PubMed Journals Articles About "Selenium Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor Protocol Specific" RSS

10:16 EST 14th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "selenium Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor Protocol Specific" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 31,000+

Selenium-lentinan inhibits tumor progression by regulating epithelial-mesenchymal transition.

Selenium supplementation can be used to treat tumors. However, inorganic selenium is highly toxic, and natural organic selenium is extremely rare. Polysaccharides can improve drug bioavailability and targeting. Lentinan is a polysaccharide that has been approved as an anti-cancer drug in Japan and China.

The genomics of selenium: Its past, present and future.

In the last two decades, genomic analyses have enriched the study of the biology of selenium in many ways. These include the identification of selenoproteins in prokaryotic and eukaryotic genomes, the discovery of genetic variants that mediate humans and other vertebrates' adaptations to their selenium nutritional histories, and the association of specific genotypes with common and rare human selenium disorders. We briefly review these computational, evolutionary and association studies and their contributi...

Selenium deficiency in an organic extensive water buffalo farm.

This case report presents investigations of muscle problems in three male water buffaloes (1-2 years) kept extensively (loose housing, pasture). The bulls were presented because of listlessness and increased lying periods. They displayed difficulties to stand up, a stilted gait, and tremor in the legs. The determination of the selenium concentration by the measurement of glutathione peroxidase activity in whole blood samples (EDTA) demonstrated selenium deficiency in all three buffaloes. This confirmed the ...

Effects of exercise training and supplementation with selenium nanoparticle on T-helper 1 and 2 and cytokine levels in tumor tissue of mice bearing the 4 T1 mammary carcinoma.

Physical exercise decreases the incidence of breast cancer and also improves survival in breast cancer patients. However, the mechanistic basis of these protective effects of exercise is not well known. Changes in tumor cytokines, such as oncostatin-M (OSM), have been associated with modulation of antitumor immune responses in breast cancer. Exercise and antioxidants such as selenium affect both antitumor immune responses as well as tumor cytokine expression. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the...

An Economical, Quantitative, and Robust Protocol for High-Throughput T Cell Receptor Sequencing from Tumor or Blood.

The T cell receptor repertoire provides a window to the cellular adaptive immune response within a tumor, and has the potential to identify specific and personalized biomarkers for tracking host responses during cancer therapy, including immunotherapy. We describe a protocol for amplifying, sequencing, and analyzing T cell receptors which is economical, robust, sensitive, and versatile. The key experimental step is the ligation of a single-stranded oligonucleotide to the 3' end of the T cell receptor cDNA, ...

Redox regulation of protein kinase C by selenometabolites and selenoprotein thioredoxin reductase limits cancer prevention by selenium.

The cancer-preventive mechanism of selenium should address the way low concentrations of selenometabolites react with cellular targets without being diffused from the sites of generation, the way selenium selectively kills tumor cells, and the intriguing U-shaped curve that is seen with dietary supplementation of selenium and cancer prevention. Protein kinase C (PKC), a receptor for tumor promoters, is well suited for this mechanism. Due to the catalytic redox cycle, low concentrations of methylselenol, a p...

Severing ties: Different responses of larval and adult aquatic insects to atrazine and selenium.

Aquatic insects link aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems through their metamorphosis and subsequent transition from water to land. Chemical stressors in freshwater, such as agricultural contaminants, can potentially disrupt insect life cycles and reduce the number of insects emerging as terrestrial adults, thereby damaging or severing this linkage. Atrazine and selenium, though frequently detected in waterways and often co-occurring, have not been previously studied together in controlled experiments. We con...

Tumor-Infiltrating Podoplanin+ Fibroblasts Predict Worse Outcome in Solid Tumors.

Tumor-infiltrating fibroblasts are a heterogeneous population, and different subpopulations play differential roles in tumor microenvironment. However, the prognostic role of podoplanin+ fibroblasts in human solid tumors still remains controversial. Therefore, we performed the meta-analysis to better understand the role of this subpopulation in prognosis prediction for patients with solid tumor.

Delivery of selenium to selenophosphate synthetase for selenoprotein biosynthesis.

Selenophosphate, the key selenium donor for the synthesis of selenoprotein and selenium-modified tRNA, is produced by selenophosphate synthetase (SPS) from ATP, selenide, and HO. Although free selenide can be used as the in vitro selenium substrate for selenophosphate synthesis, the precise physiological system that donates in vivo selenium substrate to SPS has not yet been characterized completely.

A comprehensive review on environmental transformation of selenium: recent advances and research perspectives.

Selenium (Se) is an important micronutrient and essential trace element for both humans and animals, which exist in the environment ubiquitously. Selenium deficiency is an important issue worldwide, with various reported cases of its deficiency. Low selenium contents in some specific terrestrial environments have resulted in its deficiency in humans. However, high levels of selenium in the geochemical environment may have harmful influences and can cause a severe toxicity to living things. Due to its extrem...

Expressing Cytotoxic Compounds in Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 for Tumor-targeting Therapy.

Abnormal blood vessels and hypoxic and necrotic regions are common features of solid tumors and related to the malignant phenotype and therapy resistance. Certain obligate or facultative anaerobic bacteria exhibit inherent ability to colonize and proliferate within solid tumors in vivo. Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (EcN), a non-pathogenic probiotic in European markets, has been known to proliferate selectively in the interface between the viable and necrotic regions of solid tumors. The objective of this st...

Np95/Uhrf1 regulates tumor suppressor gene expression of neural stem/precursor cells, contributing to neurogenesis in the adult mouse brain.

Adult neurogenesis is a process of generating new neurons from neural stem/precursor cells (NS/PCs) in restricted adult brain regions throughout life. It is now generally known that adult neurogenesis in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) and subventricular zone participates in various higher brain functions, such as learning and memory formation, olfactory discrimination and repair after brain injury. However, the mechanisms underlying adult neurogenesis remain to be fully understood. Here, we show that Nu...

