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Intravenous Dexamethasone Homologated Placebo Postoperative Pain PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Intravenous Dexamethasone Homologated Placebo Postoperative Pain articles that have been published worldwide.
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To compare effects of local and systemic administrations of dexamethasone and local bupivacaine on postoperative pain in patients who have had tonsillectomy..
Multimodal analgesic strategies are recommended to decrease opioid requirements and opioid-induced respiratory complications in patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery. Recent studies have demonstrated that intravenous ibuprofen decreases opioid consumption compared with placebo. The primary aim of this study was to compare the effect of intravenous ibuprofen and intravenous acetaminophen on opioid consumption. We also aimed to compare postoperative pain levels and side effects of the drugs.
The aim of the study was to compare the effect of intraperitoneal versus intravenous dexamethasone for the reduction of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) after gynecological laparoscopic surgeries.
Dexamethasone Reduces the Incidence of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Children Undergoing Endoscopic Adenoidectomy under General Anesthesia Without Increasing the Risk of Postoperative Hemorrhage.
BACKGROUND Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common complication of pediatric anesthesia, but the overall incidence of PONV in patients undergoing adenoidectomy is unknown. The aim of this controlled study was to compare the effect of dexamethasone administration with placebo to reduce PONV in children undergoing endoscopic adenoidectomy under general anesthesia. MATERIAL AND METHODS A randomized placebo-controlled study included 118 pediatric patients who underwent elective endoscopic adenoidec...
Pre-emptive analgesia is known to reduce postoperative pain after third molar removal. The purpose of this study was to compare postoperative pain in patients receiving either preoperative intravenous (IV) ibuprofen or preoperative IV acetaminophen for third molar surgery.
Perineural dexamethasone and intravenous (IV) dexamethasone have been shown to prolong peripheral nerve block duration. The effects of perineural and IV dexamethasone have only been compared at doses of 4 mg or greater. This triple-blind, randomized trial examined the effect of 1 mg IV versus perineural dexamethasone on interscalene block (ISB) analgesia duration.
The management of postoperative pain and recovery is still unsatisfactory in a number of cases in clinical practice. Opioids used for postoperative analgesia are frequently associated with adverse effects, including nausea and constipation, preventing smooth postoperative recovery. Not all patients are suitable for, and benefit from, epidural analgesia that is used to improve postoperative recovery. The non-opioid, lidocaine, was investigated in several studies for its use in multimodal management strategie...
Postoperative pain was a common symptom after spinal surgery. This meta-analysis aimed to assess whether intravenous glucocorticoids has a beneficial role in reducing pain in patients following spinal fusion.
Network meta-analysis (NMA) uses direct comparisons of interventions within randomized controlled trials and indirect comparisons across them. NMA uses more data than a series of direct comparisons with placebo, and theoretically should produce more reliable results. We used a Cochrane overview review of acute postoperative pain trials and other systematic reviews to provide data to test this hypothesis. Some 261 trials published between 1966-2016 included 39,753 patients examining 52 active drug and dose c...
Placebo hypoalgesia has been found to play an important role in every health care by modulating patients' responses to pharmacologically active analgesic treatments. It may be seen as reflecting the capacity for endogenous pain modulation. Enhancing the efficacy of analgesic treatments by boosting endogenous pain modulation might be particularly relevant for chronic pain patients. Research into placebo hypoalgesic responses to chronic pain is sparse, however. In healthy subjects, placebo hypoalgesia is indu...
To assess the impact of intravenous ketorolac (IVK) on self-reported pain scores, requirements for opioid analgesic and anti-emetic medications, and bleeding complications in the setting of levator advancement surgery METHODS:: A prospective randomized controlled trial was performed among adult patients undergoing levator advancement surgery. Pain scores were measured immediately after surgery, prior to discharge from the surgical facility, and on the first postoperative day. The requirements for postoperat...
