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PubMed Journals Articles About "Mutation Analysis High Performance Liquid Chromatography Laboratory Biomarker" RSS

19:07 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "mutation analysis high performance liquid chromatography laboratory biomarker" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 65,000+

Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the saponins in leaves using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry and high performance liquid chromatography coupled with UV detector.

leaves (PNL) exhibit extensive activities, but few analytical methods have been established to exclusively determine the dammarane triterpene saponins in PNL.


Stability of cannabinoids in cannabis FM1 flowering tops and oil preparation evaluated by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry.

Identification, Characterization and High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Quantification for Process-Related Impurities in Abiraterone Acetate Bulk Drug.

During the synthesis of abiraterone acetate bulk drug in some laboratory batches, two unreported impurities were detected by high-performance liquid chromatography analysis at levels ranging from 0.05 to 0.10% according to the United States Pharmacopeia method. The structures of two impurities were characterized and confirmed by NMR and MS, which were proposed to be [3β-acetoxy-16-(3β-acetoxy-androsta-5,16-dien-17-yl)-17-(3-pyridyl)-androsta-5,16-di-ene] and [3β-acetoxy-16-(3β-acetoxy-androsta-5,16-dien...


Analysis of alkaloids from Peganum harmala L. sequential extracts by liquid chromatography coupled to ion mobility spectrometry.

An orthogonal two dimensional analysis method based on high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) separation and electrospray ionization-ion mobility spectrometry (ESI-IMS) detection was developed for the analysis of alkaloid compounds from Peganum harmala L. seeds. Reverse phase (RP) and hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) were compared for the most optimal performance using three different chromatographic columns. The experimental results suggest that HILIC mode is a better option for combin...

Determination of 8-methoxypsoralen in mouse plasma by high performance liquid chromatography and its application to pharmacokinetic study.

To establish a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for the determination of 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) in mouse plasma and apply it to a pharmacokinetic study of 8-MOP.

Pharmacokinetic and metabolism studies of bavachinin through ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry.

Bavachinin (BVC), one of the main bioactive prenylated flavonoids derived from Psoralea corylifolia Linn, has a wide variety of pharmacological effects, such as antiangiogenic, antitumour, antiallergic, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial activities, especially as a pan-peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) agonist. A rapid and sensitive method for quantifying BVC in rat plasma was developed and validated through ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray-ionizatio...

Determination of Zoledronic Acid and Its Related Substances by High Performance Liquid Chromatography with Evaporative Light Scattering Detection.

A method has been developed and validated for analysis of zoledronic acid (ZOL) and its related substances by ion-pair reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography with evaporative light scattering detection (ELSD). Chromatographic separation was achieved with gradient elution by using a C18 column, mobile phase containing 12 mM ammonium acetate buffer and 35 mM n-pentylamine, whose pH value is 7.0, and 5% acetonitrile. The mobile-phase flow rate was 1.0 mL/min. The calibration plot was linear in t...

Development of a high performance liquid chromatography method with fluorescence detection for the routine quantification of tamoxifen, endoxifen, and 4-hydroxytamoxifen in plasma from breast cancer patients.

To date, several methods for quantification of tamoxifen and its metabolites have been developed, most of which employ liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). These methods are highly sensitive and reproducible, but are also time-consuming and require expensive equipment; one of its main disadvantages is matrix ionization effects. A more viable option, particularly in developing countries, is high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with UV or fluorescence detection (FLD). We...

Rapid qualitative and quantitative analysis of methamphetamine, ketamine, heroin, and cocaine by near-infrared spectroscopy.

Rapid and nondestructive near infrared spectroscopy (NIR) methods have been developed for simultaneous qualitative and quantitative analysis of methamphetamine, ketamine, heroin, and cocaine in seized samples. This is the first systematic report regarding a qualitative and quantitative procedure of applying NIR for drug analysis. A total of 282 calibration samples and 836 prediction samples were used for the building and validating of qualitative and quantitative models. Two qualitative analysis modeling me...

Basic and practical concepts of radiopharmaceutical purification methods.

