PubMed Journals Articles About "Unit Post Deployment Social Support Influence Association Between" RSS

16:43 EDT 26th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "unit post deployment social support influence association between" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 37,000+

Do unit and post-deployment social support influence the association between deployment sexual trauma and suicidal ideation?

Deployment sexual trauma is associated with post-deployment suicidal ideation. No studies have examined the role of social support in this association. The present study examined if perceived unit support and post-deployment support influenced the association between deployment sexual trauma and suicidal ideation. 824 post-9/11 veterans (480 men, 344 women) from the Survey of Experiences of Returning Veterans completed the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2 and Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale...

Soldiers and Leaders With Combat Experience: Unit Health and Climate.

The present study investigated the association between previous deployment experience and somatic symptoms, mental health, unit climate perceptions, anger, and risk taking among junior-enlisted soldiers who were preparing to deploy or who were in garrison, or home duty station. The study also investigated potential differences in these variables based on unit leader deployment history.

Social Support Seeking on Social Media Among Chinese Gay Men Living with HIV/AIDS: The Role of Perceived Threat.

Due to a double stigma against HIV/AIDS and homosexuality, gay men living with HIV/AIDS (GMLHA) have used social media to exchange social support. The current study aims to examine the influence of perceived threat on seeking social support on social media among Chinese GMLHA.

'Call me if you need': Social support experiences under economic and social change.

Social interactions play an important role in people's life and people's health but their scope and intensity tend to decrease with age, challenging social support dynamics and increasing the risk of social isolation and helplessness. In Portugal, policymakers still seem to rely on traditional social relations in eldercare, while contextual changes and trends are redefining family roles and behaviors and defying the established social support structure. In this work, we aim to examine the scope, structure a...

Social support and chronic disease management among older adults of Mexican heritage: A U.S.-Mexico perspective.

This study explores the association between social support and chronic disease self-management among older adults of Mexican heritage who live in the U.S. and Mexico. We hypothesize that social support increases the ability to manage hypertension and Type 2 (T2) diabetes, regardless of place of residence. We also investigate if differences in country of residence and health system factors influence the ability to manage chronic conditions. Older adults 65 years or older from Los Angeles (LA) and Mexico City...

The dynamics of social support among suicide attempters: A smartphone-based daily diary study.

Decades of research suggest that social support is an important factor in predicting suicide risk and resilience. However, no studies have examined dynamic fluctuations in day-by-day levels of perceived social support. We examined such fluctuations over 28 days among a sample of 53 adults who attempted suicide in the past year (992 total observations). Variability in social support was analyzed with between-person intraclass correlations and root mean square of successive differences. Multi-level models wer...

Social support is associated with technology use in old age.

The use of technological innovations can play a significant role in healthy aging and social participation in old age; however, it is not well understood how social contexts can influence or support older adults' use of technology. This study explored the associations between technology use, perceived technology-related support and actual technology-related social support. It was expected that older adults who perceived having more supportive resources available would be more likely to receive actual suppo...

Gender Differences in Post-deployment Adjustment of Air Force Personnel: The Role of Wartime Experiences, Unit Cohesion, and Self-efficacy.

With the changing roles of female military personnel, it is important to understand how wartime experiences and their impacts are similar and different for military men and women. This study examined gender differences in exposure to wartime events and post-deployment post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depressive symptoms, as well as mediators of these relations, in a large sample of male and female active duty Air Force personnel.

Social Support Moderates the Association Between Traumatic Life Events and Depression Among Migrant and Nonmigrant Men in Almaty, Kazakhstan.

Across cultures, experiencing traumatic life events, particularly violence, is a salient predictor of depression. Some previous findings have shown that social support can serve as a buffer in the association between traumatic life events and depression (i.e., the buffering hypothesis) in that individuals with a high level of social support have a decreased or nonexistent association between traumatic life events and depression. The purpose of this study was to test the buffering hypothesis among a sample o...

Severe Maternal Morbidity: post-traumatic suffering and social support.

To assess the relationship of post-traumatic stress symptoms and the perception of social support in women submitted to Severe Maternal Morbidity (SMM).

Offspring Caregivers of Chinese Women with Breast Cancer: Their Social Support Requests and Provision on Social Media.

Although a number of studies have examined social support needs among women with breast cancer, little attention has been paid to the burden and needs for social support among their family caregivers, who often report mental and physical problems associated with caregiving.

Anger, social support, and suicide risk in U.S. military veterans.

There have been considerable efforts to understand, predict, and reduce suicide among U.S. military veterans. Studies have shown that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depression (MDD), and traumatic brain injury (TBI) increase risk of suicidal behavior in veterans. Limited research has examined anger and social support as factors linked to suicidal ideation, which if demonstrated could lead to new, effective strategies for suicide risk assessment and prevention. Iraq/Afghanistan era veterans (N...

Contributions of personality to social influence: Contingent associations between social network body size composition and BMI.

