PubMed Journals Articles About "Simple Rules Carrying Writing Meta Analyses" RSS

04:34 EDT 25th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "simple rules carrying writing meta analyses" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 14,000+

Ten simple rules for carrying out and writing meta-analyses.

Why Children With Dyslexia Struggle With Writing and How to Help Them.

Children with dyslexia often have related writing difficulties. In the simple view of writing model, high-quality writing depends on good transcription skills, working memory, and executive function-all of which can be difficult for children with dyslexia and result in poor spelling and low overall writing quality. In this article, we describe the challenges of children with dyslexia in terms of the simple view of writing and instructional strategies to increase spelling and overall writing quality in child...

Ten simple rules for writing statistical book reviews.

Statistical books can provide deep insights into statistics and software. There are, however, many resources available to the practitioner. Book reviews have the capacity to function as a critical mechanism for the learner to assess the merits of engaging in part, in full, or at all with a book. The "ten simple rules" format, pioneered in computational biology, was applied here to writing effective book reviews for statistics because of the wide breadth of offerings in this domain, including topical introdu...

Ten simple rules for collaboratively writing a multi-authored paper.

An In-Depth Analysis of Expository Writing in Children With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Using detailed linguistic analysis, this study examined the expository writing abilities of school-age children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in comparison to neurotypical (NT) children. Associations between executive functioning (EF) and writing ability in children with and without ASD were also explored. Compared to NT peers, children with ASD wrote shorter expository texts that contained more grammatical errors, and needed more assistance from the experimenter to complete the writing assessment. Ho...

Different Evidence-Summaries have Implications for Contextualizing Findings of Meta-Analysis of Diagnostic Tests.

To evaluate diagnostic tests, analysts use meta-analyses to provide inputs to parameters in decision models. Choosing parameter estimands from meta-analyses requires understanding the meta-analytic and decision-making contexts.

Writing in your own voice: An intervention that reduces plagiarism and common writing problems in students' scientific writing.

In many of our courses, particularly laboratory courses, students are expected to engage in scientific writing. Despite various efforts by other courses and library resources, as instructors we are often faced with the frustration of student plagiarism and related writing problems. Here, we describe a simple Writing in Your Own Voice intervention designed to help students become more aware of different types of plagiarism and writing problems, avoid those problems, and practice writing in their own voice. I...

Systematic reviews and meta-analysis in rheumatology: a gentle introduction for clinicians.

Given the plethora of studies today on the same topic, clinicians in rheumatology as well as others increasingly rely on systematic reviews, with or without meta-analysis, to aid in their evidence-based decision-making. However, given time constraints, staying up-to-date on current methods for conducting systematic reviews and meta-analyses as well as interpreting the results of these reviews for application in clinical practice can be challenging. The purpose of this paper is to try and address this gap. I...

Peginterferon alfa-2a (40 kD) stopping rules in chronic hepatitis B: a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data.

Peginterferon alfa-2a (PEG-IFN) treatment stopping rules in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) are clinically desirable. Previous studies exploring this topic contained important limitations resulting in inconsistent recommendations within the current treatment guidelines. We undertook a systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis to identify the most appropriate PEG-IFN treatment stopping rules.

Teaching of cursive writing in the first year of primary school: Effect on reading and writing skills.

There is increasing evidence that mastering handwriting skills play an important role on academic achievement. This is a slow process that begins in kindergarten: at this age, writing is very similar to drawing (i.e. scribbles); from there, it takes several years before children are able to write competently. Many studies support the idea that motor training plays a crucial role to increase mental representations of the letters, but relatively little is known about the specific relation between handwriting ...

A Simple Method to Estimate Prediction Intervals and Predictive Distributions: Summarizing Meta-analyses Beyond Means and Confidence Intervals.

A systematic review and meta-analysis is an important step in evidence synthesis. The current paradigm for meta-analyses requires a presentation of the means under a random-effects model; however, a mean with a confidence interval provides an incomplete summary of the underlying heterogeneity in meta-analysis. Prediction intervals show the range of true effects in future studies and have been advocated to be regularly presented. Most commonly, prediction intervals are estimated assuming that the underlying ...

Finding Common Ground in Meta-Analysis "Wars" on Violent Video Games.

Independent meta-analyses on the same topic can sometimes yield seemingly conflicting results. For example, prominent meta-analyses assessing the effects of violent video games on aggressive behavior have reached apparently different conclusions, provoking ongoing debate. We suggest that such conflicts are sometimes partly an artifact of reporting practices for meta-analyses that focus only on the pooled point estimate and its statistical significance. Considering statistics that focus on the distributions ...

New metrics for meta-analyses of heterogeneous effects.

