PubMed Journals Articles About "Oxygenation Facemask High Flow Nasal Oxygen" RSS

06:33 EST 20th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "oxygenation facemask high flow nasal oxygen" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 37,000+

Pre-oxygenation by facemask or high-flow nasal oxygen.

Reply to: pre-oxygenation by facemask or high-flow nasal oxygen.

High-Flow Nasal Oxygen Improves Safe Apnea Time in Morbidly Obese Patients Undergoing General Anesthesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Morbidly obese patients undergoing general anesthesia are at risk of hypoxemia during anesthesia induction. High-flow nasal oxygenation use during anesthesia induction prolongs safe apnea time in nonobese surgical patients. The primary objective of our study was to compare safe apnea time, between patients given high-flow nasal oxygenation or conventional facemask oxygenation during anesthesia induction, in morbidly obese surgical patients.

Factors affecting FiO and PEEP during high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy: a bench study.

It is unknown if set-flow, peak inspiratory flow (PIF), tidal volume, and set fraction of inspired O (FiO ) affect actual-FiO and positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) during high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen therapy. In addition, the extent of their influence is also unknown.

Effect of high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy compared with conventional oxygen therapy in postoperative patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

To evaluate the effect of high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC) versus conventional oxygen therapy (COT) on the reintubation rate, rate of escalation of respiratory support and clinical outcomes in postextubation adult surgical patients.

Increasing support by nasal high flow acutely modifies the ROX index in hypoxemic patients: A physiologic study.

The ROX (Respiratory rate-OXygenation) index is an early predictor of failure of nasal high flow (NHF), with lower values indicating higher risk of intubation. We measured the ROX index at set flow rate of 30 and 60 l/min in 57 hypoxemic patients on NHF. Patients with increased ROX index values at higher flow (n = 40) showed worse baseline oxygenation, higher respiratory rate and lower ROX index in comparison to patients with unchanged or decreased ROX index values (n = 17). The ROX index variatio...

High-Flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen in Patients with Acute Respiratory Failure and Do-Not-Intubate or Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders: A Systematic Review.

High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen may provide tailored benefits in patients with preset treatment limitations. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of HFNC oxygen in patients with do-not-intubate (DNI) and/or do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders.

High-Flow Nasal Cannula Versus Conventional Oxygen Therapy in Relieving Dyspnea in Emergency Palliative Patients With Do-Not-Intubate Status: A Randomized Crossover Study.

Palliative patients often visit the emergency department (ED) with respiratory distress during their end-of-life period. The goal of management is alleviating dyspnea and providing comfort. High-flow nasal cannula may be an alternative oxygen-delivering method for palliative patients with do-not-intubate status. We therefore aim to compare the efficacy of high-flow nasal cannula with conventional oxygen therapy in improving dyspnea of palliative patients with do-not-intubate status who have hypoxemic respir...

Assessment of the potential for pathogen dispersal during high-flow nasal therapy.

High-flow nasal therapy is increasingly used in hospitals because of its effectiveness and patient comfort. However, pathogens in the patient's nasal and oral cavities may be dispersed by forced air. This study aimed to investigate the risk of pathogen dispersal during high-flow nasal therapy. Liquid and bacterial dispersal were assessed via in vitro experimental set-ups using a manikin. Thickened water or fresh yeast solution mimicked saliva and nasal mucus secretions. Dispersal was limited to the proximal...

Differential Therapy NIV - NHF.

Nasal high-flow provides a stable oxygenation in acute hypoxemic respiratory failure, modifies breathing patterns, reduces work of breathing and can decrease hypercapnia. Thereby NHF provides more features than low-flow oxygen and acts as a ventilatory support device. Different studies show benefits of NHF compared to NIV. For these reasons we will discuss the capabilities of NHF and NIV in selected settings.

Trans- tracheal jet oxygenation: Comparing the efficacy and safety of 2 self- made Y connector devices with the ENK oxygen flow modulator in an infant animal model.

Self-made Y-connector jet-oxygenation devices with wide bore expiratory port have been described but not evaluated in infant models. Little is known about the effect of oxygen flow rates on jet oxygenation via transtracheal cannula.

Successful Use of High-Flow Nasal Cannula for Concurrent Vocal Cord Electromyography and Tubeless Microlaryngeal Surgery in a Spontaneously Breathing Adult Patient: A Case Report.

Ventilation during microlaryngoscopy previously included jet ventilation, microlaryngeal endotracheal tubes, and extended apnea. Historically, apneic oxygenation provided a tubeless field but limited operative time. Increased utilization of high-flow nasal cannula in intensive care units and operating rooms has created new opportunities to expand tubeless microlaryngoscopy. Although few studies have described high-flow nasal cannula for microlaryngoscopy, there remains much to be explored. In this case repo...