The presence of radiochemical impurities in a radiopharmaceutical contributes to an unnecessary radiation burden for the patients or to an undesirable high radioactivity background, which reduces the imaging contrast or therapeutic efficacy. Therefore, if the radiolabeling process results in unsatisfactory radiochemical purity, a purification step is unavoidable. A successful purification process requires a profound knowledge about the radiopharmaceuticals of interest ranging from structural features to sus...

Rapid determination of Alternaria mycotoxins in tomato samples by pressurised liquid extraction coupled to liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection.

A sensitive and reliable method using pressurised liquid extraction (PLE) followed by molecularly imprinted solid phase extraction (MISPE) and high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD) has been developed for the analysis of alternariol (AOH) and alternariol monomethyl ether (AME) in tomato samples. Influence of several extraction parameters that affect PLE efficiency were evaluated for the simultaneous extraction of both mycotoxins in the selected samples. AOH and AME wer...

Spectrum-effect relationships between high-performance liquid chromatography fingerprints and anti-inflammatory activities of Leontopodium leontopodioides (Willd.) Beauv.

Leontopodium leontopodioides (Willd.) Beauv. is used therapeutically to prevent numerous diseases. Historically, L. leontopodioides extracts have been used to treat influenza infections, bronchitis, acute and chronic nephritis, proteinuria, hematuria, and diabetes. However, the bioactive compounds that are responsible for the associated therapeutic effects have not yet been characterized. In this study, high-performance liquid chromatography was utilized to study the anti-inflammatory properties of L. leont...

Separation and analysis of flavonoid chemical constituents in flowers of Juglans regia L. by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-hybrid quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry.

The flowers of Juglans regia L. have demonstrated their medicinal value as a part of edible plants. In this study, an analytical methodology for identification of flavonoid chemical constituents in flowers of Juglans regia L. was established using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS). Thirty-six flavonoid compounds were identified based on highly accurate mass measurements, and the mass spectrometric fragmentation pathways of eleven repres...

Falsely high HbA value due to a novel α1-globin gene mutation: Hb shantou α127(H10)Lys > Glu; HBA1: c.382 A > G.

Hemoglobin A (HbA) is a widely utilized biomarker for the diagnosis and management of diabetes mellitus. Here, we describe an α1-globin chain hemoglobin variant and investigate its effect on HbA measurement. A 26-year-old pregnant woman was suspected to harbor a hemoglobin variant following HbA measurement during a routine prenatal examination using D10 (Bio-Rad). An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed using an AU5800 clinical chemistry system (Beckman Coulter). HbA was reanalyzed using VII-T ...

Method validation for simultaneous determination of atropine, pralidoxime and 12 organophosphorus compounds in blood samples by means of high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS).

Analysis of sialic acid levels in Chinese intravenous immunoglobulins by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection.

Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) is increasingly used for the treatment of the autoimmune and systemic inflammatory diseases with both licensed and off-label indications. Recent studies indicated that IVIg-mediated immunomodulation and anti-inflammation were crucial associated with the IgG sialylation, especially with IgG Fc sialylation. The sialic acid levels of the IgG molecules and Fc fragments in 12 IVIg preparations from 6 Chinese manufacturers were evaluated. The Fc fragments were derived from the pa...

First inter-laboratory study of a Supercritical Fluid Chromatography method for the determination of pharmaceutical impurities.

Supercritical Fluid Chromatography (SFC) has known a strong regain of interest for the last 10 years, especially in the field of pharmaceutical analysis. Besides the development and validation of the SFC method in one individual laboratory, it is also important to demonstrate its applicability and transferability to various laboratories around the world. Therefore, an inter-laboratory study was conducted and published for the first time in SFC, to assess method reproducibility, and evaluate whether this chr...

The Metabonomic Profiling of Chicken Eggs During Storage Using High Performance Liquid Chromatography Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry.

Metabonomic techniques have been used to discover subtle differences in the small molecule profiles of chicken eggs, which could help to combat fraud within the egg industry. High Performance Liquid Chromatography Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (HPLC-Q-ToF-MS) was used to obtain profiles of the small molecules present in the yolks of chicken eggs stored for different lengths of time. Statistical analysis, including the use of XCMS Online and further exploratory statistics, was able to uncover d...

