PubMed Journals Articles About "RTMS Active 20Hz RTMS Sham Smoking Cessation" RSS

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Showing "rTMS Active 20Hz rTMS Sham Smoking Cessation" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 8,200+

Left DLPFC rTMS Reduces the Development of Long-Term Muscle Pain.

The left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) is involved in the experience and modulation of pain, and may be an important node linking pain and cognition. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to the left DLPFC can reduce chronic and experimental pain. However, whether left DLPFC rTMS can influence the development of chronic pain is unknown. Using repeated intramuscular injection of nerve growth factor (NGF) to induce the development of sustained muscle pain (lasting weeks), thirty healthy...

Synergistic Effects of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation and Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Promoting Autophagy and Synaptic Plasticity in Vascular Dementia.

rTMS and MSCs transplantation both showed therapeutic effects on cognition impairment in vascular dementia model rats. However, whether these two therapies have synergistic effects and the molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In our present study, rats were randomly divided into six groups: control group, sham operation group, VD group, MSC group, rTMS group and MSC+rTMS group. The VD model rats were prepared using a modified 2VO method. rTMS treatment was implemented at a frequency of 5 Hz, the stimulation...

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for treatment of tardive syndromes: double randomized clinical trial.

Tardive syndromes (TDS) typically manifest 3 months or later after exposure to antipsychotic drugs, and unfortunately have no satisfactory medical treatment. We explored the possibility of using therapeutic repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). Twenty-six patients were allocated to receive real or sham rTMS over the hand/arm area of motor cortex (M1). Each received a daily total of 2000 rTMS pulses (20 Hz at 100% rMT: 1000 stimuli per hemisphere) for 10 consecutive days. Outcome was assessed...

Simultaneous stimulation using rTMS and tDCS produces the most effective modulation of motor cortical excitability in healthy subjects: a pilot study.

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can be used to modulate the excitability of the cortex, but instances of the two technologies being used to stimulate two positions of the human brain simultaneously are rare. As an initial investigation into the efficacy, feasibility and safety of such an approach, we compared the effects of simultaneously applying rTMS and cathodal tDCS with that of four other stimulation regimens (cathodal tDCS alone, r...

High-Frequency Neuronavigated rTMS in Auditory Verbal Hallucinations: A Pilot Double-Blind Controlled Study in Patients With Schizophrenia.

Despite extensive testing, the efficacy of low-frequency (1 Hz) repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of temporo-parietal targets for the treatment of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) in patients with schizophrenia is still controversial, but promising results have been reported with both high-frequency and neuronavigated rTMS. Here, we report a double-blind sham-controlled study to assess the efficacy of high-frequency (20 Hz) rTMS applied over a precise anatomical site in the left tempor...

Meta-analysis of the Efficacy and Safety of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) in the Treatment of Depression.

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a new type of physiotherapy technology that has been widely used in the research of depression. Although many clinical trials have found that compared to the placebo interventions, rTMS has a significant effect on the improvement of depressive symptoms, the outcomes remain inconsistent due to differences in rTMS treatment frequency, parameter settings, and site for stimulation.

Completeness of Descriptions of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Intervention: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials of rTMS in Depression.

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is an innovative therapeutic option in major depressive disorder (MDD). A complete description of the procedure in reports of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) is a prerequisite for implementation of rTMS in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to evaluate the completeness of descriptions of the intervention in RCTs assessing rTMS in MDD.

Added value of multiple versus single sessions of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in predicting motor cortex stimulation efficacy for refractory neuropathic pain.

OBJECTIVE Selection criteria for offering patients motor cortex stimulation (MCS) for refractory neuropathic pain are a critical topic of research. A single session of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been advocated for selecting MCS candidates, but it has a low negative predictive value. Here the authors investigated whether multiple rTMS sessions would more accurately predict MCS efficacy. METHODS Patients included in this longitudinal study could access MCS after at least four rTMS...

Association of the loudness dependence of auditory evoked potentials with clinical changes to repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with depression.

Although the application of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for treatment of depression has been well investigated, there are few biological predictors of clinical outcomes to rTMS treatment. Previous studies have suggested that the loudness dependence of auditory evoked potentials (LDAEP) can be used as a predictor of response to antidepressant treatment. However, little is known about the association between rTMS and LDAEP. The present study aimed to investigate whether baseline LDAEP ...

On the Concurrent Use of Self-System Therapy and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Guided Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as Treatment for Depression.

Despite the growing use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) as a treatment for unipolar depression, its typical effect sizes have been modest, and methodological and conceptual challenges remain regarding how to optimize its efficacy. Linking rTMS to a model of the neurocircuitry underlying depression and applying such a model to personalize the site of stimulation may improve the efficacy of rTMS. Recent developments in the psychology and neurobiology of self-regulation offer a conceptua...

Effects of low- and high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on long-latency auditory evoked potentials.

Long-latency auditory event potentials (LLAEPs) involving local and global auditory processes have been investigated to examine the impact of low-frequency (LF) and high-frequency (HF) repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on the cortical excitability of the temporal cortex. We hypothesized that both stimulation frequencies have the same modulation effect, in accordance with clinical data showing a reduction in auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) after LF and HF temporal rTMS in patients wit...

High-frequency rTMS and iTBS for spasticity management in secondary-progressive multiple sclerosis.

The spasticity phenomenon is a significant factor in the development of disability. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a promising treatment method for this disorder.

