Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The primary objective of this study is to determine the maximum tolerated dose of sorafenib up to the full active dose when combined with standard weekly dosing of topotecan in patients with recurrent small cell lung cancer and to characterize the toxicities associated with the combination of topotecan and sorafenib in this patient population
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) comprises approximately 15 percent of all lung cancers in the United States. It is highly correlated with tobacco use and occurs almost exclusively in smokers. SCLC is a particularly virulent malignancy characterized by rapid growth and a tendency to metastasize early in the disease course. In first line treatment, SCLC has a high response rate to cytotoxic chemotherapy. Unfortunately, the disease develops drug resistance in almost all cases resulting in recurrence. In second line treatment, the likelihood of response to treatment is considerably less. Multiple agents have been used in this setting with response rates typically around 25% and median survival of less than 6 months1-3. There is clearly a great need for more effective treatments in this disease.
Topotecan is a semi-synthetic, water soluble derivative of camptothecin, a cytotoxic alkaloid extracted from plants of the genus Camptotheca. Its mechanism of action is inhibition of topoisomerase I, an enzyme necessary to relieve torsional strain of DNA which is necessary to carry out replication. This results in DNA double-strand breaks and ultimately cell death. Topotecan has demonstrated activity in a number of malignancies and is currently indicated for the treatment of ovarian cancer, cervical cancer and recurrent small cell lung cancer.
Topotecan has demonstrated single agent activity in recurrent small cell lung cancer in a number of trials. Reported response rates range from 2 to 31%3-7. A phase III trial compared topotecan to CAV (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin and vincristine) in treatment of recurrent SCLC5. Response rate, survival and time to progression were similar in both groups. The topotecan group demonstrated significant improvement in symptoms including anorexia, fatigue and dyspnea. This led to FDA approval of topotecan for treatment of recurrent SCLC.
The dose limiting toxicity of topotecan is hematologic. The approved schedule of administration is 1.5mg/m2 daily x 5 every 21 days. A modified schedule of weekly administration at 4mg/m2 has been shown to have similar efficacy with less toxicity8 and has been widely adopted in clinical practice.
Sorafenib is an oral multi-kinase inhibitor with effects on tumor proliferation and tumor angiogenesis. It has several biochemically important mechanisms including inhibition of Raf-1 and B-Raf which are pivotal components of the Ras/Raf/Mek/Erk signaling pathway. It also has inhibitory activity against the tyrosine kinases for VEGF and PDGFR as well as Flt-3 and c-kit.
Sorafenib has been safely combined with full dose cytotoxic chemotherapy in several Phase I trials9-11. There is no data on the combination of topotecan and sorafenib to date. Sorafenib is metabolized in the liver undergoing oxidation via CYP3A4 and glucuronidation via UGT1A9. There is no evidence that topotecan affects activity of the cytochrome P450 pathways suggesting low likelihood of a drug-drug interaction. There are no significant overlapping toxicities making this an ideal drug combination to investigate.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Small Cell Carcinoma
Park Nicollet Institute
St. Louis Park
Park Nicollet Institute
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:38:51-0400
A Phase I trial of weekly topotecan in combination with sorafenib in treatment of relapsed Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) has been commenced. In the present randomized phase 2 study, the in...
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute will be the Sunshine Project Coordinator, but will not be recruiting locally. The purpose of this research study is to establish a dose...
The purpose of this study is to determine the number of patients with advanced, relapsed non-small cell lung cancer who can tolerate dose escalation sorafenib from 400 mg twice daily to ei...
This proposed phase II trial will investigate the combination of topotecan/carboplatin in the first-line treatment of patients with extensive-stage SCLC. Topotecan/platinum regimens are e...
Combination of Hycamtin (topotecan) and Avastin (bevacizumab) could allow killing of both endothelial and neoplastic cells. We postulate that addition of bevacizumab to topotecan will incr...
Although sorafenib enhances overall survival, sorafenib resistance has been reported to be a significant limiting factor for improved prognosis in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Therefo...
Ras association domain family member 6 (RASSF6) has been shown to act as a tumor suppressor and predictor of poor prognosis in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, little is known about the effects of...
To fully clarify the role of Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase in the therapeutic response to Sorafenib in Renal Cell Carcinoma as well as the cell death mechanism associated to this kinase inhibitor, ...
Sorafenib is a small-molecule multi-kinase inhibitor approved by FDA as an oral agent for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and renal cell carcinoma. However, unresponsiveness and acquir...
Tivozanib is a selective inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors 1, 2 and 3 tyrosine kinases. This open-label, crossover clinical study (AV-951-09-902) provided access to tivozanib ...
A form of highly malignant lung cancer that is composed of small ovoid cells (SMALL CELL CARCINOMA).
A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.
Malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelium of the BRONCHI. It represents a large group of epithelial lung malignancies which can be divided into two clinical groups: SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER and NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CARCINOMA.
An anaplastic, highly malignant, and usually bronchogenic carcinoma composed of small ovoid cells with scanty neoplasm. It is characterized by a dominant, deeply basophilic nucleus, and absent or indistinct nucleoli. (From Stedman, 25th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1286-7)
A group of carcinomas which share a characteristic morphology, often being composed of clusters and trabecular sheets of round "blue cells", granular chromatin, and an attenuated rim of poorly demarcated cytoplasm. Neuroendocrine tumors include carcinoids, small ("oat") cell carcinomas, medullary carcinoma of the thyroid, Merkel cell tumor, cutaneous neuroendocrine carcinoma, pancreatic islet cell tumors, and pheochromocytoma. Neurosecretory granules are found within the tumor cells. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Lung cancer is the uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. Originating in the lungs, this growth may invade adjacent tissues and infiltrate beyond the lungs. Lung cancer, the most common cause of cancer-related death in men and women, is respons...