On the relation between MR spectroscopy features and the distance to MRI-visible solid tumor in GBM patients.

To improve the detection of peritumoral changes in GBM patients by exploring the relation between MRSI information and the distance to the solid tumor volume (STV) defined using structural MRI (sMRI).

Vapor-Infiltration Approach toward Selenium/Reduced Graphene Oxide Composites Enabling Stable and High-Capacity Sodium Storage.

Emerging sodium-selenium batteries suffer from volume expansion of the selenium cathode and shuttling effects of soluble intermediates. Confining selenium within the carbon matrix is the most adopted strategy to address these two issues, which is generally realized via a melt-infusion method. Herein, we developed a vapor-infiltration method to fabricate selenium/carbon composites that are advantageous over the melt-infusion route in terms of several aspects: it relieves the requirement of intensive mechanic...

The chimeric TAC receptor co-opts the T cell receptor yielding robust anti-tumor activity without toxicity.

Engineering T cells with chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) is an effective method for directing T cells to attack tumors, but may cause adverse side effects such as the potentially lethal cytokine release syndrome. Here the authors show that the T cell antigen coupler (TAC), a chimeric receptor that co-opts the endogenous TCR, induces more efficient anti-tumor responses and reduced toxicity when compared with past-generation CARs. TAC-engineered T cells induce robust and antigen-specific cytokine production...

Krüppel-like factor 4 expression in solid tumor prognosis: A meta-analysis.

Accumulating studies have demonstrated that Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) can act as a tumor suppressor or oncogene in the carcinogenesis of diverse cancers. The prognostic value of KLF4 in various human solid cancers remains controversial. Thus, the present meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the prognostic value of KLF4 in solid tumors.

Selenium levels in whole blood - The borderline low analysis.

Selenium is a very important micronutrient. Food is the major source for selenium uptake and the average blood levels is seen to be highly affected by dietary habits as selenium levels in food naturally depend on the kind of soil they are grown upon and in processed foods its levels depend on fortification. Deficiency of this vital nutriment needs to be assessed to understand deficiency prevalence.

Specific tissue factor delivery using a tumor-homing peptide for inducing tumor infarction.

Targeting the human blood coagulation-inducing protein tissue factor (TF) to the tumor vasculature to induce infarction and disrupt the blood vessels has proven to be an effective approach for tumor therapy. In this study, we investigated the thrombogenic activity and anti-tumor potential of a novel fusion protein (tTF-CREKA) comprising the extracellular domain of human tissue factor (truncated TF, tTF) and a tumor targeting pentapeptide, Cys-Arg-Glu-Lys-Ala (CREKA). tTF is soluble and inactive in its free ...

Solid aneurysmal bone cyst of the humerus mimics metastasis or brown tumor.

Solid aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is a rare subtype of ABC that most commonly involves the small bones of the hands or feet. We present a case of a solid ABC of the distal humerus in a 52-year-old man with a history of chronic kidney disease and renal cell carcinoma. On imaging with plain radiographs, CT, and MRI, this expansile lucent lesion with solid internal enhancement had an appearance that overlapped with metastasis or brown tumor of hyperparathyroidism. On 18F-FDG PET-CT, this lesion was hypermetabol...

Toenail selenium, genetic variation in selenoenzymes and risk and outcome in glioma.

Selenium is an essential trace element obtained through diet that plays a critical role in DNA synthesis and protection from oxidative damage. Selenium intake and polymorphisms in selenoproteins have been linked to the risk of certain cancers though data for glioma are sparse.

Low internal exposure and absence of adverse effects in workers exposed to high air levels of inorganic selenium.

Selenium is an essential trace element for humans, but adverse health effects may occur after elevated intake. The margin between it is small. This study aimed to assess external and internal exposure in workers of a selenium-processing plant, in which elemental and inorganic selenium occurred. Selenium was analyzed in the form of the selenium concentration in plasma (Se-P), in erythrocytes (Se-RBC) and in personal air samples (Se-Air) of 17 exposed workers. Internal exposure was compared to 20 controls wit...

Simultaneous determination of mercury and selenium in fish by CVG AFS.

In this work, an analytical method was proposed for the simultaneous determination of mercury and selenium in fish samples using Atomic Fluorescence Spectrometry (AFS). Multivariate designs were performed to evaluate the variables and optimize the best condition of chemical vapor generation (CVG) and simultaneous determination of mercury and selenium by AFS. Fish samples were prepared via acid digestion in digester block with cold finger reflux system, which ensured that the elements were not lost by volati...

Higher Plasma Selenium Concentrations Are Associated with Increased Odds of Prevalent Type 2 Diabetes.

Selenium, an essential trace element, has been investigated as a potential cancer prevention agent. However, several studies have indicated that selenium supplementation may be associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D), although an equivocal relation of this nature requires confirmation.

Predictors of selenium biomarker kinetics in 4-9-year-old Bangladeshi children.

Biomarker selenium concentrations vary greatly between studies. Concentrations in erythrocytes, urine, and hair vary even at similar plasma concentrations, suggesting that unknown factors influence the distribution of selenium between body compartments.

Mechanistic Pathways of Selenium in the Treatment of Graves' Disease and Graves' Orbitopathy.

Based on the role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of Graves' hyperthyroidism and Graves' orbitopathy, the use of the antioxidant agent selenium has been proposed and several studies on the subject have been conducted, both in vitro and in vivo. Whereas a true benefit related to the use of selenium in patients with Graves' hyperthyroidism has been questioned, its use in patients with mild Graves' orbitopathy is generally believed to be beneficial because of which selenium has entered in the clinical ...

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