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Informed Horizons PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Informed Horizons articles that have been published worldwide.
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Pb, one of the constituents of ammunition, was identified as a contaminant in an ammunition destruction site. The present study aimed to assess Pb adsorption in the horizons of an uncontaminated representative soil profile of the region where the ammunition destruction site is located. Batch test experiments were performed to determine Pb adsorption in soil horizons, using solutions with natural and modified pH. The ISOFIT software was used to select the isotherm model that best fit Pb adsorption in soil ho...
Although the principle of informed consent is well established and its importance widely acknowledged, it has met with criticism for decades. Doubts have been raised for a number of different reasons. In particular, empirical data show that people regularly fail to reproduce the information provided to them. Many critics agree, therefore, that the received concept of informed consent is no more than a myth. Strategies to overcome this problem often rest on a flawed concept of informed consent. In this paper...
The subjective assessment of the adequacy of informed consent for clinical trials, and the potential difficulties associated with it, has led several studies to develop objective measures of informed consent for clinical trials. These objective measures of informed consent are often specific to a particular population or clinical condition and largely focus on understanding of (some or all of) the key elements of informed consent. Many of the developed tools are study-specific, but some validated measures e...
Vaccinations cause controversies for numerous reasons: medical, religious, and even personal. The following paper focuses on one more, underestimated conflict between individual autonomy and public health in regard to obligatory childhood vaccinations. Every medical intervention should be preceded by informed consent; however, informed consent in the case of obligatory vaccinations cannot be voluntary and valid. Moreover, asking parents to sign an informed consent form is paradoxical in a situation where no...
Identifying correlates of capacity to provide informed consent among individuals with bipolar disorder is essential for patient protection. As part of a clinical trial involving approved, standard treatments, we investigated relationships between clinical characteristics and capacity to provide informed consent in adults with bipolar disorder using the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Clinical Research (MacCAT-CR). After administering the MacCAT-CR, continuing participants in the trial were capable ...
Mineral-associated organic matter is associated with a suite of soil minerals that can confer stability, resulting in the potential for long-term storage of carbon (C). Not all interactions impart the same level of protection, however; evidence is suggesting that C in certain mineral pools is dynamic and vulnerable to disturbance in the decades following harvesting. The objective of this research was to describe and characterize organic matter-mineral interactions through depth in horizons of soils of contr...
Informed consent is gaining an ever-important place in modern medicine. The practice of patient-centered medicine along with evidence-based medicine requires a balance between the patient's wishes and the physician's oath to do no harm. Surrogate consent, emergency consent, and intraoperative consultation are 3 situations prone to legal and ethical dilemmas in the fulfillment of informed consent. By examining the proposed models and legal precedents that address the challenges in informed consent, discussio...
To explore women's experiences of the concept of informed choice during pregnancy and childbirth.
Residual tissue samples, i.e., samples excised for diagnosis or during treatment, are commonly used for medical research. In the Netherlands, they can be used provided the patient did not opt out of this use. Previous research has shown that recall of the informed consent procedure for tissue use is poor. Here, we investigate recall of three consent procedures: informed consent, opt-out, and opt-out plus (an opt-out procedure with an information procedure similar to that of informed consent).
Italy has long lacked a law regulating patients' informed consent and advance directives (ADs). All previous attempts to introduce a law on this matter failed to reach positive outcomes, and aroused heated ideological debate over the exact meaning of life and death. We report on the new law on informed consent and ADs approved by the Italian Parliament on 14th December 2017.
The aim of this study is to evaluate the readability levels of informed consent forms used in Turkey before urological surgery and to compare the readability levels of open, endoscopic, and laparoscopic surgical informed consent forms.
Informed consent is an integral part of the preoperative counseling process. It is important that we know the best way to relay this information to patients undergoing surgery, specifically, hysterectomy.
In order to avoid patient abuse, under normal situations before performing a medical intervention on a patient, a physician must obtain informed consent from that patient, where to give genuine informed consent a patient must be competent, understand her condition, her options and their expected risks and benefits, and must expressly consent to one of those options. However, many patients refrain from the option that their physician believes to be best, and many physicians worry that their patients make irr...
The request of a transgendered-identified patient for psychiatric, medical, or surgical services creates ethical tensions in mental health professionals, primary care physicians, endocrinologists, and surgeons. These may be summarized as follows: Does the patient have a clear idea of the risks of the services that are being requested? Is the consent truly informed? While this question is starkly evident among cross-gender identified children contemplating puberty suppression and social gender transition and...
The article explores the challenges of ensuring voluntary and informed consent which is obtained from potential research subjects in the north-eastern part of Romania. This study is one of the first empirical papers of this nature in Romania. The study used a quantitative survey design using the adapted Quality of Informed Consent (QuIC) questionnaire. The target population consisted of 100 adult persons who voluntarily enrolled in clinical trials. The informed consent form must contain details regarding th...
In our daily clinical practice, we observe that patients who were informed about the probable side effects of any medication experience less side effects. For this reason, we decided to examine this in a systematic investigation.
Providing research information in a manner accessible to minors participating in biomedical research is a major challenge. Guidance is dramatically lacking regarding best practices for seeking informed consent among undisclosed minors enrolled in HIV-related research. We implemented an improved informed consent process (IICP) and identified factors associated with understanding of the information presented to HIV-infected minors prior to their enrolment in a study.
The public health sector is moving toward adopting evidence-informed decision making into practice, but effort is still required to effectively develop capacity and promote contextual factors that advance and sustain it. This paper describes the impact of an organization-wide knowledge translation intervention delivered by knowledge brokers on evidence-informed decision making knowledge, skills and behaviour.
Informed consent is mandatory before surgery and fundamental in physician-patient interaction. However, communication is sometimes suboptimal.
In 2013, the Association of American Medical Colleges created the "Core Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) for Entering Residency" to more clearly define the set of activities that entering residents should be able to perform on day one of residency without direct supervision. EPA #11 is obtaining informed consent for tests and/or procedures. This EPA acknowledges that an entrustable learner should be able to document a complete consent among other components. The aim of this study is to explore if ...
Socioemotional selectivity theory (SST) is a life-span theory of motivation grounded in the subjective awareness of human mortality. The cardinal postulate is that time horizons shape the relative priority placed on emotionally meaningful and knowledge-seeking goals. Because goals are always set in temporal contexts, and time left in life is inversely related to chronological age, SST predicts systematic age differences in goal pursuit. The theory has garnered considerable empirical support. In this paper, ...