Efficacy and acceptability of non-invasive brain stimulation for the treatment of adult unipolar and bipolar depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised sham-controlled trials.

We examined the efficacy and acceptability of non-invasive brain stimulation in adult unipolar and bipolar depression. Randomised sham-controlled trials of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and theta-burst stimulation (TBS), without co-initiation of another treatment, were included. We analysed effects on response, remission, all-cause discontinuation rates and continuous depression severity measures. Fifty-six studies met our criteria for inclusion (N ...

Clinical study of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the motor cortex for thalamic pain.

Thalamic pain is a severe pain that is often unresponsive to medical therapy. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) entirely non-invasively modulates neuronal plasticity to produce therapeutic benefit. Since the rTMS stimulation parameters varied, it is difficult to determine which specific parameters are best for clinical use. The aim of this study was to evaluate the analgesic lasting effect of 10-Hz rTMS over the motor cortex (M1) for 10 consecutive days to treat thalamic pain.Patients were...

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of eating disorders: A review of safety and efficacy.

Eating disorders are a significant public health concern accounting for significant morbidity and mortality. Therapeutic approaches are available to treat eating disorders but less than half of the patients recover. Therapeutic alternatives are needed such as repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. I reviewed studies that evaluated the safety and efficacy of this technique for the treatment of eating disorders. The electronic literature on repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, theta burst and ...

Simple Electroencephalographic Treatment-Emergent Marker Can Predict Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Antidepressant Response-A Feasibility Study.

Prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) repeated daily for 4 to 6 weeks is used to treat major depressive disorder, but more than 50% of patients do not achieve significant response. Here we test the validity of a simple electroencephalographic (EEG) marker that predicts nonresponse to rTMS. Such a marker could potentially increase rTMS effectiveness by directing nonresponders to alternative treatments or by guiding early modification of stimulation parameters.

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex to alleviate depression and cognitive impairment associated with Parkinson's disease: A review and clinical implications.

The rapid methodological development and growing availability of neuromodulation techniques have spurred myriad studies investigating their clinical effectiveness. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) has in many instances been proven to exert antidepressant-like effects superior to placebo and equivalent to standard psychopharmacological treatment. Due to the similar neuroanatomy and neurophysiology of executive and affective control processes, r...

Predictors of reduced smoking quantity among recovering alcohol dependent men in a smoking cessation trial.

Adults with alcohol dependence (AD) have exceptionally high smoking rates and poor smoking cessation outcomes. Discovery of factors that predict reduced smoking among AD smokers may help improve treatment. This study examined baseline predictors of smoking quantity among AD smokers in a pharmacotherapy trial for smoking cessation.

Language function shows comparable cortical patterns by functional MRI and repetitive nTMS in healthy volunteers.

In preoperative planning, fMRI and repetitive navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) repeatedly revealed differences in the detected language sites, which can be attributed to tumor-induced oxygenation changes impairing the accuracy of fMRI. We therefore compared the accordance of those techniques in healthy subjects using exactly the same tasks in both investigations. 19 healthy right-handed subjects performed object naming, pseudoword reading, verb generation, and action naming during fMRI at ...

rTMS pre-treatment effectively protects against cognitive and synaptic plasticity impairments induced by simulated microgravity in mice.

During space flight, microgravity has several negative effects on cognitive functions and learning and memory abilities. However, there are few effectively preventive methods that have been developed yet. Previous studies showed that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), as a novel non-invasive technique, alleviated cognitive dysfunctions and facilitated synaptic plasticity. In the present study, we used a hindlimb unloading (Hu) mouse model to simulate microgravity conditions. And then, we i...

Accelerated repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation does not influence grey matter volumes in regions related to alcohol relapse: An open-label exploratory study.

The application of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to prevent relapse in alcohol addiction is currently being evaluated. However, how rTMS may influence the related brain processes is far from clear. Here we wanted to investigate whether baseline grey matter volume (GMV) can predict relapse and whether 15 accelerated high-frequency (HF)- rTMS sessions may influence GMV in areas related to relapse. Voxel-based morphometric (VBM) measurements were used to compare baseline GMV of 22 detoxif...

rTMS ameliorated depressive-like behaviors by restoring HPA axis balance and prohibiting hippocampal neuron apoptosis in a rat model of depression.

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been widely used to treat depression. The mechanistic basis for the effects of rTMS is not well understood, although previous studies have suggested that it involves the regulation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis and protection of hippocampal neurons. We investigated this in the present study using a chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) paradigm in Sprague-Dawley rats. The rats were subjected to rTMS for 15 consecutive days, and...

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Several studies have demonstrated that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) may have a beneficial effect in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Nevertheless, the clinical benefit of rTMS for AD remains inconclusive.

Effect of Low Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Depression and Cognition of Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

BACKGROUND This study was conducted to investigate the effects of low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex on depression and cognition in patients with traumatic brain injury. MATERIAL AND METHODS To accomplish this, 13 patients who were diagnosed with traumatic brain injury were divided into an experimental group (n=7) and a control group (n=6). The experimental group received rTMS during a 30-minute session 5 days per week for 2 weeks; t...

rTMS effects in patients with co-morbid somatic pain and depressive mood disorders.

Pain is a common co-morbidity among clinically depressed individuals. We investigated a group of patients who were treated with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for treatment resistant depression (TRD) and who were assessed for severity of both depression and pain at baseline and throughout treatment.

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