We provide two simple metrics that could be reported routinely in random-effects meta-analyses to convey evidence strength for scientifically meaningful effects under effect heterogeneity (ie, a nonzero estimated variance of the true effect distribution). First, given a chosen threshold of meaningful effect size, meta-analyses could report the estimated proportion of true effect sizes above this threshold. Second, meta-analyses could estimate the proportion of effect sizes below a second, possibly symmetric...

Meta-Analyses in Plastic Surgery: Can We Trust Their Results?

Meta-analyses are common in the plastic surgery literature, but studies concerning their quality are lacking. The authors assessed the overall quality of meta-analyses in plastic surgery, and attempted to identify variables associated with scientific quality.

Ten simple rules towards healthier research labs.

The negative effects of extremely competitive academic and research environments on the performance and health of researchers are well known and common worldwide. The prevalence of these effects, particularly among early career researchers, calls for a more humane and people-centered way of working within research labs. Although there is growing concern about the urgent need for a better life-work balance when doing science, there are not many examples about how this could be achieved in practice. In this a...

Emotional reactivity to grief-related expressive writing.

The efficacy of expressive writing for bereavement remains unclear, although some evidence suggests that writing about positive memories of one's loved one may be particularly beneficial. The current pilot study compared the effects of a brief positive expressive writing intervention for enhancing positive affect among bereaved adults (N = 403). Participants were randomly assigned to write about a positive memory of the deceased person or recent neutral activity. Results revealed no main effect of the p...

A deficit in post-graphemic writing processes: Evidence for a graphomotor buffer.

Post-graphemic writing processes transform abstract letter representations into representations of writing movements. We describe an individual with an acquired post-graphemic writing deficit. NGN is normal in spelling words aloud, but impaired in writing words to dictation, with most errors involving letter substitutions (e.g., RUMOR written as BUMOR). NGN's deficit affects graphic motor plans, which specify the writing strokes for producing letters. Analyses of writing speed, fluency, and stroke patterns ...

Risk related therapy in meta-analyses of critical care interventions: Bayesian meta-regression analysis.

The relationship between treatment efficacy and patient risk is explored in a series of meta-analyses from the critical care domain, focusing on mortality outcome.

Apparently conclusive meta-analyses on interventions in critical care may be inconclusive - a meta-epidemiological study.

Risks of random type I and II errors are associated with false positive and negative findings. In conventional meta-analyses, the risks of random errors are insufficiently evaluated. Many meta-analyses which appear conclusive might in fact be inconclusive due to risks of random errors. We hypothesize that for interventions in critical care, false positive and negative findings frequently become apparent when accounting for the risks of random error. We aim to investigate to which extent apparently conclusiv...

Meta-Review: Network Meta-Analyses in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

Network meta-analyses (NMAs) are gaining traction as the preferred method for evidence synthesis of intervention studies. This review aimed to summarize the basics of NMAs and conduct a meta-review of available NMAs on the treatment of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders by appraising their quality.

Perception of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement of authors publishing reviews in nursing journals: a cross-sectional online survey.

The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement has been developed as a guideline for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Despite the prevalent use of the PRISMA statement in medicine and nursing, no studies have examined authors' perception of it. The purpose of this study is to explore the perception of the PRISMA statement of authors who published reviews, meta-analyses, or both in nursing journals.

An attempt to reproduce a previous meta-analysis and a new analysis regarding the impact of directly observed therapy on tuberculosis treatment outcomes.

Directly observed therapy (DOT) is almost universally used for the treatment of TB. Several meta-analyses using different methods have assessed the effectiveness of DOT compared to self-administered therapy (SAT). The results of these meta-analyses often conflict with some concluding DOT is superior and others that there is little or no difference. Meta-analyses can guide policymaking, but such analyses must be reliable. To assess the validity of a previous meta-analysis, we tried to reproduce it. We encoun...

Mirror writing after perimesencephalic subarachnoid haemorrhage.

We report a case of a right-handed Caucasian woman who developed mirror writing following a non-aneurysmal, non-traumatic subarachnoid haemorrhage. The patient was unaware of having this phenomenon, and it was detected by clinical staff when the patient was writing a card to a family member. Serial imaging has ruled out a stroke as well as an underlying vascular abnormality. This phenomenon resolved after two months. Whilst there is a body of literature surrounding mirror writing, to our knowledge, this is ...

One thousand simple rules.

Stratification by quality induced selection bias in a meta-analysis of clinical trials.

The inconsistency demonstrated across strata when using different scales has been attributed to quality scores and stratification continues to be done using risk of bias domain judgments. This study examines if restricting primary meta-analyses to studies at low risk of bias or presenting meta-analyses stratified according to risk of bias is indeed the right approach to explore potential methodological bias.

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