In spite of advances in root canal therapy and better knowledge of pulpal and periapical inflammation, up 40% of endodontic patients report varying degrees of pain. The aim of this present study was to compare the effect of single preoperative dose of ibuprofen or dexamethasone on post-endodontic pain. Sixty volunteers were divided into three groups (n=20 per group): PL, placebo; IB, 400 mg of ibuprofen; and DE, 8 mg of dexamethasone. The primary outcome was the post-endodontic pain intensity measured with ...
Postoperative pain is a frequent cause for delayed discharge following outpatient procedures, including anorectal surgery. Both central and peripheral pain receptor sensitization are thought to contribute to postoperative pain. Blocking these receptors and preempting sensitization prevents hyperalgesia leading to lower pain medication requirements. Studies in the orthopedic, urologic, and gynecologic literature support this practice, but the use of preemptive analgesia in anorectal surgery is understudied.
Children who undergo surgical procedures in ambulatory and inpatient settings are at risk of experiencing acute pain. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can reduce moderate to severe pain without many of the side effects associated with opioids. However, NSAIDs may cause bleeding, renal and gastrointestinal toxicity, and potentially delay wound and bone healing. Intravenous administration of ketorolac for postoperative pain in children has not been approved in many countries, but is routinely adm...
The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effects of preemptive a single dose IV ibuprofen on postoperative 48 h opioid consumption and postoperative pain in patients undergoing thyroidectomy.
The effect of intravenous dexamethasone on the regression of sensory and motor block after isobaric bupivacaine spinal anesthesia is unknown. We conducted a prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial on 60 patients who received intravenously either placebo (group P) or 8-mg dexamethasone (group D) during the intrathecal injection of 12-mg isobaric bupivacaine 0.5%. Primary outcome was the time from bupivacaine injection to regression of 2 dermatomes in relation to the highest dermatome blocked b...
This study evaluates the analgesic efficacy and emotional response of intravenous lidocaine infusion compared with placebo in patients with postherpetic neuralgia(PHN).
It has previously been reported that venous cannulation-induced pain (VCP) can be used to predict acute postoperative pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patients rating VCP ≥2.0 visual analogue scale (VAS) units had 3.4 times higher risk of moderate or severe pain. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if VCP ≥2.0 VAS units is associated with higher risk of acute postoperative pain after various common surgical procedures.
Opioids administered by various routes are a mainstay of tumour-related pain management. Subcutaneous or intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) with opioids is an appropriate and safe form of treatment for postoperative pain but studies on this form of administration are sparse in the setting of cancer pain despite widespread use.
The management of acute postoperative pain remains a significant challenge for physicians. Poorly controlled postoperative pain is associated with poorer overall outcomes.
Septorhinoplasty is a surgical procedure widely employed by otolaryngologists and plastic surgeons. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a single pre-emptive dose of iv ibuprofen on postoperative pain and opioid consumption in patients undergoing septorhinoplasty.
Placebo and nocebo effects are currently within the focus of clinical and experimental pain research. Neurophysiological and psychophysiological mechanisms might play an important role. Placebo and nocebo effects might be mediated through the descendent inhibitory pain pathway via endogenous opioids. Apart from that three different psychological mechanisms might be relevant for placebo and nocebo effects: classical conditioning, social learning and pain expectation. An open analgesic drug application, detai...
Multiple factors have been implicated in determining why certain patients have increased postoperative pain, with the potential to develop chronic pain. The purpose of this study was to: 1) identify and describe genes that affect postoperative pain perception and control; 2) address modifiable risk factors that result in epigenetic altered responses to pain; and 3) characterize differences in pain sensitivity and thresholds between opioid-naïve and opioid-dependent patients.
To assess the efficacy and safety of a sustained-release intracanalicular dexamethasone insert for the treatment of postoperative ocular inflammation and pain in patients having cataract surgery.
The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) agonist dexamethasone is frequently used for its anti-inflammatory properties. We recently showed that a single high-dose of dexamethasone had long-lasting protective effects on the development of psychopathology after cardiac surgery and postoperative intensive care unit stay. In this study, we investigated whether common genetic variation in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis would influence the susceptibility for PTSD and depression after dexamethasone administ...