Social influence is a key determinant of health behaviors and outcomes. Research in the social network tradition emphasizes social structural mechanisms like network content (i.e., the degree to which particular attitudes, attributes, or behaviors are present in the network) and social proximity (i.e., opportunities for social interaction). In contrast, psychologists are oriented toward the individual, identifying how personality traits like self-monitoring affect susceptibility to peer pressure. Here, we i...

Social support network and continuity of care: an ego-network study of psychiatric service users.

For severely mentally ill (SMI) users, continuity of care requires consistency between the supports provided by the members of their social support network. However, we know little about their network cohesion and its association with continuity of care. We set out to investigate this association and hypothesised that it would depend on the severity of the user's situation and on his/her living arrangements.

Social support, social participation, & depression among caregivers and non-caregivers in Canada: a population health perspective.

The study used data from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging to investigate the relationships among social support (measured as affectionate support, emotional/informational support, positive social interaction, tangible support), social participation and depression in caregivers and non-caregivers.

Social support, self-efficacy and their correlation among patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A primary care perspective.

Social support and self-efficacy are factors that influence patients' health behaviour. However, the relationship between these two factors among patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) has not been adequately explored. This study aims to report social support and selfefficacy of Malaysian T2DM patients, and their correlations.

Improving social network support for partners facing spousal cancer while caring for minors: Four-month outcomes of a single-centre randomised controlled trial.

Social support is an important predictor of the well-being of partners of cancer patients. Those who are caring for minors (well parents) may be in special need of such support. The aim of this study was to evaluate the 4-month impact of a psychoeducational social support intervention, named the Cancer-PEPSONE programme (CPP), on well parents' received and perceived social support, as well as on their psychological distress, quality of life (QOL) and parental capacity. The study was an open randomised contr...

Social support moderates association between posttraumatic growth and trauma-related psychopathologies among victims of the Sewol Ferry Disaster.

Disasters have numerous harmful effects on the mental health status of trauma-exposed people. We investigated the differences in the association between trauma-related psychopathologies and posttraumatic growth according to the perceived social support level among victims of the Sewol Ferry disaster on April 16, 2014, in South Korea. Data from 241 bereaved family members, survivors, and family members of survivors were used. The Duke-UNC Functional Social Support Questionnaire, Posttraumatic Growth Inventor...

Mediating effect of psychological suzhi on the relationship between perceived social support and self-esteem.

This study examined the mediating role of psychological suzhi on the relationship between perceived social support and self-esteem in a sample of 612 Chinese secondary school students (grades 7-12, mean age 15.20 ± 1.73 years). Structural equation modeling revealed that the association between perceived social support and self-esteem was partially mediated by psychological suzhi, and perceived social support not only directly affected students' self-esteem but also indirectly affected students' self-...

Lack of social support and social trust as potential risk factors for dry eye disease: JPHC-NEXT study.

To investigate whether social support and social trust are associated with DED.

Is the Effect of Physical Activity on Quality of Life in Older Adults Mediated by Social Support?

Increasing evidence suggests positive associations between physical activity, social support, and quality of life in later life. However, the role of physical activity and social support in the influence on quality of life is unclear. In this viewpoint, definitions of central terms and key research findings on factors influencing quality of life in older adults are provided. We highlight the importance of both a physically active lifestyle and high social support in positively influencing quality of life. H...

Does perceived ostracism contribute to mental health concerns among veterans who have been deployed?

Posttraumatic stress-negative psychological experiences as a result of traumatic stressors-can hinder military veterans' reintegration into society and cause various mental health problems. Veterans need quality social relationships to facilitate reintegration and to cope with posttraumatic stress and related mental health problems; discrimination or other forms of interpersonal rejection can exacerbate these veterans' problems. Ostracism (i.e., being ignored and excluded) is a painful and psychologically d...

Military Deployments and Suicide: A Critical Examination.

Deployment to a combat zone is a fundamental mission for most military forces, but prior research suggests that there is a complex and nuanced association between deployment and related risk factors for suicide. Deployment and combat experiences vary greatly among military personnel and can affect a variety of protective and risk factors for suicide. This article offers a critical examination of the association among modern U.S. military deployments, suicide attempts, and death while considering the context...

Keeping us all whole: Acknowledging the agency of African American breast cancer survivors and their systems of social support.

While all cancer patients face a bewildering array of treatments, side effects, and emotions, several researchers have shown that African American women with breast cancer experience greater stress and burdens because of unmet supportive needs associated with psychological distress, financial distress, and lower physical/functional well-being. Social support has been shown to improve health outcomes for African American breast cancer patients. The purpose of this paper is to understand the meaning of social...

Evaluation of MOS social support in low-income caregivers of African American children with poorly controlled asthma.

The purpose of this study was to examine the factor structure of the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey (MOS-SSS) in a sample of low-income, urban caregivers of African American children with poorly controlled asthma. Although the MOS-SSS is a commonly used measure of social support, its psychometric properties have not been studied in this population.

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