PubMed Journals Articles About "Longitudinal Study Antenatal Perinatal Risk Factors Early Childhood" RSS

04:22 EDT 19th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "longitudinal study antenatal perinatal risk factors early childhood" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 83,000+

A longitudinal study of antenatal and perinatal risk factors in early childhood cognition: Evidence from Growing Up in New Zealand.

Poor maternal health, disadvantageous exposures during pregnancy and unfavourable perinatal events are associated with adverse trajectories in offspring cognitive development.

Perinatal and early life risk factors for childhood brain tumors: Is instrument-assisted delivery associated with higher risk?

The childhood peak of brain tumors suggests that early-life exposures might have a role in their etiology. Hence, we examined in the Greek National Registry for Childhood Hematological Malignancies and Solid tumors (NARECHEM-ST) whether perinatal and early-life risk factors influence the risk of childhood brain tumors.

Perinatal risk factors for type 1 diabetes revisited: a population-based register study.

Single-centre studies and meta-analyses have found diverging results as to which early life factors affect the risk of type 1 diabetes during childhood. We wanted to use a large, nationwide, prospective database to further clarify and analyse the associations between perinatal factors and the subsequent risk for childhood-onset type 1 diabetes using a case-control design.

Early-Life Environmental Factors, IFN-γ Methylation Patterns, and Childhood Allergic Rhinitis.

While early-life risk factors are known to influence the risk of allergies, the biological mechanisms underlying this observation are unclear. The aim of this study was to examine whether DNA methylation in childhood could underlie the association between early-life risk factors and allergic rhinitis (AR).

Neural Response to Reward and Psychosocial Risk Factors Independently Predict Antenatal Depressive Symptoms.

While psychosocial risk factors for peripartum depression are well-researched, studies on neural risk factors are scarce. Previous studies suggest a blunted neural response to reward may be a biomarker of depression and risk. In a sample of 86 pregnant women, the present study examined whether a reduced Reward Positivity (RewP), an event-related potential (ERP) elicited to feedback indicating monetary reward, relates to greater antenatal depressive symptoms. We also examined whether the RewP explains unique...

Antibiotic use in early childhood and risk of obesity: longitudinal analysis of a national cohort.

Taking oral antibiotics during childhood has been linked with an increased risk of childhood obesity. This study assessed any potential association in number of courses of antibiotics taken between 2-3 and 4-5 years of age and body mass trajectory up to age 5.

Traumatic Brain Injury in Early Childhood and Risk of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Nationwide Longitudinal Study.

Early childhood (< 3 years of age) is a critical period for neurodevelopment. This study investigated the correlation between early childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) and subsequent risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and developmental delay (DD) by analyzing a national-scale cohort.

Prenatal and early life origins of adolescence sleep problems: evidence from a birth cohort.

Purpose This study aims to identify the prenatal and early life predictors of adolescence sleep problems. Methods Sleep data (n = 5081) from the 14-year (13.92 ± 0.34 years) follow-up of a birth cohort were analyzed to explore the predictors of adolescence trouble sleeping, nightmares, snoring and sleep talking/walking. Data from the antenatal period till adolescence were explored for identifying predictors of adolescence sleep problems. Modified Poisson regression with a robust error variance was used to ...

The International Childhood Cancer Cohort Consortium (I4C): A research platform of prospective cohorts for studying the aetiology of childhood cancers.

Childhood cancer is a rare but leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Established risk factors, accounting for

Adherence to standards of first-visit antenatal care among providers: A stratified analysis of Tanzanian facility-based survey for improving quality of antenatal care.

Despite the benefits of early antenatal care visits for early prevention, detection, and treatment of potential complications in pregnancy, a high level of provider adherence to first-visit antenatal care standards is needed. However, little information is available regarding provider adherence to antenatal care in Tanzania. This study was performed to assess provider adherence to first-visit antenatal care standards and to apply stratified analysis to identify associated factors in Tanzania.

Risk and protective factors for the development of ADHD symptoms in children and adolescents: Results of the longitudinal BELLA study.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders in childhood worldwide, and causes significant impairments in overall functioning. In order to develop effective prevention and intervention programs, knowledge of the determinants that have an impact on the onset and development of ADHD symptoms is essential. So far, little is known about factors affecting ADHD symptoms in children and adolescents over time. Therefore, this study investigates potential ps...

Reward activation in childhood predicts adolescent substance use initiation in a high-risk sample.

Substance use at an early age conveys substantial risk for later substance-related problems. A better understanding of early risk factors could result in more timely and effective intervention. This study investigated the predictive utility of the brain's response to reward anticipation as a risk factor for early substance use initiation.

Early childhood exposure to maternal smoking and Kawasaki Disease: A longitudinal survey in Japan.

Kawasaki disease is the leading cause of acquired childhood heart disease in most developed countries, but the etiology of the disease is unknown. An aberrant immune response to some environmental triggers may play a role and involuntary exposure to tobacco smoke can alter immune functions. We thus prospectively examined the association between early childhood exposure to maternal smoking and the incidence of Kawasaki disease. We used a large, nationwide population-based longitudinal survey ongoing since 20...

