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Plasma Exchange Treatment Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Plasma Exchange Treatment Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis articles that have been published worldwide.
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Treatment of focal segmental glomerular sclerosis (FSGS) after kidney transplantation is challenging with unpredictable outcomes. The objective was to investigate the use of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) analogue gel in kidney transplant recipients with de novo or recurrent FSGS resistant to therapeutic plasma exchange and/or rituximab.
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a pattern of kidney damage that can occur in individuals at any age, including children. Pediatric patients with FSGS require medication monitoring, growth, and psychological health. This article discusses the NP's role in the clinical presentation, diagnostic workup, and treatment of FSGS in pediatric patients.
The utility of the Columbia classification (Col-class) for focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) has not yet been fully proven.
More than 85% of children and adolescents (majority between 1-12 years old) with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome show complete remission of proteinuria following daily treatment with corticosteroids. Patients who do not show remission after 4 weeks' treatment with daily prednisolone are considered to have steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). Renal histology in most patients shows presence of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, minimal change disease, and (rarely) mesangioproliferative glomerulonephrit...
Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is the typical renal histologic lesion in familial steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome, for which there is currently no treatment. Dysfunction of the glomerular podocyte, a specialized cell that forms the glomerular filtration barrier, is central in the pathogenesis of FSGS. Here, we reported the generation of two isogenic iPS cell lines from a patient affected by FSGS, carrying the c.565G > A mutation in the PAX2 gene. The iPS cell lines we generated expressed...
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a scarring process associated with chronic low-grade inflammation ascribed to toll-like receptor (TLR) activation and monocyte migration. We developed synthetic, small-molecule lecinoxoids, VB-201 and VB-703, that differentially inhibit TLR-2- and TLR-4-mediated activation and monocyte migration. The efficacy of anti-inflammatory lecinoxoid treatment on FSGS development was explored using a 5/6 nephrectomy rat model. Five-sixths nephrectomized rats were treated w...
Plasma exchange or double filtration plasmapheresis for rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis or leukocytapheresis for nephritic syndrome are two major apheresis therapies for kidney diseases. In addition to these apheresis therapies, plasma exchange for lupus nephritis or LDL apheresis for refractory focal segmental glomerulonephritis is clinically valuable and established. Although several possibilities of apheresis for kidney diseases were speculated in anima...
Glomerulosclerosis and tubulointerstitial fibrosis are hallmarks of chronic kidney injury leading to end-stage renal disease. Inflammatory mechanisms contribute to glomerular and interstitial scarring, including chemokine-mediated recruitment of leucocytes. In particular, accumulation of C-C chemokine receptor type 2 (CCR2)-expressing macrophages promotes renal injury and fibrotic remodelling in diseases like glomerulonephritis and diabetic nephropathy. The functional role of CCR2 in the initiation and prog...
While the characteristic features of nephrotic syndrome (ie, proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, peripheral edema, and hyperlipidemia) are well known, the association of nephrotic syndrome and the risk of thromboembolic events is not as often appreciated and may be overlooked. This report describes a 10-year-old boy with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis who died following a saddle pulmonary thromboembolus, with near-complete occlusion of the left and right pulmonary arteries. The gross appearance of the thrombu...
Plasma exchange (PE) therapy is the most commonly used treatment in Japan today. The issue with PE is that it removes coagulation factors and other essential molecules during the treatment process. Fresh frozen plasma (FFP) is used to replace the essential molecules which are lost. However, FFP can be a source of various complications. We have been researching an alternative method, selective PE, consisting of a membrane with smaller pores, which prevents large and essential molecules from being removed whi...
To report the use of therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) in a dog with carprofen toxicosis.
Thyroid storm is a severe manifestation of thyrotoxicosis characterized by systemic organ dysfunction secondary to a hypermetabolic state. Although antithyroid drugs, steroids, beta-blockers, antipyretics, and cholestyramine are the standard of care, some patients inadequately respond to these conventional therapies. Therapeutic plasma exchange has been previously utilized as a treatment modality in patients with a poor response to routine therapies or with contraindications to them. Herein, we report our e...
