PubMed Journals Articles About "Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Intensive Upper Extremity Motor" RSS

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Showing "transcranial direct current stimulation Intensive upper extremity motor" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 25,000+

Analysis of the Factors Related to the Effectiveness of Transcranial Current Stimulation in Upper Limb Motor Function Recovery after Stroke: a Systematic Review.

Transcranial direct current stimulation is one of the non-invasive techniques whose main mechanism of action is based on its modulation of cortical excitability. The objective of this study is to analyze the variables (i.e, demographics, clinicals, stimulation parameters) that could influence into the responses during rehabilitation of the upper extremity in patients with stroke. Our systematic review has been performed by searching full-text articles published from January 2008 to December 2018 in Embase, ...

Bi-cephalic transcranial direct current stimulation combined with functional electrical stimulation for upper-limb stroke rehabilitation: a double-blind randomized controlled trial.

Stroke survivors often present poor upper-limb (UL) motor performance and reduced movement quality during reaching tasks. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and functional electrical stimulation (FES) are widely used strategies for stroke rehabilitation. However, the effects of combining these two therapies to rehabilitate individuals with moderate and severe impairment after stroke are still unknown.

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Pediatric Motor Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

To systematically examine the safety and effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) interventions in pediatric motor disorders.

Effectiveness of acute transcranial direct current stimulation on non-motor and motor symptoms in Parkinson´s disease.

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is an appropriate treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD). It offers promising results and is known to improve symptoms. Nevertheless, consistent parameters need to be established for research purposes.

Relationship between motor function improvements and white matter structure after low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation plus intensive occupational therapy in chronic subcortical stroke patients.

This is a second paper on partly the same patient group and the same intervention, but with a different anatomical outcome measurement. An intervention that combines low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and intensive occupational therapy may improve brain function in poststroke patients with motor paralysis. The aim of this study was to clarify whole-brain white matter structural changes after repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and occupational therapy. We recruited 25 patien...

A pilot study on the efficacy of transcranial direct current stimulation applied to the pharyngeal motor cortex for dysphagia associated with brainstem involvement in multiple sclerosis.

we investigated the effect of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) applied over the pharyngeal motor area in dysphagia associated with multiple sclerosis (MS).

Simultaneously applying cathodal tDCS with low frequency rTMS at the motor cortex boosts inhibitory aftereffects.

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) can modulate cortical excitability. However, the combining effect of tDCS and rTMS at the same motor cortex is unknown.

Changes in motor cortical excitability in schizophrenia following transcranial direct current stimulation.

Schizophrenia is a disorder associated with cortical inhibition deficits. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) induces changes in cortical excitability in healthy subjects and individuals with neuropsychiatric disorders depending on the stimulation parameters. Our aim was to investigate whether a previously published tDCS protocol associated with symptomatic improvement in schizophrenia would induce changes in motor cortical excitability, assessed by transcranial magnetic stimulation paradigms, i....

Transcranial direct current stimulation treatment in chronic after-stroke dysphagia: A clinical case.

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive neuromodulation technique that has shown positive effects in a variety of motor diseases including dysphagia. However, its clinical application and underlying microstructural effects are still being researched. We tested whether tDCS applied together with swallowing training could benefit a treatment-resistent patient with dysphagia after a stroke.

Non-linear effects of cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of the primary motor cortex on implicit motor learning.

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of 1 mA for 13 min was reported to create a linear inter-dependency between the intensity and duration of the current and the effects of the stimulation. tDCS on the primary motor cortex (M1) has been shown to have an effect on both motor-evoked potential (MEP) and motor learning. However, recent findings have shown that the known linear effect is invalid in a 2 mA stimulation for 20 min, where cathodal stimulation led to excitability, rather than inhibitio...

Repetitive anodal transcranial direct current stimulation improves neurological outcome and survival in a ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest rat model.

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) modulates neuronal activity and is a potential therapeutic tool for many neurological diseases. However, its beneficial effects on post cardiac arrest syndrome remains uncertain.

Bimanual Skill Learning after Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Children with Unilateral Cerebral Palsy: A Brief Report.

Bimanual skills are important for goal-oriented activities. Children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP) have deficits in unimanual and bimanual motor control and learning. The application of non-invasive brain stimulation with existing motor training may further promote motor learning; however, the effects of stimulation on bimanual learning have not been examined. Here, we assessed the performance of a novel bimanual skill (modified Speed Stacks task) in eight children with UCP before, during, and after ...

The effects of transcranial direct current stimulation compared to standard bupropion for the treatment of tobacco dependence: A randomized sham-controlled trial.

