex nanoparticles. Measured densities for ...

Optimization of the Silver Nanoparticles PEALD Process on the Surface of 1-D Titania Coatings.

Plasma enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD) of silver nanoparticles on the surface of 1-D titania coatings, such as nanotubes (TNT) and nanoneedles (TNN), has been carried out. The formation of TNT and TNN layers enriched with dispersed silver particles of strictly defined sizes and the estimation of their bioactivity was the aim of our investigations. The structure and the morphology of produced materials were determined using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron miscroscopy (SE...

Fluorescence Electrochemical Microscopy: Capping Agent Effects with Ethidium Bromide/DNA Capped Silver Nanoparticles.

Fluorescence microscopy and electrochemistry were employed to examine capping agent dynamics in silver nanoparticles capped with DNA intercalated with ethidium bromide, a fluorescent molecule. The capped NPs were studied first electrochemically, demonstrating that the intercalation of the capping agent promotes oxidation of the silver core, occurring at 0.50 V (vs Ag, compared with 1.15 V for Ag NPs capped in DNA alone). Second, fluorescence electrochemical microscopy revealed that the electron transfer fro...

Janus silver mesoporous silica nanobullets with synergistic antibacterial functions.

In this study, we exploited a one-pot method to fabricate cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)-loaded Janus silver mesoporous silica nanoparticles (Janus Ag-MSNs@CTAB). These bullet-like nanoparticles had a silver head (80nm in diameter) attached to a mesoporous silica stick (200-300nm in length). The CTAB-loaded nanobullets exhibited a marked affinity for the bacterial cell surface and the simultaneously sustained release behavior of CTAB and silver ions. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of Jan...

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