Moderate Certainty Evidence Suggests the Use of High-Flow Nasal Cannula Does Not Decrease Hypoxia When Compared With Conventional Oxygen Therapy in the Peri-Intubation Period: Results of a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

The role of high-flow nasal cannula during and before intubation is unclear despite a number of randomized clinical trials. Our objective was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis examining the benefits of high-flow nasal cannula in the peri-intubation period.

High-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy and hypoxia during gastroscopy with propofol sedation: a randomized multicenter clinical trial.

Hypoxia is one of the most-frequent adverse events of sedated GI endoscopy, which can ultimately lead to serious consequences. No modalities have been previously found to totally prevent hypoxia. High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) supportive oxygen therapy provides heated and humidified oxygen up to 60 L/minute. Due to its ability to improve respiratory function and good tolerance, we aimed to evaluate the validity and safety of HFNC supportive oxygen therapy in preventing the incidence of hypoxia in patients u...

Nasal high flow in preterm infants: A dose-finding study.

To investigate the relationship between applied flows of nasal high flow (NHF) and physiological outcomes and work of breathing (WOB), to identify an optimal delivery flow which results in reduced WOB in preterm infants.

Pulmonary Barotrauma Following Nasal High-Flow Therapy in a Patient with Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome.

BACKGROUND Pulmonary barotrauma is considered as complication of the use of positive-pressure ventilations. Nasal high-flow therapy is increasingly being used as an alternative to them. Nasal high-flow therapy rarely causes pulmonary barotrauma probably because airway pressures are lower when compared with invasive mechanical ventilation. Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome after allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is triggered by an alloimmune response in the bronchioles and causes obstruction ...

High Flow Nasal Cannula versus Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure for Primary Respiratory Support in Preterm Infants: A Prospective Randomized Study.

 This study compares high flow nasal cannula (HFNC) with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) within the first hour of life as the primary respiratory support in neonates of ≤32 weeks of gestational age.

High-flow nasal oxygen therapy alone or with non-invasive ventilation in immunocompromised patients admitted to ICU for acute hypoxemic respiratory failure: the randomised multicentre controlled FLORALI-IM protocol.

Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is recommended as first-line therapy in respiratory failure of critically ill immunocompromised patients as it can decrease intubation and mortality rates as compared with standard oxygen. However, its recommendation is only conditional. Indeed, the use of NIV in this setting has been challenged recently based on results of trials finding similar outcomes with or without NIV or even deleterious effects of NIV. To date, NIV has been compared with standard oxygen but not to high...

High-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy for modified electroconvulsive therapy.

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High-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy in infants with acute lower respiratory tract infection. An experience in hospitals of the City of Buenos Aires.

During the winter, infants with acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRTI) overburden health resources. In the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, 35 000 children are seen at the hospitals every year; 8-10 % of them are admitted to the general hospitalization ward and 5-12 % of these, to the intensive care unit (ICU). In 2017, the Department of Maternal and Child Health of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires included high flow nasal cannula (HNFC) oxygen therapy in the ALRTI protocol in the general ward o...

Cardiorespiratory behavior of preterm infants receiving continuous positive airway pressure and high flow nasal cannula post extubation: randomized crossover study.

Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) and high flow nasal cannula (HFNC) are modes of non-invasive respiratory support commonly used after extubation in extremely preterm infants. However, the cardiorespiratory physiology of these infants on each mode is unknown.

Nasal high flow does not improve exercise tolerance in COPD patients recovering from acute exacerbation: A randomized crossover study.

We hypothesized that by reducing respiratory work and improving gas exchange, nasal high flow (NHF) would improve exercise tolerance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) following respiratory exacerbation.

Aeration changes induced by high flow nasal cannula are more homogeneous than those generated by non-invasive ventilation in healthy subjects.

Non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) is a standard respiratory support technique used in intensive care units. High-Flow Nasal Cannula (HFNC) has emerged as an alternative, but further evidence is needed. The lung aeration and diaphragm changes achieved with these two strategies in healthy subjects have not been compared to date.

The Complexities of Nasal Airflow - Theory and Practice.

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of nasal valve area, valve stiffness and turbinate region cross-sectional area on airflowrate, nasal resistance, flow limitation and inspiratory 'hysteresis' by the use of a mathematical model of nasal airflow. The model of O'Neill and Tolley (1988) describing the effects of valve area and stiffness on the nasal pressure-flow relationship was improved by the incorporation of additional terms involving i) airflow through the turbinate region, ii) the...

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