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global public health problem, which lacks effective treatment. Previously, we have shown that CD103+ dendritic cells (DCs) are pathogenic in adriamycin nephropathy (AN), a model of human focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (Flt3) is a receptor that is expressed with high specificity on tissue resident CD103+ DCs.
Mutations in mitochondrial DNA as well as nuclear-encoded mitochondrial proteins have been reported to cause tubulointerstitial kidney diseases and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Recently, genes and pathways affecting mitochondrial turnover and permeability have been implicated in adult-onset FSGS. Furthermore, dysfunctioning mitochondria may be capable of engaging intracellular innate immune sensing pathways. To determine the impact of mitochondrial dysfunction in FSGS and secondary innate immu...
Polycythemia vera (PV) is a risk factor for systemic thromboses and ischemic stroke. This has been attributed to blood hyperviscosity, the result of increased blood cell production. Intravenous immunoglobulin, which is indicated for the treatment of numerous hematologic and neurological conditions also causes increased serum viscosity and has been associated with ischemic strokes in the setting of PV. Here we report a case of a 70-year-old man with prior stroke and PV who developed Guillain-Barré syndrome,...
The damage and loss of podocytes is a primary hallmark of nephrotic syndrome. In the pursuit of targetable molecules that are involved in podocyte pathophysiology, some studies have identified B7-1 (also known as CD80) as a potential biomarker. Furthermore, B7-1 blockade has been proposed as a podocyte-specific treatment for patients with nephrotic syndrome who have limited therapeutic options, such as those with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, minimal change disease, diabetic nephropathy and lupus neph...
A significant proportion of patients with minimal change disease (MCD) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) are either steroid dependent (SD) or resistant (SR), requiring long-term calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) use. Rituximab has more favourable safety profile. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy and safety of rituximab in CNI dependent patients.
We report a 19 years old male presenting with knee pain, elevated liver enzymes and proteinuria. Further investigation found positive antinuclear and anti-smooth muscle antibodies and a liver biopsy revealed the presence of an autoimmune hepatitis. Treatment with corticosteroids and azathioprine was started, resulting in normalization of liver enzymes but proteinuria persisted and a kidney biopsy disclosed a focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. The use of lisinopril resulted in a significative reduction of p...
Currently, low titer A plasma is used on a routine basis in bleeding trauma patients of unknown AB type. Three AB non-bleeding apheresis patients are presented here who safely received a combination of AB and low titer A plasma during therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE). One control AB patient received AB plasma only.
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis has been used increasingly in clinical practice for the treatment of renal diseases with nephrotic syndrome (NS), specifically focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Persistent hyperlipidemia for prolonged periods is nephrotoxic and leads to chronic progressive glomerular and tubulointerstitial injury. Effective management of hyperlipidemia with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors or LDL apheresis in drug-resistant NS patients may prevent the progression of renal disease...
A lack of consensus exists as to the timing of kidney biopsy in children with steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS) where minimal change disease (MCD) predominates. This study aimed at examining the applicability of a biomarker-assisted risk score model to select SDNS patients at high risk of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) for biopsy.
Complement activation occurs in many glomerular diseases, the exact pathway(s) of activation has been studied in detail in some diseases but not in all. C4d is generated by the activation of classical and lectin pathways, and its presence can point to the activation of either of these pathways. This review aims to summarize the available data with regard to the deposition of glomerular C4d in native kidney biopsies in different glomerular pathologies that may be useful for future research into the role of c...
Our aim was to ascertain the indications, side effects, and outcomes in children receiving therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) for neurological disorders.
In the era of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART), classic focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is the most common histopathological finding in African American HIV-positive patients with kidney disease. We sought to determine whether HIV suppression is associated with lower risk of progression to end-stage-renal disease (ESRD) among HIV-positive African Americans with biopsy-confirmed classic FSGS.