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PubMed Journals Articles About "Induces Caspase Gasdermin Mediated Pyroptosis NLRP3 Pathway Blocked" RSS

02:41 EDT 19th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Induces Caspase Gasdermin Mediated Pyroptosis NLRP3 Pathway Blocked PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Induces Caspase Gasdermin Mediated Pyroptosis NLRP3 Pathway Blocked articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "induces caspase gasdermin mediated pyroptosis NLRP3 pathway blocked" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 16,000+

ATP induces caspase-3/gasdermin E-mediated pyroptosis in NLRP3 pathway-blocked murine macrophages.

ATP acts as a canonical activator to induce NLRP3 (NOD-like receptor family, pyrin domain containing 3) inflammasome activation in macrophages, leading to caspase-1/gasdermin D (GSDMD)-mediated pyroptosis. It remains unclear whether ATP can induce pyroptosis in macrophages when the NLRP3 pathway is blocked by pathogenic infection. In this study, we used cellular models to mimic such blockade of NLRP3 activation: bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) treated with NLRP3-specific inhibitor MCC950 and RAW264....


Protective effect of Ketone musk on LPS/ATP-induced pyroptosis in J774A.1 cells through suppressing NLRP3/GSDMD pathway.

Pyroptosis is a different type of proinflammatory and lytic mode of cell death from apoptosis and necrosis, which play a killer and cleaner to the pathogenic microorganisms as an immune response when the host is infected by pathogenic microorganisms. Ketone musk (KM) is a component of the native musk, which is widely used to medicine and chemical engineering. In this research, we studied whether KM can suppress the pyroptosis in J774A.1 cells induced by lipopoysaccharide (LPS)/Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) s...

UFL1 modulates NLRP3 inflammasome activation and protects against pyroptosis in LPS-stimulated bovine mammary epithelial cells.

UFL1 was identified as a key regulator of cellular stress, which was found to possess anti-inflammatory and cytoprotection effect in LPS-stimulated bovine mammary epithelial cells in our previous study. The NLRP3 inflammasome, which responds to various pathogenic microorganisms and sterile stressors, is involved in multiple inflammatory diseases. However, the specific effects of UFL1 on NLRP3 inflammasome activation remain elusive. Here we investigated the role of UFL1, with a focus on NLRP3 inflammasome ac...


Cell-Specific Roles of NLRP3 Inflammasome in Myocardial Infarction.

An accumulating body of evidence indicates that NLRP3 inflammasome plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases, including atherosclerosis and acute myocardial infarction (MI). NLRP3 inflammasome is a multimeric protein complex that leads to activation of caspase-1, which further induces maturation of interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18. Activated caspase-1 also induces a particular form of cell death called pyroptosis via the cleavage of gasdermin D. Our and other groups have shown tha...

Nlrp3 inflammasome activation and Gasdermin D-driven pyroptosis are immunopathogenic upon gastrointestinal norovirus infection.

Norovirus infection is the leading cause of food-borne gastroenteritis worldwide, being responsible for over 200,000 deaths annually. Studies with murine norovirus (MNV) showed that protective STAT1 signaling controls viral replication and pathogenesis, but the immune mechanisms that noroviruses exploit to induce pathology are elusive. Here, we show that gastrointestinal MNV infection leads to widespread IL-1β maturation in MNV-susceptible STAT1-deficient mice. MNV activates the canonical Nlrp3 inflammasom...

Sodium butyrate alleviates high-glucose-induced renal glomerular endothelial cells damage via inhibiting pyroptosis.

We recently found that Sodium butyrate (NaB) possesses anti-inflammatory effects in diabetic nephropathy (DN) mouse model and in high-glucose induced mouse glomerular mesangial cells. Pyroptosis is a programmed cell death accompanied with the release of pro-inflammatory factors. Gasdermin D (GSDMD) is a novel discovered pivotal executive protein of pyroptosis, which can be cleaved by inflammatory caspases. The aim of our study is to verify if NaB have some effects against high-glucose induces pyroptosis in ...

The neuroprotection of progesterone against Aβ-induced NLRP3-Caspase-1 inflammasome activation via enhancing autophagy in astrocytes.

Neuroinflammation and autophagy dysfunction are known to be involved in the pathological procession of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Progesterone (PG), neuroactive steroids, exerts a characteristic neuroprotective function in improving AD syndrome. The NOD-like receptor pyrin 3 (NLRP3)-Caspase-1 inflammasome has specific relevance to AD pathological procession. However, the exact role of PG in regulating NLRP3-Caspase-1 inflammasome remains to be elucidated. We demonstrated Aβ up-regulated IL-1β expression in...

Zearalenone induces NLRP3-dependent pyroptosis via activation of NF-κB modulated by autophagy in INS-1 cells.