Longitudinal Pathways From Shyness in Early Childhood to Personality in Adolescence: Do Peers Matter?

Temperamental shyness in childhood is theorized to be an important contributor for adolescent personality. However, empirical evidence for such pathways is scarce. Using longitudinal data (N = 939 children, 51% boys) across 17 years, the aim of this study was to examine how shyness development throughout childhood predicted personality traits in adolescence, and the role of peers in these associations. Results from piecewise latent growth curve modeling showed early shyness levels to predict lower emotio...

Lifestyle, anthropometric, socio-demographic and perinatal correlates of early adolescence hypertension: The Healthy Growth Study.

Various lifestyle, anthropometric, socio-demographic and perinatal characteristics have been separately associated with elevated blood pressure in children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to simultaneously evaluate all potential risk factors and to identify the most dominant correlates of early adolescence hypertension in a large group of school children 9-13 years old.

Risk Factors for Borderline Personality Disorder in Adolescents.

The objective of this study was to assess the association between variables reflecting childhood adversity, protective childhood experiences, and the five-factor model of personality and BPD in adolescents. Two groups of adolescents were studied: 104 met criteria for BPD and 60 were psychiatrically healthy. Adverse and protective childhood experiences were assessed using a semistructured interview. The five-factor model of personality was assessed using the NEO-FFI. Eight of nine variables indicating severi...

Racial/ethnic differences in incidence and persistence of childhood atopic dermatitis.

Although previous studies have explored racial/ethnic differences in incident atopic dermatitis (AD) in childhood, few studies have examined risk factors associated with AD persistence. As such, we sought to examine differences in incidence and persistence of childhood AD by race/ethnicity accounting for socio-demographic characteristics and perinatal vitamin D levels. Using data from Project Viva, a prospective pre-birth cohort in eastern Massachusetts, we studied 1,437 mother-child pairs with known AD sta...

Perinatal and familial risk factors for soft tissue sarcomas in childhood through young adulthood: A population-based assessment in 4 million live births.

Perinatal factors have been associated with soft tissue sarcomas (STS) in case-control studies. However, (1) the contributions of factors including fetal growth remain unknown, (2) these factors have not been examined in cohort studies, and (3) few assessments have evaluated risk in specific STS subtypes. We sought to identify the role of perinatal and familial factors on the risk of STS in a large population-based birth cohort. We identified 4,023,436 individuals in the Swedish Birth Registry born during 1...

Depressive symptoms during childhood and cardiovascular risk factors in black and white men.

Depressive symptoms and major depression predict cardiovascular disease (CVD) and CVD risk factors in adulthood. Evidence regarding the role of depression in the development of CVD risk in youth is minimal. The study evaluated the prospective relationship of depressive symptoms in childhood and adolescence with adult CVD risk factors in black and white men.

Risk factors for symptomatic venous thromboembolism during therapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) is an unpredictable and life-threatening toxicity, which occurs early in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) therapy. Approximately 5% of children will experience VTE which is treated with anticoagulation. Asparaginase and corticosteroids are etiologic factors for VTE, however other clinical factors may modify this risk.

Cell-Based Therapy for Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in Preterm Infants: Workshop report.

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the most common complication of extreme prematurity. Currently, there is no specific treatment available. Preclinical studies support cell-therapy as a promising therapy for BPD in preterm infants. A successful translation to a safe and effective clinical intervention depends on multiple factors including the perspective of neonatal health care providers. A 2 hour workshop with 40 Canadian neonatologists was held to enhance the design of a phase II trial of stem cells for...

Prevalence of Antenatal Depression and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care at Dubti Hospital: A Case of Pastoralist Region in Northeast Ethiopia.

Globally, depression affects an estimated 10 % to 20% of women during pregnancy. There is limited evidence on antenatal depression in Northeast Ethiopia. This study aimed to assess prevalence of antenatal depression and associated factors among Dubti Hospital Antenatal care attendants.

Early Childhood Risk Exposures and Inflammation in Early Adolescence.

There is now reliable evidence that early psychosocial stress exposures are associated with behavioral health in children; the degree to which these same kinds of stress exposures predict physical health outcomes is not yet clear. We investigated the links between economic adversity, family and caregiving stress in early childhood and several markers of immune function in early adolescence. The sample is derived from the Family Life Project, a prospective longitudinal study of at-risk families. Socio-demogr...

Weight status change from childhood to early adulthood and the risk of adult hypertension.

Overweight/obesity in childhood is suggested to increase risk of hypertension later in life. However, few studies have assessed the effect of trajectories of weight status from childhood to adulthood on adult hypertension. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between weight status change from childhood to early adulthood and adult hypertension in the Chinese population.

Prediction Models for Early Childhood Obesity: Applicability and Existing Issues.

Statistical models have been developed for the prediction or diagnosis of a wide range of outcomes. However, to our knowledge, only 7 published studies have reported models to specifically predict overweight and/or obesity in early childhood. These models were developed using known risk factors and vary greatly in terms of their discrimination and predictive capacities. There are currently no established guidelines on what constitutes an acceptable level of risk (i.e., risk threshold) for childhood obesity ...

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