Current treatments for smoking cessation are not effective for most smokers. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) on smoking cessation.

No effects of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation on contrast sensitivity function.

Transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS) is a well-established non-invasive brain stimulation technique that has been widely applied to modulate cortical excitability in human brain. The results of previous tDCS studies on modulating contrast sensitivity, one of the most fundamental visual functions, were mixed.

A Functional Domain Based Approach in Neurocognitive Rehabilitation with Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation: A Case Report.

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a novel brain stimulation technique which has kindled hope in alleviating motor, language as well as cognitive deficits in neuronal injury. Current case report describes application of tDCS in two phases using two different protocols in a patient with hypoxic injury. In the first phase anodal stimulation of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex improved the language fluency. Subsequently, after 6 months second phase application of anodal stimulation over posterior ...

Correlation analysis of motor function improvement and brain structure for upper limb paralysis.

Intervention with combined low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and intensive occupational therapy can improve brain function in poststroke patients with motor paralysis. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between brain structure at the time of intervention and the degree of motor function improvement using this combination therapy. Twenty-five patients with upper limb paralysis after stroke were hospitalized for 15 days to receive 12 sessions of low-frequency repetitive transcrania...

Lack of effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on short-term smoking cessation: Results of a randomized, sham-controlled clinical trial.

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been shown to improve measures of executive cognitive function and reduce cigarette consumption. Studies conducted to date have been small, and the results are mixed.

Comparison of intraoperative motor evoked potential monitoring with direct cranial stimulation by peg-screw and transcranial stimulation by corkscrew for supratentorial surgery.

Corkscrew electrodes (CS) are usually used for transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) in the intraoperative monitoring of motor evoked potential (MEP). Direct cranial stimulation with peg-screw (PS) electrodes can elicit MEP. This study investigated the difference in the initial threshold between peg-screw and corkscrew electrodes in intraoperative MEP monitoring.

Noninvasive brain stimulation combined with other therapies improves gait speed after stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) are noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques able to modulate cortical excitability.

Can transcranial direct current stimulation improve range of motion and modulate pain perception in healthy individuals?

The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of different electrode assemblies and electric current polarity on the ROM of the hip and pain perception. Ten healthy male, sedentary, right-leg-dominant, and aged between 19 and 30 years (24.0 ± 4.0 years) subjects were recruited. For the experimental conditions, the application of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) was performed with the following montages. In the montage 1, the cathodal electrode was placed over the motor...

Titrating the neuroplastic effects of cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the primary motor cortex.

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) non-invasively induces polarity-dependent excitability alterations in the human motor cortex lasting for more than an hour after stimulation. Clinical applications with encouraging results have been reported in several pilot studies, but the optimal stimulation protocols remain to be determined. This is also important because the efficacy and directionality of tDCS effects follow non-linear rules regarding neuroplastic effects for the stimulation parameters dur...

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Reduces Craving in Substance Use Disorders: A Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled Study.

The use of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in addiction disorders is still on its rise in comparison with pharmacological and psychotherapeutic strategies that still show low level of evidence. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the anodic tDCS for the short-term treatment of substance craving and other psychiatric symptoms.

Soluble neural cell adhesion molecule and behavioural recovery in minimally conscious patients undergoing transcranial direct current stimulation.

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is used for therapeutic purpose in severely brain-injured patients. The relationship between the recovery after tDCS and potential biomarkers in plasma has been limitedly investigated in patients with minimal conscious state (MCS).

TheraBracelet Stimulation During Task-Practice Therapy to Improve Upper Extremity Function After Stroke: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Study.

Peripheral sensory stimulation has been used in conjunction with upper extremity movement therapy to increase therapy-induced motor gains in patients with stroke. The limitation is that existing sensory stimulation methods typically interfere with natural hand tasks and thus are administered prior to therapy, requiring patients' time commitment. To address this limitation, we have developed TheraBracelet. TheraBracelet is a novel stimulation method that provides subthreshold (ie, imperceptible) vibratory st...

Cerebellar Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Enhances Motor Learning in a Complex Overhand Throwing Task.

Cerebellar transcranial direct current stimulation (c-tDCS) enhances motor adaptation, skill acquisition, and learning in relatively simple motor tasks. The purpose was to examine the influence of c-tDCS on motor learning in a complex overhand throwing task. Forty-two young adults were randomized to a c-tDCS group or a SHAM group and completed a practice session and a retention session. The practice session involved an overhand throwing task to a small target (6 m away) in a pre-test block, 6 practice bloc...

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