Zearalenone (ZEA), one of the mycotoxins widely found in food and feed, can stimulate an inflammatory reaction. In the present study, we demonstrated that ZEA induced the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome even pyroptotic cell death in rat Insulinoma Cell Line (INS-1). Meanwhile, according to the results of western blot and TEM, the level of autophagy was elevated by ZEA, which protected against the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and inflammatory response caused by ZEA. Furthermore, we indicated that ZEA-in...

BLIMP-1 plays important role in the regulation of macrophage pyroptosis for the growth and multiplication of Leishmania donovani.

Visceral leishmaniasis, one of the fatal form of the disease, is caused by Leishmania donovani and presents morbid clinical manifestations. The parasite evades the pro-inflammatory immune responses by several reported mechanisms and modulate the host immune system to cause fatal symptoms. A plethora of reports related to the role of BLIMP-1 and its involvement in suppressing the immune response in various infectious diseases have been documented. Higher parasitic burden due to increased BLIMP-1 production h...

Toxoplasma gondii activates a Syk-CARD9-NF-κB signaling axis and gasdermin D-independent release of IL-1β during infection of primary human monocytes.

IL-1β is a potent pro-inflammatory cytokine that promotes immunity and host defense, and its dysregulation is associated with immune pathology. Toxoplasma gondii infection of myeloid cells triggers the production and release of IL-1β; however, the mechanisms regulating this pathway, particularly in human immune cells, are incompletely understood. We have identified a novel pathway of T. gondii induction of IL-1β via a Syk-CARD9-NF-κB signaling axis in primary human peripheral blood monocytes. Syk was ra...

Neferine inhibits LPS-ATP-induced endothelial cell pyroptosis via regulation of ROS/NLRP3/Caspase-1 signaling pathway.

Oxidative stress-induced endothelial dysfunction and pyroptosis play an important role during chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. Neferine, which is an alkaloid ingredient from the lotus seed embryo, has many biological actions such as anti-inflammatory, anticancer and antioxidant. However, the role of neferine in endothelial cell pyroptosis and the involved mechanism remain obscure. The aim is to probe the protective effects of neferine on cell pyroptosis and the involved underlying mechanism.

Inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated pyroptosis in macrophage by cycloastragenol contributes to amelioration of imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like skin inflammation in mice.

Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease, and the infiltrated macrophages in psoriatic skin lesions play a key role in the progression of this uncontrolled cutaneous inflammation. However, the current therapeutic strategies for patients with psoriasis are not satisfactory. Here, we report that cycloastragenol (CAG), a natural active small compound isolated from Astragalus membranaceus, significantly ameliorated imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasiform dermatitis in mice by targeting proinflammato...

Advanced Glycation End Products (AGEs) Induce Apoptosis of Fibroblasts by Activation of NLRP3 Inflammasome via Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) Signaling Pathway.

BACKGROUND Type 2 diabetes impairs the healing process and induces apoptosis of fibroblasts, which are thought to be involved in this process. We investigated the possible mechanisms involved in AGEs-induced apoptosis of human dermal fibroblasts. MATERIAL AND METHODS We examined the expression of apoptosis-related proteins in fibroblasts isolated from human diabetic wounds. Human dermal fibroblasts exposed to AGEs were used to study the links among apoptosis, ROS, and NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Signalin...

The role of Caspase 1 in ischemia/reperfusion injury of the myocardium.

Acute occlusion of a coronary artery can result in myocardial infarction - a leading cause of premature death. Prompt restoration of blood flow to the myocardium can prevent excessive death of cardiomyocytes and improve clinical outcome. Although the major mechanism of cell death after reperfusion is necrosis, it is now recognized that many other cell death pathways may be involved in ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Pyroptosis is one such cell death pathway that is caspase-1-dependent and induced in resp...

Coptisine from Coptis chinensis blocks NLRP3 inflammasome activation by inhibiting caspase-1.

Inflammasome mediates the activation of caspase-1, which promotes the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines. In this work, we aimed to investigate whether natural compounds from a Traditional Chinese Medicine prescription called San-Huang-Xie-Xin-Tang exert its clinical efficacy by inhibiting inflammasome activation and the underlying mechanism. The inhibitory effects of compounds on caspase-1 were evaluated in recombinant expressed caspase-1 protein and macrophages. Molecular docking was conducted to exam...

Gasdermin D: Evidence of Pyroptosis in Spontaneous Preterm Labor with Sterile Intra-amniotic Inflammation or Intra-amniotic Infection.

Pyroptosis, inflammatory programmed cell death, is initiated through the inflammasome and relies on the pore-forming actions of the effector molecule gasdermin D. Herein, we investigated whether gasdermin D is detected in women with spontaneous preterm labor and sterile intra-amniotic inflammation or intra-amniotic infection.

A Novel Circular RNA Mediates Pyroptosis of Diabetic Cardiomyopathy by Functioning as a Competing Endogenous RNA.

Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a vital cause of fatalities in diabetic patients. The programmed death of cardiomyocytes and inflammation critically contribute to cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis in DCM. Furthermore, circular RNA (circRNA) is a key regulator of various diseases. However, the role of circRNAs in DCM remains to be elucidated. Our previous study found that pyroptosis was markedly activated in the cardiomyocytes subjected to high-glucose conditions, and miR-214-3p regulated the expression of c...

Guanylate-binding proteins at the crossroad of noncanonical inflammasome activation during bacterial infections.

The immune system is armed with a broad range of receptors to detect and initiate the elimination of bacterial pathogens. Inflammasomes are molecular platforms that sense a diverse range of microbial insults to develop appropriate host response. In that context, noncanonical inflammasome arose as a sensor for Gram-negative bacteria-derived LPS leading to the control of infections. This review describes the role of caspase-11/gasdermin-D-dependent immune response against Gram-negative bacteria and presents a...

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli Stimulates Effector-Driven Rapid Caspase-4 Activation in Human Macrophages.

Microbial infections can stimulate the assembly of inflammasomes, which activate caspase-1. The gastrointestinal pathogen enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) causes localized actin polymerization in host cells. Actin polymerization requires the binding of the bacterial adhesin intimin to Tir, which is delivered to host cells via a type 3 secretion system (T3SS). We show that EPEC induces T3SS-dependent rapid non-canonical NLRP3 inflammasome activation in human macrophages. Notably, caspase-4 activatio...

Pyroptosis in Liver Disease: New Insights into Disease Mechanisms.

There has been increasing interest in pyroptosis as a novel form of pro-inflammatory programmed cell death. The mechanism of pyroptosis is significantly different from other forms of cell death in its morphological and biochemical features. Pyroptosis is characterized by the activation of two different types of caspase enzymes-caspase-1 and caspase-4/5/11, and by the occurrence of a proinflammatory cytokine cascade and an immune response. Pyroptosis participates in the immune defense mechanisms against intr...

ASC and NLRP3 maintain innate immune homeostasis in the airway through an inflammasome-independent mechanism.

It is widely accepted that inflammasomes protect the host from microbial pathogens by inducing inflammatory responses through caspase-1 activation. Here, we show that the inflammasome components ASC and NLRP3 are required for resistance to pneumococcal pneumonia, whereas caspase-1 and caspase-11 are dispensable. In the lung of S. pneumoniae-infected mice, ASC and NLRP3, but not caspase-1/11, were required for optimal expression of several mucosal innate immune proteins. Among them, TFF2 and intelectin-1 app...

Hippo signaling controls NLRP3 Activation and governs immunoregulation of mesenchymal stem cells in mouse liver injury.

The Hippo pathway, an evolutionarily conserved protein kinase cascade, tightly regulates cell growth and survival. Activation of yes-associated protein (YAP), a downstream effector of the Hippo pathway, has been shown to modulate tissue inflammation. However, it remains unknown as to whether and how the Hippo-YAP signaling may control NLRP3 activation in mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-mediated immune regulation during liver inflammation. In a mouse model of ischemia/reperfusion (IR)-induced liver sterile infla...

Glutathione Transferase Omega-1 Regulates NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation through NEK7 Deglutathionylation.

The NLRP3 inflammasome is a cytosolic complex sensing phagocytosed material and various damage-associated molecular patterns, triggering production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1 beta (IL)-1β and IL-18 and promoting pyroptosis. Here, we characterize glutathione transferase omega 1-1 (GSTO1-1), a constitutive deglutathionylating enzyme, as a regulator of the NLRP3 inflammasome. Using a small molecule inhibitor of GSTO1-1 termed C1-27, endogenous GSTO1-1 knockdown, and GSTO1-1 mice, we repo...

Blockade of the NLRP3/Caspase-1 Axis Ameliorates Airway Neutrophilic Inflammation in a Toluene Diisocyanate-Induced Murine Asthma Model.

Multiple studies have addressed the vital role of Nod-like receptor protein 3(NLRP3)/caspase-1/IL-1β signaling in asthma. Yet, the role of NLRP3/caspase-1 in toluene diisocyanate (TDI)-induced asthma is still obscure. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of the NLRP3/caspase-1 axis in TDI-induced asthma. Using an established murine model of TDI-induced asthma as described previously, we gave the asthmatic mice a highly selective NLRP3 inhibitor, MCC950, as well as the specific caspase-1 inhibit...

Up-regulation of microRNA-223 inhibits brain injury and hippocampal neuron apoptosis of rats after febrile seizure through the NLRP3-Caspase-1 signaling pathway.

This study is conducted to explore the role of microRNA-223 (miR-223) in brain injury and apoptosis of hippocampal neurons through the NLRP3-Caspase-1 signaling pathway in febrile seizure (FS) rats.


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