A comparison and column selection of Hydrophilic Interaction Liquid Chromatography and Reversed-Phase High-Performance Liquid Chromatography for detection of DNA methylation.

5-methylcytosine (5mC) is an epigenetic mark which has a profound effect on various fundamental processes in cells. In present study, at first Hydrophilic Interaction Liquid Chromatography (HILIC) was compared with Reversed-Phase High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (RP-HPLC) based on their selectivity (α), retention factor (k), and resolution (R) for cytosine (C) and 5mC nucleobases. We tried to justify the separation mechanism on the basis of mobile phase and solute polarity, structural characterizatio...

A High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Method for Determination of Genotoxic Impurity Hydroxylamine in Drug Substances.

Hydroxylamine (NH2OH) is widely used in pharmaceutical intermediates and final drug substances synthesis. Since hydroxylamine is a well-known genotoxic impurity compound that needs to be controlled down to ppm level in pharmaceutical compounds. It is very difficult to detect using conventional analytical techniques due to its physical-chemical properties like the lack of chromophore, low molecular weight, the absence of carbon atom and high polarity. In addition to that, the analysis of the pharmaceutical s...

Resolving power in liquid chromatography: A trade-off between efficiency and analysis time.

This review describes chromatographic dispersion and different plate-height models frequently used to assess the chromatographic performance of (UHP)LC column technology. Furthermore, different performance indices, including the resolution, the separation impedance, and kinetic plots are discussed allowing to quantify and visualize the resolving power in liquid chromatography. The construction of kinetic plots is explained, and different visualization approaches are highlighted. Finally, key instrument and ...

Lab-simulated downhole leaching of formaldehyde from proppants by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), headspace gas chromatography-vacuum ultraviolet (HS-GC-VUV) spectroscopy, and headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-GC-MS).

The ability of different methods to analyze formaldehyde and other leachates from proppants was investigated under lab-simulated downhole conditions. These methods include high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), headspace gas chromatography-vacuum ultraviolet spectroscopy (HS-GC-VUV), and headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-GC-MS). Two different types of resin-coated proppants, phenol-formaldehyde- and polyurethane-based, were examined. Each proppant was tested at different time interv...

Metabolomic profile of Schinopsis brasiliensis via UPLC-QTOF-MS for identification of biomarkers and evaluation of its cytotoxic potential.

Schinopsis brasiliensis is a plant typically found in the caatinga biome (northeastern Brazil). Its leaves and bark have been used for the treatment of health dysfunctions such as cough, influenza, diarrhea, throat inflammation, and sexual impotence. However, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the chemical composition and pharmacological activities of this plant. High-performance liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS) allowed the partial identification of 33 co...

Characterization of in vitro metabolites of three tetrahydroprotoberberine alkaloids in rat liver S9 by high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry.

Tetrahydroberberine (THB), tetrahydrocoptisine (THCP) and tetrahydrocolumbamine (THCB) belong to the tetrahydroprotoberberine (THPB) alkaloids. Most of them have been extensively studied because of their pharmacological activities such as anti-hypertension, anti-arrhythmia, antimicrobial activity and antioxidant. However, limited information on the pharmacokinetics and metabolism of the three alkaloids has been reported. The purpose of the study was to investigate the in vitro metabolism of THB, THCP and TH...

Genetic and functional analysis of the DKxanthene biosynthetic gene cluster from DSM 14675.

DKxanthenes area class of yellow secondary metabolites produced by myxobacterial genera and . We identified a putative 49.5 kb DKxanthene biosynthetic gene cluster from DSM 14675 by genomic sequence and mutational analysis. The cluster was comprisedof 15 genes (MYSTI_06004-MYSTI_06018) encoding polyketide synthases, non-ribosomal peptide synthases, and proteins with unknown functions. Disruption of the genes by plasmid insertion resulted in defects in the production of yellow pigments. High-performance li...


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