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Smoking Cessation Intervention Counseling Intervention Lung Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Smoking Cessation Intervention Counseling Intervention Lung Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.
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Among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) the prevalence of tobacco smoking exceeds 80%; making smoking cessation intervention a priority for this population. This study aims to examine staff and client perspectives from a supervised injecting facility regarding: i) whether an organizational change intervention increased rates of smoking cessation care delivery (pre- to post-intervention); and ii) acceptability of the intervention.
There remains a need to identify effective smoking cessation interventions in severely disadvantaged populations. This trial aimed to examine the effectiveness of an intervention (Call it Quits) developed to promote smoking cessation and delivered by community social service case-workers.
Nurses receive little training on smoking cessation education delivery in their nursing curricula and practice settings. A brief intervention to assess nurses' knowledge and behavior regarding smoking cessation education found increases in knowledge and intended behavior. In their practice setting, nurses maintained their knowledge long term; however, nurses did not change their behavior to match their intentions of increasing the delivery of smoking cessation education.
Evaluation of a randomized clinical trial comparing the effectiveness of a culturally targeted and non-targeted smoking cessation intervention for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) smokers.
To examine the benefits of a culturally targeted compared to a non-targeted smoking cessation intervention on smoking cessation outcomes among LGBT smokers.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Guideline-discordant care of COPD is not uncommon. Further, there is a push to incorporate quality improvement (QI) training into internal medicine (IM) residency curricula. This study compared quality of care of COPD patients in an IM residents' clinic and a pulmonary fellows' clinic and, subsequently, the results of a quality improvement program in the residents' clinic. Pre-intervention rates of quality measure ad...
Among people living with HIV, cigarette smoking rates are higher than among the general population, and anxiety, depression, and their disorders are common and associated with smoking and poorer outcomes during cessation. This study evaluated the efficacy of an integrated smoking cessation intervention, developed to target anxiety, depression, and smoking cessation concurrently among people living with HIV.
The aims of this study were to (1) develop an approach to assess the delivery fidelity of a complex intervention to simultaneously increase physical activity and reduce smoking and (2) use this approach to assess the variation of fidelity across the delivery of different intervention components of the intervention.
Organisational change interventions involve systems and cultural change within healthcare services to make smoking cessation care delivery part of usual treatment. Six strategies for organisational change have been proposed. This study examined the evidence for organisational change interventions in the alcohol and other drug (AOD) setting on: a) smoking cessation care; and b) smoking cessation and cessation-related outcomes.
This retrospective study investigated the effect of smoking cessation intervention (SCI) among university students in China.Around 192 eligible smokers among university students were included, and were assigned to an intervention group (n = 100), and a control group (n = 92). All included subjects in both groups were recommended to increase fruits and vegetables consumptions. Additionally, participants in the intervention group also underwent SCI therapy for a total of 4 weeks. The outcome measureme...
Previous research suggests that smoking cessation interventions are poorly implemented. This study reports the development and testing of a questionnaire including knowledge, attitude, behavioral, and organizational (KABO) factors affecting the implementation of smoking cessation practices in hospitals by health care providers and organizations.
Tobacco use is a major threat to public health. Current guidelines suggest that healthcare professionals in the emergency department provide routine smoking cessation screening and interventions. Evidence suggests that an educational intervention among registered nurses in the emergency department may increase education and referral for smoking cessation of patients who use tobacco products. An educational module regarding smoking cessation counseling was provided to registered nurses in the emergency depar...
Cigarette smoking prevalence among Medicaid enrollees (25.3%) is approximately twice that of privately insured Americans (11.8%), placing Medicaid enrollees at increased risk for smoking-related disease and death (1). Medicaid spends approximately $39 billion annually on treating smoking-related diseases (2). Individual, group, and telephone counseling and seven Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved medications* are effective in helping tobacco users quit (3). Although state Medicaid coverage of tobac...
Smoking is a major risk factor for bladder cancer, but the relationship between smoking cessation after initial treatment and bladder cancer recurrence has been investigated less frequently and not prospectively yet.
Wearable/portable devices that unobtrusively detect smoking and contextual data offer the potential to provide Just-In-Time Adaptive Intervention (JITAI) support for mobile cessation programs. Little has been reported on the development of these technologies.
Dentists can offer their patients who smoke tobacco assistance with smoking cessation. We conducted this study to assess dental patient knowledge about the effects of smoking and perceptions and attitudes regarding the role of dentists in smoking cessation counselling. We conducted this study to inform tobacco cessation programs that could potentially include dentists. We conducted a cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire among 375 patients. The mean age of subjects was 33.4 years; fe...
While much research and practice resources have addressed smoking cessation among cancer patients, less emphasis has been placed on personal psychological and environment factors associated with smoking at the time of diagnosis.
Understanding the association between smoking-related health beliefs and smoking cessation in the context of lung screening is important for effective cessation treatment. The purpose of the current study is to explore how current smokers' self-reported smoking-related health cognitions (e.g., self-efficacy) and emotions (e.g., worry) are related to cessation. This study utilized longitudinal data from current smokers (age 55-74) in a sub-study of the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST; 2002-2006; N = ...
Smoking cessation treatments currently succeed at a rate of approximately 20-30%, underscoring the importance of exploring factors that might increase intervention effectiveness. While negative affect has been studied extensively in relation to smoking cessation, psychological well-being (PWB; e.g., life satisfaction, optimism, positive affect, purpose in life) has received little attention. This study tested longitudinal and reciprocal relationships between PWB and smoking status in older adults.
Tobacco smoking is a major preventable cause of death, and a significant public health problem worldwide. Most smokers begin in adolescence, age at which they are more susceptible to nicotine addiction. The prevalence of smoking in adolescence is considerable. Therefore, it would be convenient to incorporate smoking prevention programs in the school environment. It is necessary to provide evidence of its effectiveness. The primary objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a teacher-deliver...
The relative risk of lung cancer decreases with years since quitting (YSQ) smoking, but risk beyond 25 YSQ remains unclear. Current lung cancer screening guidelines, which exclude smokers with more than 15 YSQ, may not detect lung cancers in this population.
Despite extensive efforts to develop effective smoking cessation interventions, 70-85% of American cigarette smokers who quit relapse within one year. Exercise has shown promise as an intervention; however, many results have been equivocal. This study explored how exercise is associated with smoking-related symptomatology, smoking behavior and impulsivity in male and female smokers.
Smoking in pregnancy remains a global public health issue due to foetal health risks and potential maternal complications. The aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to explore: (1) whether digital interventions for pregnancy smoking cessation are effective, (2) the impact of intervention platform on smoking cessation, (3) the associations between specific Behaviour Change Techniques (BCTs) delivered within interventions and smoking cessation, and (4) the association between the total number ...
Smoking cessation is associated with increases in body weight, but little is known about the relationship between participation in a weight loss intervention and smoking.
The Promoting Resilience in Stress Management intervention brings welcome news to adolescents and young adults with cancer, with an increase in resilience, improved cancer-related quality of life, and decreased overall distress among patients who participated in the intervention in comparison with controls. As the investigators think about their next steps, consideration of how best to expand this intervention to underserved populations should be a priority.