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MicroRNA 3941 Targets IGF2 Control Induced Acute Pneumonia PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest MicroRNA 3941 Targets IGF2 Control Induced Acute Pneumonia articles that have been published worldwide.
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This study aimed to explore the potential roles and mechanism of miR-1247 in lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced acute pneumonia.
Children with acute pneumonia may be vitamin D deficient. Clinical trials have found that prophylactic vitamin D supplementation decreases the risk of developing pneumonia in children. Data on the therapeutic effects of vitamin D in acute childhood pneumonia are limited.
Community-acquired pneumonia refers to an acute infection of the lung in patients who did not meet any of the criteria for health care-acquired pneumonia, and is associated with at least some symptoms of acute infection, accompanied by the presence of an acute infiltrate on a chest radiograph. Chest radiography remains an important component of the evaluation of a patient with a suspicion of pneumonia, and is usually the first examination to be obtained. The diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia is base...
Patients with dysphagia are at an increased risk of stroke-associated pneumonia. There is wide variation in the way patients are screened and assessed during the acute phase. The aim of this review was to identify the methods of assessment and management in acute stroke that influence the risk of stroke-associated pneumonia. Studies of stroke patients that reported dysphagia screening, assessment or management and occurrence of pneumonia during acute phase stroke were screened for inclusion after electronic...
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the most severe lower respiratory tract infections with a high in-hospital mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the socioeconomic and medical risk factors affecting the prognosis of acute pneumonia. The results of this study can mention the value of socioeconomic backgrounds like poverty and illiteracy in clinical practice, even in a well-known biological phenomenon (eg acute pneumonia).
Testicular apoptotic cell death (TACD) contributes to diabetes mellitus (DM)-induced male infertility. MicroRNA-34a (miR-34a) is a pro-apoptotic RNA that targets sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) which provides protection against complications of (DM). However, the specific role of miR-34a in (DM)-induced TACD is unknown. MiR-34a targets Sirt1 mRNA, resulting in apoptosis. However, whether or not SIRT1 is a major target of miR-34a in (DM)-induced TACD is unclear. The present study aimed to define the role of miR-34a/SIRT1...
Lipoteichoic acid (LTA)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) is an experimental model for mimicking Gram-positive bacteria-induced pneumonia that is a refractory disease with lack of effective medicines. Here, we reported that costunolide, a sesquiterpene lactone, ameliorated LTA-induced ALI. Costunolide treatment reduced LTA-induced neutrophil lung infiltration, cytokine and chemokine production (TNF-α, IL-6 and KC), and pulmonary edema. In response to LTA challenge, treatment with costunolide resulted less iN...
This study aimed to determine the frequency and risk factors for statin-induced interstitial pneumonia (IP).
Ventilator-associated pneumonia is the second most common nosocomial infection in pediatric intensive care. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently issued diagnosis criteria for pediatric ventilator-associated pneumonia and for ventilator-associated events in adults. The objectives of this pediatric study were to determine the prevalence of ventilator-associated pneumonia using these new Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria, to describe the risk factors and management of venti...
Patients commonly present to primary care services with upper and lower respiratory tract infections and guidelines to help clinicians investigate and treat acute cough due to suspected pneumonia and influenza are needed.
Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP) is a rare but important cause of severe respiratory failure most typically caused by cigarette smoking, but can also be caused by medications, illicit drugs, infections and environmental exposures. There is growing evidence that disease severity varies and not all patients require mechanical ventilation or even supplemental oxygen.
MicroRNA-146a is a well-studied microRNA participating in immune and inflammatory diseases, but its role in sepsis has not been investigated. Here in our study, we found increased level of microRNA-146a in macrophage stimulated by lipopolysaccharide. In addition, the mRNA level of Notch1 was also increased. Up-regulation of microRNA-146a by miR-146a-mimic alleviated inflammatory responses of macrophage, for the levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and CCL-2 were decreased, and the activation of NF-κB signaling was inhib...
Non-islet cell tumor hypoglycemia (NICTH) is a rare but serious paraneoplastic syndrome associated with large tumors. The high molecular weight insulin-like growth factor (IGF) 2, known as "big" IGF2, is produced by culprit tumors and leads to severe hypoglycemia. The detailed mechanism of its production in NICTH, however, remains unclear.
Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is associated with morbidity and mortality in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients. In this case-control study, we determined the association between post-transplant PCP and 3 variables: cytomegalovirus infection, allograft rejection and prophylaxis.
Amiodarone is a widely used antiarrhythmic agent for supraventricular and ventricular tachyarrhythmias. It is known to cause pulmonary toxicity, which can manifest in a variety of presentations, ranging from asymptomatic to fatal. We present a case of chronic interstitial pneumonia with organizing pneumonia induced by amiodarone that was successfully treated with drug cessation and use of corticosteroids. The patient experienced complete resolution of symptoms and full recovery of lung function after the co...
To explore the function of blood microRNA-15a (miR-15a) in the pathogenesis of acute cerebral ischemia.
Newborns with intrauterine growth-restriction are at increased risk of mortality and life-long co-morbidities. Insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF2) deficiency in humans as well as in mice leads to intrauterine growth restriction and decreased neonatal glycogen stores. The present study aims to further characterize the metabolic and transcriptional consequences of Igf2 deficiency in the newborn. We found that, despite being born significantly smaller than their wild-type (Igf2) littermates, brain size was pr...
Early and accurate diagnosis of ischaemic stroke (IS) requires the use of an optimized biomarker. Exosomal microRNAs have the potential to serve as biomarkers owing to their stability and specificity. We investigated the expression levels of plasma-derived exosomal microRNA-21-5p and microRNA-30a-5p in the different phases of IS.
Acute myocardial infarction is a serious disease with high morbidity and mortality. microRNAs (miRNAs) have been proved to play an important role in modulating myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury. Hence, in this study, we constructed H9c2 cell model to elucidate the roles of microRNA-486 (miR-486) in preventing hypoxia-induced damage in H9c2 cells.
Acute liver failure of all causes is diagnosed in between 2000 and 2500 patients annually in the United States. Drug-induced acute liver failure is the leading cause of acute liver failure, accounting for more than 50% of cases. Nonacetaminophen drug injury represents 11% of all cases in the latest registry from the US Acute Liver Failure Study Group. Although rare, acute liver failure is clinically dramatic when it occurs, and requires a multidisciplinary approach to management. In contrast with acetaminop...
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has only about 30%-40% five years survival rate due to the leukemia stem-like cells (LSCs) with self-renewal and differentiation ability. To address the novel therapeutic targets in LSCs, we investigated the roles of miRNA-126 and TRAF7 in AML.
The H19-IGF2 imprinted gene region could be implicated in the risk of developing impaired renal function (IRF). Our aim was to determine the association of several common H19-IGF2 variants and IRF in a cohort of elderly healthy individuals. The study involved 675 individuals >65 years of age, 184 with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and 105 with IRF (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR]
In this study, we analyzed interferon (IFN)-γ-producing cells and M1/M2 macrophage polarization in Legionella pneumophila pneumonia following anti-Gr-1 antibody treatment. Anti-Gr-1 treatment induced an M1-to-M2 shift of macrophage subtypes in the lungs and weakly in the peripheral blood, which was associated with increased mortality in legionella-infected mice. CD8+ T lymphocytes and natural killer cells were the dominant sources of IFN-γ in the acute phase, and anti-Gr-1 treatment reduced the number of ...
Glioma is the most aggressive primary brain tumor and is notorious for resistance to chemoradiotherapy. Although its associated mechanisms are still not completely understood, Notch signaling, an evolutionarily conserved pathway, appears to be the key processes involved. Nevertheless, its mechanisms are sophisticated, due to a variety of targets and signal pathways, especially microRNA. MicroRNAs, which are small noncoding regulatory RNA molecules, have been proposed as one of the key mechanisms in glioma p...
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare, almost exclusively female lung disease linked to inactivating mutations in tuberous sclerosis complex 2 (TSC2), a tumor suppressor gene that controls cell metabolic state and growth via regulation of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTORC1) signaling. mTORC1 is frequently activated in human cancers and, although the mTORC1 inhibitor rapamycin has a cytostatic effect, it is, in general, unable to elicit a robust curative effect or tumor regression. Using RNA-Seq,...