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HSV-2 Suppression to Reduce HIV-1 Levels in HIV-1 Co-Infected Persons

2014-08-27 03:38:55 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Over 80% of HIV-1 infected persons are also seropositive for HSV-2. Increasingly, clinical and epidemiologic evidence show the role of HSV in increasing HIV infectiousness. The evidence suggests that HSV is an important co-factor in HIV transmission.

The trial's purpose is to assess the reduction in HIV systemic and mucosal replication associated with valacyclovir for suppression of HSV-2 reactivation.

This randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled crossover trial of 20 HIV/HSV-2 co-infected women assessed the effects of daily valacyclovir on HIV-1 levels in blood and body fluids.

Description

Conducted in Lima Peru, 20 HIV-1 and HSV-2 seropositive women with CD4 counts greater than 200 and on no antiretroviral therapy were randomly assigned to receive valacyclovir 500 mg bid or placebo for the first 8 weeks of the study. After these 8 weeks, a 2-week washout period followed, which was then followed by the alternative regimen for 8 weeks.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

HIV Infections

Intervention

Valacyclovir, Matching Placebo

Location

Asociacion Civil Impacta Salud y Educacion
Lima
Peru

Status

Completed

Source

University of Washington

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:38:55-0400

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Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.

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AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...


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