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PubMed Journals Articles About "Physical Training Lipid Metabolism" RSS

13:58 EST 20th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Physical Training Lipid Metabolism PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Physical Training Lipid Metabolism articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "physical training Lipid Metabolism" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 18,000+

The impact of exercise training status on the fibre type specific abundance of proteins regulating intramuscular lipid metabolism.

Regular endurance training enhances the capacity for fatty acid oxidation during exercise due to increased utilisation of intramuscular lipid (IMCL). This study quantitatively investigated exercise training status on muscle fibre type specific abundance of regulatory proteins involved in the breakdown and utilisation of IMCL.


Lipid metabolism links nutrient-exercise timing to insulin sensitivity in men classified as overweight or obese.

Pre-exercise nutrient availability alters acute metabolic responses to exercise, which could modulate training responsiveness.

Natural alkaloid and polyphenol compounds targeting lipid metabolism: Treatment implications in metabolic diseases.

Once the balance between lipid anabolism and catabolism is broken, metabolic disorder will occur in the organism and finally lead to metabolic diseases, such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), obesity and cancer. No established therapeutic regimens for treating NAFLD and obesity exist yet. Many natural compounds are extracted from botany, fungi and marine organisms. Importantly, natural compounds are major sources of innovative medicine. In this review, we first elucidate the important roles of li...


Physical Exercise Training Improves Quality of Life in Healthy Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis.

The current meta-analysis first aimed to quantify the overall effect of physical exercise training on the quality of life (QoL) in healthy older adults. Second, the effects on the social, physical, and psychological QoL were assessed. In total, 16 randomized controlled trials were included. The primary analysis showed a medium effect of physical exercise training on QoL in healthy older adults (standard mean difference [SMD] = 0.38, confidence interval, CI, [0.18, 0.59], p < .05). The secondary analyses sho...

Gut Microbiota Functional Biomolecules With Immune-Lipid Metabolism for a Prognostic Compound Score in Epstein-Barr Virus-Associated Gastric Adenocarcinoma: A Pilot Study.

Increasing evidence has indicated an association between gut microbiota in gastrointestinal cancer and clinical outcome. Herein, we aim to develop a prognosis-prediction tool based on an immune-lipid metabolism signature, tumor cell-associated immune microenvironment, and lipid metabolism proteins inferred from the function of gut microbiota.

Dietary lipids, gut microbiota and lipid metabolism.

The gut microbiota is a central regulator of host metabolism. The composition and function of the gut microbiota is dynamic and affected by diet properties such as the amount and composition of lipids. Hence, dietary lipids may influence host physiology through interaction with the gut microbiota. Lipids affect the gut microbiota both as substrates for bacterial metabolic processes, and by inhibiting bacterial growth by toxic influence. The gut microbiota has been shown to affect lipid metabolism and lipid ...

A single bout of resistance exercise improves postprandial lipid metabolism in overweight/obese men with prediabetes.

Prediabetes is associated with postprandial hypertriacylglycerolaemia. Resistance exercise acutely lowers postprandial plasma triacylglycerol (TG); however, the changes in lipid metabolism that mediate this reduction are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to identify the constitutive metabolic mechanisms underlying the changes in postprandial lipid metabolism after resistance exercise in obese men with prediabetes.

Mechanisms of action of coffee bioactive components on lipid metabolism.

Coffee consumption is associated with reduced risk of metabolic syndrome, obesity and diabetes, which may be related to the effects of coffee and its bioactive components on lipid metabolism. Coffee contains caffeine, a known neuromodulator that acts as an adenosine receptor antagonist, as well as other components, such as chlorogenic acids, trigonelline, cafestol and kahweol. Thus, this review discusses the up-to-date knowledge of mechanisms of action of coffee and its bioactive compounds on lipid metaboli...

Effects of physical training in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review.

Physical training is recommended in several studies and guidelines for the control of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and its complications. We performed a systematic review about the effects of aerobic training (AT), resistance (RT) or the combination of both (AT/ RT), on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in patients with DM2. Therefore, we included 15 clinical trials with at least 12 weeks duration about training program or recommendations of physical exercise, that evaluated the reduction in HbA1c levels in pat...

A comparative study of the antidiabetic effect of two training protocols in streptozotocin-nicotinamide diabetic rats.

Background Physical inactivity is the major risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D). The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of resistance training and endurance training on diabetic-related metabolic parameters in diabetic rats. Materials and methods Twenty-four male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to four groups of six rats each: control group (C), diabetic group (D), resistance training group (RES) and endurance training group (END). T2D was induced intraperitoneally using nicotinamid...

Exercise Training Modulates Gut Microbiota Profile and Improves Endotoxemia.

Intestinal metabolism and microbiota profiles are impaired in obesity and insulin resistance. Moreover, dysbiotic gut microbiota has been suggested to promote systemic low-grade inflammation and insulin resistance through the release of endotoxins particularly lipopolysaccharides. We have previously shown that exercise training improves intestinal metabolism in healthy men. To understand whether changes in intestinal metabolism interact with gut microbiota and its release of inflammatory markers, we studied...

Lipid metabolism disorders contribute to hepatotoxicity of triclosan in mice.

Previous in vivo exposure studies focused mainly on nuclear receptors involved in hepatotoxicity of triclosan (TCS). As liver plays a vital role in metabolic processes, dysregulations in lipid metabolism have been identified as potential drivers of pathogenesis. Investigation of changes in lipid metabolism might widen our understanding of toxicological effects as well as the underlying mechanism occurring in the liver. In this study, we comprehensively assessed the effect of TCS exposure on hepatic lipid me...

Maternal Lipid Metabolism Directs Fetal Liver Programming following Nutrient Stress.

The extreme metabolic demands of pregnancy require coordinated metabolic adaptations between mother and fetus to balance fetal growth and maternal health with nutrient availability. To determine maternal and fetal contributions to metabolic flexibility during gestation, pregnant mice with genetic impairments in mitochondrial carbohydrate and/or lipid metabolism were subjected to nutrient deprivation. The maternal fasting response initiates a fetal liver transcriptional program marked by upregulation of lipi...

Effects of Physical Exercise Training in the Workplace on Physical Fitness: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

There is evidence that physical exercise training (PET) conducted at the workplace is effective in improving physical fitness and thus health. However, there is no current systematic review available that provides high-level evidence regarding the effects of PET on physical fitness in the workforce.

Effects of di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate and high-fat diet on lipid metabolism in rats by JAK2/STAT5.

Exposure to di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) induces lipid metabolism disorder and high-fat diet (HD) may have joint effects with DEHP. We aim to clarify the role of JAK2/STAT5 pathway in the process and reveal the effects of HD on the toxicity of DEHP. Wistar rats (160 animals) were fed with HD or normal diet (ND) respectively and exposed to DEHP 0, 5, 50, and 500 mg/kg/day for 8 weeks. Lipid levels, as well as the morphology of liver and adipose, mRNA levels, and protein levels of JAK2, STAT5A, STAT5B, ...

The relationship between microwave radiation injury and abnormal lipid metabolism.

Microwave radiation can lead to some biological effects, mainly involving the nervous and reproductive systems. However, its lipid metabolic mechanism remains unclear. Here, we performed an untargeted metabolomics approach to analyze lipid metabolic changes caused by microwave radiation using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS). Then, multivariate analysis was used to reveal the different lipid metabolites and metabolic pathways. Compared with the sham group, bio...

Multimodal Training Reduces Fall Frequency as Physical Activity Increases in Individuals With Parkinson's Disease.

Parkinson's disease (PD) results in a global decrease in information processing, ultimately resulting in dysfunction executing motor-cognitive tasks. Motor-cognitive impairments contribute to postural instability, often leading to falls and decreased physical activity. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a multimodal training (MMT) versus single-modal (SMT) training on motor symptoms, fall frequency, and physical activity in patients with PD classified as fallers.

Functional diversity of glycerolipid acylhydrolases in plant metabolism and physiology.

Most current knowledge about plant lipid metabolism has focused on the biosynthesis of lipids and their transport between different organelles. However, lipid composition changes during development and in response to environmental cues often go beyond adjustments of lipid biosynthesis. When lipids have to be removed to adjust the extent of membranes during down regulation of photosynthesis, or lipid composition has to be adjusted to alter the biophysical properties of membranes, or lipid derived chemical si...

Strength training reduces lipid accumulation in liver of obese Wistar rats.

Obesity has a positive relation to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and studies have demonstrated that strength training can regulate lipid accumulation in the hepatocytes of obese rats.

Impact of Polarized Versus Threshold Training on Fat Metabolism and Neuromuscular Variables in Ultrarunners.

To compare the effects of 2 different intensity distribution training programs (threshold [THR] and polarized [POL]) on fat metabolism and neuromuscular variables.

Placental Accumulation of Triacylglycerols in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Its Association with Altered Fetal Growth are Related to the Differential Expressions of Proteins of Lipid Metabolism.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) exhibit altered placental lipid metabolism. The molecular basis of this altered metabolism is not clear. Altered placental expression of proteins of lipogenesis and fatty acid oxidation may be involved in the placental accumulation of triacylglycerols (TG). The present study was aimed at investigating the differential expressions of placental proteins related to lipid metabolism among GDM women in comparison with control pregnant women (CPW) and to correlate them with mat...

The lipid metabolism in THRAUSTOCHYTRIDS.

Thraustochytrids are unicellular heterotrophic marine protists of the Stramenopile group, often considered as non-photosynthetic microalgae. They have been isolated from a wide range of habitats including deep sea, but are mostly present in waters rich in sediments and organic materials. They are abundant in mangrove forests where they are major colonizers, feeding on decaying leaves and initiating the mangrove food web. Discovered 80 years ago, they have recently attracted considerable attention due to t...

Lipidomics-based study on the neuroprotective effect of geissoschizine methyl ether against oxidative stress-induced cytotoxicity.

Lipid homoeostasis is important for neurodevelopment, cell signaling and neurotransmission. Alteration of lipid metabolism has been demonstrated in many neurological disorders and neurodegenerative diseases. Geissoschizine methyl ether (GM) is an active alkaloid ingredient in the traditional Chinese medicine Uncaria hook. It has been shown that GM has strong potency in neuroprotective activity and GM reduces the production of reactive oxygen species by regulating glucose metabolism, which protects neurons a...

Molecular and cellular insights into the role of SND1 in lipid metabolism.

Staphylococcal nuclease and Tudor domain containing 1 (SND1) is an evolutionarily conserved protein present in eukaryotic cells from protozoa to mammals. SND1 has gained importance because it is overexpressed in aggressive cancer cells and diverse primary tumors. Indeed, it is regarded as a marker of cancer malignity. A broad range of molecular functions and the participation in many cellular processes have been attributed to SND1, mostly related to the regulation of gene expression. An increasing body of e...

Upregulation of lipid metabolism and glycine betaine synthesis are associated with choline-induced salt tolerance in halophytic seashore paspalum.

Choline may affect salt tolerance by regulating lipid and glycine betaine (GB) metabolism. This study was conducted to determine whether alteration of lipid profiles and GB metabolism may contribute to choline-regulation and genotypic variations in salt tolerance in a halophytic grass, seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum). Plants of Adalayd and Sea Isle 2000 were subjected to salt stress (200 mM NaCl) with or without foliar application of choline chloride (1 mM). Genotypic variations in salt tolerance and...


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